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Sophocles : An Outline Introduciton

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An outline introduction to Sophocles, in which I took note from a book "Homer to Theocritus" by Edward Capps.

The works of Sophocles are merely mentioned within, I shall come and put another ppt about his works later...if I remember to do so, or at least when I have much more free time in the future.

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Sophocles : An Outline Introduciton

  1. 1. SOPHOCLES AN OUTLINED INTRODUCTION
  2. 2. PART.1 INTRODUCTION
  3. 3. • The second tragic poet of Athens  Was born about 495 B.C. in the village of Colonus. Received an excellent education and had a position in the best Athenian society. • Early career: won applause as not only a poet, but also an actor
  4. 4. • Made two important innovations in the dramatic art. The introduction of the third actor. The use of painted scenery. • A true representative of the age of Pericles. Stood nearer to Aeschylus than to Euripides. Fine aristocracy of culture between 460 to 430 B.C.
  5. 5. PART.2 HIS POSITION IN ATTIC TRAGEDY
  6. 6. • Characters written by Sophocles Laid greater stress upon the individual and his motives and irresistible law. Are accordingly more human, though they are still heroic. The development of character can be noted during the progress of action.
  7. 7. • The plays by Sophocles The details are more carefully studied, both as regards to the plot and the language. Under an apparent simplicity lies a subtlety of thought and a carefully studied adjustment of parts that only profound study and sympathy will reveal. • The best of his tragedies are unsurpassed.
  8. 8. PART.3 THE WORKS OF SOPHOCLES
  9. 9. • The Ajax (about 440 B.C.) • The Electra (date uncertain) • The Philoctetes (won the first prize in 409 B.C.) • The Women of Trachis (about 420 B.C.) • The three plays on the fate of the house of Labdacus Oedipus the King (about 430 B.C.) Oedipus at Colonus (about 406 B.C.) Antigone (about 441 B.C.)
  10. 10. PART.4 THE WORKS OF SOPHOCLES
  11. 11. • The characters of Aeschylus The actions are governed largely by destiny, and are heroic in the first place. The fate of the characters was already fixed in the legends of which the poet made use. Aeschylus endeavors to show how their fate was worked out under the universal laws established by the gods. A sort of fatalism that less stress could be laid upon the operation of human motives in the individual.
  12. 12. • Traits of Euripides The poet of the extreme democracy. Stood for entirely different ideals. • Traits of Aeschylus Early manhood fell in the stirring times in which Athens wrestled first with the tyranny for political freedom, and then with the Persian Empire for her very existence. Was of the more rugged type, sturdily striving to maintain the older ideals both in politics and in religion

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