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Summary: Even in a time of high biopharma valuations, adopting an activist mentality adds rigor to capital allocation and strategic decision-making, improving not just returns to shareholders but long-term value creation. Therefore, biopharma management teams and boards of directors should proactively assess the “fitness” of their capital allocation strategies and their alignment with operational performance goals by taking an outsider’s view of the business even when times are good — and before a material stumble provides a compelling reason for an outsider to act. For more on this topic, go to http://www.ey.com/GL/en/Industries/Life-Sciences/EY-vital-signs-how-fit-is-your-capital-allocation-strategy.
The better the question. The better the answer.
The better the world works.
How “fit” is your
EY perspectives on life sciences
Page 2 Vital Signs: EY perspectives on life sciences
Senior Analyst, Global Life Sciences Sector
Global Life Sciences Transaction Advisory
Services Sector Resident
TAS Divestitures and Integration
Principal, Ernst & Young LLP
Global Client Service Partner and
Principal, Ernst & Young LLP
Page 3 Vital Signs: EY perspectives on life sciences
Increased execution risk for deals
Repurchase shares or reinvest in the business?
Slowdown in emerging markets
Maintaining revenue growth and operating margins
Unsustainable R&D costs
Investors are prepared to take a more aggressive stance.
One significant managerial misstep opens the door to activism.
Business pressures increased the importance
of getting the capital agenda right
Page 4 Vital Signs: EY perspectives on life sciences
Activist investors shake up the status quo –
are biopharma companies prepared?
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Source: EY, FactSet’s Shark Repellent and Capital IQ.
Number of activist
2010 and 2013-14
Number of activist campaigns initiated across all industries
Page 5 Vital Signs: EY perspectives on life sciences
Activists target larger biopharmas over time
Source: EY, Capital IQ, FactSet’s SharkRepellent and company filings.
Includes only companies with market cap > US$1b.
A third of activist
are driven by
Page 6 Vital Signs: EY perspectives on life sciences
The drivers of biopharma value
The R&D cycle
1. Operational performance
Vital signs: EY perspectives on life sciences
► Revenue growth
► Operating margins
► Shareholder return
► Other: SG&A, effective tax rates
Simply put, “good enough” operational performance is less
relevant if shareholders believe more could be done.
Page 8 Vital Signs: EY perspectives on life sciences
2013 2014 2015E 2016E
Big pharma Biotech Specialty Generics
Revenue growth: big pharma underperforms
relative to biotech, specialty pharma peers
► Big pharma: growth expected to revive in 2016
► Specialty pharma/generics: growth via M&A
► Biotech: growth hard to maintain organically
Source: EY, Capital IQ and company filings.
Page 9 Vital Signs: EY perspectives on life sciences
Operating margins: big pharma rebounds but
still lags biotech
Generics companies have been included in specialty pharma for this comparison.
Source: EY and Capital IQ
* Ex-Gilead biotech margins: 41% Q1 2015, 34% 2014
2012 2013 2014 Q1 2015
Page 10 Vital Signs: EY perspectives on life sciences
Total shareholder return as a performance
measure: bottom tier at greater risk of activism
Source: EY and Capital IQ.
Company financials were calculated through 31 December 2014. See ey.com/vitalsigns for full analysis.
► 31 biopharma
companies in data
set, including four that
were targets of
activism in 2013 or
Page 11 Vital Signs: EY perspectives on life sciences
2. The R&D cycle
► R&D as percentage of sales
► Estimated ROIC for pipeline
► Use of milestone or gating mechanisms to
improve R&D decisions
The biopharmas that drive the greatest value and productivity from their
R&D organizations are the ones that have the most options with respect to
▬ Paul Clancy, CFO, Biogen
Page 12 Vital Signs: EY perspectives on life sciences
Nearly 200 new
forecasted to be
launched in the
next five years …
… continuing a
similar to levels
seen in the mid-
Source: “Global Outlook for Medicines Through 2018,” IMS Health and FDA’s Center for Drug Evaluation and Research.
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Number of NME approvals (FDA)
Biopharma pipeline renaissance: analysts
project ~ 25% increase in approvals
Page 13 Vital Signs: EY perspectives on life sciences
3. Capital structure
►Current available cash balance
►Excess working capital
Are management teams pulling this lever when it is most likely to
create the greatest value for shareholders – or to get a short-term
“pop” in earnings?
Page 14 Vital Signs: EY perspectives on life sciences
Big pharmas return cash to shareholders;
biotechs, specialty pharmas focus on M&A
2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Source: EY, Capital IQ and company financial data.
Big pharma Biotech and specialty pharma
M&A Dividends and buybacks
Page 15 Vital Signs: EY perspectives on life sciences
Working capital key to development of more
cost-effective, less risky business models
► Big pharma companies have as
much as US$50billion in excess
working capital (WC)
► Big pharma’s 2014 WC
performance stronger than in 2007,
► … WC varies widely overall along
the metrics we track (e.g., DSO,
DIO, DPO and C2C)
► Individual opportunities for
improvement, especially by
adopting practices of leading WC
performers in other industries
Page 16 Vital Signs: EY perspectives on life sciences
4. Business portfolio and M&A
► Is there critical mass in a business or
► Perform sum-of-the-parts analyses
Financial data is not generally captured in ways that make it easy to
assess the business implications of different kinds of carve-outs.
Page 17 Vital Signs: EY perspectives on life sciences
Robust M&A market continues in 2015 with
strong prospects for second half
Big pharma Big biotech Specialty Pharma Medtech 2015 Pipeline (2H)
Source: EY, Datamonitor, Company Reports.
2015 data thru 4 June 2015.
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Specialty pharma 2015 pipeline (2H)
Page 18 Vital Signs: EY perspectives on life sciences
As companies focus on core priorities, more
emphasis on divestitures
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Total deal value Number of divestitures
Source: EY, ThomsonOne and Informa’s Strategic Transactions database.
2015 data analyzed through 30 June. Only divestitures valued at > US$500 billion included.
Page 19 Vital Signs: EY perspectives on life sciences
Creating long-term value
Page 20 Vital Signs: EY perspectives on life sciences
At each stage of the life cycle, new
opportunities and challenges
► Innovative science; no
clear path to profitability
► Financial runway
► Growing rapidly;
profitable or likely to be
► Expanding operations
► Meeting changing
► Measurable profits, due
to marketed products
► Maintaining growth
► Balancing R&D,
SG&A and other
expenses with long-
Page 21 Vital Signs: EY perspectives on life sciences
Value creation comes from holistic
deployment of capital agenda
The R&D cycle
Page 22 Vital Signs: EY perspectives on life sciences
Summary: Build these 5 steps into strategic
Review cost structures to determine if they are optimized.
Use milestone and “gating” mechanisms to improve R&D investment decisions.
Are capital allocation decisions based on the right metrics? Do they enable optimal use
of the balance sheet?
Perform virtual carve-outs to assess the value of potential divestment opportunities.
Business portfolio and M&A
Communicate relentlessly with investors about strategic objectives.
Page 23 Vital Signs: EY perspectives on life sciences