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Integrating Plants Into Chinese Medicine From Outside China1

This is a PPT from a lecture I gave recently in Taiwan. I will be using a revised version of this to teach some classes this Summer in the US.

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Integrating Plants Into Chinese Medicine From Outside China1

  1. 1. Integrating Plants into Chinese Medicine from Outside China: A Methodology<br />Thomas Avery Garran<br />05-21-2011Taichung,Taiwan<br />
  2. 2. Why is this important?<br />Chinese medicine is an evolving system, if there is a way to improve it, we should try to do so.<br />Although there are over 5000 plants used throughout China, only about 500 (10%) are used beyond local traditions. This is primarily because the best has been culled out and into the primary medicine.<br />
  3. 3. Difference between Chinese medicine practiced in the West and in Asia<br />In the West many patients are already using some of Western herbs<br />Western herbs are often higher quality<br />The use of Western herbs is more sustainable<br />
  4. 4. History<br />Chinese medicine has long history of integrating plants from outside of Chinese into Chinese medicine<br />Example: myrrh, frankincense, American ginseng, corn silk, turmeric, coix, evodia, cinnamon, etc.<br />
  5. 5. Tools<br />Historical usage<br />Understanding thoroughly how a plant has been used historically<br />Botanical relationships<br />Very important as traditionally there have been plants used from same genus or even family as the same herb within Chinese medicine, ex. <br />Chemistry<br />Experience<br />Knowledge and experience in Chinese medicine<br />
  6. 6. Historical Usage<br />Understanding the systems plants have been used in<br />This can be complicated in the West<br />Understanding the historical usage of plants<br />Because of the above, this is both complicating and helpful<br />
  7. 7. Historical Usage<br />Looking at different descriptions of plant usage<br />Finding similarities throughout this history<br />Finding connections between descriptions in Western literature and Chinese theory and materiamedica<br />Hypericumperforatum<br />Avenafatua<br />Arnica montana<br />
  8. 8. Hypericum perfoliatum<br />Antiinflammatory<br />Acute and chronic tissue inflammation<br />Wound healer<br />Used both internally and externally<br />Lightens the spirits<br />For anxiety, depression<br />
  9. 9. Avena fatua<br />Strengthens the male sex organs<br />Nourishes the exhausted body<br />Builds blood and energy<br />Soothes the mind<br />Helps anxiety and insomnia when exhausted<br />
  10. 10. Arnica montana<br />Acute pain from trauma<br />Used both internally and externally<br />Chest pain and heart problems<br />
  11. 11. Botanical Relationships<br />History of using botanically related plants<br />Many plants in Chinese medicine have been used as the same medicine; several species of Actaea (cimicifuga) used as sheng ma (升麻), Angelica as du huo (独活), Glycyrrhiza (甘草), etc.<br />Family <br />Relationships within families; Apiaceae (Heracleum being used as Angelica (独活), Asteraceae, etc.<br />Genus polygala, calamus, cassia, actaea, clematis<br />
  12. 12. How we can use these relationships<br />A Western herb with related plant(s) in Chinese medicine; caulophyllum, angelica, polygala, calamus, lobelia, etc.<br />Sometimes this there is very different information; lobelia<br />Sometimes there is very similar information; calamus, angelica <br />
  13. 13. Family Relationships<br />Asteraceae<br />From 菊花 to Leucanthemumvulgare<br />Ranunculaceae<br />From 黄连 to Hydrastiscanadensis<br />Lamiacea<br />From 藿香 to Monardapunctata<br />
  14. 14. Leucanthemumvulgare<br />Mildly stimulate circulation<br />Diaphoretic (combine with ginger)<br />Painful menstruation with congestion and scant flow, especially chronic<br />Emotional issues with “foul stomach” and “nervous tendencies” <br />Temper heat and refresh the liver<br />
  15. 15. Hydrastis canadensis<br />Tonic to the digestion (stomach)<br />Atonic secretions<br />Stimulates digestion<br />Soothes irritation of feeble & congested mucus membranes <br />Ulceration of the bowels (combine with 大黄)<br />Diarrhea/dysentery<br />Jaundice<br />Palpitations combine with Leonorus and Scutellaria<br />Sore throat<br />External inflammations and infections<br />
  16. 16. Monarda punctata<br />Mild, diffusive, stimulating and relaxing antispasmodic nervine and carminative<br />Warming to the stomach, relieves vomiting and diarrhea, especially from acute illness<br />Diaphoretic for colds, catarrhal fever and eruptive fevers<br />
  17. 17. Genus Relationships<br />Polygala <br />Chinese name 远志 (multiple species used)<br />Angelica<br />Multiple species used<br />Ligusticum<br />Chinese names 川芎 and 藁本 (multiple species used)<br />Leonorus<br />Chinese name 益母草 (multiple species used)<br />Scutellaria<br />Chinese names 黄芩 and 半支莲 and others *<br />Scrophularia<br />Chinese name 玄參 (two or more species used)<br />Taraxacum<br />Chinese name 蒲公英 (multiple species used)<br />
  18. 18. Polygala senaga<br />Stimulate expectoration for chronic coughs with excessive phlegm<br />Used in chronic asthma<br />Considered warm and stimulating<br />
  19. 19. Angelica archangelica<br />Diaphoretic for cold conditions<br />Dysmenorrhea or amenorrhea do to cold<br />Cough with abundant mucus<br />Cold pains in the digestive tract<br />Comforts the heart, blood and spirit<br />
  20. 20. Ligusticum porterii; L. grayii<br />Head ache do to cold<br />Sore throat with common cold<br />Dysmenorrhea or amenorrhea<br />Body aches and pains do to invasion of external influences or injury<br />
  21. 21. Leonorus cardiaca<br />Dysmenorrhea, amenorrhea, or pain in the back during menstruation<br />Lochia not arriving or scant, especially with “after-pains”<br />Suppressed labor<br />Pain in the chest with palpitations and nervousness<br />Chronic nervousness, anxiety, insomnia associated with anemia<br />
  22. 22. Scutellaria lateriflora<br />Nervous exhaustion<br />Insomnia, anxiousness, hypochondria<br />Antispasmodic; nervous headache, dysmenorrhea, neuralgia<br />Used for drug and alcohol withdrawals<br />
  23. 23. Scrophularia nodosa, S. californica<br />Red, hot swollen lymph nodes<br />Red, hot swollen skin diseases<br />Painful and irregular menstruation with irritation and excitation<br />Externally for burns, inflammation, sore nipples, eczema, hemorrhoids<br />“Obstinate ulcers, the result of a depraved state of the fluids and solids, are frequently benefited by its use.”<br />
  24. 24. Taraxacum officinale<br />Jaudice<br />Congestion of the liver and spleen<br />Digestive weakness<br />Inflammatory conditions of the digestive tract, especially from epidemic illnesses<br />
  25. 25. Special Properties<br />Flavor<br />Understanding how the flavors function<br />Nature<br />The concept of a “temperature” in different systems may vary<br />Understanding of the “over-all” function of the herb<br />Channels entered<br />Affinity to organs or areas of the body<br />
  26. 26. Experience<br />The most important aspect<br />Experiment on yourself<br />Keep good notes<br />
  27. 27. Thank You!<br />