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www.LanguageOpenLearning.comPresent Perfect 2Language Open Learning EnglishGrammar Guide
Present Perfect 2Present Perfect Continuous Formed with the present perfect of be and the -ing form of the verb •I’ve been waiting here all morning •What have you been doing lately? •I haven’t been sleeping well recentlywww.LanguageOpenLearning.com
Present Perfect 2Present Perfect Continuous Describes past events which are connected to the present plus the action or situation is in progress •What have you been doing lately? •I’ve been working a lot. •How long have you been living here?www.LanguageOpenLearning.com
Present Perfect 2Present Perfect Continuous Can emphasise the length of the action •I’ve been waiting here all morning •I’ve been feeling ill for weeks. Can emphasise the action is temporary •I’ve been staying in a hotel for three months.www.LanguageOpenLearning.com
Present Perfect 2Present Perfect Continuous Can be used for repeated actions •I’ve been phoning her for days but she’s never at home The action may be finishing or continuing – we only know this by the situation •Carlos has been studying English for two years and now he’s stopped. What a shame!•Carlos has been studying English for two years. He’s going to do an exam next year.www.LanguageOpenLearning.com
Present Perfect 2Present Perfect or Present Perfect Continuous? Very little difference between the two •I’ve worked/been working here for two years •I’ve lived/been living here for five years.www.LanguageOpenLearning.com
Present Perfect 2Present Perfect or Present Perfect Continuous?If we give details on quantity we DO NOT use the continuous •I’ve written four emails •I’ve done a lot of cooking and cleaning this afternoonwww.LanguageOpenLearning.com
Present Perfect 2Present Perfect or Present Perfect Continuous? Present Perfect if focus is on the finished result Present Perfect Continuous if focus is on the action •I’ve written that email to Peter. I was meaning to do it for ages. •I’ve been writing that email to Peter and it’s taken an hour!www.LanguageOpenLearning.com
Present Perfect 2Present Simple or Present PerfectPresent Simple describes habit or states in the present Present Perfect describes time until the present •I live in Prague ( a permanent state I always live there) •I’ve lived in Prague for two years (I arrived two years ago and still live there)www.LanguageOpenLearning.com
Present Perfect 2 Past Simple or Present PerfectPast Simple describes event with a completed time periodPresent Perfect describes time period including the present •I live in London in the nineties ( now I live somewhere else ) •I’ve lived in Prague since the nineties (I still live there ) www.LanguageOpenLearning.com
Present Perfect 2Past Simple or Present Perfect The choice of tense depends whether our attention is in the past or the present •I had an umbrella but I left it on the bus ( the event is distant in our mind ) •Oh no! I’ve left my umbrella on the bus ( the event is present on my mind )www.LanguageOpenLearning.com
Present Perfect 2Have been and have gone If we have been to a place, we went there and have now returned. If we have gone to a place, we went there but have not returned. •Peter has been to China. ( and he has come back ) •Peter has gone to China. ( and he is still there )www.LanguageOpenLearning.com