In early 2013, the authors were commissioned by DIICCSRTE to develop a critical interventions framework for student equity in higher education. To answer the seemingly simple question of whether we as a sector were on track in achieving our national social inclusion goals, we must review the current student equity makeup of the sector, and determine how effective our equity initiatives are. The first part of that question was relatively easy to answer. However, finding clear, rigorous evidence of program efficacy from the literature was much more difficult. In this presentation, I will discuss the critical interventions framework and the difficulties with uncovering evidence of effectiveness as opposed to the theoretical strength of an initiative, and briefly discuss how the framework might be used in the future.