FOUNDATION IN NATURAL AND BUILT ENVIRONMENT (FNBE)
APRIL INTAKE 2014
FINAL PROJECT REPORT
-PROPOSAL OF A GREEN SPACE-
NAME: TAN SHEAU HUI (0319235)
CHAN JIA XIN (0319565)
SIONG JIA YII (0318239)
HWANG WEI LI (0319756)
CHONG HUI XIN (0319363)
YEE ZHEN LI (0319160)
TUTOR: MS. NORMA SULAIMAN
MR. LEE CHERNG YIH
SUBMISSION DATE: 8 AUGUST 2014
2) SITE ANALYSIS
4) MASTER PLAN
5) PLANTING PLAN
8) CONSTRUCTION DETAILS
9) MAINTENANCE PLAN
10) SUSTAINABLE APPROACHES
In this final assignment, we are required to form a group of 6 and the task
given is to select a 10m X 10m site within our campus, Taylor’s University
Lakeside Campus. Then, we are to study the selected site and come up with an
analysis. From the analysis, we need to conceptualize with a green space
proposal for the site that includes concept, master plan, planting plan, costing
(bill of quantities) and construction detail as well as maintenance plan and put all
the information in the form of report. Also, we are to present our concept, master
plan and planting plan on 2 A2 presentation board.
By compiling this assignment, we are able to understand the basic
landscape architecture drawings which act as a mean of communication and
representation of ideas as well as be able to explain and apply basics in anatomy
of a landscape projects, regulations and maintenance in landscaping. We are
also being introduced to Landscape Project from ideas stage to completion.
Panorama view of the surrounding of our site.
Structure and elements available at our site
Red circle: our 10m X 10m selected site
The site that we have selected is located at block E, level 2(as
shown in the image above). It is measured with 30m X 15.6m, but we are
given the task to choose only 10m X 10m of the site. Originally it was
planned to be built as a roof garden, but due to some unknown reason it is
now only an empty flat area.
The climate for our site is sunny, rainy and windy and sometimes
with lightning due to the sultry climate of Malaysia throughout the year and
this also results in slight difference of temperatures between different time
in a day. In the morning (8-10am), evening (5-7pm) and night (8-10pm),
the temperature will be an average of 28°C. In the afternoon (12-2pm), the
temperature will be an average of 32°C. There aren’t any present natural
physical features on the site. But there are some man-made features on
the site. This includes:
- Railing wall. Some part had rust due to exposal to the sultry climate
all year round.
-The wall of the building joining the land of the site is a plaster wall. It is still
in good condition but some parts have become dirty.
-There is a Ramada shade on the west side of the site.
-The floor of the site is cement flooring. It is in dull appearance and the
surface is uneven. Footprints can be found on the floor probably due to the
carelessness of workers during the construction. There are also some
cracks on the surface.
-These two cement structures are functioned as planting pots but there
aren’t anything planted. They are left unused.
The perceptual of the site is that the students can walk to the site via
walkways of block C, D, E. The view varies with the direction from the
a) To the East:
-We can see part of a car parking area and part of roadway. There are
some trees and grasses.
b) To the South
-We can see the full image of the car park area. At the end of the car park
area, there is an indoor and an outdoor court that function as basketball,
futsal, badminton and tennis court. Behind them is the condominium. On
the right side of the site there is a 5.5 acre manmade lake.
c) To the West
-We can see there is another empty flat area roof garden which has the
same characteristics and elements as our site. Also, we can see a small
part of the Syopz mall building wall.
d) To the North
-We can see the buildings or the structure and elements of Block C, D, and
E. There is a bridge linking the buildings of Block E which is the classes
and the architectural studio. Some part of the walkway to the site had
damaged and this ruins the appearance of flooring and some students
might fall if they didn’t see it.
This project is designed to be constructed in a 10m x 10m site on a
rooftop at block E level 2 in Taylor’s University Lakeside Campus. The
garden was conceived as a recreation area which consists of a small
space that is flanked by intimate garden. This sky garden is an open lawn
with the composition of ornamental grasses area, providing space for
visitors to sit, relax and play. As a dominant feature of the garden, the
pergola is carefully planted with vines and paved with a stone walkway that
can provide a “into the nature” feel for the visitors. It is proposed as a
green space to release stress and fresh mind for students.
In Sky Wheel Garden, the key features are a 5m2 round shaped lawn and
a pergoda. The lawn is centered with a small solar powered fountain. A spiral
shaped pavement is designed on the turf grasses. The lawn is surrounded by
0.5m height nicely cut hedges which can reduce the sound pollution when
visitors enter the lawn area. Visitors can lay on the soft carpet grasses to relax
and fresh their mind. Next, the pergoda is planted with twinning vines and a
stone walkway is paved underneath it. It provides a “back to nature” feeling to the
Sky Wheel Garden also provide a small space for resting and enjoying the
view of campus at the left corner. A set of wooden table and chairs is put on a
wooden deck for chit-chatting and resting. Another interesting feature in Sky
Wheel Garden is a large wall water fountain facing a patterned stone walkway. It
is designed to have 4 directions, with each facing different elements of the plan,
including pergola, benches, lawn and wall fountain. Last but not least, various
types of plants are chosen to make the garden colourful and pleasant to the eyes.
Overall, this plan is designed as a place for students to rest, relax and getting
nearer to the nature.
KEY COMMON NAME BOTANICAL NAME COLOUR QUANTITY
1 Orange Jasmine Murraya paniculata White 4
2 Baby's Tears Soleirolia White 14
3 Wolfe's Vine Petraeovitex wolfei Yellow
4 Blue Spike Moss Selaginella willdenowii Blue Deep Green 16
5 Fishtail fern Nephroleptis falcata - 20
6 Matonia pectinata Matonia pectinata - 20
7 Siamese Acalypha Acalypha siamensis Evergreen 71
8 Carpet Grass Philippine Carpet Grass Light Green – Dark Green
LIST ELEMENT UNIT DIMENSION
FURNITURE Redwood round outdoor picnic table 1 40 cm x 60 cm x
Hard Wood pergola
Material: Chennai wood
Wooden bench seat
6m x 2m x 3m
Column x 16
1m x 0.4m x 1m
Solar fountain 1 Base: 0.5m
Stone wall fountain 1 3 m x 1 m x 1 m
LIGHTING 48LED solar-powered floor light
Lighting time > 12 hours
Operating modes: light control
Outdoor LED light feature ( fixed on the pergola pole)
GROUNDWORK Waterproof wooden flooring
3m x 1.65m x
6m x 2m
0.5m x 0.5m
Area: 4.3 m2
PLANT Philippine carpet grass Area : 51.8 m2
Hedge On stage:
Height: 0.5 m
0.5m x 1.65 m
Low slope stairs
2 x 2
0.75 m x 1.5 m x
Soil Organic soil
- Composed largely of peat moss and leaves
0.3 m x 5 m x 5 m
1) Wooden stair
Procedure of constructing
Draw the entire stair system actual size on a large piece of cardboard. It takes an
hour or so but helps prevent mistakes, for example :
Check with building inspector before constructing the stairs
On sloping lots, regrade the lawn a little to make the lowest rise more consistent.
Cover the framing with 1x8 cedar
riser boards ripped to fit.
Then cut and nail on the treads.
Use solid or square-edge decking
for the treads.
Miter the corners of the outside
treads to conceal the hollow
interior of the deck boards.
Use platforms instead of stringers to
construct the steps.
1. Stair Frame
2x2 x 8' .40 treated lumber X 30
2. Stair Risers and Trim
1x2 x 2.44m cedar boards X 10
1x2 x 3.05m cedar boards X 6
2) Soil layer for planting
All-In-One HF for Green Roofs & Planters
All-In-One HF25 drainage mats,
When used in a Green Roof application, retain sufficient moisture to
support a healthy plant growth.
Waterproof protection and insulation layer is situated between the rooftop
and the lightweight soil layer to promote better drainage,
o Absorbing storm water and releasing it slowly over several hours,
thus draining efficiently, while promoting increased insulation.
Made from 95% recycled materials
Excellent Drainage Efficiency
Lightweight and easy to handle
Retains moisture and promotes plant growth
3) Stone pavement ( Procedure of Constructing)
1) Collect large, flat stones with at least one perfectly flat side to place as the
upward facing sides of your pavement.
2) Lay your stones out in the intended location and path of your pavement. Set
the stone on top of the grass, leaving an inch or two between each stone. Set the
all the rocks into place, making your pathway at least 2-feet wide.
3) Trace each stone to determine where you need to remove sod to place the
stones into the ground. Extend the blade of a utility knife and cut a small groove
into the grass and ground directly around the perimeter of each stone.
4) Remove the sod and dirt to place each stone into its own hole.
5) Remove only enough soil and sod in each whole to
account for the thickness of the stones. You want the
stones to be flush with the ground in the path site, so dig
the holes to match the thickness of each stone.
6) Set the stones into place immediately after you dig each hole and proceed to
dig and place all remaining stones in the pathway.
1) Plant maintenance
When watering turf grasses, the soil is wet to a three to four inch depth.
This should create enough reserve moisture in the soil that we don’t need
to water again for two to four days depending the rainfall amounts, if any.
The lawn needs a minimum of 1½ inches (3-4cm) of water weekly
depending on soil type, wind and rainfall amounts. This will encourage
strong healthy roots. Heavy watering results in wasting and promotes lawn
problems eg. disease. The other plants are watered by gardener using
watering can to prevent the dead of the plants.
The plants are fertilized once a month to remain the
richness of soil and to make sure the plants are in good
condition at all times. Organic fertilizer is chosen to reduce
pollution such as toxic substances to be release.
Pest and disease control
Pests on plants are controlled using tea tree oil spraying once
in a month. It is a biological control method that does not
pollute the air and also fresh the air of the entire environment
Tea Tree Oil Spray
Weeding is carried out once a week. The removal of weeds is useful
because these unwanted plants compete with the crop for space, water
Pruning and trimming
The hedges are trimmed once a month to remain the shape and
appearance. Gardener hired will provide this service using secateurs.
Turf grasses or carpet grasses are cut once in two weeks using grass
cutter by gardener to remain the appearance of grass and prevent
Replacing dead plants
Whenever there are changes in appearance of grasses and plants such
as when the grasses turn brown or when the plant leaves turns wilt, they
should be replaced. This is also done by the gardener.
Algae and aquatic weed management service
Provides algae treatment solutions help eliminate toxic algae and
undesirable exotic weeds that would otherwise jeopardize the
balance of their fountain.
Stock minnows that eat mosquito larvae before they have a chance
to develop into an adult or apply a safe biological larvacide to the
pond to reduce mosquito breeding.
Auto spray Biological Mosquito Control with BTI, (Bacillus
thuringiensis israelenis) in the garden
Auto spray the tea tree oil in surrounding the site
Lake clean up and debris removal
Provides man-power to clean up the algae every weeks and
collecting the debris or rubbish every day
3) Table &chair and benches
Shellac will be put on once in 3 years to remain the appearance and make
it last longer as it will be exposed under sun and rain all year round.
Shellac makes the surface of wood waterproof. Besides, the chairs and
tables are wiped after raining.
Repairing wind and raining damaged posts, and evaluating posts for
looseness, damage, rot, termites, and other problems.
The stones are washed with chemical algae treatment solutions every 3
month to prevent algae and bacterial living.
6) Pavement and concrete
The pavement and concrete is washed every 2 month to prevent algae
and bacterial living. Safety and repairing services will be provided every 5
7) Lighting facilities
Replace the bulb whenever damaged. Checking service will be done once
in two a week.
1) Solar and electrical fountain
As solar powered fountains utilize solar power, the
utilized energy is free of cost. They are environmentally
friendly. Electrical lines or extension cords need not be
installed to power the fountain. Hence, installation is
easier. The fountain has higher mobility as there are no
external electrical connections. It requires very low maintenance. It also
functions as a humidifier when used indoors.
2) Fountain with sustainable resource
The fountain convert the solar energy into electrical energy to pump and
the pump draws water into its housing, where an impeller (a water propeller
spun by electricity) forces the water out through the pump’s outflow fitting.
Vinyl hose carries the recirculating water from the pump to the fountain piece
where the water emerges again.
3) LED light
LED(Light Emitting Diodes) are the newest, most
energy efficient lighting source available. Different than the
traditional bulb, LEDs can be put into traditional lamps and
used like most other light bulbs. They are much more efficient than
incandescent bulbs or fluorescent bulbs. It is finally possible to save energy
on lighting without having to sacrifice quality. It is safe to use safe to light,
cool to touch, durable and best alternative choice for light features.
4) Sustainable plant and water fountains for blocking noise from block E
Sustainable plant to deal with the noise from the block E. This was
achieved by using sound absorbing planting and several water features. The
sound of cascading water including a walk through the stone wall water
fountain was intended to serve as a distraction from the unwanted external
5) Sustainable native plant
Planting native plants and trees is one of the best ways to close with
nature. By matching plant species , it will have plants and trees that take less
care and energy and will be healthier than exotic species.
Upon the compilation of this final project, we are now able to
understand, explain and apply the basics in anatomy of a landscape
project, regulations and maintenance in landscaping design. The learning
outcome that we gained is to come up with analysis of a site. Using the
elements that can be found, we are able to come up with a green space
proposal for the site, including concept, master plan, planting plan, costing,
construction detail and maintenance plan. The most important part, we
learn to present our ideas in presentation boards as well as in report form
to be shown to the clients or lecturers.
We found out the importance of building team in construction
industry including landscape architecture, quantity surveyor and contractor
that play the vital role in comforting our natural and built environment. We
truly appreciate their works and efforts for our environment.
Lastly, we hope that our green proposal is able to benefits the
students in Taylor’s University Lakeside Campus including all aspects.
Sky Wheel Garden, serve you right.
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