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Hot and dry climate architecture

what is the influence of climate on architecture?

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Hot and dry climate architecture

  1. 1. HOT AND DRY CLIMATE Sem. 3rd, Sec.B, B.arch 2014-19 SPA-PU
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION Regions having similar characteristic features of climate are grouped under one climatic zone. According to a recent code of bureau of Indian standards, the country may be divided into five major climatic zones. • Hot and dry (mean monthly temperature >30 and relatively humidity <55%). • Warm and humid (mean monthly temperature >25-30 and relatively humidity <55-75%). • Temperate (mean monthly temperature 25-30 and relatively humidity <75%). • Cold and dry (mean monthly temperature <25 and relatively humidity- all values). • Composite (this applies, when six months or more do not fall within any of the other categories).
  4. 4. The main points: The main points: • Orientation and placement, to minimize sun exposure in summer. • Form, compact to reduce surface areas of heat gain. • Shade, for maximum sun protection in summer. • Allow adequate heat gain in winter by movable shading devices. • Ventilation, for regulation of air movement. Building design
  5. 5. The larger building dimension should face north and south Sun orientation Orientation of building west orientation is the worst
  6. 6. Main walls and windows should face the wind direction in order to allow maximum cross-ventilation of the rooms. To reduce the effect of hot dusty winds, the leeward side of the house is better. Wind orientation
  7. 7. 1. Bedrooms - on the east side. 2. Living rooms - on the north or south side. room arrangement
  8. 8. Traditionally constructed with thick walls and roofs and with very small openings Sun-dried earth brick is one of the poorest conductors of heat Buildingmaterial
  9. 9. 1. Walls of daytime living areas should be made of heat-storing materials. 2. East and west walls should preferably be shaded. 3. Double walls with insulation in between are a suitable solution. walls
  10. 10. More windows should be provided in the north facade of the building as compared to the east, west and south as it receives lesser radiation throughout the year. Openings are necessary for natural lighting and ventilation. and window
  11. 11. Should be shaded either by shading devices, roof overhangs or by deciduous trees. The size of the windows on the west and east sides should be minimized in order to reduce heat gains into the house in the early morning and late afternoon. Windows
  12. 12. • The flat roof is a good reflector and re-radiates heat efficiently, especially if it consists of a solid, white painted material. • High solid parapet walls along the edge of the roof can on the one hand provide daytime shade and privacy. Roof
  13. 13. The principle involved is to catch an unobstructed breeze at a high level and channel it to areas in the bottom parts of the building. Natural ventilation
  14. 14. Cooling can be achieved by the evaporation of water. Passivecooling
  15. 15. 1. The courtyard is provided with water and plants, it acts as a cooling source. 2. Internal courtyards provides cross ventilation & natural cooling. 3. Most openings are to the internal courtyard rather than exterior surface. Courtyard
  16. 16. Outlets at higher levels serve to vent hot air. Ventilators are preferred at higher levels as they help in throwing out the hot air.
  17. 17. - Colors that absorb less heat should be used to paint the external surface. - Darker shades should be avoided for surfaces exposed to direct solar radiation. - The surface of the roof can be of white broken glazed tiles. - During the day-time openings should be closed and shaded. - Decreasing the surface of the building exposed to the outside. - Using materials that take a longer time to heat up. - Providing buffer spaces (lobbies, etc.) between the living areas and the outside. …
  18. 18. Thank you! http://collections.infocollections.org/ukedu/en/d/Jsk02ce/3.3.html www.academia.edu/.../Design www.slideshare.net/... Reference
  19. 19. Presented by Ronak Dhupia Saloni Bhagat Shruti Kapoor Shristi Agarwal Rajat Narang Surbhi Joshi Rajshree Soni Sem. 3rd, Sec.B, B.arch 2014-19 SPA-PU