GENDER CONCEPTS

Saramma Mathew
Saramma MathewAll India Khilafat Committee College of Education, Mumbai
Transgender
Transgender
Transgender people are individuals whose gender identities do not
pertain to their biological sex, and thus they differ from the stereotype
of how men and women normally are.
‘Transgender’ does not include sexual orientation or physical sex
characteristics, but is in fact a less clinical term which pertains to
gender identity and gender expression.
Thus transgender people encompass those people whose identity and
behaviour do not adhere to the stereotypical gender norms.
They may be gay, transsexual, transvestite, or gender queer.
Transgender
Transgender people have a gender identity or gender expression
that differs from their assigned sex.
Transgender people are sometimes called transsexual
if they desire medical assistance to transition
from one sex to another.
.
Transgender is also defined very broadly to include
cross-dressers, regardless of their gender identity.
Transgender an umbrella term
people who are not exclusively
masculine or feminine
people who belong to a third gender, or conceptualize
transgender people as a third gender
Transgenders in India
• According to Census 2011, there are around
4.9 lakh transgender in the country.
• In India, transgender people include hijras/
kinnars (eunuchs), shiv-shaktis, jogappas,
Sakhi, jogtas, Aradhis etc.
The problems faced by the transgender
people in India
• These people are shunned by family and society alike.
• They have restricted access to education, health services and public
spaces.
• Till recently, they were excluded from effectively participating in
social and cultural life.
• Politics and decision-making processes have been out of their
reach.
• Transgender people have difficulty in exercising their basic civil
rights.
• Reports of harassment, violence, denial of services, and unfair
treatment against transgender persons have come to light.
• Sexual activity between two persons of the same sex is criminalised,
and is punishable by incarceration.
Transgender
GENDER CONCEPTS
Patriarchy
• Patriarchy is a social system in which the
father or eldest male is head of the
household, having authority over women and
children.
• Patriarchy also refers to a system of
government by males, and to the dominance
of men in social or cultural systems.
• It may also include title being traced through
the male line.
GENDER CONCEPTS
GENDER CONCEPTS
GENDER CONCEPTS
GENDER CONCEPTS
GENDER CONCEPTS
GENDER CONCEPTS
GENDER CONCEPTS
Feminism
political movements, ideologies, and social
movements that share a common
goal to define, establish, and achieve
political economic, personal, and
Social rights for women
equal Opportunities
for women in
Education and
employment
GENDER CONCEPTS
GENDER CONCEPTS
GENDER CONCEPTS
GENDER CONCEPTS
GENDER CONCEPTS
GENDER CONCEPTS
GENDER CONCEPTS
Waves of feminism
First-wave feminism – (1910s to 1950s) women's suffrage,
property rights and political candidacy
Second-wave feminism – 1960s to 1980s, reducing
inequalities in sexuality, family, the workplace, reproductive
rights, inequalities
Third-wave feminism – 1990s to 2008, embracing
individualism and diversity
Fourth-wave of feminism – 2008 to present-day, combatting
sexual harassment, assault and misogyny
Feminism in India
Aimed at defining, establishing, and
defending
equal political, economic, social rights
and
equal opportunities for Indian women.
Feminism in India
pursuit of women's rights
gender equality
right to work for equal wages
right to equal access to
health
education
political rights.
Feminism in India
Indian feminists have fought against culture-specific
issues within India's patriarchal society
inheritance laws
practice of widow
immolation - sati
Widow remarriage
Child marriage
divorce
Feminism in India
….FIGHT AGAINST
Sex determination
Female foeticide
Female infanticide
Molestation
Sexual abuse
Eve teasing
Workplace
discrimination
Domestic violence
dowry
GENDER CONCEPTS
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GENDER CONCEPTS

  • 2. Transgender Transgender people are individuals whose gender identities do not pertain to their biological sex, and thus they differ from the stereotype of how men and women normally are. ‘Transgender’ does not include sexual orientation or physical sex characteristics, but is in fact a less clinical term which pertains to gender identity and gender expression. Thus transgender people encompass those people whose identity and behaviour do not adhere to the stereotypical gender norms. They may be gay, transsexual, transvestite, or gender queer.
  • 3. Transgender Transgender people have a gender identity or gender expression that differs from their assigned sex. Transgender people are sometimes called transsexual if they desire medical assistance to transition from one sex to another. . Transgender is also defined very broadly to include cross-dressers, regardless of their gender identity.
  • 4. Transgender an umbrella term people who are not exclusively masculine or feminine people who belong to a third gender, or conceptualize transgender people as a third gender
  • 5. Transgenders in India • According to Census 2011, there are around 4.9 lakh transgender in the country. • In India, transgender people include hijras/ kinnars (eunuchs), shiv-shaktis, jogappas, Sakhi, jogtas, Aradhis etc.
  • 6. The problems faced by the transgender people in India • These people are shunned by family and society alike. • They have restricted access to education, health services and public spaces. • Till recently, they were excluded from effectively participating in social and cultural life. • Politics and decision-making processes have been out of their reach. • Transgender people have difficulty in exercising their basic civil rights. • Reports of harassment, violence, denial of services, and unfair treatment against transgender persons have come to light. • Sexual activity between two persons of the same sex is criminalised, and is punishable by incarceration.
  • 9. Patriarchy • Patriarchy is a social system in which the father or eldest male is head of the household, having authority over women and children. • Patriarchy also refers to a system of government by males, and to the dominance of men in social or cultural systems. • It may also include title being traced through the male line.
  • 17. Feminism political movements, ideologies, and social movements that share a common goal to define, establish, and achieve political economic, personal, and Social rights for women equal Opportunities for women in Education and employment
  • 25. Waves of feminism First-wave feminism – (1910s to 1950s) women's suffrage, property rights and political candidacy Second-wave feminism – 1960s to 1980s, reducing inequalities in sexuality, family, the workplace, reproductive rights, inequalities Third-wave feminism – 1990s to 2008, embracing individualism and diversity Fourth-wave of feminism – 2008 to present-day, combatting sexual harassment, assault and misogyny
  • 26. Feminism in India Aimed at defining, establishing, and defending equal political, economic, social rights and equal opportunities for Indian women.
  • 27. Feminism in India pursuit of women's rights gender equality right to work for equal wages right to equal access to health education political rights.
  • 28. Feminism in India Indian feminists have fought against culture-specific issues within India's patriarchal society inheritance laws practice of widow immolation - sati Widow remarriage Child marriage divorce
  • 29. Feminism in India ….FIGHT AGAINST Sex determination Female foeticide Female infanticide Molestation Sexual abuse Eve teasing Workplace discrimination Domestic violence dowry