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Civil Engineering Department
Student name - Munshi Shehzadkhan Y
Roll No - T-12CL218
Presentation Title - Stairs
Guide Faculty - Dipti Raval
“A set of steps leading from surface of a building to
another surface, typically inside the building is termed as
To protect people from injury and to facilitate access
during movement from one level to another in a
1. Step :
It is a portion of stair which permits ascent & descent.
2. Tread :
It is the upper horizontal portion of step upon which the feet is placed.
3. Riser :
The vertical portion between each tread on the stair.
4. Handrail :
A handrail is a rail that is designed to be grasped by the hand so as to
provide stability or support
5. Baluster :
It is vertical member of wood or metal supporting the handrail.
6. Newel post :
This is the vertical member which is placed at the ends of flights to
connect handrail .
7. Run :
It is the total length of stairs in a horizontal plane, including
8. Nosing :
It is the projecting part of the tread beyond the face of the riser.
It is rounded to give good architectural effect.
9. String Or Stingers :
These are the sloping wooden members which support the steps in a
stair .They run along the slope of the stair.
Based on shape of Plan:
Straight staircase “U” staircase “C” Staircase
Based on type of Material :
1. Wooden Stair
2. Stone Stair
3. Steel Stair
4. Reinforced Concrete Stair
5. Brick stair
Types of Stairs :
1. Straight Stair
2. Dog legged Stair
3. Quarter turn Stair
4. Open newel Stair
5. Three quarter turn Stair
6. Bifurcated Stair
7. Geometrical Stair
8. Circular Stair
1. Straight Stair :
•These are the stairs along which
there is no change in direction on
•It is used where stair case hall is
long and narrow
2. Dog legged Stair :
•It consists of two straight flights of
steps with abrupt turn between
them. A level landing is placed
across the two flights at the change
•This type of stair is useful where
the width of the staircase hall is just
sufficient to accommodate two
width of stair.
3. Quarter turn Stair :
•A stair turning through one right
angle is known as quarter turn
•The change in direction can be
affected by either introducing a
landing or by providing winders.
4. Open Newel Stair :
•In these type of stair there is a well
or opening between the flights in
•This well may be rectangular or of
any geometrical shape and it can be
used for fixing lift.
5. Three Quarter Turn Stair :
•A stair turning through right
angles (270 degree) is known as
three quarter turn stair.
•In this case an open well is formed.
6. Bifurcated Stair :
•These stair are so arranged that
there is a wide flight at the start
which is further sub-divided into
two narrow flights at the mid-
•The two narrow flight starts from
either side of the mid-landing.
•These stairs are suitable for modern
7. Geometrical Stair :
•These stairs have no newel post and
are of any geometrical shape.
•The change in direction is achieved
•The stairs require more skill for its
construction and are weaker than
open newel stair.
8. Spiral or Circular Stair :
It is known as spiral stair.
When viewed from top it appears
to follow a circle with a single
centre of curvature.
The spiral stairs are provided
where space available is limited
and traffic is low.
These stairs can be constructed in
R.C.C., Steel or Stone