• Everyday, there are several events happening across
the world — political , cultural, religious, educational,
social and natural events, etc.
•We come to know about these events sitting in our
houses through mass communication, providing
information to a large crowd at the same time.
• For this, one has to collect the information as well as
present it. This is the main aim of journalism.
•Journalism includes investigating, analysing and
reporting local as well as world events, trends, current
affairs, and so on.
6. WHAT IS JOURNALISM ?
• Journalism is considered to be the
investigation and reporting of news, including
political or social issues, current events, and
• The main purpose of journalism is to inform
7. WHAT DOES A JOURNALIST DO ?
• One of the main responsibilities of a journalist is to investigate
a situation or issue and provide a comprehensive summary.
This can often be done by answering a list of five questions.
These questions are often referred to as the “Five W’s”, and
they are as follows:
• Who is it about?
• What happened?
• Where did the event occur?
• When did the event occur?
• Why did it happen?
8. QUALIFICATIONS REQUIRED
• Journalism courses are offered at graduation and
post graduation levels.
• To become a journalist, one can complete a
Bachelor's in mass communication/ mass
media/journalism after +2.
• After completion in a related graduation field,
one may complete a Master's in journalism or
• A graduate from any other field can also opt for a
post graduate course in journalism.
9. SKILLS REQUIRED
• Inquisitive and investigative mind Alertness .
• Adaptive and tolerant of changing and difficult situations.
• Good communication skills .
• Command over language , confidence, enthusiasm, patience
• The ability to differentiate between fact and fiction .
• In-depth knowledge about various fields such as politics,
culture, religion, social and current affairs.
• The ability to express one's thoughts on varied topics.
• Journalism is for people who are ready to explore various
opportunities 24/7, without the constraints of cultural
upbringing , gender, and are also ready to go beyond
10. Personal Attributes
•You must have a presentable and confident personality.
• The ability to write and present accurately and
concisely is necessary.
•An inquisitive mind, good writing and communication
skills, the ability to differentiate between fact and fiction
and tact too are essential.
•Intelligence, awareness, and interest in current affairs
are also necessary requirements.
•You must be able to exercise high tolerance and be
capable of working in difficult conditions if necessary.
11. Where to study?
•You can do a course in journalism right after you
pass your senior secondary examination [10+2].
• You also have the choice of doing a professional
degree after the completion of your undergraduate
course in any subject.
•A background in humanities is usually preferred.
•Courses are offered in English, Hindi and regional
12. TOP UNIVERSITIES IN INDIA
• Amity School Of Communication
• Delhi College of Arts & Commerce
• Department of Media Studies,Christ University
• Indraprastha College for Women
• Kamala Nehru College
• Kishinchand Chellaram College Art Commerce & Science
• Lady Shri Ram College for Women
• Madras Christian College
• Manipal Institute of Communications
• Symbiosis Institute of Media and Communication - Under
13. TOP UNIVERSITIES IN THE WORLD
• New York University
• University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
• University of Notre Dame
• University of Southern California
• University of Texas at Austin
• University of Washington
• University of Wisconsin - Madison
15. CAREER OPTIONS
•Journalism is broadly divided into two
categories - Print and Electronic.
•Journalism in the print media consists of
newspapers, journals, magazines, digests and
•On the other hand, journalism through the
electronic medium consists of television, radio
and the internet.
•The career options in these fields vary.
16. OTHER FIELDS
These journalists gather news and prepare articles and reports for newspapers, radio
and television stations, wire services and magazines.
Editors work with writers: reviewing, editing, and sometimes rewriting their work to
meet the publisher's editorial standards.
Copy editors prepare content for publication by finding and fixing errors in spelling,
punctuation, grammar and syntax.
New Media Journalists
New media journalists blur the line between print and broadcast journalism by using
text, images, audio and video to create and publish their stories.
Photojournalists are news photographers who tell their stories visually, using film
footage or photographs.
•You can expect to start off with a salary of
Rs. 3500-Rs. 5000 as a trainee.
• As a reporter, you can expect to make Rs.
6500 - Rs.10 500.
•Editors draw a salary of Rs. 7500 - Rs.