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What do we know about happiness

Slides from a seminar which I led — translated to English. Lots of important points are missing... but hey.

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What do we know about happiness

  1. Happiness… what do we know about it?
  2. To be stupid, selfish, and have good health are three requirements for happiness, though if stupidity is lacking, all is lost. Gustave Flaubert
  3. Smart people against happiness: Schopenhauer Freud Sartre
  4. Smart people against happiness: Every happiness is but lent by chance for an uncertain time, and may therefore be demanded back the next hour. Schopenhauer Freud Sartre
  5. Smart people against happiness: The intention that man should be happy is not included in the plan of Creation. Schopenhauer Freud Sartre
  6. Smart people against happiness: @#%$*$( happiness %^!#@ (^*)!@#!@__*#@!^#!!!! Schopenhauer Freud Sartre
  7. Amount of articles in psychology 359,295 magazines from 1887 to 2003: 242,134 93,381 38,349 43,529 23,790 933 4,247 Prophy- Therapy Courage Fear Happiness Depression lactics Good BAD
  8. Who needs happiness?
  9. They do: Martin Mihaly Daniel Sonja Ed Seligman Csikszentmihalyi Gilbert Lyubomirsky Diener
  10. They are positive psychologists
  11. They research happiness (maybe not exactly this way)
  12. They research, how happiness links to... Intellect Money Income Love All the rest…?
  13. For instance: Is it true, that only fools are happy? Source: Lisa Simpson
  14. Is this happiness?
  15. Actually… H A P There’s a mildly P positive correlation I between happiness N E and intelligence. S S INTELLIGENCE Source: Choi and Veenhoven (2008)
  16. Is it true that happiness leads to laziness?
  17. Actually, happy people are MORE achievement oriented. Source: Lyubomirsky, King, Diener (2005)
  18. In companies, where happy people work… Customer Personnel Work-related Productivity satisfaction turnover injuries Profits Source: Harter, Schmidt (2002)
  19. Happy people earn more: Happy in 1976: Income in 1990: :-( $50,000 :-) $65,000 Source: Diener, 2008
  20. Does money bring happiness?
  21. To some extent — yes Text
  22. If everybody’s poor —  êÓÒÒËfl there’s no difference.
  23. The richer — the happier
  24. Nobody to envy again. êÓÒÒËfl
  25. The real income increased by 100%, but the happiness level is…
  26. In the US, as of today: 10 9 8 7.85 Happiness 7 6.38 6 5 level 4 3 2 1 < 10 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 150 > 200 Income, thousand US$ per year Source: Lucas and Schimmack (forthcoming)
  27. Money could make you happier, but if they are TOO important for you...
  28. Source: Diener and Oishi (2000)
  29. If you are concerned with money you are more likely to be unhappy. Source: Diener and Oishi (2000)
  30. Happiness is in marriage!
  31. It’s a popular opinion… What makes you happy? 37% 22% 26% 15% Family life Friends Work Income Source: Loewenstein
  32. Marriage correlates with happiness  10% Married are happier than   single
  33. However, there are some nuances… Got married Got divorced Source: Diener (2008)
  34. Wedding!... The effect lasts for ~ 2 years
  35. Children: Small negative impact* *Yes, that’s shocking! Source: Gilbert, 2007
  36. Exception: women with their first child
  37. Friends are more reliable: if you can name 5 or more close friends you are 60% more likely to be very happy. Source: Myers, 1992
  38. Good health is essential! 
  39. Typical emotions of a recovering patient Point of recovery Source: Diener (2008)
  40. Gerald is the happiest person I ever met.
  41. Older people are happier! Happiness Age Source: BHPS
  42. True happiness lies in faith.
  43. Percentage of very happy people in the US: 41% 36% 21% 16% Atheists Former believers Believers New believers
  44. But this is true only for religious countries. (Also, non-religious Denmark and Netherlands are happier than the US.) Denmark India Nepal Afghanistan
  45. So where is it?
  46. Factors that affect happiness: Income Employment 10% Family status Genes Health Age 50% Religiousness 40% Hedonic affect Flow Meaning of life Source: Lyubomirsky (2008), consensus estimate
  47. Pleasures bring happiness (nothing new)
  48.  But not the purchases — activities! (people adapt easily)
  49. Source: Fontane (1996) Start +12% to the exercising: happiness level
  50. Sleep enough: minus 8% for every hour if less than 8 hours Source: Pilcher, Ott (1998)
  51. Sex* = a lot of happiness * with someone you like ;-) Source: Kahneman, Krueger, Schkade, Schwarz and Stone (2003)
  52. Happiness is in the FLOW
  53. The flow is a psychological state where things just happen… Too hard Challenge lo w F Too boring Skills Source: Csikszentmihalyi (1975)
  54. Work that you like: +28% Source: Thakar and Misra (1995)
  55. Monetize! Stop doing! Can do Happiness There’s Want a market to do for that Source: loosely adapted from Practice! Jim Collins’ Good to Great
  56. There’s only one thing you need to know about sustained individual success: "Discover what you don't like doing and stop doing it." — Marcus Buckingham
  57. Happiness is finding the meaning of life
  58. Does your life have meaning? Yes No Happy 70% 30% 30% 70% Unhappy Source: Lepper, 1996
  59. The secret of happiness is finding something bigger than you and devoting your life to it. — Daniel Dennett (he’s an atheist)
  60. What’s YOUR Holy Grail?
  61. What are you SEEKING? (maybe not exactly this way)
  62. Alexei Kapterev kapterev@gmail.com Contents: www.newcode.ru Slide design: www.kapterev.com