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What is the Human Genome Project?
Decoding the Human Genome—meaning interpreting the
The DNA Sequencing is used to determine the exact
sequence of bases (A, C, G, T) in a DNA Molecule
Goals of the Project: To discover what the instruction code is
telling scientists and to understand the differences in DNA
and where/what certain alleles are located on the
Knowing the code tells us…(1) What genes will be passed
down, (2) How the DNA works and what it carries
Contributions that the Human Genome
A lot of genetic disorders occur due to a single base change
(displacement of one single letter—A, T, C, G—can lead to
many deficiencies and a change in the genome)
With the Human Genome, scientists would be able to find
out what exactly is going wrong with the sequence of DNA,
genes, and proteins
The information would also tells us what people are at risk for
certain diseases, early on (such as TaySach’s and Cystic Fibrosis)
Timeline of the Human Genome Project
Who is helping with the Human Genome
Scientist and Entrepreneur—FIRST to sequence the Human
Created company CELERA: holds machines that decodes genome
at an incredibly fast pace (take ONLY 2 YEARS to complete)
Company created competition between private
and public companies—race to see
who can decode the genome first
Private: Receive $$ from investors and information
may by private
Public: Receive $$ from government and free
information to everyone
Not only is studying the genes and genomes important, but
What is Proteome, you may ask?
The collection of Proteins
Why is Proteome important, you may ask?
Genes make up ALL proteins AND proteins do all the work in the
Studying the Genes—must understand Proteins (vice versa) to
discover functions in the body
Fun Facts: Did you know…
50% of the genes in bananas are in HUMANS!
ALL HUMANS share 99.9% of their DNA
98% of our DNA has a largely unknown function (based on
the 2001 documentary), however Scientists now challenge
this belief by stating that 80% of our genes ARE active
Read this article from Times Magazine for more information:
And YOU can watch this AMAZING
documentary RIGHT NOW!
For even more information, Visit…