HANDOVER MANAGEMENT IN INTEGRATED WLAN AND MOBILE WIMAX NETWORKS<br />Pradeep Thomas Thundiyil<br />M.Tech 2nd Sem<br />DC...
OverviewWLAN and WMAN: Integration.Mobility Management and Integration Solutions For Heterogeneous All-IP Wireless Network...
Need for Integration<br />3<br /><ul><li>Ubiquitous Coverage.
Broadband Connectivity.
Quality Of Service.
Economical.</li></li></ul><li>Mixed WiFi and WiMAX<br />4<br />
Handoff<br />5<br />
Types of Handovers<br />Homogeneous (Horizontal) Handovers<br />Within Single Network (Localized Mobility)<br />Limited op...
 Overview WLAN and WMAN: Integration.Mobility Management and Integration Solutions For Heterogeneous All-IP Wireless Netwo...
8<br />
Mobility Management<br />MIP provides a new IP address to a mobile node as it moves to a new network.<br />9<br />IETF Sol...
IETF Solutions: Upper Layer Protocols<br />Network Layer			MIP<br />Transport Layer			mSCTP<br />Application Layer			SIP<b...
3GPP Solutions<br />3GPP defined a mobility management scheme based on IMS.<br />VCC/IMS			integrates UMTS and unlicensed ...
12<br />Transfer Connection<br />Setup New Link<br />Search  New Link<br />Handover Signaling<br />Packet Reception<br />N...
13<br />What IEEE 802.21Defines <br /><ul><li>The current specification  includes a Media Independent Handover Function (M...
Media Independent Event Service (MIES)
 Media Independent Command Service (MICS), and
 Media Independent Information Service (MIIS)
MIH aims to help and enhance the operation of mobility management protocols.</li></ul>13<br />
14<br />What is Media Independent Handover ?<br />Media Independent Handover Services is an IEEE (802.21) working on a spe...
Media Independent Event Service (MIES) <br />Events   may originate from MAC, PHY or MIH Function either at the mobile nod...
16<br />MIH Events <br />16<br />
17<br />MIH Users (L3 and above)<br />MIH Commands<br />MIHF<br />Link Commands<br />Lower Layers (L2 and below)<br />Medi...
Two types of  Command Service
MIH Commands
Link Commands</li></ul>17<br />
MIH Commands<br />18<br />
19<br />IEEE 802.21 Standard - Media Independent Handover (MIH) framework<br />
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Handover Management In Integrated Wlan And Mobile Wimax

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Handover Management In Integrated Wlan And Mobile Wimax

  1. 1. HANDOVER MANAGEMENT IN INTEGRATED WLAN AND MOBILE WIMAX NETWORKS<br />Pradeep Thomas Thundiyil<br />M.Tech 2nd Sem<br />DCN<br />1<br />
  2. 2. OverviewWLAN and WMAN: Integration.Mobility Management and Integration Solutions For Heterogeneous All-IP Wireless Networks. Mixed Network Client Use Case.Handover Between WIMAX and WIFIUsing MIH Framework.<br />2<br />
  3. 3. Need for Integration<br />3<br /><ul><li>Ubiquitous Coverage.
  4. 4. Broadband Connectivity.
  5. 5. Quality Of Service.
  6. 6. Economical.</li></li></ul><li>Mixed WiFi and WiMAX<br />4<br />
  7. 7. Handoff<br />5<br />
  8. 8. Types of Handovers<br />Homogeneous (Horizontal) Handovers<br />Within Single Network (Localized Mobility)<br />Limited opportunities<br />Heterogeneous (Vertical) Handovers<br />Across Different Networks (Global Mobility)<br />More Opportunistic<br />IEEE 802.21 is primarily for Vertical Handovers<br /> ….can also be used for Homogeneous Handovers<br />6<br />
  9. 9. Overview WLAN and WMAN: Integration.Mobility Management and Integration Solutions For Heterogeneous All-IP Wireless Networks. Mixed Network Client Use Case.Handover Between WIMAX and WIFIUsing MIH Framework.<br />7<br />
  10. 10. 8<br />
  11. 11. Mobility Management<br />MIP provides a new IP address to a mobile node as it moves to a new network.<br />9<br />IETF Solutions: Upper Layer Protocols<br />In MIPv4 the correspondent node (CN) sends packet to the MN through the MN’s HA – longer route.<br />MIPv6 allows CN to send packets directly to the FA at the visited network – reduced delay.<br />In L3 Handover the disruption due to long delays is minimized using Fast handover MIP (FMIP). <br />
  12. 12. IETF Solutions: Upper Layer Protocols<br />Network Layer MIP<br />Transport Layer mSCTP<br />Application Layer SIP<br />SIP is an application layer signaling protocol:<br />Widely used for setting up and tearing down multimedia sessions.<br />10<br />
  13. 13. 3GPP Solutions<br />3GPP defined a mobility management scheme based on IMS.<br />VCC/IMS integrates UMTS and unlicensed spectrum technologies (Wi-Fi).<br /> SAE/LTE System Architecture Evolution/ Long term Evolution (efficient Vertical Handover).<br />11<br />
  14. 14. 12<br />Transfer Connection<br />Setup New Link<br />Search New Link<br />Handover Signaling<br />Packet Reception<br />Network Discovery<br />Network Selection<br />Handover Negotiation<br />Layer 2 Connectivity<br />IP Connectivity<br />Scope of 802.21<br />Handover Execution<br />Handover Initiation<br />Handover Preparation<br />IEEE 802.21 helps with Handover Initiation, <br />Network Selection and Interface Activation<br />
  15. 15. 13<br />What IEEE 802.21Defines <br /><ul><li>The current specification includes a Media Independent Handover Function (MIHF) consisting of three basic services
  16. 16. Media Independent Event Service (MIES)
  17. 17. Media Independent Command Service (MICS), and
  18. 18. Media Independent Information Service (MIIS)
  19. 19. MIH aims to help and enhance the operation of mobility management protocols.</li></ul>13<br />
  20. 20. 14<br />What is Media Independent Handover ?<br />Media Independent Handover Services is an IEEE (802.21) working on a specification that facilitates handover optimization between heterogeneous access networks by providing<br />Link layer intelligence and <br />Network information to upper layers<br />Support for multiple access technologies (e.g., IEEE and non-IEEE access technology) <br />Support for both network and device initiated handovers<br />
  21. 21. Media Independent Event Service (MIES) <br />Events may originate from MAC, PHY or MIH Function either at the mobile node or at the network. <br />The source of these events may be either local or remote. <br />Two types of Event Service <br />Link Events and <br />MIH Events. <br />15<br />MIH User (L3 and above)<br />MIH Event<br />s<br />MIHF<br />Link Event<br />s<br />Lower Layers (L2 and below)<br />
  22. 22. 16<br />MIH Events <br />16<br />
  23. 23. 17<br />MIH Users (L3 and above)<br />MIH Commands<br />MIHF<br />Link Commands<br />Lower Layers (L2 and below)<br />Media Independent Command Service (MICS)<br /><ul><li>Media Independent Command Service refers to the commands sent from the higher layers to the lower layers in the reference model
  24. 24. Two types of Command Service
  25. 25. MIH Commands
  26. 26. Link Commands</li></ul>17<br />
  27. 27. MIH Commands<br />18<br />
  28. 28. 19<br />IEEE 802.21 Standard - Media Independent Handover (MIH) framework<br />
  29. 29. Overview WLAN and WMAN: Integration.Mobility Management and Integration Solutions For Heterogeneous All-IP Wireless Networks.Mixed Network Client Use Case.Handover Between WIMAX and WIFIUsing MIH Framework.<br />20<br />
  30. 30. 21<br />Radio State<br />Radio State<br />Radio State<br />Radio State<br />3G WWAN<br />3G WWAN<br />3G WWAN<br />3G WWAN<br />Wi-Fi<br />Wi-Fi<br />Wi-Fi<br />Wi-Fi<br />WiMAX<br />WiMAX<br />WiMAX<br />WiMAX<br />GPS<br />GPS<br />GPS<br />GPS<br />Radio State<br />Radio State<br />Radio State<br />3G WWAN<br />3G WWAN<br />3G WWAN<br />Wi-Fi<br />Wi-Fi<br />Wi-Fi<br />WiMAX<br />WiMAX<br />WiMAX<br />GPS<br />GPS<br />GPS<br />MxN – Mixed-Network Client Use Case<br />3G WWAN<br />Operating on 3G WWAN<br />Zone 1<br />Zone 2<br />Zone 3<br />Plug into power jack Wakeup Wi-Fi<br />Continue over Wi-Fi<br />Wakeup Wi-Fi<br />Zone 6<br />Zone 5<br />Zone 4<br />Airport<br />Wi-Fi Link Going Down. <br />Connect to Wi-Fi<br />Home<br />Continue session on 3G WWAN<br />Continue session on Wi-Fi<br />Battery level low<br />Shutdown WiMAX<br />Switch to 3G WWAN<br />Operator initiated switch to WiMAX<br />Continue session on WiMAX<br />Shutdown Wi-Fi<br />WiMAX<br />WiMAX<br />Zone 7<br />Zone 9<br />Zone 8<br />VCC, SIP, IMS for Call Continuity (3G WWAN  Wi-Fi)<br />IEEE 802.21 for Network Discovery<br />IEEE 802.21, SIP, VCC, IMS, for Network Selection and Service Continuity across multiple radios (3G WWAN  Wi-Fi  WiMAX)<br />802.21, SIP, IMS for Service Continuity (Wi-Fi  WiMAX)<br />
  31. 31. OverviewWLAN and WMAN: Integration.Mobility Management and Integration Solutions For Heterogeneous All-IP Wireless Networks. Mixed Network Client Use Case.Handover Between WIMAX and WIFIUsing MIH Framework.<br />22<br />
  32. 32. 23<br />
  33. 33. Always best connected scenario: WiMAX/WiFi handover using the MIH framework.<br />MobileNode<br />Current WiMAX BS<br />Candidate Wi-FI AP<br />Candidate Wi-Fi AP<br />MIIS<br />MN becomes aware of new connectivity opportunities through beacons received from candidate APs. Alternatively, it can also periodically query the MIIS to gather information on available access networks.<br />1<br />MIH_Get_Information Request<br />MIH_Get_Information Response<br />MIH_N2N_HO_Candidate_Query Request<br />MIH_N2N_HO_Query_Resource Request<br />2<br />MIH_N2N_HO_Query_Resource Request<br />3<br />MIH_N2N_HO_Query_Resource Response<br />24<br />MIH_N2N_HO_Candidate_Query Request<br />
  34. 34. Always best connected scenario: WiMAX/WiFi handover using the MIH framework.<br />Mobile Node<br />Current WiMAX BS<br />Candidate Wi-FI AP<br />Candidate Wi-Fi AP<br />MIIS<br />Handover decision based on resource availability and user’s preferences. Selection of the target network.<br />4<br />MIH_MN_Handover_Commitrequest<br />MIH_N2N_Handover_Commit Request<br />MIH_N2N_Handover_Commit Response<br />MIH_MN_Handover_Commit response<br />(FMIPv6) HAck, FBAck<br />(Wi-FI) ASSOCIATION PROCEDURE<br />(WiMAX) DISSASSOCIATION_PROCEDURE<br />MIH_MN_Handover_Complete Request<br />MIHMN_Handover_Complete Response<br />
  35. 35. Conclusion & Future Directions<br /><ul><li>The integration of heterogeneous networks seems to be a good approach in order to offer the 4G always best connected vision.
  36. 36. The use of the MIH framework for integrating WiFi and WiMAX networks provides seamless handover.</li></ul>MIH support for multihop heterogeneous networks, QoS mapping, and resource allocation mechanisms for WLAN/WMAN integrated networks, and security solutions are to be improved.<br />26<br />
  37. 37. References<br />G. Lampropoulos, A. Salkintzis, and N. Passas, “Media Independent Handover for Seamless Service Provision in Heterogeneous Networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 46, no. 1, Jan. 2008.<br /> <br />Kejie Lu, Yi Qian, Hsiao-Hwa Chen, “ A Secure and Service-Oriented Network Control Framework for WiMAX Networks,” IEEE Communications Magazine, May 2007.<br /> <br />Ian F Amine M. Houyou, Hermann De Meer, Moritz Esterhazy, “P2P-based Mobility Management for Heterogeneous Wireless Networks and Mesh Networks”.<br />27<br />
  38. 38. 28<br />Thankyouforyourattention..!<br />Questions ?<br />
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