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Innovation in India - Emerging Trends

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Innovation in India - Emerging Trends

  1. 1. Group Members: Arun Balachandran, Joseph John, Sunilkumar G, Vimal KG Innovation in India Status, Emerging Trends and Challenges
  2. 2. SCOPE OF TOPIC • R&D vs Innovation • Current status of R&D and Innovation in India • Key challenges/barriers for Innovation • Initiatives by Government and industry • India as a Global leader in R&D, Innovation • Breakthrough Innovations Example
  3. 3. R&D vs Innovation - SEMANTICS 'Research And Development - R&D' Investigative activities that a business chooses to conduct with the intention of making a discovery that can either lead to the development of new products or procedures, or to improvement of existing products or procedures.
  4. 4. R&D vs Innovation - SEMANTICS ‘Innovation’ is defined as a process by which varying degrees of measurable value enhancement is planned and achieved, in any commercial activity. This process may be breakthrough or incremental, and it may occur systematically in a company or sporadically; it serves to improve market share, competitiveness and quality, while reducing costs. Means: New/Improved Goods/Services, Operational, Organizational or Managerial Processes
  5. 5. R&D vs Innovation Innovation can happen across value chain
  6. 6. ADDITIONALLY ON INNOVATION Innovation cannot often be bought or implanted. It will happen on its own once the right environment is provided within an organization or institution for research, learning and exploring ways to improve value provision along the entire system.
  7. 7. THE IndiaN SCENARIO
  8. 8. S&T BUDGET Expressed as a Percent of GDP
  9. 9. KNOWLEDGE WORKERS Expressed per Million people
  10. 10. PATENT STATISTICS India is nowhere On the Scene
  11. 11. RESEARCH PAPER TRENDS India barely Contributes a good percent in the Asian Scenario Research Trends, 2011.
  12. 12. SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY, INDIA RESEARCHERS IN NATION AS OF 2007 DATA 1571000 1423000 154800 Researchers in the Country (2007-08) USA China India R&D SPEND AS OF 2011 IN USD BILLIONS 405 297 36 R&D Spend in Billion USD’s (2011) USA China India
  14. 14. R&D, INNOVATION BARRIERS IN INDIA Budget Allocation stuck at .9% for R&D - Across the BJP regime led by Atal Behari Vajpayee in 2003, all the way to the Manmohan Singh regime the Indian Science & Technology budget has stagnated at about .9% of the GDP. The promise to raise it to 2% has passed on from the 9th plan to the 12th plan with no avail. Significant drops in India’s R&D budget allocation over the years. While private sector expenses in R&D is increasing, the Indian Government is not keeping pace with global R&D spends. We’ve reaped the benefits of major S&T initiatives taken in the past, but in the future do we have projects now that we can take benefits off. The Science & Technology Portfolio, not given due importance – Often as a portfolio lacks good ministers at helm, and underplayed within the Government. Not governed by Ministers with the right caliber.
  15. 15. R&D, INNOVATION BARRIERS IN INDIA Archaic and Outdated Education System – The educational environment in India, is one that is driven by instruction systems and formulas, as opposed to one facilitated by curiosity, exploration and understanding. Political interference in education content in some cases. There is often a lack of depth in the learning, and the spirit of curiosity is not sparked. The Brain Drain Scenario – The migration of highly skilled and educated youth from the better institutions in the country abroad in search for better pastures.
  16. 16. R&D, INNOVATION BARRIERS IN INDIA Lack of a R&D friendly Ecosystem – The nation has very few institutes and organizations that can create a healthy and internationally comparable environment for growth in Research Industry. Very little, R&D friendly policies within the Government. A lack of Entrepreneurship friendly policies – The NKC sites that start ups and SME’s are often the hub of innovation, while the government policies that encourage and promote startup and entrepreneurship culture is still in it’s infancy.
  17. 17. R&D, INNOVATION BARRIERS IN INDIA Indian Universities are just learning shops – As opposed to the practice in most great universities and institutions abroad, universities are at the forefront of research often partnering with private, public and government sector organizations. IPR and Patenting Practices on Decline – The pursuit to build indigenous IPRs and patents in various sectors is taking a backseat, while most international MNC’s make use of Indian Eco-systems and Resources to build their portfolio of the same.
  19. 19. Govt. INITIATIVEs – INNOVATION and R&D The National Innovation Council, India – An Thinktank initiative by the Indian government to create a roadmap for sustainable innovation from 2010 – 2020 under the chairmanship of Sam Pitroda (former chairman of the NKC). DST & DSIR takes the Lead – 'Ministry of Science and Technology'. The Department of Science and Technology (DST) and Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (DSIR) taking the lead in fostering innovation & R&D in the country through various programs.
  20. 20. Govt. INITIATIVEs – INNOVATION and R&D New Science, Technology and Innovation Policy – The new policy focusses on creating a framework that imparts quality knowhow, a better and more appealing research atmosphere for professionals, creating better facilitation of private sector participation in R&D etc… National Jawaharlal Nehru Fellowship Scheme / Professorship Scheme – A scheme envisaged to attract Indian born skilled and Talented researchers and academicians back to India for short stints to pursue Research and Devolopment in Indian Institutes and Organizations. (Received strong criticism for ECG Sudarshan, but adopted successfully by nations like China, Australia Etc…)
  21. 21. NATIONAL INNOVATION COUNCIL – INDIA The National Innovation Council, India – Some of the more interesting initiatives and key element the NInC are working are mentioned below…  Federal Policy and Incentive Schemes  Access to Capital, Skilled Manpower, Market  Industry & Cluster Innovation Center (CIC)  Building positive Public Private Partnerships (PPP)  State & Sector Level Innovation Cluster Initiatives
  24. 24. DST & DSIR Initiatives – INNOVATION and R&D DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (DST) National Science & Technology Entrepreneurship Development Board (NSTEDB) - Setting up Incubators in the Technology Domain. Technology Business Incubators supporting Individuals or startups to set up their professional ventures. Technology Development Board (TDB) -The Board provides financial assistance in the form of equity soft loans or grants. Technology Commercialisation Facilitation Agency by TIFAC (Technology Information Forecasting & Assessment Cell )
  25. 25. DST & DSIR Initiatives – INNOVATION and R&D DEPARTMENT OF SCIENTIFIC AND INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH (DSIR) PRISM (Promoting Innovations in Individuals, Start-ups and MSMEs) - Grant for Innovation, prototype to final product (Rs. 2L - 50L) Industrial R&D Promotion Program Tax breaks for R&D Initiatives - A significant R&D tax incentive in India is a 200% accelerated deduction on scientific research expenditure incurred by an in-house R&D facility (Biotechnology, Manufacturing Etc.). Tax exemption for R&D related import equipment's.
  27. 27. INDIA as A GLOBAL LEADER  The raising of the R&D budget from .9% of GDP to the previously promised 2% or higher at the earliest without further delay.  The government must play a key role by enhancing the number, quality, and management of science schools focussed on science research.  Increased interaction between industry and research establishments is important.
  28. 28. INDIA as A GLOBAL LEADER  We must encourage active interaction and exchange with international research institutions. Cross-continental research cooperation and knowledge sharing is the key.  Eminent international scientists for seminars with selected young research minds and students in India at least annually.
  29. 29. INDIA as A GLOBAL LEADER  Some small innovations in public policy can go a long way in creating a healthy environment for fostering innovation. Re-imagining of structure in the government can go a long way. Egs; Weavers and Craft persons to the tune of 35 lakh as poorer cousins of the textile industry.  A sound incentive system for the corporate sector involved in scientific R&D with viable incentives such as special economic zones and technology parks for R&D establishments.
  30. 30. INDIA as A GLOBAL LEADER  Seed funding for Indian returnees from abroad who want to focus on the field of Research and Development within the country. Helping them get started by creating funding systems that help create a system that encourages R&D.  Root seeking Camps in multiple countries, to help Indian knowledge professionals abroad get close to their roots, in many countries to woo them back.
  31. 31. INDIA as A GLOBAL LEADER  The importance of rewards and recognition for scientific research, as a measure to encourage youngsters to consider careers in research. Private Sector can pay a patron here.  Translating Universities to the forefront research, partnering with Private, Public and Government sector Units to roll out Innovation and New Technology  Stressing on Importance of Alumni, the best universities in the world are often as strong as the Alumni that return to be a part of the Universities future.
  33. 33. BREAKTHROUGH INNOVATIONS  J.K. Tripathy, IPS officer – Reducing Crime Rates in Trichy, by using beat officers and creating a sense of ownership (40% Crime drop in 2Yrs)  Tata’s Titan Edge – The World’s slimmest Watch, done when the Swiss said it can’t be done (3.5mm)  Ecofemme – Eco-friendly Sanitary pads that do not contribute to growing waste in the environment  Arvind Eye Hospital – Cataract Surgery made efficient and Effective  Dainik Bhaskar – From survey to product customization to No. 01
  34. 34. BREAKTHROUGH INNOVATIONS  Shantha Biotechnics – Discovered a low-cost Hepatitis-B vaccine thereby revolutionizing the Indian biotechnology Industry  Su-kam India – Pioneers of the first quality Inverters built with primary focus on the Indian conditions (by entrepreneur – Kunwer Sachdev)  Trash to Terracotta, Bangalore – A pro composting initiative by storing waste in Teracotta bins to create organic compost.  GCFT’s Oota from your Thotta Initiative – Spearheaded by Dr. BN Viswanath, it focusses on growing food for home consumption on your terrace or in small allocated garden spaces
  36. 36. DISRUPTIVE INNOVATION TECHNIQUES (FORBES) There are 5 key factors that often drive disruptive innovations  Questioning  Observing  Networking  Experimenting  Associational thinking
  37. 37. INTRODUCTION To jugaad INNOVATION Jugaad Innovation or Frugal innovation is about achieving maximum impact with minimal resources
  38. 38. PRINCIPALS jugaad INNOVATION The fundamental principals behind Jugaad Innovation
  39. 39. REFERENCES “ This presentation has been made possible through the information and ideas derived from a lot of articles, journals, books and magazine references from many sources ranging from the National Innovation Council documents, Policy Papers, Forbes Articles, The Hindu, The Financial Express, The Times, Books like Jugaad Innovation, Breakthrough Innovations in India and very many numerous other Resources… All mostly that were made accessible to us by Prof. Sthanu R Nair… We hope this document helps you get a better picture of the Indian Scenario on Innovation”
  40. 40. INNOVATION IN INDIA - S T A T U S , E M E R G I N G T R E N D S & C H A L L E N G E S - SUBMITTED AS A PART OF ‘ECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT’ PROJECT by Arun Balachandran, Joseph John, Sunilkumar G, Vimal KG