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Introduction to Python

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Introduction to Python

  1. 1. Introdaction to Python Dr. Mohammed Kassim Page 1 Introduction to Python INTRODUCTION TO OBJECT ORIENTED PROGRAMMING BY PYTHON TEACHER DR. MOHAMMED KASSIM 2016
  2. 2. Introdaction to Python Dr. Mohammed Kassim Page 2 Introduction to Python What is Python? Python is a high-level language programming, interpreted, interactive and object- oriented scripting language. Python is designed to be highly readable. It uses English keywords frequently where as other languages use punctuation, and it has fewer syntactical constructions than other languages. Python is named after a TV Show called ‘Monty Python’s Flying Circus’ and not after Python-the snake.  Python is Interpreted: Python is processed at runtime by the interpreter. You do not need to compile your program before executing it. This is similar to PERL and PHP.  An interpreter is a program that reads in as input a source program, along with data for the program, and translates the source program instruction by instruction. For example, the Java interpreter java Figure 1.1. High and Low Level Language
  3. 3. Introdaction to Python Dr. Mohammed Kassim Page 3 Introduction to Python translate a .class file into code that can be executed natively on the underlying machine.  A compiler is a special program that processes statements written in a particular programming language and turns them into machine language or "code" that a computer's processor uses. Typically, a programmer writes language statements in a language such as Pascal or C one line at a time using an editor .  Python is Interactive: You can actually sit at a Python prompt and interact with the interpreter directly to write your programs.  Python is Object-Oriented: Python supports Object-Oriented style or technique of programming that encapsulates code within objects. Figure 2.1. Interpreter and Compiler
  4. 4. Introdaction to Python Dr. Mohammed Kassim Page 4 Introduction to Python  Object-oriented programming (OOP) is a programming language model organized around objects rather than "actions" and data rather than logic. Historically, a program has been viewed as a logical procedure that takes input data, processes it, and produces output data. The object-oriented programming capabilities of the MATLAB® language enable you to develop complex technical computing applications faster than with other languages, such as C++, C#, Python, PHP and Java. History of Python Python was developed by Guido van Rossum in the late eighties and early nineties at the National Research Institute for Mathematics and Computer Science in the Netherlands. Python is derived from many other languages, including ABC, Modula-3, C, C++, Algol-68, SmallTalk, and Unix shell and other scripting languages. Figure 3.1. OOP features
  5. 5. Introdaction to Python Dr. Mohammed Kassim Page 5 Introduction to Python Python is copyrighted. Like Perl, Python source code is now available under the GNU General Public License (GPL). Python is now maintained by a core development team at the institute, although Guido van Rossum still holds a vital role in directing its progress. Python 1.0 was released in November 1994. In 2000, Python 2.0 was released. Python 2.7.11 is the latest edition of Python 2. Meanwhile, Python 3.0 was released in 2008. Python 3 is not backward compatible with Python 2. The emphasis in Python 3 had been on the removal of duplicate programming constructs and modules so that "There should be one -- and preferably only one -- obvious way to do it." Python 3.5.1 is the latest version of Python 3 Python's features include:  Easy-to-learn: Python has few keywords, simple structure, and a clearly defined syntax. This allows the student to pick up the language quickly.  Easy-to-read: Python code is more clearly defined and visible to the eyes.  Easy-to-maintain: Python's source code is fairly easy-to-maintain.  A broad standard library: Python's bulk of the library is very portable and cross-platform compatible on UNIX, Windows, and Macintosh.  Interactive Mode: Python has support for an interactive mode which allows interactive testing and debugging of snippets of code.  Portable: Python can run on a wide variety of hardware platforms and has the same interface on all platforms.
  6. 6. Introdaction to Python Dr. Mohammed Kassim Page 6 Introduction to Python  Extendable: You can add low-level modules to the Python interpreter. These modules enable programmers to add to or customize their tools to be more efficient.  Databases: Python provides interfaces to all major commercial databases.  GUI Programming: Python supports GUI applications that can be created and ported to many system calls, libraries and windows systems, such as Windows MFC, Macintosh, and the X Window system of Unix.  Scalable: Python provides a better structure and support for large programs than shell scripting. Implementations of Python  CPython  Main reference implementation  With large libraries written in C & Python  Support by almost every OS o Windows o Linux o Mac OS X o Apple iOS o Android
  7. 7. Introdaction to Python Dr. Mohammed Kassim Page 7 Introduction to Python  PyPy o Alternate general implementation o Better memory usage o Compatible with popular libraries  Jython o Written in Java and Can use Java class and modules o Include most of the python standard library o Brings Java to Python  IronPython o written entirely in C# o Employ .NET framework o First Developed by Microsoft o Brings .NET classes into Python  Cython o Can use C/C++ modules & function inside python o written in Python o Brings C/C++ into Python.
  8. 8. Introdaction to Python Dr. Mohammed Kassim Page 8 Introduction to Python Organizational Use Python  In Google o YouTube o Gmail (+java) o Google Groups o Google Maps o Parts of Search Engine  In Yahoo o Yahoo Groups o Yahoo Maps  In NASA o Speed up Coding Process o Make Designing Workflow Easier Applications by Python • Bioinformatics o AstraZeneca (Drug Discovery) • GIS and Mapping o The Blind Audio Tactile mapping System • Simulation o Carmanah Lights the Way
  9. 9. Introdaction to Python Dr. Mohammed Kassim Page 9 Introduction to Python  Games o Civilization IV o Battlefield  Networks and communication o Bit Torrent o D-Link Australia o Mozilla Website o Dropbox Popular Coding Languages Figure 4.1. Popular Coding Languages

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