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<ul><li>The purpose of this presentation </li></ul><ul><li>is to educate the ignorant on </li></ul><ul><li>Adolf Hitler’s reign over a nation. </li></ul><ul><li>My name is </li></ul><ul><li>Devin Elizabeth Mary Kees, </li></ul><ul><li>I am in Mr. Greenberg’s </li></ul><ul><li>Fifth Period Honors </li></ul><ul><li>United States History Course, </li></ul><ul><li>and I’m trying to teach. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Adolf Hitler was born </li></ul><ul><li>April 20, 1889. </li></ul><ul><li>His father would often beat him. </li></ul><ul><li>Adolf wanted to be a painter growing up. </li></ul><ul><li>At age 16 he dropped out of high school with no degree. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Trying to make it as a painter, he was rejected twice by the Academy of Fine Arts Vienna. </li></ul><ul><li>Left broke he was degraded to living in a poor house. </li></ul><ul><li>He was first considered “anti-Semitic” when he was living in Vienna, although at the time he often tolerated and was seen interacting with several Jewish families. </li></ul><ul><li>Adolf Hitler was said to have been influenced by authors such as Richard Wagner, Karl Lueger, and especially Martin Luther who wrote On the Jews and their Lies </li></ul><ul><li>“ Blaming Germany's military defeat on the 1918 Revolutions, he considered Jews the culprit of Imperial Germany's downfall and subsequent economic problems as well.” (wiki) </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler was involved in WWI on several levels of artistic and strategic levels. He received many awards, but not promoted out of front because he was considered to have been lacking leadership skills…how ironic. </li></ul>
<ul><li>After World War I, Hitler remained in the army and was appointed a police spy, both to influence other soldiers and to infiltrate the German Workers' Party. </li></ul><ul><li>During his inspection of the party, Hitler was impressed with founder Anton Drexler's anti-Semitic ideas, which favoured a strong active government. </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler was discharged from the army in March 1920 and began participating full time in the party's activities. </li></ul>A copy of Adolf Hitler's forged DAP membership card.
<ul><li>By early 1921, Hitler was becoming highly effective at speaking in front of large crowds. </li></ul><ul><li>In February, Hitler spoke before a crowd of nearly six thousand in Munich. To publicize the meeting, he sent out two truckloads of party supporters to drive around with swastikas, causing a commotion. </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler traveled to Berlin to visit nationalist groups during the summer of 1921, and in his absence there was a revolt among the German Workers' Party. </li></ul><ul><li>When they realized the loss of Hitler would mean the end of the party, he seized the moment and announced he would return on the condition </li></ul><ul><li>that he would be given dictatorial powers. At the </li></ul><ul><li>next gathering, Adolf Hitler was introduced as </li></ul><ul><li>Führer of the Party. </li></ul><ul><li>He then changed the name of the party to </li></ul><ul><li>National Socialist German Workers Party. </li></ul>
<ul><li>On November 8, 1923, Hitler stormed a public meeting. He declared that he had set up a new government with General Erich Ludendorff and demanded, at gunpoint, the support. </li></ul><ul><li>He was soon arrested for high treason. </li></ul><ul><li>He was pardoned and released from jail in December 1924. He had served little more than one year of his sentence. </li></ul><ul><li>Mein Kampf ( My Struggle ) was an autobiography and an exposition of his ideology. It was published in two volumes. By the end of the war, about 10 million copies had been sold or distributed (newly-weds and soldiers received free copies). </li></ul><ul><li>Having failed in overthrowing the Republic by a coup, Hitler pursued the "strategy of legality": this meant formally adhering to the rules of the Republic until he had legally gained power and then transforming liberal democracy into a Nazi dictatorship. </li></ul>
<ul><li>The political turning point for Hitler came when the Great Depression hit Germany in 1930. </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler went on to gain support by convincing most Germans he was the savior from the economic Depression, communism, and the Versailles Treaty, along with other minorities. </li></ul><ul><li>In March, 1934, Hitler publicly announced that the German army would be expanded to 600,000 men (six times the number set in the Treaty of Versailles). </li></ul><ul><li>However, after re-assurances from Hitler that Germany was only interested in peace, no country took any action to stop this development and German re-armament was allowed to continue. </li></ul><ul><li>In March 1936, Hitler again violated the treaty by reoccupying the demilitarized zone in the Rhineland. When Britain and France did nothing, he grew bolder. </li></ul>
<ul><li>One of Hitler's social policies was the concept of racial hygiene. </li></ul><ul><li>It was based on the ideas social Darwinism. Applied to human beings, "survival of the fittest" was interpreted as requiring racial purity and killing off "life unworthy of life." </li></ul><ul><li>The first victims were crippled and retarded children. After a public outcry, Hitler made a show of ending this program, but the killings in fact continued. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Between 1939 and 1945, among 11 and 14 million people were systematically killed, including about 6 million Jews, in concentration camps, ghettos and mass executions. </li></ul><ul><li>To make for smoother cooperation in the execution of this "Final Solution", the Wannsee conference was held near Berlin on January 20, 1942. The records of this meeting provide the clearest evidence of planning for the Holocaust. </li></ul><ul><li>On 22 February, Hitler was recorded saying to his associates, "we shall regain our health only by eliminating the Jews". </li></ul>
<ul><li>On June 22, 1941, three million German troops attacked the Soviet Union, breaking the non-aggression pact Hitler had concluded two years earlier. </li></ul><ul><li>This invasion seized huge amounts of territory. It also encircled and destroyed many Soviet forces. But the Germans were stopped short of Moscow in December 1941 by the Russian winter and fierce Soviet resistance. The invasion failed to achieve the quick triumph Hitler wanted. </li></ul><ul><li>By late 1944, the Red Army had driven the Germans from Soviet territory and entered Central Europe. </li></ul>
<ul><li>In April 1945, Soviet forces were attacking the outskirts of Berlin. Hitler's followers urged him to flee to the mountains of Bavaria. But Hitler was determined to either live or die in the capital. </li></ul><ul><li>On April 20, Hitler celebrated his 56th birthday in the "Führer's shelter“ </li></ul><ul><li>By April 21, troops had broken through the defenses of German armies during the Battle of the Seelow Heights. </li></ul><ul><li>The Soviets were now advancing towards Hitler's bunker with little to stop them. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Late on the 21, Gotthard Heinrici called Chief German General Staff of the Supreme Army Command and told him that Hitler's plan could not be implemented. Heinrici asked to speak to Hitler but was told that Hitler was too busy to take his call. </li></ul><ul><li>On the 22, during one of his last military conferences, Hitler interrupted the report to ask what had happened to General Steiner's offensive. Hitler was told that the attack had never been launched, and that the withdrawal from Berlin of several units for Steiner's army, on Hitler's orders, had so weakened the front that the Russians had broken through into Berlin. This concluded in an oath to stay in Berlin, head up the defense of the city, and shoot himself at the end. </li></ul>
<ul><li>April 30, 1945, after intense combat, Soviet troops were spotted within a block or two of the camp. </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler committed suicide, shooting himself while “simultaneously biting into a cyanide capsule.” </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler's body and that of Eva Braun (his mistress whom he had married the day before) were put in a bomb crater, doused in gasoline and set alight. </li></ul>Bon April 20, 1889 Dead April 30, 1945
<ul><li>Hitler was raised by Roman Catholic parents, but as a boy he rejected some aspects of Catholicism. After Hitler left home, he never attended Mass or received the sacraments. </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler's health has long been the subject of debate. He has variously been said to have suffered from irritable bowel syndrome, skin lesions, irregular heartbeat, Parkinson's disease, syphilis, and a strongly suggested addiction to methamphetamine. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Hitler presented himself publicly as a man without an intimate domestic life, dedicated to his political mission, and to help in winning support from the women of Germany. He had a fiancée, Mimi Reiter in the 1920s, and later had a mistress, Eva Braun. He had a close bond with his half-niece Geli Raubal, which many commentators have claimed was sexual, although there is no evidence that proves this. All three women attempted suicide during their relationship with him, a fact which has led to speculation that Hitler may have had unusual sexual fetishes, such as urolagnia.” (wiki) </li></ul><ul><li>Although others still argue his possible, Psycho-Sexual, Homosexual, and Asexual tenancies. </li></ul>