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DyscalculiaMath Computation “requires the use of many complex brain functions working together toward a common goal” (“Pbs,” 2012). 2
Dyscalculia AssessmentDo you have it? – Dyscalculia test Available at: http://shop.firstandbest.co.uk/product_info .php?products_id=755 3
Features of Dyscalculia• Students lack computational skills required for deriving solutions from mathematical equations. – Complex brain functions working together to form a common goal – Requires ability to process thoughts of reaching solutions 4
Math Disabilities Arise At AnyAge• Students use memory to “recall rules and formulas, recognize patterns, invoke rules about sequential ordering” (“Pbs,” 2012)• Equate multi-step equations, advanced language skills, and instructions that explain rational processes. 5
Results of Dyscalculia• Adults are also affected by Dyscalculia – People with “poor numeracy skills are twice as likely to be unemployed” (Hanning, 2010). 6
Symptoms• Children with Dyscalculia lack ability to recall basic math skills. – Facts, Procedures, Rules, Formulas – Difficulty remembering frequent patterns – Forget steps of computation – Difficulty with steps and sequence 7
Symptoms (cont’d) – Forget or lose interest in the goal – Feel overloaded with math problems – Copy problems incorrectly – “Difficulties in math are often related to a form of math phobia” (Russell, 2012). 8
Knowledge TransferSome students with Dyscalculia have difficulties, for others it’s impossibleLacking abilities to identify important pieces of equations, solutions generated lack reasonMultiple demands in complex equations cause confusion 9
Solutions• Build a foundation providing strategies to visualize • Use real life situations when possible• Use pictures, words or graphs to help relate to real world• Maintain a positive attitude 10
Solutions (cont’d)• Use fun approach through card and computer games for basic facts and multiplication tables• Ensure understanding of all symbols 11
Reference• Pbs. (2012). Retrieved from http://www.pbs.org/parents/strugglingtolearn/understanding_m• Russell, D. (2012). [Web log message]. Retrieved from http://math.about.com/cs/reference/a/discalcula.htm• Hanning, J. (2010, December 06). Adults with hidden disorder known as dyscalculia. Retrieved from http://www.learning-aids.com/adults-hidden-disorder- known-dyscalculia 12