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 Geography & climate
 Regions of Japan (photos)
 Population (demographics) & foreigners in Japan
 Family structure & r...
Geography and Climate
KYOTO spring:
Kiyomizu Temple
Summer:
Gion Festival
KYOTO fall
OSAKA
Big Issue Stall – Osaka Station by GanMed64,
2011, CC BY 2.0 https://flic.kr/p/aGkhiz
HIROSHIMA: Peace Memorial by
Stripy T-Shirt, 2004, CC BY-SA 2.0
https://flic.kr/p/2fuzj
NORTHEAST JAPAN
earthquake/tsunami...
SHIKOKU island
DSCF0752.JPG by Kazu Letokyoite, 2007,
CC BY 2.0 https://flic.kr/p/LcWcC
Japanese Society - 1
• Population structure
• Family structure
• Religions
Demographic shift, its reasons, & difficulty of solutions
“6 out of 10 respondents said the biggest reason for
having fewe...
Attitudes and policies concerning
immigration and foreigners in Japan
伊勢神宮 外宮別宮 月讀宮 - Tsukiyomi no miya (Geku of Ise Grand Shrine)
by Tamago Moffle, 2010, CC BY-SA 2.0 https://flic.kr/p/7QLJKP
NARA: 法隆寺 Horyuji temple by ume-y, 2013, CC BY 2.0 https://flic.kr/p/eSekCB
Japan and the global economy
 Stable cost of living, saving vs. consuming
 Employment, working conditions, part-timers i...
The total amount of Japanese yen in the world money supply
is nearly as much as the US dollar or the euro, so yen flows
ha...
Although Japan’s national debt is the world’s largest, very little
of it is owed to the outside world. Japan continues to ...
Weakened yen & purchasing power
“The yen has fallen nearly 25% against the US dollar since
November 2012, as policymakers ...
Abenomics: 3 arrows of monetary, fiscal, and structural policy.
It has started mostly by having the central Bank of Japan ...
Japan still depends on imported non-renewable energy.
Increased fossil fuel consumption since 2011 nuclear shutdowns.
Japan has avoided energy shortages even after 2011, but its energy
efficiency ranking has dropped to 4th: http://japanfocu...
Japanese Society
• Traditions & new attractions
• Gradually changing values
• The Lonely Crowd
–Difficult to meet strangers
Japanese ways of thinking
• Other-oriented values
• Individual and peer group
• Concept of time
• Environment and nature
•...
Social behavior & relationships
• Levels of social distance
– Intimate circle, face relations, strangers
• Politeness, ind...
Japanese Society and Economics
Japanese Society and Economics
Japanese Society and Economics
Japanese Society and Economics
Japanese Society and Economics
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Japanese Society and Economics

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Presentation for the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) tailored to a delegation from the Papua New Guinea education ministry visiting western Japan for technical training subsidized by the Japanese government. Focus on Japanese people, society, economics, energy and other issues.

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Japanese Society and Economics

  1. 1. 1
  2. 2.  Geography & climate  Regions of Japan (photos)  Population (demographics) & foreigners in Japan  Family structure & religions  Economic issues:  The yen, cost of living, saving vs. consuming  International trade, exports vs. imports  Taxes and distribution of wealth  Deflation vs. inflation expectations  Abenomics: monetary, fiscal, structural policies  Energy issues  More deeply into Japanese society  Ways of thinking  Social behavior & relationships  Conclusion: Japan’s lessons for developing countries / Q&A
  3. 3. Geography and Climate
  4. 4. KYOTO spring: Kiyomizu Temple Summer: Gion Festival
  5. 5. KYOTO fall
  6. 6. OSAKA Big Issue Stall – Osaka Station by GanMed64, 2011, CC BY 2.0 https://flic.kr/p/aGkhiz
  7. 7. HIROSHIMA: Peace Memorial by Stripy T-Shirt, 2004, CC BY-SA 2.0 https://flic.kr/p/2fuzj NORTHEAST JAPAN earthquake/tsunami: Volunteer at Kesencho, Rikuzentakata by Hajime Nakano, 2011, CC BY 2.0 https://flic.kr/p/aGC8ia
  8. 8. SHIKOKU island DSCF0752.JPG by Kazu Letokyoite, 2007, CC BY 2.0 https://flic.kr/p/LcWcC
  9. 9. Japanese Society - 1 • Population structure • Family structure • Religions
  10. 10. Demographic shift, its reasons, & difficulty of solutions “6 out of 10 respondents said the biggest reason for having fewer children than they really want is that ‘it costs too much money to raise & educate children’.” From https://japanforum.nbr.org/scripts/wa.exe?A2=ind1307&L=list&F=&S=&P=70494
  11. 11. Attitudes and policies concerning immigration and foreigners in Japan
  12. 12. 伊勢神宮 外宮別宮 月讀宮 - Tsukiyomi no miya (Geku of Ise Grand Shrine) by Tamago Moffle, 2010, CC BY-SA 2.0 https://flic.kr/p/7QLJKP
  13. 13. NARA: 法隆寺 Horyuji temple by ume-y, 2013, CC BY 2.0 https://flic.kr/p/eSekCB
  14. 14. Japan and the global economy  Stable cost of living, saving vs. consuming  Employment, working conditions, part-timers increasing  International trade, exports vs. imports  Distribution of wealth, social safety net, taxes  Inflation policy and consumption tax increase discussed at: http://www.etftrends.com/2013/08/wisdomtree-japanese-inflation-the-yen-and-tax-policies  Deflation vs. inflation expectations. Who benefits from which?  Low interest rate policy, yen carry trade, investing abroad  Overseas Development Assistance (ODA): http://www.mofa.go.jp/policy/oda Next slides:  What is the role of the yen in the world money supply?  Is Japan a huge debtor or a huge creditor nation?  Does weakening the yen help the overall economy?  Abenomics: financialization of the Japanese economy?
  15. 15. The total amount of Japanese yen in the world money supply is nearly as much as the US dollar or the euro, so yen flows have a major impact on the global economy. See the chart at: http://dollardaze.org/blog/?page_id=00023
  16. 16. Although Japan’s national debt is the world’s largest, very little of it is owed to the outside world. Japan continues to be the world’s largest creditor country, earning steady income. From: http://blogs.wsj.com/japanrealtime/2013/05/28/japan-worlds-largest-creditor-nation-for-22nd-straight-year
  17. 17. Weakened yen & purchasing power “The yen has fallen nearly 25% against the US dollar since November 2012, as policymakers unveiled a series of aggressive measures to revive growth.” “A weak yen has its advantages as well, the biggest one being that it makes Japanese goods cheaper for foreign buyers. That helps to boost exports - one of the key drivers of Japan's economic growth.” “… shipments from Japan rose 12.2% in July, from a year ago, the fastest pace of growth since December 2010.” “Exports to China, Japan's biggest trading partner, rose by 9.5% from a year earlier, compared with 4.7% growth in June.” “Meanwhile shipments to the US jumped by 18.5% from a year ago, up from a 14.6% rise in the previous month.” BBC News, 19 August 2013, from: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business-23751029
  18. 18. Abenomics: 3 arrows of monetary, fiscal, and structural policy. It has started mostly by having the central Bank of Japan print more money, weakening the yen. Are leaders giving up on the real economy in favor of financialization, or will fiscal stimulus work, and will structural reforms overcome special interests?
  19. 19. Japan still depends on imported non-renewable energy. Increased fossil fuel consumption since 2011 nuclear shutdowns.
  20. 20. Japan has avoided energy shortages even after 2011, but its energy efficiency ranking has dropped to 4th: http://japanfocus.org/data/scorecard_dewit.JPG Can government policy successfully promote renewable energy? Source: Ministry of Economy, Trade & Industry http://www.meti.go.jp/english/policy/energy_environment/renewable/ref1002.html
  21. 21. Japanese Society • Traditions & new attractions • Gradually changing values • The Lonely Crowd –Difficult to meet strangers
  22. 22. Japanese ways of thinking • Other-oriented values • Individual and peer group • Concept of time • Environment and nature • Status and hierarchy • Male-female differences • Importance of age • Reasons for many suicides • Human relations most important
  23. 23. Social behavior & relationships • Levels of social distance – Intimate circle, face relations, strangers • Politeness, indirectness, formality – Avoiding confrontation • Inside and Outside – uchi & soto, honne & tatemae – Private self (reserve) & public self (restraint) • Many Obligations: gimu, on, giri • Balancing give & take of gifts & favors – Symbolism of gifts and objects

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