- an enduring and cooperating social
- developed organized patterns of
relationships through interaction with
- group of persons in permanent or not
permanent associations that are organized
for the collective activities performed by
SOCIETY: A PLACE OF BELONGINGNESS
9. Moral obligation to do good toward
oneself and others to avoid anything that
could harm them.
It is the duty of man to protect the rights
and uphold dignity of each fellow human
10. 1. Right to free education (at least elementary and
2. Right to express one’s opinion
3. Right to form organizations
4. Right to due process of law
5. Right to choose one’s religion
6. Right to have a peaceful and orderly environment
7. Right to own property
8. Right to have an orderly and decent means of living
Responsible citizens value not only their rights, but
also other people’s right.
RIGHTS OF THE FILIPINO CITIZENS
11. The right to life
The right to liberty
The right to truth
The right to live socially
The right of authority
The right of property
The to duties
RIGHTS AND DUTIES COMMON TO ALL
12. Three basic human rights:
Right to life/live – has the right not to be
killed by another human being
Right to have dignity and value – the right
to be respected as a unique
Right to become productive – right to
develop oneself in order to become
more effective and efficient member
of the society.
UPHOLDING HUMAN RIGHTS
13. “Man by nature is a subject not only to
physical laws, but also to the moral law.”
Norms – any standard or rule that states
what human beings should or should not
think, say, or under a given
MORAL AND LEGAL DIMENSIONS
15. Ordinarily used as equivalent terms.
Traditional manners, customs, habits, or
character of a community or group based
on the group’s standards o norms.
It is sometimes called “system values”
Determines what is considered good,
right, or the proper way of living, acting,
ETHICS AND MORAL
16. According to Saint Thomas Aquinas, “An
ordinance of reason promulgated by him
who has charge of the community, for
the common good.”
It must have been created for the
17. Divine law comes from God directly
and according to its particular form:
Natural law (physical and moral)
Divine positive law
SOURCE OF LAW
18. “Dive reason itself, directing the action of will,
whereby God wishes that all things should
direct their actions according to the reason
and to their proper end.”
Every creation of God justifies its own
existence, and there is nothing in this world
that exist which is absolutely useless.
19. Governs all things of nature,
irrational creatures, and also the
physical nature of a person.
Reason discovers these laws by
observation, experiment, and
20. It is an external law which applies to
an individual as a rational being and
is imprinted in her/his conscience.
The natural moral law is expressed
in the ten commandments.
21. Positive law applies to people only and may
emanate either from God, or from an
authorized human legislator.
Human positive law, made by persons applied
to a particular needs which may be changed
according to the needs of the times and are
binding only insofar as they are not opposed
to the natural moral law.
22. Aspect of life which has something to do with
the rightness or wrongness, or the goodness
or viciousness of human action.
It is important that we become prudent in
Equally important as well is the fact that one’s
decision is confirmed in prayers.
23. What would happen if
there were no laws
imposed upon men?
OBEYING LAWS: THE KEY TO A PEACEFUL
24. a body of rules established
by custom or treaty and
recognized by nations as
binding in their relations
with one another.
25. Norms and behavior are developed in our family.
It refers to the trainings or experiences that a person
undergoes to correct, mold, strengthen, or perfect
It should be manifested not only in our actions, but
also in thoughts and words.
A disciplined person is God-fearing.
Discipline is being able to subject oneself to rule and
Let us always be disciples of supreme authority.
DISCIPLINE BEGINS WITH ME
32. “the maintenance of peace and
order, the protection of life,
liberty, and property, and the
promotion of the general welfare
are essential for the enjoyment by
all the people of the bleesing of
SEC. 5 ARTICLE II
33. Stereotyping- Parts of any
culture are the beliefs and
perceptions that are attached
to persons which in one way or
another influence the behavior
of its members.
MY ROLE IN THE PROGRESS OF SOCIETY
34. Ilocanos are stingy
Visayans are laid back
Pampangueños are flamboyant
Warays are quarrelsome
Old people refuse to learn new
Poor people wait for the government
grants or dole rather than work.