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Spain in Georgia
Michael Gagnon, Phd
Assistant Professor of History
Originally presented for
Gwinnett Reads
Noble Village
...
Spanish Georgia
• Ayllon established briefly in 1526
• DeSoto in 1540
• Permanent Missions by 1580s
• Guale & Mocomo Peopl...
1526 Map Showing Land of Ayllon
1529 Map
of both
Americas
Showing
Land
of Ayllon
Lucas Vázquez de Ayllón
• Became wealthy after
arriving in Hispaniola in
1503
• Landed at Santee River to
enslave Indians ...
DeSoto in 1540
De Soto
• Mostly important for the
diseases he brought that
destroyed much of
Native American culture
for the foreseeable
...
European Brutality
Permanent Missions by 1580s
• St. Augustine in Florida found 1565
• Franciscan monks found missions in Guale and
Mocama st...
Spanish
Missions
On
Georgia’s
Coast
1526-1686
Sapelo
Sound
Spanish
Missions
On
Georgia’s
Coast
1526-1686
Capital
of
Guale
Spanish
Missions
On
Georgia’s
Coast
1526-1686
Capital of
Mocama
Spain Eventually Abandons Georgia
• Natives allied with British in South Carolina start series of
slaving raids on mission...
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Spanish georgia presentation for gwinnett reads program

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Spanish colonies in area that becomes Georgia

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Spanish georgia presentation for gwinnett reads program

  1. 1. Spain in Georgia Michael Gagnon, Phd Assistant Professor of History Originally presented for Gwinnett Reads Noble Village September 29, 2009
  2. 2. Spanish Georgia • Ayllon established briefly in 1526 • DeSoto in 1540 • Permanent Missions by 1580s • Guale & Mocomo Peoples • Missions Abandoned by 1686 due to slaving attacks from British.
  3. 3. 1526 Map Showing Land of Ayllon
  4. 4. 1529 Map of both Americas Showing Land of Ayllon
  5. 5. Lucas Vázquez de Ayllón • Became wealthy after arriving in Hispaniola in 1503 • Landed at Santee River to enslave Indians in 1521 • Surveyed coast of Georgia and Carolinas in 1523 • 600 Colonists at San Miguel de Gualdape on Sapelo Sound in 1526 • Died October 1526
  6. 6. DeSoto in 1540
  7. 7. De Soto • Mostly important for the diseases he brought that destroyed much of Native American culture for the foreseeable future. • Known for his brutality
  8. 8. European Brutality
  9. 9. Permanent Missions by 1580s • St. Augustine in Florida found 1565 • Franciscan monks found missions in Guale and Mocama starting in 1587 • After 1604, Mission system extends up Altamaha River and west of Okeefenokee • Priests and Monks serve as intermediaries between Native Chiefs and Spanish military • Interior missions abandoned by 1560s due to depopulation from disease
  10. 10. Spanish Missions On Georgia’s Coast 1526-1686 Sapelo Sound
  11. 11. Spanish Missions On Georgia’s Coast 1526-1686 Capital of Guale
  12. 12. Spanish Missions On Georgia’s Coast 1526-1686 Capital of Mocama
  13. 13. Spain Eventually Abandons Georgia • Natives allied with British in South Carolina start series of slaving raids on mission towns of the interior starting in 1660s • Mission Indians retreat to Georgia’s barrier islands by 1685 • Final pirate raid by South Carolina destroys last Mission town on St. Catherine’s island • Last Mission Indians retreat to Florida in 1705 to avoid contact with encroaching British and British allied Indians, only about 25 years before Oglethorpe settles Georgia as British colony. • Mocama Indians evacuated from Florida to Cuba when Spain relinquished Florida following Peace treaty ending French and Indian War in 1763.

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