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Presidential Reconstruction (US History)

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A survey of Presidential Reconstruction, as implemented by Presidents Lincoln and Johnson from 1863-1866

Publicada em: Educação
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Presidential Reconstruction (US History)

  1. 1. Analyze the effects of Reconstruction on the southern states and on the role of the federal government, including the impact of the thirteenth, fourteenth, and fifteenth amendments on opportunities for African Americans.
  2. 2. Presidential Congressional (aka, Radical)
  3. 3. “With malice toward none, with charity for all, with firmness in the right as God gives us to see the right, let us strive on to finish the work we are in, to bind up the nation's wounds… to do all which may achieve and cherish a just and lasting peace among ourselves and with all nations.” -- Abraham Lincoln Second Inaugural Address March 4, 1865 MAGNANIMOUS
  4. 4. 10% of 1860 Voters 1. Oath to the U.S. 2. Accept Emancipation Louisiana and Arkansas Re-admitted
  5. 5. Come As You Are Frank Micelotta/Getty Images
  6. 6. Frank Micelotta/Getty Images But not quite as you were
  8. 8. By hoveringdog
  9. 9. "… If any Bill shall not be returned by the President within ten Days (Sundays excepted) after it shall have been presented to him, the Same shall be a Law, in like Manner as if he had signed it, unless the Congress by their Adjournment prevent its Return, in which Case it shall not be a Law.” -- U.S. Constitution
  10. 10. 10 9 87 6 5 4 3 2 1
  11. 11. NOT LAW Because Congress Adjourned
  13. 13. April 12, 1865
  14. 14. Gen. Richard Taylor, CSA (Son of President Zachary Taylor) General Canby met me with much urbanity. We retired to a room, and in a few moments agreed upon a truce… Then, rejoining the throng of officers, introductions and many pleasant civilities passed… A bountiful luncheon was spread, of which we partook, with joyous poppings of champagne- corks… the first agreeable explosive sounds I had heard for years. The air of "Hail Columbia," which the band in attendance struck up, was instantly changed by Canby's order to that of "Dixie;" but I insisted on the first, and expressed a hope that Columbia would be again a happy land, a sentiment by many libations.
  15. 15. New York Times Article Richmond, VA Dedicated 2003 Lincoln Statue
  16. 16. Sic Semper Tyrannis!
  17. 17. Mary Surratt Mary Surratt was the first woman executed by the U.S. government. Note the presence of the Catholic priest in the foreground (Nativism).
  18. 18. O CAPTAIN! my Captain! our fearful trip is done; The ship has weather'd every rack, the prize we sought is won; The port is near, the bells I hear, the people all exulting, While follow eyes the steady keel, the vessel grim and daring: But O heart! heart! heart! O the bleeding drops of red, Where on the deck my Captain lies, Fallen cold and dead. By: Walt Whitman
  19. 19. Andrew Johnson (D-TN) Seventeenth President of the U.S. 1865-1869 • Tennessee Unionist • VP on “Union Party” Ticket • Opposition President • Jacksonian Democrat vs. Republican Congress • Sought to continue Presidential Reconstruction • 1st PRESIDENT TO BE IMPEACHED Click for Bio
  20. 20. Amnesty Proclamation • Former Confederates above a certain rank disenfranchised, but could apply for pardon. • NO TREASON TRIALS
  21. 21. Confederate Memorial Arlington National Cemetery During and after the Reconstruction period, white Southerners continued to honor Confederate veterans, living and dead. United Daughters of the Confederacy (UDC)
  22. 22. Funny Story
  23. 23. Further Reading Fort Monroe, VA
  24. 24. Reflections of an Ex-Vice President “General [H.R.] Jackson was released from this place to-day – the order came this morning and he left this evening. I am truly glad for his good fortune. But why should he be discharged and other officers kept, I do not understand; nor do I understand why he should be discharged and I held. He bent his energies to bring about secession; I strove with all my power to prevent it.” -- Alexander H. Stephens July 8, 1865 Fort Warren Prison, MA Alexander H. Stephens
  25. 25. • Thirteenth Amendment • Freedmen’s Bureau • Sharecropping • Black Codes FRANCHISE And Not This Man?
  26. 26. RECONSTRUCTION AMENDMENTS: 13 14 Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime where of the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their Ratified December 6, 1865 15
  27. 27. Established by Congress in 1865 to help former slaves. – Education – Healthcare – Job Placement From Harper’s Weekly, 1868
  28. 28. UNDERFUNDED Met with resistance in both North and South Re-chartered annually until it was abolished in 1872. Northern Cartoon (Pennsylvania, 1866)
  29. 29. Sharecropping Tenant Farming
  30. 30. Passed in many Southern states to restrict the activities of freedmen
  31. 31. Link to Document What rights were African- Americans deprived of in the South immediately after the Civil War?
  32. 32. EPIC FAIL
  33. 33. Let’s try this again…
  34. 34. Next Up: Radica l Reconstructi on