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BY	
  RAMONA	
  SOLOMON	
  
	
  
Lecture	
  4	
  
	
  
Space	
  Planning	
  
	
  
	
  
 
	
  
Space	
  planning	
  is	
  an	
  integral	
  part	
  of	
  the	
  interior	
  design	
  process!	
  
	
  
In	
   sp...
 
	
  
	
  SPACE	
  PLANNING	
  
	
  
Why	
  a	
  Client	
  May	
  Need	
  These	
  Services	
  
•  To	
  use	
  space	
  ...
 
	
  The	
   advent	
   of	
   high-­‐rise	
   office	
   space	
   with	
   unfinished	
   interiors	
   sAmulated	
   the	...
 
	
  
CLIENT	
  NEEDS	
  
	
  
OrganizaAons	
  that	
  have	
  grown,	
  downsized,	
  or	
  simply	
  reorganized	
  may...
 
	
  
	
  
First	
  and	
  foremost,	
  space	
  planning	
  requires	
  the	
  ability	
  to	
  visualize	
  space	
  in...
 
	
  
SPACE	
  PLANNING	
  DESIGN	
  PROCESS	
  
	
  
Each	
  space	
  planning	
  project	
  is	
  unique.	
  Regardless...
 
	
  
SPACE	
  PLANNING	
  DESIGN	
  PROCESS	
  
	
  
	
  
2.	
  Preliminary	
  Diagramming	
  
	
  
Next,	
   area	
   a...
 
	
  
*An	
  Example*	
  
	
  
Mind	
  Mapping/Brainstorming	
  
 
	
  
*An	
  Example*	
  
	
  
Space	
  Planning	
  Bubble	
  Diagram	
  
 
	
  
*An	
  Example*	
  
	
  
FuncAons	
  Chart/RelaAonship	
  Diagram	
  
the	
  	
  
	
  
	
  
*An	
  Example*	
  
	
  
Adjacency	
  Diagram	
  
 
	
  
SPACE	
  PLANNING	
  DESIGN	
  PROCESS	
  
	
  
	
  
3.	
  Space	
  plans	
  and	
  furniture	
  plans	
  
	
  
Fol...
 
	
  
*An	
  Example*	
  
	
  
Space	
  plans	
  and	
  3D	
  furniture	
  plans	
  
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Lecture 4 - Space Planning - Commercial-Institutional Interiors VDIS10009

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Lecture 4 - Space Planning - Commercial-Institutional Interiors VDIS10009

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Lecture 4 - Space Planning - Commercial-Institutional Interiors VDIS10009

  1. 1. BY  RAMONA  SOLOMON     Lecture  4     Space  Planning      
  2. 2.     Space  planning  is  an  integral  part  of  the  interior  design  process!     In   space   planning,   the   design   professional   blocks   out   interior   spaAal   areas,   defines   circulaAon   paCerns,   and   develops   plans   and   layouts   for   furniture   and   equipment   placement.  Space  planning  services  consider  numerous  design  parameters,  including  the   client’s  project  goals  and  prioriAes,  the  client’s  organizaAonal  structure  and  relaAonships,   space  allocaAon  criteria,  building  codes  and  access  for  the  disabled,  furniture  standards,   circulaAon   and   work   flow,   design   consideraAons,   the   constraints   of   fixed   building   elements   and   building   system   interfaces,   security   and   privacy   issues,   and   flexibility   for   accommodaAng  future  space  needs.     •  Preliminary  space  planning  and  analysis  at  a  macro  level  (before  the  design  is  set)  can   help  determine  structural  and  building  modules  that  may  be  more  accommodaAng  to   furniture   and   equipment   placement.   Otherwise,   space   planning   occurs   within   constraints  set  by  a  “frozen”  building  design.   •  Programming   findings   set   the   parameters,   requirements,   and   standards   for   the   development  of  interior  configuraAons  and  layouts  in  space  planning.   •  The  results  of  space  planning  can  provide  a  basis  for  developing  interior  architectural   elements  and  furnishing  of  interior  spaces.  
  3. 3.      SPACE  PLANNING     Why  a  Client  May  Need  These  Services   •  To  use  space  efficiently  and  effecAvely   •  To  accommodate  special  processes  and  work  flows   •  To  create  a  desired  image  and  atmosphere     Knowledge  and  Skills  Required   •  SpaAal  design  ability  and  skills   •  Knowledge  of  interior  detailing,  materials,  and  finishes   •  ExperAse  in  selecAng  and  specifying  FF&E   •  Knowledge  of  ergonomics   •  DelineaAon  and  presentaAon  skills   •  Familiarity  with  building  codes  and  regulaAons     Representa>ve  Process  Tasks   •  Programming  (interiors)   •  Preliminary  diagramming   •  Space  and  schemaAc  furniture  plans  
  4. 4.    The   advent   of   high-­‐rise   office   space   with   unfinished   interiors   sAmulated   the   market  for  space  planning  services  as  a  stand-­‐alone  interior  design  acAvity  for   the   corporate   market.   Once   spaces   in   these   mulAtenant,   mulAfloor   office   buildings  and  office  parks  are  leased,  they  must  be  improved  to  accommodate   the  new  tenants’  acAviAes.  Tenant  build-­‐out  oZen  requires  planning  for  several   hundred  thousand  square  feet  of  office  space  and  frequently  includes  design  for   auxiliary  and  support  spaces  as  well.  During  the  1990s  the  importance  of  space   planning  was  fueled  by  the  increasing  rate  of  organizaAonal  change,  the  desire  to   accommodate   new   management   strategies   to   increase   creaAvity   and   producAvity,   and   the   conAnuing   need   to   integrate   new   technology   into   the   workplace.  
  5. 5.     CLIENT  NEEDS     OrganizaAons  that  have  grown,  downsized,  or  simply  reorganized  may  need   space   planning   services.   Because   organizaAonal   change   is   occurring   faster   than   in   the   past,   many   organizaAons   want   to   maximize   the   flexibility   of   interior   spaces   so   they   can   accommodate   change   efficiently.   Some   interior   designers   play   an   ongoing   support   role   to   facility   managers   who   must   respond   to   churn   rates.   In   these   cases,   the   designer   may   be   assigned   responsibility   for   interior   design   and   space   planning,   while   the   facility   manager  covers  programming,  operaAons  and  business  planning,  and  day-­‐to-­‐ day  adjacency  and  equipment  needs.     As  already  noted,  the  need  for  space  planning  may  spring  from  a  change  in   organizaAonal   philosophy.   In   corporate   environments,   many   organizaAons   are   moving   away   from   hierarchical   structures   toward   a   more   team-­‐based   approach   that   favors   more   egalitarian,   collaboraAve   work   space   to   replace   execuAve  offices  and  cubicles.  
  6. 6.       First  and  foremost,  space  planning  requires  the  ability  to  visualize  space  in   three  dimensions  and  a  keen  sense  of  composiAon,  scale,  and  proporAon.   Technical  knowledge  and  familiarity  with  furniture  and  equipment  are   required  to  make  dimensional  calculaAons,  propose  appropriate  furniture   opAons  (custom,  ready-­‐made,  modular,  systems,  etc.),  specify   ergonomically  appropriate  furniture  and  equipment,  and  comply  with   applicable  building  and  fire  codes,  including  the  requirements  of  the   Building  Codes  of  Australia.     AddiAonal  knowledge  of  anthropometric  and  interior  spaAal  issues  is   essenAal  for  the  commercial  interior  designer.    
  7. 7.     SPACE  PLANNING  DESIGN  PROCESS     Each  space  planning  project  is  unique.  Regardless  of  the  size  and  scope,  the  space   planning  process  usually  embodies  the  following  increments  of  work:     1.  Programming     Programming  is  were  we  understand  and  construct  our  projects  via  organizaAon   and  criAcal  thinking.  During  this  step,  we  take  a  "look"  at  the  goals,  needs,  wishes,   limitaAons,   expectaAons,   aestheAcs,   safety   and   security   requirements,   budgets,   prioriAes  and  scheduling  of  the  client  and  the  project.   Space  planning  services  typically  begin  aZer  the  programming  phase.  These  tasks   usually   include   a   space   survey,   which   consists   of   an   inventory   of   exisAng   (or   proposed)  equipment  and  furniture,  interviews  with  clients  and  users,  and  other   data   collecAon   tools.   The   informaAon   gathered   is   compiled   and   analyzed   to   determine   the   range   of   funcAons   that   must   take   place   in   the   space   and   the   accepted  space  allocaAon  standards  for  each.  
  8. 8.     SPACE  PLANNING  DESIGN  PROCESS       2.  Preliminary  Diagramming     Next,   area   assignments   are   prepared   to   esAmate   the   approximate   square   footage   needed   for   each   funcAon   and/or   space.   Then   spaAal   posiAoning   and   relaAonships   may   be   illustrated   by   bubble   and   adjacency  diagrams.  Blocking  plans  (overlaid  on  the  building  core  and   shell   plan)   show   horizontal   boundaries   of   major   funcAonal   areas   and   circulaAon  paCerns  for  each  figure.  Stacking  diagrams  and  plans  show   how  funcAons  are  placed  on  each  available  level.      
  9. 9.     *An  Example*     Mind  Mapping/Brainstorming  
  10. 10.     *An  Example*     Space  Planning  Bubble  Diagram  
  11. 11.     *An  Example*     FuncAons  Chart/RelaAonship  Diagram  
  12. 12. the         *An  Example*     Adjacency  Diagram  
  13. 13.     SPACE  PLANNING  DESIGN  PROCESS       3.  Space  plans  and  furniture  plans     Following  approval  of  the  program  report,  documents  for  space   planning  are  developed  that  include  space  plans  for  the  interior   and   schemaAc   furniture   plans.   Interior   construcAon   and   structural   requirements   also   are   part   of   the   space   planning   documentaAon.  Once  approved,  these  documents  form  the  basis   for  the  construcAon  documentaAon  of  interior  spaces  and,  when   applicable,   the   selecAon   and   specificaAon   of   furniture,   furnishings,  and  equipment.    
  14. 14.     *An  Example*     Space  plans  and  3D  furniture  plans  

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