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Livros proibidos: 50 anos do fim do index librorum prohibitorum

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O Departamento de Obras Raras apresenta a nova exposição de obras raras, cujo tema são os 50 anos do fim do “Index Librorum Prohibitorum”.
Este foi um decreto papal que por mais de 400 anos (1559-1966) listou os livros que não deviam ser lidos pelos fiéis da Igreja Católica.
Nesta mostra apresentamos livros da Coleção Eichenberg cujos autores e obras constaram em alguma das 38 edições do Index.

Publicada em: Educação
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Livros proibidos: 50 anos do fim do index librorum prohibitorum

  1. 1. Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Biblioteca Central Departamento de Obras Raras Livros proibidos : 50 anos do fim do Index Librorum Prohibitorum Nanoexposição, 6 Curadoria: Ana Lucia de Macedo Rüdiger Eugenio Hansen, OFS Fotografia: Rochele Zandavalli/UFRGS Obras raras da Coleção Eichemberg Porto Alegre julho 2016
  2. 2. Edição: Eugenio Hansen, OFS Arte da capa: Carolina Studzinski
  3. 3. Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Reitor Carlos Alexandre Netto Vice-Reitor Rui Vicente Opperman Biblioteca Central Diretora Viviane Carrion Castanho
  4. 4. No final do século XVI, a fim de conter o avanço do protestantismo, a Igreja Católica decidiu estabelecer uma lista de livros interditados aos fiéis, pelos danos que sua leitura poderia causar para a fé e aos (bons) costumes. No ano de 1559 o Papa Paulo IV editou o Index librorum prohibitorum, primeiro catálogo dos livros proibidos. Foi a primeira censura imposta diretamente por um papa. Em 1571, o Papa Pio V criou a Sagrada Congregação do Índice, encarregada de examinar e censurar livros e atualizar o Index. La censure de Georges Lafosse
  5. 5. Os governos católicos da Europa efetivaram as medidas repressivas e garantiram a aplicação da lei imposta pela Igreja. Na Espanha, Portugal e França, mesmo antes da edição do Index algumas leis condenavam à morte quem possuísse, comprasse, vendesse ou copiasse um livro herege. Ao longo dos 400 anos que durou a proibição, a lista das obras condenadas foi se tornando cada vez mais longa. Além de uma série de edições da Bíblia, do Novo Testamento e suas traduções, proibia aos católicos o acesso às obras de Martinho Lutero, Calvino, à astrologia e à chamada "literatura lasciva". Papista queimando livros de Lutero
  6. 6. Em 1917, o Papa Pio XII passou o controle da censura ao Santo Ofício, que o Concílio Vaticano 2º mudou de nome em 1965 para Congregação da Doutrina da Fé. A 38ª e última edição oficial do Index foi publicada em 1948. As crescentes críticas internas, no entanto, levaram à revogação completa do Index em junho e novembro de 1966. Há 50 anos o Papa Paulo VI virava uma página triste da História dos Livros. Papa Paulo VI: encerrou o Index
  7. 7. Limborch, Philippus van. [Historia inquisitionis] The history of the Inquisition. London : [sold by J. Gray at the Cross-Keys in the Poultry], 1731.
  8. 8. Incluído no Index em 1694, História da Inquisição relata a história do Santo Ofício, as práticas processuais, as determinações legais, as torturas e castigos prescritos aos condenados.
  9. 9. Histoire générale des cérémonies, mouers, et coutumes religieuses de tous les peuples du monde : représentées en 243 figures dessinées de la main de Bernard Picard: avec des explications historiques & curieuses. A Paris : Chez Rollin Fils, Quay des Augustins, à Saint Athanase, & au Palmier, 1741.
  10. 10. História geral das cerimônias, modos e costumes religiosos de todos os povos do mundo, a obra esteve incluída no Index por questões religiosas entre 1738- 1757.
  11. 11. Neste volume, no capítulo dedicado às cerimônias católicas, descreve em detalhes o trabalho do Santo Ofício (Inquisição).
  12. 12. Grand dictionnaire universel du XIX siècle. Editado por Pierre Larousse. Paris : Grand Dictionnaire Universel, 1865-1890.
  13. 13. Proibido por questões religiosas, incluído no Index em 1873.
  14. 14. Hugo, Victor. Les miserables : roman. Éd. Nationale. Paris : Émile Testard, 1889-1892.
  15. 15. Proibido em 1894, o romance Os Miseráveis foi removido do Index em 1959.
  16. 16. Descartes, René. Discours de la methode : pour bien conduire sa raison, et chercher la verité dans les sciences plus: La Dioptrique et Les Meteores, qui sont des essais de cette Methode. Rev., & corr. en cette derniere ed. Paris : Theodore Girard, 1668.
  17. 17. Descartes teve diversas obras banidas por questões religiosas: Meditationes de prima filosofia, Les passions de l'ame, Notae in programma, Epistola ad celeberrimum virum Gisbertum Voetium.
  18. 18. Grotius, Hugo. Annales et historiae de rebus Belgicis. Amstelaedami : Ex Typographejo Joannis Blaeu, 1657.
  19. 19. A obra do jurisconsulto e diplomata holandês Anais e história dos Países Baixos foi incluída no Index em 1659.
  20. 20. Montaigne, Michel de. Les essais. Nouvelle ed. faite sur les plus anciennes et les plus correctes : augmentée de quelques Lettres de l'Auteur. A Londres : de l'Imprimerie de J. Tonson & J. Watts, 1724.
  21. 21. Proibido por questões religiosas, os Ensaios foram incluídos no Index em 1676.
  22. 22. Milton, John. Paradise lost. London : Cassel and Company Limited, [1890?]. Ilustrações de Gustave Doré.
  23. 23. Paraíso perdido foi publicado em 1667. A obra foi proibida por razões políticas em 1758.
  24. 24. Rousseau, Jean-Jacques. Julie, ou, de la Nouvelle Héloise. Geneve : [s.n.], 1782-1789. (Collection complete des oeuvres de J.J. Rousseau, citoyen de Geneve, v.3)
  25. 25. Romance sobre uma paixão com um contexto de moral mais amplo,no sentido filosófico, religioso e até mesmo econômico. Incluído no Index em 1806 por razões religiosas.
  26. 26. Defoe, Daniel. Aventures de Robinson Crusoe. Edição ilustrada por Grandville. Paris : H. Fournier Ainé, 1840.
  27. 27. Defoe, autor de narrativas, ensaios e panfletos, teve vários de seus livros incluídos no Index.
  28. 28. Erasmo, Desiderius. Moriae encomium : stultitiae laus. Basileae : Typis Genathianis, 1676. Ilustrações de Hans Holbein.
  29. 29. Stultitiae laus [Elogio da Loucura] escrito em 1509, foi dedicado a Thomas More. Após a sua morte, pela simpatia aos aspectos principais da crítica luterana à Igreja, as obras de Erasmo foram incluídas no Index.
  30. 30. Stendhal. Rome, Naples et Florence. Paris : Librairie Ancienne Honoré et Édouard Champion, 1913-1940. (Oeuvres completes, v.8) Obra incluída no Index em 1878. O título Roma, Nápoles e Florença não corresponde exatamente ao conteúdo: a viagem do autor se alonga a muitas outras cidades italianas, notadamente Milão e Bolonha, descrevendo não só paisagens e monumentos, mas principalmente os costumes dos italianos.
  31. 31. Locke, John, 1632-1704. Essai philosophique concernant l'entendement humain : ou l'on montre quelle est l'etendue de nos connoissances certaines, et la manière dont nous y parvenons. 4e. éd., rev., corr. & augm. par l'Auteur. Amsterdam : Chez Henri Schelte, 1700.
  32. 32. Censurado por razões religiosas, o Ensaio sobre o entendimento humano foi incluído no Index em 1734.
  33. 33. Index librorum prohibitorum : juxta exemplar romanum. Editio novissima in qua libri omnes ab apostolica sede usque ad annum 1878 proscripti suis locis recensentur. Mechliniae : H. Dessain, 1878.
  34. 34. Edição belga do Index, inclui regulamentos, decretos, instruções e outros documentos da Igreja Católica sobre livros proibidos de serem publicados, circularem ou lidos.
  35. 35. 5 William Shakespeare : 1616-2016 (mar. 2016) 4 O que faz um livro raro, raro? : critérios de identificação (maio 2014) 3 Bíblias da Coleção Eichenberg (nov. 2013) 2 Este livro é meu! : ex-libris e outras marcas de propriedade (jun. 2013) 1 Rara educação : raridades sobre educação e ensino (mar. 2013)
  36. 36. Ilustração dos slaides: 7 La censure / Georges Lafosse (1878). Disponível em https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/ File:La_Censure_by_Georges_Lafosse.jpg acesso em 2016-07-14 8 Papista queimando livros de Lutero (séc. XVI). Disponível em https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/ File:Papists_burning_Luther's_works.jpg 2016-07-14 9 Foto oficial do Papa Paulo VI (1963). Disponível em https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Paolovi.jpg acesso em 2016-07-13

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