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CLASS – VI
Topic - Expressing
Expressing AbilityAbility in
• In this grammar presentation,
you will learn how to talk
•Present AbilityPresent Ability
•Future AbilityFuture Ability
•Past AbilityPast Ability
Modals are special auxiliaries that
have meaning. Can & could are
used in English to describe our
• Use can to talk about present
or future abilities
• Use could to talk about past
Examples . . .
1. Melissa can type very quickly.
22. My friends know how to play
the piano. They can play very
3.3. I can’t speak Italian,
but I’d like to learn.
1. The teacher can sing this song
for you tomorrow
2. We can help you
move this weekend if
3. You can improve your
computer skills in the next
1. Two years ago, they couldn’t afford to
buy a house in San Diego, but now they
2. The test was difficult. I couldn’t
figure out some of the answers.
3. Sara couldn’t attend the
party because she already had
Use ___________ or
_____________ to talk about:
• Present (current) abilities
• Future abilities
Use ______________ or
______________ to talk about:
•Abilities in the Past
What FORM of the main
verb comes after CAN or
She can ____________ many
When I was a child, I could
____________ very well.
Final Note . . .
Because CAN and COULD are
auxiliaries, they are used with ALL
subjects in English. For example:
What are some abilities or skills that
you currently have? What can you
--Share some examples with your
What were some abilities or skills
that you had when you were a
child? What things could you do?
• Another way to talk about abilities
in English is by using the expression:
BE ABLE TO.
• This expression can be used to talk
about present, future or past
abilities. To change the tense, you
must change the verb BE to the
What are the present tense forms of the verb
What are the past tense forms of the verb
For the future form, use:
Notice that it’s much easier to use
WILL for the future.
1. I am able to give you a ride home
To make these sentences negative, simply put
NOT after the verb “BE.” To practice, say these
sentences in the negative form with your
2. Sandra is able to work overtime at
3.. The students are able
to study for free
1. I was able to buy my new DVD
player at a discount at
2. The students were able to practice
the spelling and vocabulary words
last week on the computer.
Now, say these sentences in the
negative form with your classmates.
3. The counselor is going to be able
to meet with you later this
Now, say these sentences in the
1. Next Friday, you will be able to sleep
late because it’s a holiday and we won’t
2. They will be able to take a
vacation next year if they start
saving their money now.
Go to the following website address to
practice the grammar: