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Towards a Connected World
- Industry 4.0
Jan Christoph Jaehne
Sarathy Kalaichelvan
Agenda
1. Introduction
2. Industry 4.0 – In Focus
3. Case Study - Zalando
4. SWOT Analysis
Degree of
complexityFrom Industry 1.0 to Industry 4.0
First
Industrial
Revolution
based on the introduction
of mechanical ...
Industry 4.0: Introduction
Similar Initiatives
Standardisation
Complex Systems
Comprehensive broadband
Safety
Design & Training
Regulatory framework
Resource Efficiency
...
Industry 4.0
Health
Mobility
Commu
nication
Security
Energy
Priority Areas
German BMBF
initiates the
Science Union
to identify future
High Tech Trends
with high impact
on society
First
Appearance
o...
Agenda
1. Introduction
2. Industry 4.0 – In Focus
3. Case Study - Zalando
4. Swot Analysis
• Shorter innovation cycles
• More complex products
• Larger data volumes
• Individualized mass
production
• Volatile mark...
Smart phones
Smart Homes
Smart Cars
Smart Factories
Technology
Push
Market
Pull
Everything Gets Smart
Industry 4.0:
Algorithmicized "production chess" within Cyber-Physical Systems
Vision for Industry 4.0
ƒ The product to be...
Industry 4.0: Internet of Things & Services
Source: Fraunhofer – Industrie 4.0 - final_report
PLM
ERP
MES
Change
Management
Maintenance
Resource Control
designing
planning
scheduling
changing
savingrepairing
deliveri...
Horizontal Value Network Vertical Value Network
Industry 4.0: The Value Chain
Source: Fraunhofer – Industrie 4.0 - final_r...
…be treated as
abstract objects
CAD model
Product model
Communication
model
Service model
R Resource and
Energy
model
…be ...
Holistic concept covering the entire process of
Production & Logistics
Supply Chain Service
execution
3 4
Production
engin...
Industry 4.0: Architecture
Source: Fraunhofer – Industrie 4.0 - final_report
…
Step 1
Humans conceptualize and
product
Step 3
CPS simulates and compares Supply Chain
options on the basis of instructi...
Industry 4.0: Future
Industry 4.0: Future
Present
Future
Source: Fraunhofer – Industrie 4.0 - final_report
Industry 4.0: Reception – A Survey
Source: BITKOM, VDMA,
ZVEI 2013
Industry 4.0: Current Developments
Source: Fraunhofer – Industrie 4.0 - final_report
„Streetlighting“-
Projects
Smaller consortia
>Industry
Academia
3-5 Mio€ each
4-5 partners
Application
„Lighthouse“-
Proje...
• Competitive advantage for German companies
• Leader in world markets(First Mover Advantage)
• Employement Opportunity
• ...
Some Examples…
continuous flow process
colored soap production
discrete handling process
bottling, handling, labeling, QC, packaging…
Liv...
assembly process
Key finder production
augmented reality
Information, maintenance and control
Industry 4.0: View into a Sm...
Source: Academy Cube 2013
Industry 4.0: In Motion- Academy
Agenda
1. eCommerce market in Germany
2. Zalando’s History & Business strategy
3. eCommerce: logistics as key factor
1. In...
eCommerce Market in Germany
Source: http://www.comscoredatamine.com/2013/11/zalando-has-grown-40-percent-in-germany-over-t...
• Founded in 2008 in Berlin
• Initially specialised in the sale of shoes in
Germany but has since expanded to the variety
...
• 2008/09:
Germany’s leading
online shop for
shoes
Zalando
Market:
€ 10 bn
Market:
€ 100bn
• 2010: Expansion
to other fash...
Aggressive high budget advertising campaign:
Zalando: how they were engraved in
consumers’ mind
• No prepayment necessary
• Fast and free shipment
irrespective of the price
of goods ordered
• Refund free of charge
with...
• Wide choice of goods: more than 1500 brands
Zalando: Goods Choice
• User friendly web site with intuitive product search
Zalando: Web Site
• Eye tracking camera
Zalando: User Lab
• The rise of eCommerce influences consumer
behavior and shipping patterns
• Consumers want control over their online
shop...
Großbeeren Brieselang Erfurt Mönchengladbach
Zalando: Logistic Network as Key to
Growth
Pros:
• Located centrally, servici...
• Handling of the
refunded goods is
very costly and
complex
eCommerce: Average refund rate is 50%
Agenda
1. Logistics in Germany / Zalando
Erfurt
2. Industry 4.0 – recap
3. Analysis of SC Processes
 Zalando
 SFS unimar...
Erfurt is located here!
One of 21 logistic hubs in
Germany
Erfurt as one of the smaller Logistic Regions in Germany
• Dachser
Logistics
• Nagel Group
• Axthelm &
Zufall Logistics
• ...
Zalando Warehouse as “Biggest Wardrobe in Europe”
Dates and Facts on Zalando Erfurt
• Opened in 2012
• Biggest of three logistics centers of
the company with 120.000 m²
• A...
Agenda
1. Logisitics in Germany / Zalando Erfurt
2. Industry 4.0 – recap
3. Analysis of SC Processes
– Zalando
– SFS unima...
Core Elements of Industry 4.0
Smart Factory
Intelligent production systems and machines, comunicating with each other („in...
Agenda
1. Logisitcs in Germany / Zalando Erfurt
2. Industry 4.0 – recap
3. Analysis of SC Processes
– Zalando
– SFS unimar...
The Process of Zalando Erfurt
1 2 3 4
8 7 6 5
Inbound Receive Warehouse
Filler/Load
er
Outbound Bin Puffer Picker Item sto...
The Process of Zalando Erfurt
1 2 3 4
8 7 6 5
Inbound Receive Warehouse Filler/Loader
Outbound Bin Puffer Picker Item stor...
The Process of Zalando Erfurt
1 2 3 4
8 7 6 5
Inbound Receive Warehouse
Filler/Load
er
Outbound Bin Puffer Picker Item sto...
The Process of Zalando Erfurt
1 2 3 4
8 7 6 5
Inbound Receive Warehouse
Filler/Load
er
Outbound Bin Puffer Picker Item sto...
The Process of Zalando Erfurt
1 2 3 4
8 7 6 5
Inbound Receive Warehouse
Filler/Load
er
Outbound Bin Puffer Picker Item sto...
The Process of Zalando Erfurt
1 2 3 4
8 7 6 5
Inbound Receive Warehouse
Filler/Load
er
Outbound Bin Puffer Picker Item sto...
The Process of Zalando Erfurt
1 2 3 4
8 7 6 5
Inbound Receive Warehouse
Filler/Load
er
Outbound Bin Puffer Picker Item sto...
The Process of Zalando Erfurt
1 2 3 4
8 7 6 5
Inbound Receive Warehouse
Filler/Load
er
Outbound Bin Puffer Picker Item sto...
The Process of Zalando Erfurt
1 2 3 4
8 7 6 5
Inbound Receive Warehouse
Filler/Load
er
Outbound Bin Puffer Picker Item sto...
The Process of Zalando Erfurt
1 2 3 4
8 7 6 5
Inbound Receive Warehouse
Filler/Load
er
Outbound Bin Puffer Picker Item sto...
The Process of Zalando Erfurt
1 2 3 4
8 7 6 5
Inbound Receive Warehouse
Filler/Load
er
Outbound Bin Puffer Picker Item sto...
Where to find Industry 4.0?
Smart Factory
Intelligent production systems and machines, comunication with each other („inte...
Excursus: Logistics at SFS Unimarket
• Founded 1928
• 7.125 Employees (2012)
• Turnover about 0,9 Mrd EUR (2012)
• Sells f...
The Process of SFS Unimarket
1 2 3 4
8 7 6 5
Inbound Receive Warehouse
Filler/Load
er
Outbound Bin Puffer Picker Item stor...
The Process of SFS Unimarket
1 2 3 4
8 7 6 5
Inbound Receive Warehouse
Filler/Load
er
Outbound Bin Puffer Picker Item stor...
The Process of SFS Unimarket
1 2 3 4
8 7 6 5
Inbound Receive Warehouse
Filler/Load
er
Outbound Bin Puffer Picker Item stor...
The Process of SFS Unimarket
1 2 3 4
8 7 6 5
Inbound Receive Warehouse
Filler/Load
er
Outbound Bin Puffer Picker Item stor...
The Process of SFS Unimarket
One IT System: SAP ERP extended
warehouse system
„Dematic Sub Diver“ is controlling the
inter...
The Process of SFS Unimarket
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CSmpQrpWt9Q
Guru how do i put this video in here?
The Process of SFS Unimarket
1 2 3 4
8 7 6 5
Inbound Receive Warehouse
Filler/Load
er
Outbound Bin Puffer Picker Item stor...
Where to find Industry 4.0?
Smart Factory
Intelligent production systems and machines, comunication with each other („inte...
Agenda
1. Logisitcs in Germany / Zalando Erfurt
2. Industry 4.0 – recap
3. Analysis of SC Processes
– Zalando
– SFS unimar...
SWOT Analyses of Industry 4.0
Internal Perspective
External Perspective
Strengths Weaknesses
Opportunities Threats
• Proce...
People & Sources
- For Inputs on its Processes
We thank the following institutions for this Case Study:
- Dr. Tobias Kraus...
Thank You..
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Towards a Connected World of Supply Chain - Industrie 4.0

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An introduction to Industrie 4.0(Internet of Things), and its Potential impact on Supply Chain. Industrie 4.0, touted as the Game changer and a seed for next industrial revolution. Funded by German Bundes Ministerium fur Education & Technologie.

Publicada em: Negócios, Tecnologia
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  • Thoughtful comments ! Speaking of which , others have been needing a template form , my colleagues encountered a sample version here http://pdf.ac/3oPaS0.
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Towards a Connected World of Supply Chain - Industrie 4.0

  1. 1. Towards a Connected World - Industry 4.0 Jan Christoph Jaehne Sarathy Kalaichelvan
  2. 2. Agenda 1. Introduction 2. Industry 4.0 – In Focus 3. Case Study - Zalando 4. SWOT Analysis
  3. 3. Degree of complexityFrom Industry 1.0 to Industry 4.0 First Industrial Revolution based on the introduction of mechanical production equipment driven by water and steam power Second Industrial Revolution based on mass production achieved by division of labor concept and the use of electrical energy Third Industrial Revolution based on the use of electronics and IT to furtherautomate production Fourth Industrial Revolution based on the use of cyber-physical systems First programmable logic controller (PLC) Modicon 084, 1969 First conveyor belt, Cincinnati slaughterhouse,1870 First mechanical loom, 1784 1800 1900 2000 Today Time Source: DFKI (2013) Industrial Revolution
  4. 4. Industry 4.0: Introduction
  5. 5. Similar Initiatives
  6. 6. Standardisation Complex Systems Comprehensive broadband Safety Design & Training Regulatory framework Resource Efficiency Action Plan
  7. 7. Industry 4.0 Health Mobility Commu nication Security Energy Priority Areas
  8. 8. German BMBF initiates the Science Union to identify future High Tech Trends with high impact on society First Appearance of the word Industry 4.0 Final report of the Science Union on Industry 4.0 BMBF-Report “Securing the future of German manufacturing Industry” Recommendations for implementing the strategic initiative Industry 4.0 Foundation of the Platform Industry 4.0 by industry associations 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 First I4.0 Demonstration by Companies Revised I4.0 Demonstration by companies Publicity and Demonstration Funding program Industry 4.0 (Research) Funding program Industry 4.0 (Application) Governmental Funding 200 (x2) Mio€ Expected improved version of the previous demonstrations The Road So Far…
  9. 9. Agenda 1. Introduction 2. Industry 4.0 – In Focus 3. Case Study - Zalando 4. Swot Analysis
  10. 10. • Shorter innovation cycles • More complex products • Larger data volumes • Individualized mass production • Volatile markets • High productivity • Energy and resource efficiency are decisive factors of competitiveness Increasing competitiveness Increasing importance of Production & logistics industry in economies … Increase efficiency Shorten time-to-market Enhance flexibility321 Manufacturing and Supply Chain is changing faster than ever before
  11. 11. Smart phones Smart Homes Smart Cars Smart Factories Technology Push Market Pull Everything Gets Smart
  12. 12. Industry 4.0: Algorithmicized "production chess" within Cyber-Physical Systems Vision for Industry 4.0 ƒ The product to be manufactured contains all necessary information on its production requirements Self-organization of integrated production installations considering the entire value chain Flexible decision on production process on the basis of the current situation ƒ ƒ Decentral cyber-physical systems (CPS) interact via embedded internet-based technologies
  13. 13. Industry 4.0: Internet of Things & Services Source: Fraunhofer – Industrie 4.0 - final_report
  14. 14. PLM ERP MES Change Management Maintenance Resource Control designing planning scheduling changing savingrepairing delivering Logistics Customer informing Information Backbone Cloud BigData analyzing Industry 4.0: Revolutionizes the complete lifecycle DisassemblyDesign Engineering OperationSet-Up
  15. 15. Horizontal Value Network Vertical Value Network Industry 4.0: The Value Chain Source: Fraunhofer – Industrie 4.0 - final_report
  16. 16. …be treated as abstract objects CAD model Product model Communication model Service model R Resource and Energy model …be described by models …be locatable at all times …have a standardized network interface 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 WiFi IP OPC UA Services …offer autonomy IPV6 [2001:0db8:85a3:08d3:1319:8a2e:0370:7344] …have a unique identity and memory (by birth) Industry 4.0: Unique Aspects
  17. 17. Holistic concept covering the entire process of Production & Logistics Supply Chain Service execution 3 4 Production engineering Logistical planning 2 Logistics design 1 The path to Industry 4.0: An integrated Logistical planning and Production process enhances productivity, efficiency and flexibility Intelligent networking Use of most efficient technologies 5 Industry 4.0
  18. 18. Industry 4.0: Architecture Source: Fraunhofer – Industrie 4.0 - final_report
  19. 19. … Step 1 Humans conceptualize and product Step 3 CPS simulates and compares Supply Chain options on the basis of instructions design the Step 2 Humans determine the Production and supply chain rules and parameters Step 4 CPS proposes compliant "optimal" production paths Step 5 Selection of optimal Logistical path and implementation of SCM … as creative planners, controllers and decision-makers Human Beings Remain Essential
  20. 20. Industry 4.0: Future
  21. 21. Industry 4.0: Future Present Future Source: Fraunhofer – Industrie 4.0 - final_report
  22. 22. Industry 4.0: Reception – A Survey Source: BITKOM, VDMA, ZVEI 2013
  23. 23. Industry 4.0: Current Developments Source: Fraunhofer – Industrie 4.0 - final_report
  24. 24. „Streetlighting“- Projects Smaller consortia >Industry Academia 3-5 Mio€ each 4-5 partners Application „Lighthouse“- Projects Large consortia >Industry >Academia 10-15 Mio€ each 10-12 partners Feasibility „Laser“- Projects Small consortia >Academia Industry 0,5-2 Mio€ each 1-3 partners Basic Research Industry 4.0: Projects and Applicability
  25. 25. • Competitive advantage for German companies • Leader in world markets(First Mover Advantage) • Employement Opportunity • A knowledge-based high-tech approach • Reduces complexity But… • Needs a longterm committment • Is a major upheavel and not a smooth change • Is not a single industry solution but has wide-spread impact • Needs new skills & interdisciplinary collaboration • Security & Data Theft Concerns (Cloud and Big Data) Industry 4.0: Impacts
  26. 26. Some Examples…
  27. 27. continuous flow process colored soap production discrete handling process bottling, handling, labeling, QC, packaging… Live-Webcam: http://www.smartfactory.de/webcam.de.htm Industry 4.0: View into a Smart Factory
  28. 28. assembly process Key finder production augmented reality Information, maintenance and control Industry 4.0: View into a Smart Factory Live-Webcam: http://www.smartfactory.de/webcam.de.htm
  29. 29. Source: Academy Cube 2013 Industry 4.0: In Motion- Academy
  30. 30. Agenda 1. eCommerce market in Germany 2. Zalando’s History & Business strategy 3. eCommerce: logistics as key factor 1. Introduction 2. Industry 4.0 – In Focus 3. Case Study - Zalando – Introduction 4. Case Study – Zalando - Analysis 5. SWOT Analysis
  31. 31. eCommerce Market in Germany Source: http://www.comscoredatamine.com/2013/11/zalando-has-grown-40-percent-in-germany-over-the-past-two-years/
  32. 32. • Founded in 2008 in Berlin • Initially specialised in the sale of shoes in Germany but has since expanded to the variety of goods in 14 countries • The fastest growing European company ever, with >€ 1 billion in net sales in 4th year Zalando: from Garage shop to eCommerce Market Leadership
  33. 33. • 2008/09: Germany’s leading online shop for shoes Zalando Market: € 10 bn Market: € 100bn • 2010: Expansion to other fashion categories Market: € 500bn • 2011/2012: Leadership in European fashion eCommerce Source: Kinnevik CMD 24.04.2013
  34. 34. Aggressive high budget advertising campaign: Zalando: how they were engraved in consumers’ mind
  35. 35. • No prepayment necessary • Fast and free shipment irrespective of the price of goods ordered • Refund free of charge within 100 days Zalando: Business Strategy
  36. 36. • Wide choice of goods: more than 1500 brands Zalando: Goods Choice
  37. 37. • User friendly web site with intuitive product search Zalando: Web Site
  38. 38. • Eye tracking camera Zalando: User Lab
  39. 39. • The rise of eCommerce influences consumer behavior and shipping patterns • Consumers want control over their online shopping • Logistics can drive customer loyalty and sales • eCommerce players have to keep their logistic strategy competitive eCommerce: Key Factor Logistics
  40. 40. Großbeeren Brieselang Erfurt Mönchengladbach Zalando: Logistic Network as Key to Growth Pros: • Located centrally, servicing all European countries • Zalando is leasing land and buildings to limit capital investment • Combined capacity of >250,000 sqm operational / in construction Cons: • Low wages • Bad working conditions • Unsatisfied employees Source: Kinnevik CMD 24.04.2013
  41. 41. • Handling of the refunded goods is very costly and complex eCommerce: Average refund rate is 50%
  42. 42. Agenda 1. Logistics in Germany / Zalando Erfurt 2. Industry 4.0 – recap 3. Analysis of SC Processes  Zalando  SFS unimarket 1. Introduction 2. Industry 4.0 – In Focus 3. Case Study - Zalando – Introduction 4. Case Study – Zalando - Analysis 5. SWOT Analysis
  43. 43. Erfurt is located here! One of 21 logistic hubs in Germany
  44. 44. Erfurt as one of the smaller Logistic Regions in Germany • Dachser Logistics • Nagel Group • Axthelm & Zufall Logistics • TSG Global Logistics Erfurt Key Facts • 200 K habitants, 6,3 % of work force employed in logistics • Connected to 6 main Autobahns (A4, A71, A9, A73, A38) • Airport Erfurt • Connected to 6 important Rail Freight Hubs Important Logistics Providers • TNT-Express • BGL Logisitc Group • Wincanton Trans European • DB Schenker • Panopa Logistics • DHL • Fiege Logistics • Kühne& Nagel Logistics
  45. 45. Zalando Warehouse as “Biggest Wardrobe in Europe”
  46. 46. Dates and Facts on Zalando Erfurt • Opened in 2012 • Biggest of three logistics centers of the company with 120.000 m² • About 1.000 employees in 2013 • Around 150.000 different products stored • Retour: up to 100 trucks from German Post daily • Outgoing: around to 10.000 packets daily
  47. 47. Agenda 1. Logisitics in Germany / Zalando Erfurt 2. Industry 4.0 – recap 3. Analysis of SC Processes – Zalando – SFS unimarket 4. SWOT Analysis
  48. 48. Core Elements of Industry 4.0 Smart Factory Intelligent production systems and machines, comunicating with each other („internet of things“), integrating the physical and digital world Data in a Cloud Data in a Cloud Instrumented Industrial Machines Big Data Analysis / Real Time Analysis Virtual Networks / collaboration through devices (e.g.mobile) Physical and Human Networks
  49. 49. Agenda 1. Logisitcs in Germany / Zalando Erfurt 2. Industry 4.0 – recap 3. Analysis of SC Processes – Zalando – SFS unimarket 4. SWOT Analysis
  50. 50. The Process of Zalando Erfurt 1 2 3 4 8 7 6 5 Inbound Receive Warehouse Filler/Load er Outbound Bin Puffer Picker Item stored
  51. 51. The Process of Zalando Erfurt 1 2 3 4 8 7 6 5 Inbound Receive Warehouse Filler/Loader Outbound Bin Puffer Picker Item stored • 7800 m² surface • All new products arrives here • Daily, more than 10.000 items
  52. 52. The Process of Zalando Erfurt 1 2 3 4 8 7 6 5 Inbound Receive Warehouse Filler/Load er Outbound Bin Puffer Picker Item stored • Registration of products • Barcode (product code) and producer code for exact identification of product in packet
  53. 53. The Process of Zalando Erfurt 1 2 3 4 8 7 6 5 Inbound Receive Warehouse Filler/Load er Outbound Bin Puffer Picker Item stored • Product is traveling to warehouse in a bin • 11 km assembly line
  54. 54. The Process of Zalando Erfurt 1 2 3 4 8 7 6 5 Inbound Receive Warehouse Filler/Load er Outbound Bin Puffer Picker Item stored • About 150.000 different products
  55. 55. The Process of Zalando Erfurt 1 2 3 4 8 7 6 5 Inbound Receive Warehouse Filler/Load er Outbound Bin Puffer Picker Item stored • Chaotic warehouse system • Filler puts goods in any free shelf • In every shelf, there is only 1 product item in 1 size – employee finds product
  56. 56. The Process of Zalando Erfurt 1 2 3 4 8 7 6 5 Inbound Receive Warehouse Filler/Load er Outbound Bin Puffer Picker Item stored • Top shelf empty in case of fire • Second level shelf shoes • Third level shelf clothing • Bottom level shelf accesory (jewelry)
  57. 57. The Process of Zalando Erfurt 1 2 3 4 8 7 6 5 Inbound Receive Warehouse Filler/Load er Outbound Bin Puffer Picker Item stored • 500 employees work as picker • Every picker has a personal navigation device with scanner • Multible pickers work on one order • IT system leads picker to right storage unit to find right product on shortest way • If IT broke, big problem ! • Picker puts product in a bin
  58. 58. The Process of Zalando Erfurt 1 2 3 4 8 7 6 5 Inbound Receive Warehouse Filler/Load er Outbound Bin Puffer Picker Item stored • Every bin moves to bin puffer • Every bin is waiting in the bin puffer, till all products of one order have been arrived • 300 orders are waiting simultaneously in 1.800 bins
  59. 59. The Process of Zalando Erfurt 1 2 3 4 8 7 6 5 Inbound Receive Warehouse Filler/Load er Outbound Bin Puffer Picker Item stored • Employee takes different bins, products and is putting together the one order • Around 10.000 packages per day • Packages are sorted to the right post- outtake • Delivery of packet per post (DHL)
  60. 60. The Process of Zalando Erfurt 1 2 3 4 8 7 6 5 Inbound Receive Warehouse Filler/Load er Outbound Bin Puffer Picker Item stored
  61. 61. Where to find Industry 4.0? Smart Factory Intelligent production systems and machines, comunication with each other („internet of things“), integrating the physical and digital world Data in a Cloud Instrumented Industrial Machines Big Data Analysis / Real Time Analysis Virtual Networks / collaboration through devices (e.g.mobile) Physical and Human Networks Conclusion Zalando uses some elements of Industry 4.0, but to a low level
  62. 62. Excursus: Logistics at SFS Unimarket • Founded 1928 • 7.125 Employees (2012) • Turnover about 0,9 Mrd EUR (2012) • Sells fastening and fixing systems
  63. 63. The Process of SFS Unimarket 1 2 3 4 8 7 6 5 Inbound Receive Warehouse Filler/Load er Outbound Bin Puffer Picker Item stored
  64. 64. The Process of SFS Unimarket 1 2 3 4 8 7 6 5 Inbound Receive Warehouse Filler/Load er Outbound Bin Puffer Picker Item stored • All new products arrive here
  65. 65. The Process of SFS Unimarket 1 2 3 4 8 7 6 5 Inbound Receive Warehouse Filler/Load er Outbound Bin Puffer Picker Item stored • Employee unpacks products and enters them in system • Puts products in a bin • Currently 150.000 products at all times in storage room available
  66. 66. The Process of SFS Unimarket 1 2 3 4 8 7 6 5 Inbound Receive Warehouse Filler/Load er Outbound Bin Puffer Picker Item stored
  67. 67. The Process of SFS Unimarket One IT System: SAP ERP extended warehouse system „Dematic Sub Diver“ is controlling the interaction between ERP and Dematic Shuttle system Dematic Shuttle System picks and stores products
  68. 68. The Process of SFS Unimarket http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CSmpQrpWt9Q Guru how do i put this video in here?
  69. 69. The Process of SFS Unimarket 1 2 3 4 8 7 6 5 Inbound Receive Warehouse Filler/Load er Outbound Bin Puffer Picker Item stored • Employee takes different bins, products and is putting together the order • Employee does not have to walk at all
  70. 70. Where to find Industry 4.0? Smart Factory Intelligent production systems and machines, comunication with each other („internet of things“), integrating the physical and digital world Data in a Cloud Instrumented Industrial Machines Big Data Analysis / Real Time Analysis Virtual Networks / collaboration through devices (e.g.mobile) Physical and Human Networks Conclusion SFS unimarket uses Industry 4.0 to a high level
  71. 71. Agenda 1. Logisitcs in Germany / Zalando Erfurt 2. Industry 4.0 – recap 3. Analysis of SC Processes – Zalando – SFS unimarket 4. SWOT Analysis
  72. 72. SWOT Analyses of Industry 4.0 Internal Perspective External Perspective Strengths Weaknesses Opportunities Threats • Process efficiency leading to High Precision and Quality • Security • Less Human Intervention • Customized • Reduced Usage of Energy • Lean Processes & Easy Monitoring • Data security in a cloud • Complex & Costlier to implement / maintain • Not applicable for all businesses (SME, some sectors) • Less manual labor needed (Role of government critical at Zalando!) • Fear of technology leads to non-implementation • Industry 4.0 in the beginning – fear of “baby” mistakes • Low acceptance level from workers • Competition: non—trust from competitors to share datasets • Outsourcing threat • E-commerce “return rate” as a risk for environment • Competitive advantage due to process efficiency (For Germany & its Industries: First mover advantage) • Knowledge based industry and Hub • Flexibility remains a key factor for the manufacturing work in Germany
  73. 73. People & Sources - For Inputs on its Processes We thank the following institutions for this Case Study: - Dr. Tobias Kraus for Inputs on Industry 4.0 http://www.awk-aachen.de/__C1257B97002C1799.nsf/html/en_home.html http://www.bmbf.de/en/19955.php http://www.comscoredatamine.com/2013/11/zalando-has-grown-40-percent-in-germany-over-the-past-two-years http://www.textilwirtschaft.de/business/Zalando-erweitert-Logistikzentrum-in-Moenchengladbach_89141.html Kinnevik CMD 24.04.2013 http://www.prosieben.de/tv/galileo/videos/5330-konsumgigant-zalando-clip http://www.zalando.de/ http://www.manager-magazin.de/unternehmen/handel/a-883570.html http://www.logisticsmgmt.com/article/ups_exec_addresses_how_e_commerce_has_changed_logistics_and_supply_chain_op
  74. 74. Thank You..

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