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WORKS OF LAURIE BAKER
PESENTED BY:RASHI CHUGH
• (March 2, 1917 – April
1, 2007) British-born Indian
• He went to India in 1945 in
part as a missionary and
since then lived and worked
in India for over 50 years
• He obtained Indian citizenship in 1989 and resided in
Thiruvananthapuram (Trivandrum), Kerala.
•In 1990, the Government of India awarded him with the
Padma Shri in recognition of his meritorious service in the
field of architecture.
•Baker studied architecture in Birmingham and graduated
in 1937, aged 20, in a period of political unrest for Europe.
•During the Second World War, he served in the Friends
Ambulance Unit in China and Burma.
•Baker lived in Kerala with Doctor P.J. Chandy,
•He received great encouragement and later
married his sister
•While Laurie continued his architectural work and
research accommodating the medical needs of the
community through his constructions of various
hospitals and clinics.
•Baker sought to enrich the culture in which he
participated by promoting simplicity and home-grown
quality in his buildings.
•His emphasis on cost-conscious construction,
•An ideal that the Mahatma expressed as the only
means to revitalize and liberate an impoverished India
• Designing and building low
cost, high quality, beautiful homes
• Suited to or built for lower-middle to
lower class clients.
• Irregular, pyramid-like structures on
roofs, with one side left open and
tilting into the wind.
• Brick jali walls, a perforated brick
screen which utilises natural air
movement to cool the home's
interior and create intricate patterns
of light and shadow
•Baker's designs invariably have traditional Indian
sloping roofs and terracotta Mangalore tile shingling
with gables and vents allowing rising hot air to escape.
•Curved walls to enclose more volume at lower material
cost than straight walls.
•His respect for nature led him to let the idiosyncrasies
of a site inform his architectural improvisations, rarely is
a topography line marred or a tree uprooted.
•This saves construction cost as well, since working
around difficult site conditions is much more cost-
effective than clear-cutting
LOW COST CONSTRUCTION
Energy saving & Eco-Friendly
Decorative & Highly Economical
Filler slabs employ replacing 'un-
productive' concrete by a 'Filler'
material which reduces the weight
of the slab and also the cost by
reducing the amount of concrete
used. Also, since the weight of the
slab is thus reduced, lesser steel
is required for
reinforcement, further reducing
•Energy saving eco-friendly
•Decorative & Highly
Economical for larges spans.
•Energy saving eco-friendly
•Decorative & Economical
• This is Baker's home in Trivandrum.
• This is remarkable and unique house built on a plot of land
along the slope of a rocky hill, with limited access to water:
• However Baker's genius has created a wonderful home for
• Material used from unconventional sources
• Family eats in kitchen
• Electricity wiring is not concealed
The wall is decorated from
broken pottery, pens, glass
Gables for proper air circulation and
MRS NALINI NAYAK`S RESIDENCE
• Meeting place.
• working place (training).
• Open spaces.
• Classroom & dormitories.
floor with three
floor staking of
• The main house is formed
by a simple three-floor
stacking of the pentagon on
nine-inch-thick brick walls
• internally each floor divides
into the bedroom, bath and
• The additional segment on
the ground, forming the
living/dining and kitchen, is
structured with bays of half-
brick thickness, alternating
wall and wall and door
Fig5: STACKED PENTAGON
• The main house is formed by a simple three-floor stacking
of the pentagon on nine-inch-thick brick walls
• internally each floor divides into the bedroom, bath and
• The additional segment on the ground, forming the
living/dining and kitchen, is structured with bays of half-
brick thickness, alternating wall and wall and door
Ground floor plan
1st Floor Plan
2nd Floor Plan
Built furniture of bricksCommon door for entry and
Sun light merging
• Severity of environment in which the tribal's live.
• Limitation of resources
• Conventional architects stayed away from these projects
• Dealing with large insular groups, with set ideas and
• Dealing with cyclones
• Exposed brickwork and structure
• Sloped concrete roof
• Openness in design and individual units offset each
• Continuous latticework
• in the exposed walls
• Low sloped roofs and courts serve as wind catchers
• Open walls function to dispel it
• Long row of housing replaced by even staggering
• Fronting courts catch the breeze and also get view of
Dealing With Cyclones:
• Little private rectangle of land in between houses for
drying nets , kids play,
• Provides sleeping lofts within and adequate space
outside for mending nets and cleaning and drying fish
Ulloor, Trivandrum (1971)
Solution of Computer Centre Design
Fitting in naturally and harmoniously
with the elevations of the twenty
five year old institution
• Using principle of lattice wall planning, breezeways and built
of natural brick and stone keeping in consideration the
• He proposed a double walled building with an outer surface
of intersecting circles of brick jalis
• Internal shell fulfilled the constraints and controls necessary
for a computer laboratory.
• Space between the two walls accommodated the secondary
requirements for offices and storage areas.
Two storeyed outer wall is stiffened by a series of intersecting circles,
Space used for storage