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Logistics automation

the improvents of technology improvises the activities in logistical activities ....

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Logistics automation

  2. 2. Meaning Logistics automation is the application of computer software or automated machinery to improve the efficiency of logistics operations. Typically this refers to operations within a warehouse or distribution center, with broader tasks undertaken by supply chain management systems and enterprise resource planning systems. Logistics automation systems can powerfully complement the facilities provided by these higher level computer systems. The focus on an individual node within a wider logistics network allows systems to be highly tailored to the requirements of that node.
  3. 3. What is Logistics ? • Logistics is the management of the flow of resources between the point of origin and the point of consumption in order to meet some requirements ,for example customers or corporations. The resources managed in logistics can include physical and abstract items . The minimization of the use of resources is a common motivation.
  4. 4. What is Automation ? Automation or automatic control, is the use of various control systems for operating equipment such as machinery, processes in factories, boilers and heat treating ovens, switching in telephone networks, steering and stabilization of ships or aircraft and other applications with minimal or reduced human intervention. Some processes have been completely automated. The biggest benefit of automation is that it saves labor, however, it is also used to save energy and materials and to improve quality, accuracy and precision.
  5. 5. TYPES OF AUTOMATION 1)Feedback control 2)Sequential control using logic
  6. 6. Components OF LOGISTICS AUTOMATION Logistics automation systems comprise a variety of hardware and software components: HARDWARE  Fixed machinery  Conveyors  Sortation  Industrial Robots Typically all of these will automatically identify and track containers based upon barcodes, or increasingly, RFID tags  AS/RS — Automated Storage and Retrieval Systems
  7. 7. MOBILE TECHNOLOGY  Radio data terminals Software  Integration software  Operational control software
  8. 8. ADVANTAGES OF LOGISTICS AUTOMATION • • • • • Increased through put or productivity. Improved quality or increased predictability of quality. Improved robustness (consistency), of processes or product. Increased consistency of output. Reduced direct human labor costs and expenses.
  9. 9. DISADVANTAGES OF LOGISTICS AUTOMATION • • • • Causing unemployment and poverty by replacing human labor. Security Threats/Vulnerability Unpredictable/excessive development costs High initial cost
  10. 10. Benefits of logistics automation A typical warehouse or distribution center will receive stock of a variety of products from suppliers and store these until the receipt of orders from customers  Automated goods in processes  Automated Goods Retrieval for Orders  Automated processing despatch
  11. 11. Limitations to logistics automation • Current technology is unable to automate all the desired tasks. • As a process becomes increasingly automated, there is less and less labor to be saved or quality improvement to be gained. This is an example of both diminishing returns and the logistic function. • Similar to the above, as more and more processes become automated, there are fewer remaining non-automated processes. This is an example of exhaustion of opportunities. New technological paradigms may however set new limits that surpass the previous limits.
  12. 12. Current limitations • Many roles for humans in industrial processes presently lie beyond the scope of automation. Human-level pattern recognition, language comprehension, and language production ability are well beyond the capabilities of modern mechanical and computer systems. Tasks requiring subjective assessment or synthesis of complex sensory data, such as scents and sounds, as well as high-level tasks such as strategic planning, currently require human expertise. In many cases, the use of humans is more cost-effective than mechanical approaches even where automation of industrial tasks is possible. Overcoming these obstacles is a theorized path to post-scarcity economics.
  13. 13. CONCLUSION With some good Logistics Automation , we can make an effective and efficient use of machines . As the work done through machines rather than men . Logistics operations could be easily completed in a less time . It also helps in specialization of logistics operations done through machines . So a good Logistics Automation can reduce the complexity in logistics and supply chain operation and removes certain risks concerned with time and other function .