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Cracking the code of life

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Cracking the code of life

  1. 1. Cracking the Code of Life By: Grace Trainor
  2. 2. What is the Human Genome Project?  Decoding the Human Genome—meaning interpreting the genetic code  The DNA Sequencing is used to determine the exact sequence of bases (A, C, G, T) in a DNA Molecule  Goals of the Project: To discover what the instruction code is telling scientists and to understand the differences in DNA and where/what certain alleles are located on the chromosomes  Knowing the code tells us…(1) What genes will be passed down, (2) How the DNA works and what it carries
  3. 3. Now, Locate the Genome http://goo.gl/nK4gMt
  4. 4. Contributions that the Human Genome could make…  A lot of genetic disorders occur due to a single base change (displacement of one single letter—A, T, C, G—can lead to many deficiencies and a change in the genome)  With the Human Genome, scientists would be able to find out what exactly is going wrong with the sequence of DNA, genes, and proteins  The information would also tells us what people are at risk for certain diseases, early on (such as TaySach’s and Cystic Fibrosis) 
  5. 5. Timeline of the Human Genome Project http://goo.gl/AVfZVZ
  6. 6. Who is helping with the Human Genome Project?  CRAIG VENTER  Scientist and Entrepreneur—FIRST to sequence the Human Genome  Created company CELERA: holds machines that decodes genome at an incredibly fast pace (take ONLY 2 YEARS to complete)  Company created competition between private and public companies—race to see who can decode the genome first  Private: Receive $$ from investors and information may by private  Public: Receive $$ from government and free information to everyone http://goo.gl/lCJMwx
  7. 7. Don’t Forget!  Not only is studying the genes and genomes important, but also PROTEOMES  What is Proteome, you may ask?  The collection of Proteins  Why is Proteome important, you may ask?  Genes make up ALL proteins AND proteins do all the work in the cell   Studying the Genes—must understand Proteins (vice versa) to discover functions in the body
  8. 8. Fun Facts: Did you know…  50% of the genes in bananas are in HUMANS!  ALL HUMANS share 99.9% of their DNA  98% of our DNA has a largely unknown function (based on the 2001 documentary), however Scientists now challenge this belief by stating that 80% of our genes ARE active  Read this article from Times Magazine for more information: http://healthland.time.com/2012/09/06/junk-dna-not-souseless-after-all/
  9. 9. And YOU can watch this AMAZING documentary RIGHT NOW!  http://video.pbs.org/video/1841308959/ For even more information, Visit… http://www.genome.gov/10001772