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St. Timothy's Challenge 20/20 Human Trafficking Presentation

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St. Timothy's Challenge 20/20 Human Trafficking Presentation

  1. 2. <ul><li>If you think that slavery ended in 1863… </li></ul>
  2. 3. Think again.
  3. 7. <ul><li>The fastest growing trade today?? </li></ul><ul><li>People . </li></ul>
  4. 11. “ The chains of modern slavery are invisible ”
  5. 12. <ul><li>There are an estimated </li></ul><ul><li>people enslaved today— </li></ul><ul><li>that is more than the number of slaves seized from Africa in </li></ul><ul><li>of the Transatlantic </li></ul><ul><li>slave trade. </li></ul>27 million twice four centuries
  6. 13. What is human trafficking? <ul><li>Human trafficking is the modern day </li></ul><ul><li>Human trafficking is the , , and of humans by means of deception and coercion and under the threat of violence. </li></ul><ul><li>Trafficked , , and </li></ul><ul><li>are under the control of another and as slaves, they are treated as property and are stripped of their rights. </li></ul>slave trade solicitation transportation exploitation men women children
  7. 14. Over of Campaigning Against Slavery 1807- 2007 <ul><li>1807- the in the British colonies </li></ul><ul><li>1863- Lincoln’s declares those slaves in Confederate-controlled areas to be freed </li></ul><ul><li>1948- the with Article 4 of the Declaration of Human Rights </li></ul>200 Years slave trade is abolished Emancipation Proclamation United Nations bans slavery globally
  8. 15. Where does slavery exist today? in Haiti? all through Africa? in Southeast Asia? in poor countries? in third world countries? in South America?
  9. 16. <ul><li>The Answer— </li></ul><ul><li>Slavery is illegal in every nation in the world, yet it exists </li></ul>everywhere
  10. 17. Global Hotspots Haiti Brazil Mauritania France Turkey U.A.E . China Thailand U.S .
  11. 18. Human Trafficking in the United States “ Let freedom ring?”
  12. 19. The truth is and it is happening in our own backyard Slavery Still Exists
  13. 20. 14,500-20,00 women are trafficked into the United States every year Although 50% of trafficking victims are sold into prostitution , the other half are forced to work in factories, harvest crops, wash dishes in restaurants and clean in motels and offices There are more than 25,000 people living in slavery, in America, right now
  14. 21. <ul><li>Human trafficking has been reported in </li></ul><ul><li>91 cities across the country </li></ul><ul><li>The US Department of Justice reports that human trafficking has occurred in nearly </li></ul><ul><li>every state of the nation </li></ul>
  15. 22. <ul><li>Hot Spots in U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>Florida </li></ul><ul><li>California (L.A.) </li></ul><ul><li>New York </li></ul><ul><li>Seattle </li></ul><ul><li>Baltimore </li></ul>
  16. 23. “ It is easy for these people (women/children forced into the sex trade) to get lost in the shuffle . Most people don’t know what human trafficking is, and when you explain it to them, they say ‘So what?’ But it’s going on right here .” - Los Angeles City Councilman Tony Cardenas
  17. 24. WJZ Special: Human Trafficking BALTIMORE (WJZ) ― “As you read this report remember somewhere in Maryland someone is being virtually enslaved.” Plaguing Maryland
  18. 25. <ul><li>Like the slaves of the past, slaves in America </li></ul><ul><li>They have lost control of their lives, </li></ul><ul><li>and they are being </li></ul><ul><li>in terrible ways </li></ul>can not walk away exploited and brutalized But times are changing …
  19. 26. <ul><li>Before 2008, the New York state federal government would not even recognize child prostitution as sex trafficking. </li></ul>
  20. 27. In 2008, the tireless efforts of New York Anti-Trafficking Coalition resulted in the state passing its first ever Anti-Human Trafficking Law . This anti-trafficking law was the harshest the nation has ever seen .
  21. 28. Momentum is building... <ul><li>In 2000, Congress passed the Trafficking Victims Protection Act making forced labor a federal crime </li></ul><ul><li>When Bush addressed the U.N. General Assembly in 2003, it was the first time a major world leader addressed the issue of human trafficking </li></ul><ul><li>In 2008, Bush signed the William Wilberforce Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act in order to strengthen America ’ s anti-slavery laws </li></ul>
  22. 29. “ This has to be a top priority … What we have to do is create better, more effective tools for prosecuting those who are engaging in human trafficking… Sadly, there are thousands who are trapped in various forms of enslavement here in our country… It is a debasement of our common humanity.” - President Barack Obama
  23. 30. President Obama is planning to: <ul><li>Increase slavery ’ s visibility on the global agenda as a key human rights violation. Advance anti-slavery initiatives at the G-8, World Bank and other international institutions. </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthen America ’ s anti-slavery efforts through coordination directly from the White House , to avoid individual departments working without presidential coordination. </li></ul><ul><li>Combat the core causes of trafficking and slavery worldwide, such as poverty , vulnerability — especially of women, weak governance and corruption. </li></ul><ul><li>Bring business, labor and civil society together to improve corporate social responsibility and remove slave-tainted goods from global trade and corporate supply chains </li></ul>
  24. 31. <ul><li>“ We ’ re going to be speaking out consistently and strongly against the discrimination and oppression of women, and slavery in particular, because I think that it is in keeping with not only our American values but with American national security interests as well. ” </li></ul><ul><li>- Secretary of State Hilary Clinton </li></ul>
  25. 32. Secretary of State Hilary Clinton is planning to: <ul><li>Help countries on the International Trafficking Watch List to strengthen their efforts to prevent and prosecute slavery. </li></ul><ul><li>Provide economic development assistance to countries where the poor are vulnerable to trafficking and slavery. </li></ul><ul><li>Urge the United Nations to establish an anti-slavery office accountable to the Secretary General, to coordinate UN agencies. </li></ul>
  26. 33. “ Nobody is free until everybody is free ” -Vivek Pandit, Indian anti-slavery campaigner
  27. 34. How are men, women, and children forced into modern day slavery? Human Traffickers often prey on people in poverty who have little access to education, health care, or jobs. They disguise themselves as recruiters or employment brokers and promise paid work and sometimes education to men, women, and children. It seems like an amazing opportunity, but these people are often never seen again .
  28. 35. <ul><li>Sex trafficking is an enormous industry… </li></ul><ul><li>For sex trafficking to be halted requires a two-front war : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. going after the criminals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. addressing the poverty factor that motivates sex trafficking in the first place </li></ul></ul>Fighting Sex Trafficking:
  29. 36. <ul><li>There are more slaves alive now than ever before in . </li></ul><ul><li>So how can we believe it’s possible to bring human trafficking to an end? </li></ul>history
  30. 37. <ul><li>Because even though there may be more slaves now, they represent a of the world’s population than </li></ul>smaller % ever before
  31. 38. The Cost of Freedom: $400 = average cost of freeing and rehabilitating one person $14 = pays for books, uniforms and a satchel so a former child slave can go to school $92 = cost per child to rescue a group child slaves from the fishing industry in Ghana $94 = provides a year of specialized education for a former child slave in India $132 = pays for a raid to free child slaves in India who are then helped to rebuild and recover their lives $174 =provides a family in Ghana the means to start a small-scale business, this helps prevent children from being re-enslaved $500 = provides a sewing machine, spare parts, and materials to a Sudanese women’s cooperative to help former slaves earn a sustainable living
  32. 39. How expensive will it be to eradicate slavery? <ul><li>An estimated $10.8 billion </li></ul><ul><li>(based on the average cost of freeing and rehabilitating one person) </li></ul><ul><li>This is less than Americans spend on movies each year </li></ul>Spread over 25 years, this is realistically doable
  33. 40. The Solution: <ul><li>Locally, we propose a three-step attack towards the eradication of poverty and subsequently the abolition of human trafficking. </li></ul><ul><li>AWARENESS : an educational campaign spreading information through pamphlets, speeches, films, word of mouth, and online </li></ul><ul><li>ACTION : service projects and fundraising events to get the local community involved </li></ul><ul><li>3. AID : fundraising and donation efforts to support international charities and organizations working towards the same thing </li></ul>
  34. 41. According to J.F. Rischard, author of High Noon if every nation in the world gave a small percentage of their Gross Domestic Product per year, world poverty would be SOLVED . Here is the GDP of top five nations according to estimates by the CIA World Factbook from 2008 and how much money would go towards global poverty if each gave .05% annually (monetary value in millions US dollars): Our Solution to Poverty: At the Global Level Nation Gross Domestic Product 2007 (millions) .05%-1% of the GDP United States 14,330,000 71,610-143,300 Japan 4,844,000 24,220-48,440 China 4,222,000 21,110-42,220 Germany 3,818,000 19,090-38,180 France 2,978,000 14,890-29,780 United Kingdom 2,787,000 13,935-27,870
  35. 42. <ul><li>World Gross Domestic Product in 2008: </li></ul><ul><li>$7 0.65 trillion </li></ul><ul><li>If the .05% of the GDP of the world in a year was donated to solving global poverty </li></ul><ul><li>$353.3 million dollars </li></ul><ul><li>would be contributed. </li></ul><ul><li>To regulate this money and it’s use, an ambassador representing the interests of each nation would be appointed and work with international organizations. </li></ul>
  36. 43. Everyone has a role to play in this enormous endeavor <ul><li>Businesses : must make sure that slave labor is not being used in the supply line of their products </li></ul><ul><li>Communities : must work to become slave-free by refusing slave-made goods and learn how to identify slavery and trafficking so that traffickers will have nowhere to hide </li></ul><ul><li>Governments : must make their nations slave-free and start enforcing their anti-trafficking laws </li></ul><ul><li>Organizations : must coordinate their efforts and become united in solving global poverty and slavery </li></ul>
  37. 44. The United Nations <ul><li>One of the best possible organizations to fight slavery </li></ul><ul><li>Must lead the way in fighting this war against human trafficking </li></ul><ul><li>Should do this by: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Appointing UN Slavery Inspectors to inspect and enforce the UN’s global anti-slavery rules </li></ul></ul>
  38. 45. <ul><li>In order for the UN to take these actions, the five permanent members of </li></ul><ul><li>the Security Council </li></ul><ul><li>(Britain, China, Russia, France and the U.S. ) </li></ul><ul><li>must first make a serious commitment to </li></ul><ul><li>ending slavery </li></ul><ul><li>This requires funds and resources and in order for this to happen, </li></ul>pressure needs to come from THE PEOPLE
  39. 46. can make the difference between for someone in your community YOU slavery and freedom
  40. 47. What can YOU do? <ul><li>Educate yourself : go online, contact a local organization, or read the newspaper </li></ul><ul><li>Involve your community </li></ul><ul><li>Spread the truth about slavery </li></ul><ul><li>Get involved in human rights efforts in your area </li></ul><ul><li>Buy goods that are made with fair labor standards </li></ul><ul><li>Get your voice heard by contacting local government officials about trafficking </li></ul><ul><li>Donate to a local organization </li></ul><ul><li>Keep an eye out for suspicious signs of slavery in your neighborhood </li></ul>
  41. 48. <ul><li>“ In this new century, many of the world's poorest countries remain imprisoned, enslaved and in chains. They are trapped in the prison of poverty. It is time to set them free . Like slavery and apartheid, poverty is not natural. It is man-made and it can be overcome and eradicated by the actions of human beings.” -Nelson Mandela </li></ul>
  42. 49. <ul><li>“ Imagine that after 5, 000 years of slavery we commit ourselves to achieving it’s eradication in our lifetime. </li></ul><ul><li>Imagine that your generation will be the one that is looked back on in history as the generation that ended slavery. </li></ul><ul><li>Imagine that your children and your grandchildren will grow up in a world where slavery is just seen as an ugly blot on our history . </li></ul><ul><li>Imagine a world where every person is born in freedom and lives in liberty .” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kevin Bales (Co-Founder and President of Free the Slaves) </li></ul></ul>
  43. 50. <ul><li>Let ’ s join and make slavery a thing of the past once and for all </li></ul>together