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Choosing right teaching methods

It is quiet difficult to have the concept for right and appropriate teaching methods aligning with competency & objective. This PPT may be helpful to have the basic concepts of it.

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Choosing right teaching methods

  1. 1. Choosing a teaching method appropriate for an objective & competency Dr. Hironmoy Roy MD, MBA, DHM, FAIMER Asst. Secretary to GoWB Department of Medical Education
  2. 2. Objective • Classification & description of various TLM • Advantage & limitations of each • Appropriateness in setting of various objectives & competencies- workshop
  3. 3. TLM Classroom teaching 1. Lecture 2. Small Group discussion 3. Seminar/ Debate 4. Role play Lab based teaching 1. Practical lab 2. Skill lab (including Dissection) 3. Real objects & specimen 4. Model & simulators Bed side clinics 1. Ward round 2. Case based discussion 3. Case study E- teaching 1. Distance learning 2. Self-directed learning
  4. 4. TLM Mass Instruction: Traditional lecture, mass-practical class, educational broadcasts, film & video presentation Individualised Instruction: PBL, mediated self-instruction Group based Instruction: Class discussions; PBLs, seminars; group tutorials; TBL, TAL, PAL, games and simulations; group projects; etc.
  5. 5. TL Method Role of teacher Role of student Mass-Instruction (Conventional lecture/ mass-practical- demonstration class/ video broadcast etc.) Traditional expository role. Controller of all aspects of Instruction process (style/ content/pace) Largely Passive. Practically they are totally dependent on what they are getting from the teacher. Little scope of interaction. Individualized learning. (Directed study of texts, study of open-learning materials/ CBL/ Individual assignments etc.) Producer/ manager of learning resource. Tutor & guide. Provides support, when required. Active. Responsible for own learning. Individual students control their own pace of learning & depth of study. In-Group learning. (Buzz sessions, group discussions, seminars, group-project, group- assignments, games, tutorials) Organizer of group activity. Facilitator of learning experience. (supportive role) Active. Responsible for own learning. Strongly dependent on one another’s preparation & interaction.
  6. 6. LECTURE A careful presentation of organized thoughts & ideas By a qualified person Serves as good means of introducing a subject Covers a large group of learners 7 Disadvantages Learners passive Not possible to check learners’ learning
  7. 7. 2. SYMPOSIUM A series of prepared speeches given by 2-5 experts on various aspects of a problem under a chairman. Talk short & to the point (10-25 minutes) Audience-passive No discussion between speakers 8
  8. 8. symposium
  9. 9. 3. Panel discussion A group of 4 or more persons Under a moderator (have specific knowledge on the topic) Sits at a table in front of audience Holds an orderly & logical conversation on an assigned topic Each member makes a short statement (5 mins), before exchanging ideas 10
  10. 10. Panel discussion
  11. 11. Panel discussion Advantages Disadvantages Explores a problem/ issue May not be in logical manner Gives audience understanding of various aspects of problem May not cover all aspects Frequent change of speaker maintains interest Skilled moderator needed
  12. 12. 5. Seminar • An activity in which a group of persons engaged in research or advanced study of a subject meet under general direction of an expert staff member for a discussion leading to an in depth study of a problem/subject • No audience usually 13
  13. 13. 6. Group discussion Small group (5-20 ) Face to face mutual interchange of ideas More than random unstructured conversation Has a method and structure But can be informal & democratic A problem to be solved/ a decision to be made 14
  14. 14. 7. Workshop Divided into small groups Individuals work within the group under a chairman and recorder Finally some plan comes out in solving a particular problem 15
  15. 15. 8. Programmed Learning • Instructions utilizing a work book or mechanical or electronic device • Help learner in attaining a specified level of performance • A method of self learning 16
  16. 16. • A significant practical unit of activity having educational value • Aimed at one or more definite goals of understanding • Involves investigation & solution of problems 17
  17. 17. 10. Role play • Acting out of a situation for objective study by a group 18
  18. 18. 11. Problem Based Learning (PBL)
  19. 19. 12. Team Based Learning (TBL)
  20. 20. Example Lesson: Anatomy of stomach Whole class of 15 students are divided in 5 groups/teams Each team has 5 members- Team A,B,C In each team, Every member will get pre-classroom study on the topic. They will discuss actively among their own team Will clarify doubts with themselves Common doubt will be clarified by facilitator Finally, get bold with the concept of the lesson
  21. 21. Team A A1,A2,A3,A4,A5 Team B B1,B2,B3,B4,B5 Team C C1,C2,C3,C4,C5 Team A B1,C1,A3,A4,A5 Team B A1, C2, B2,B3,B4,B5 Team C A2, B2, C3,C4,C5 Gross Anatomy of stomach Blood Supply of stomach Histology of stomach Gross anatomy of Stomach Blood Supply of stomach Histology of stomach Gross anatomy of Stomach Blood Supply of stomach Histology of stomach Gross anatomy of Stomach Blood Supply of stomach Histology of stomach
  22. 22. 13. Peer Assisted Learning (PAL)
  23. 23. Choosing TLM for a particular objective & level of competency How to make the matrix?
  24. 24. Objective Domain The student will be able to enlist the names of mosquitoes causing different types of malaria K The student will be able to prepare the peripheral blood smear & recognize the MP in it. S The student will be able to make the patient aware to use the mosquito net. ATCOM TL Methods Lecture (Chalk-talk/PPT/OHP) Practical Drawing of blood making of smear staining of slide recognizing MP Role play Video demonstration Bed side teaching

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It is quiet difficult to have the concept for right and appropriate teaching methods aligning with competency & objective. This PPT may be helpful to have the basic concepts of it.


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