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Lifestyle diseases ppt(harish)

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LIFE STYLE DISEASES
LIFE STYLE DISEASES
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Lifestyle diseases ppt(harish)

  1. 1. Harish kumar.R MSW 2 YEAR Central University of Karnataka, kalburgi
  2. 2. Introduction • Lifestyle disease associated with the way a person or group of people lives. Lifestyle diseases include atherosclerosis, heart disease, and stroke; obesity and type 2 diabetes; and diseases associated with smoking and alcohol and drug abuse. While urbanization and progress have brought about tremendous improvements in health care and the general standards of living, the pressures of sustaining these standards does take a toll on us. As we struggle to cope with the pressures of work and survival today, we often compromise on diet, exercise, rest and relaxation, making convenient but poor choices. Consequently, while the toll from infectious diseases like tuberculosis, influenza and smallpox has greatly reduced, lifestyle diseases like diabetes and atherosclerosis have seen a dramatic rise. Lifestyle diseases are diseases that are a result of the way we lead our lives on a daily basis. More work and no play, makes a lot of us prone to a host of diseases, physical ailments, and emotional problems. These are the diseases that develop as a result The type of work we do, Environmental factors that affect our living conditions, Work environments, The food we eat, Our exercise habits & Stress
  3. 3. • What are Lifestyle Diseases? "Motivation is what gets you started. Habit is what keeps you going." - Jim Rohn Lifestyle diseases are symptomatic of everything that is wrong with today’s lifestyle. Although the term was once used interchangeably with ‘longevity diseases’, this no longer holds true, as lifestyle diseases are no longer age specific. Diseases that are linked with lifestyle choices such as those caused primarily by the consumption of junk food and processed food, lack of physical activity, work stress and other factors have now begun to affect young adults and children as well.
  4. 4. • According to the World Health Organization the entire world is moving towards public health disaster as approximately 16 million people annually fall victim to lifestyle diseases prematurely. Just in 2012, non-communicable diseases were responsible for the deaths of 38 million people worldwide, with 16 million of its victims being under the age of 70. The need for public awareness isn’t stressed enough, but is important because lifestyle diseases are also the most easy to prevent. Simply modifying your lifestyle to eliminate and reduce risks can make a huge difference.
  5. 5. List of Lifestyle Diseases • Lifestyle diseases account for a majority of the diseases that are common around the world today. Below is a list of some of the common lifestyle diseases. • Obesity • Diabetes • Arteriosclerosis • Heart disease • Stroke • Hypertension
  6. 6. • Nephritis • Cancer • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) • Allergies • Hearing problems • Depression • Anxiety disorders • Alzheimer's disease • Chronic backache
  7. 7. Factors responsible for Lifestyle diseases: Unhealthy Eating Habits • Poor eating habits and food choices greatly increase the risk of lifestyle diseases like cancer, heart disease, diabetes and various other health conditions. • Poor eating habits can include the over-consumption of certain foods, dietary deficiencies and excessive intake of saturated fats and refined or processed foods. • Another common problem faced with urbanization and development is an increase in the prices of fresh produce and products like organic fruits and vegetables, while refined and processed foods are cheap and widely available. To cope with high-pressure jobs and the fast paced lifestyle, people living in cities tend to make choices of convenience when it comes to food.
  8. 8. • Lack of Physical Activity • Almost all inhabitants of cities are engaged in occupations that require little physical activity and most don’t even permit much time to engage in any physical activity. • This is a huge contributing factor to the rise of lifestyle diseases and chronic conditions like hypertension, high cholesterol and it can subsequently lead to problems with obesity, heart disease, diabetes, strokes, and so on. • The fast pace of urbanization across the continent has not surprisingly coincided with a rise in chronic lifestyle diseases. • While rural populations commute by walking and engaging in physical activities like chopping wood or tilling fields, urban populations spend most time indoor either in offices or at home. • Public transport and automobiles are used for commuting.
  9. 9. • Obesity • Obesity has become one of the greatest problems for modern society as it greatly increases the risk of numerous health conditions from diabetes and hypertension to sleep apnea, osteoarthritis, lower back pain and gallbladder disease • Obesity is also closely associated with cancer, coronary artery disease and overall diminishes life expectancy. • While your Body Mass Index or BMI is normally used to calculate the extent of body fat and the extent of obesity, the risk is also affected by your distribution of fat. • Abdominal fat poses the highest risk and is also referred to as central obesity. Central obesity greatly increases the risk of lifestyle diseases early in life with conditions like raised insulin, high blood pressure high triglyceride levels and high cholesterol levels even affecting young adults. • As is the case with almost all lifestyle disease risk factors, this is part of a vicious cycle, exacerbated by poor eating habits, a sedentary lifestyle and other conditions.
  10. 10. Stress and Anxiety • Stress doesn’t just affect us emotionally or mentally, it also has a clear physical effect as it aggravates and increases the risk of conditions like obesity, cardiac disease, diabetes, asthma, Alzheimer’s disease, rapid aging and gastrointestinal problems. • Stress and anxiety can also affect one’s ability to relax and get proper sleep, contributing to a further deterioration in health and a host of other problems. • This is a common problem for most urban populations because of the highly competitive job market, education system, high-pressure jobs, the lack of time and other factors that make schools and careers highly stressful. • The combination of work, relationship and financial stress can often be so overwhelming that people tend to withdraw completely, shunning social contact and sinking further into depression.
  11. 11. Poor Sleep • Several studies have clearly indicated the importance of sleep in terms of both quantity and quality for general health as it affects various metabolic, endocrine and neurological functions of the body. • Sleep deprivation, whether through a lack of sufficient sleep or interrupted and poor quality sleep significantly increases the risk of hypertension, heart disease, elevated cholesterol and triglyceride levels, obesity, sleep apnea and a number of other health conditions. • Poor sleeping habits can also affect growth and development in infants and children. • Sleep disorders, when ignored or untreated can start to affect mood and behavioral patterns thereby taking a toll on work and family relationships. • This doesn’t just affect productivity and physical health, but it also can cause depression and social disorders.
  12. 12. Smoking • Smoking is one of the biggest public health problems because of the high risk it poses. • Smoking is associated with various lifestyle diseases such as numerous respiratory disorders like bronchitis and asthma, lung cancer, oral cancer and other cancers, cardiovascular diseases, strokes and numerous other health conditions. • According to a report published in 2007, nearly 5 million fatalities a year were attributed to smoking. • What’s troubling is that passive smoking can pose just as big a threat to non-smokers, leaving those in prolonged and close proximity to cigarette smoke just as vulnerable to smoking related lifestyle diseases.
  13. 13. Alcoholism • Excessive alcohol consumption increases HDL levels, increases risk of heart disease, colorectal and breast cancer, hypertension and diabetes. • It also contributes to the development of various other lifestyle diseases and conditions like GERD and liver cirrhosis. • Individuals who cannot moderate alcohol intake are advised to abstain from alcohol altogether as in such cases the risks far outweigh any possible benefits.
  14. 14. Heart diseases • India ranks first in the heart diseases through the world over as per one WHO report which has envisaged also that by 2015, India would have the greatest death rate due to heart attacks. It is estimated that about 7.5 chores of people in India are suffering from heart diseases. Symptoms: • An increased heart beat rate, restlessness, nervousness and fatigue. • Pain in arm, waist, neck, and jaws. • Difficulties taking breath, spinning head, and vomiting • Pain and swelling in legs and foot souls.
  15. 15. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease • This illness consists of different problems that make it difficult to breathe, including conditions such as emphysema and chronic bronchitis. • People with COPD experience shortness of breath, wheezing and coughing. • Though treatable, breathing problems can decrease someone’s quality of life and can be devastating. • The prevention of COPD includes smoking cessation and avoiding secondhand smoke.
  16. 16. Causes: • Excessive of smoking and wine consumption. • The danger of coming in of heart disease to a person is higher if there have been an earlier heart diseases conditions in the family. • Tension, wrong dietary style and obesity. • Excess of anger, excitement, jealousy and rivalry trigger heart diseases exerting adverse influence on brain. What to do: • Stop immediately whatever it is you are working on at the moment. • Sit or lie down. • Don’t move on your own or go to the hospital driving the car all by yourself. Take somebody along.
  17. 17. Prevention: • Eat well digesting and light meals. • Do have control over your weight. • Do exercises daily. • Check up once in a year at least for blood sugar and cholesterol. Diet • Take green vegetables and vegetable soup • Garlic is hugely useful in heart condition. Sucking its juice by chewing its 2-3 buds daily bring great succor and relief in heart patients. • Taking pomegranate juice morning –evening daily slows down the increased rate of heart beats. • Take in a measured quantities food stuffs containing fats like ghee, oil, butter and mutton. • Never eat Chinese, fast food, or drink excess of tea, coffee and wine.
  18. 18. High blood pressure Symptoms: • High blood pressure is such a disease which people generally do not take seriously. There are no symptoms of high blood pressure. But sometimes people feel its symptoms such as headache, nervousness, head spinning, fatigue etc. Causes: • Its chief reason is mental tension and today’s fast paced life style. The people whose minds are always overloaded and preoccupied with mental tension and worries are prone to inhibit high blood pressure. • Besides these, smoking, consumption of intoxicating elements, tea, coffee, cold drinks consuming fatty- oily foods eating too much of spicy foods, excess of salt use also form the ideal ground to breed hypertension in people. • Hardening of arteries and obesity also leads to high blood pressure.
  19. 19. Prevention: • Use the least quantity of salt in meals. • Control your weight. • Check your blood pressure regularly. • Don’t use tobacco, cigarettes, bidi, gutakha. • Don’t make the body a storehouse of laziness. Include exercise regimen daily. • Kidney stones leads to high blood pressure also. • Stay away from tension, depression and anger. • Include green vegetables in your meals. • Make the least possible uses of ghee, oil in meals.
  20. 20. Depression Causes: • Excessive feeling of sorrows and woes, feeling lonely and forlorn, frustration, not able to move on as per the daily routine/chores etc give births to depression/sedimentation.
  21. 21. • Prevention: • Be busy, be cheerful: • Do such works you have interests in as for instance, read novels-books of your choice, listen to music of your choosing, indulge in any sports activities indoors/outdoors, take walks outside, start writing something on some topic which you think is important and know about or try painting/sketching. • Keep away from darkness: • Never be in the dark if you are depressed. Rather go to a place where, there is sufficient lighting. • Take a balanced diet: • It is of utmost importance to take a balanced diet to keep body healthy and fit. • Increase friend circle: Try to keep away from loneliness. Meet people and live life joufully. • Helps from counsellors: Take the helps from an expert counsellor.
  22. 22. Diabetes Symptoms: • Repeated urination and feel of thirstyness. • Excess feels of hunger. • Wight loss. • Wounds taking longer to heal up. • Scabies and scratchiness on skin, feet getting numb, or jangling/clinking in legs.
  23. 23. Causes: • Lack of exercises and obesity. • Unhealthy diet, junk food, fatty food, wine, cigarettes etc. • Lack of proper nutrition, especially lack of proteins and fibres. • Stress over any score is a bigger cause whether it is due to some big disease or due to any other reason. • The blood pressure is the chief reason of diabetic. • Generally during the course of pregnancy, temporary diabetic can come up which should be checked up after the delivery. • Shortage of insulin in body.
  24. 24. Prevention: • Keep weight under control by doing daily doses of exercises. • Keep away from tension and stress. • Do not smoke bidi or cigarettes. • Take healthy diet. Consume maximum of fruits and green vegetables. • Restrain yourself from sweets.
  25. 25. Breast Cancer • Painless tumors, changes in the constitution of breast, wounds on breast, nipples going inside, and bleeding from nipples and developing of wound on it, or any other secretions. • Causes: • The women who do not deliver child or if the child is delivered in older ages have comparatively the possibilities of developing cancer • One of the reason of breast cancer is the today’s unhealthy life style. • The women who discourage breast feeding have the chances of having breast cancer more. • Excess of happenings of periods due to the hormonal changes also forms the cause of inhibiting breast cancer. • Excessive uses of wine. • Obesity and lack of exercises. • Working till late hours in nights, pollution, junk food, not wearing right type of Bra, use of cigarettes and tobacco, getting abortion repeatedly are the breeding grounds for breast cancer.
  26. 26. Prevention: • Bring changes in the life style and your dietary styles. • Keep off things which trigger dangers. • Keep weight within the permitted level. • If you have complications in periods, take the Doctor’s advice. Go for the regular check up. • Tale the Harmon pills on only Doctor’s advice. • Go for the regular breast check up after the age of 30 years. • Up to 18 % of the dangers of breast cancer is removed by a brisk walk for 1- 3 hours thrice a week. Up to 45-50 minute of exercise for 5 days a week keeps cancer away.
  27. 27. • The good thing about lifestyle diseases is that if we do something about them, it is possible to reverse the condition. Listed below are some things that you can do to prevent lifestyle diseases. • Eat a healthy diet • Engage in moderate exercise (30 minutes every day) • Sit and stand in the right postures • Avoid foods that are high in fats, salt, sugar and refined products. • While our lifestyles have become more convenient, there certainly is nothing classy about lifestyle diseases. We pay a high price for our press-of-a-button lifestyles. Eventually, we may need to take a step back and relearn how to lead physically active lives, and, in turn, disease-free lives.
  28. 28. Conclusion • Even though doctors and social media encourage us for healthful habits to help prevent many-of-these chronic medical disorders, but we generally ignore or are reluctant to either start or maintain these appropriate, healthy behaviours. Nevertheless, healthy lifestyle methods are now easily achievable with appropriate interventions, like nutritional counselling, exercise training, de-addiction programs, regular medical checkups and stress management techniques. A general conclusion from most of the genetic and epidemiologic studies have strongly suggested that reducing identified occupational hazards, modifying dietary habits and changing lifestyle-risk aspects could avert most cases of cardiovascular disorders, stroke, diabetes, neurological diseases and many types of cancers.
  29. 29. Reference Preventive & social medicine By: park (23 edition) M/S Banarsidas Bhanot Publishers Jabalpur(2015) Health & well being(1 edition) By: Dr.Sandhya ojha, Dr.Shobhana joshi, & Dr. urmila Ranin Srivastava A short textbook of psychiatry(7 edition) By: Dr.Niraj Ahuja Jaypee Brothers publishers,Jabalpur(2015) • www.who.int/gord/publications/ • En.Wikipedia.org/../lifestyle

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