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Also known as Democratic leadership. Representative Participation – Usually seen in Europe, For example, employees may be on the board of directors or on other workers councils. Participatory Management – More common in the US. For example, a self-managed work team may be responsible for a specific product and may have the authority to make decisions relating to work methods, such as scheduling, purchasing, and hiring of members.
1.Democratic (Participative) – Encourages participation of all members but final decision is made by leader. Leader mist communicate back to group and resolve and objections if any. 2.Collective – All decisions are taken by the group and responsibility for the decisions also rest on entire group. One of the characteristics of collective leadership is that during the decision-making process the group must develop clear lines of authority that define the responsibilities of each member. 3. Autocratic – Possible solutions are brainstormed collectively but leaders are responsible for final decision. Democratic and autocratic styles of participative leadership may seem to be very much alike, but the difference is that while autocratic leadership is more goal oriented, i.e. to get results and meet deadlines, democratic leadership is more people-oriented and quality-oriented. The advantage of autocratic decision-making over democratic is that the results are obtained much faster. 4. Consensus – Leader gives up responsibility and control of decision making to the group. The decision has to be approved by the majority of the group while the minority of those who don’t agree initially have to agree to go along. In other words, the decision has to be modified to remove any objectionable features so that the minority can agree with it.
Participative leadership theory
What Do We Have Here?
What is Participative Leadership
How Participative Leadership Works
4 Types of Participative Decision Making
Pros and Cons
Application in the real world
What Is Participative Leadership
Participative Leadership – Followers and staff are asked to
give input and thoughts to execute a decision.
Used today by many companies and organizations as a
management style in which decisions are made with the most
likely amount of participation from those who are affected by
Two forms of Participatory leadership:
Representative Participation – Group of employees is involved in
organizational decision making.
Participatory Management – Subordinates share a degree of joint
decision making with their immediate supervisors.
How Participative Leadership Works
Participative leadership can be different
depending on organization, purpose and
situation but there are common patterns in all
1. Leader always facilitates the conversation.
2. Leaders share any information and necessary
knowledge for decision-making.
3. Leaders encourage others to share their ideas.
4. Leader must take all information and solutions
by the team and synthesize.
5. The leader comes up with best solution based
on group information and communicates the
solution to the group.
4 Types of Participative Decision
Participative leadership consist of one of the four types of
participative decision making.
1. Democratic (Participative) – Encourages participation of
all members but final decision is made by leader.
2. Collective – All decisions are taken by the group and
responsibility for the decisions also rest on entire group.
3. Autocratic – Possible solutions are brainstormed
collectively but leaders are responsible for final decision.
Different from democratic as autocratic is goal oriented
while democratic is people oriented.
4. Consensus – Leader gives up responsibility and control of
decision making to the group.
Pros and Cons
People Feel Valued
People Perform well even
when leaders are absent
People are more committed
to achieving the goals and
objectives of the
Increased group morale
Social pressure to conform
to group domination
Decision-making may take a
lot of time
Application In The Real World
Used in many organizations
More free flowing structured companies use this
type of leadership. Can empower employees and
get the most out of them.
Not good for quick responses, but great for
Seen in professions such as: Social Workers,
Arbitrators, Group Therapists, and Facilitators
Some famous participative leaders are Bill Gates,
Jim Lentz, and John Stahl.
Today’s society is all about equality and this type of
leadership can appeal to the millennial as they do not
want to be told what to do all the time.
If used right, can be very effective. I believe a mix of
the four decision making types depending on the
task at hand can be most effective because
participative leadership is not always the most