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Open Education Movement

A class presentation

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Open Education Movement

  1. 1. Open Edu Movement <ul><li>Shaomeng Zhang </li></ul>
  2. 2. What? <ul><li>Social movement: globalization movement </li></ul><ul><li>Political movement: civil rights movement </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural movement: Renaissance </li></ul><ul><li>Economic movement: flatened world </li></ul>
  3. 3. movement? <ul><li>A movement is a motion, a change in position. </li></ul>Wikipedia(2009)
  4. 4. Idealist <ul><li>“ Imagine a world in which every single person on the planet is given free access to the sum of all human knowledge.” -Jimmy Wales(2004) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Open Edu Declaration <ul><li>Cape Town Open Education Declaration: Unlocking the promise of open educational resources </li></ul><ul><li>  We are on the cusp of a global revolution in teaching and learning. Educators worldwide are developing a vast pool of educational resources on the Internet, open and free for all to use. These educators are creating a world where each and every person on earth can access and contribute to the sum of all human knowledge. They are also planting the seeds of a new pedagogy where educators and learners create, shape and evolve knowledge together, deepening their skills and understanding as they go. </li></ul><ul><li>This emerging open education movement combines the established tradition of sharing good ideas with fellow educators and the collaborative, interactive culture of the Internet. It is built on the belief that everyone should have the freedom to use, customize, improve and redistribute educational resources without constraint. Educators, learners and others who share this belief are gathering together as part of a worldwide effort to make education both more accessible and more effective. </li></ul><ul><li>The expanding global collection of open educational resources has created fertile ground for this effort. These resources include openly licensed course materials, lesson plans, textbooks, games, software and other materials that support teaching and learning. They contribute to making education more accessible, especially where money for learning materials is scarce. They also nourish the kind of participatory culture of learning, creating, sharing and cooperation that rapidly changing knowledge societies need. </li></ul><ul><li>… </li></ul>Cape Town Open Education Declaration (2007)
  6. 6. Open Education Institutions
  7. 16. massive open online course (MOOC)
  8. 19. Open? <ul><li>Free to access </li></ul><ul><li>Free to copy/modify/redistribute </li></ul>Downes(2009)
  9. 20. why now?
  10. 21. Scarcity vs. abundance <ul><li>limited resources(teacher, paper, distribution, space, tools) non-zero marginal cost VS. near-zero marginal cost </li></ul><ul><li>limited information processing/filtering capacity VS. learning networks, distributed learning </li></ul><ul><li>limited time/space to learn VS. ubiquitous learning/informal learning </li></ul>
  11. 22. conditions <ul><li>Abundance of tools and reduced cost of production and distribution </li></ul><ul><li>Emergence of creative licenses: Creative Commons </li></ul><ul><li>Emergence of open culture </li></ul>
  12. 23. Tools
  13. 24. license <ul><li>By default everything published on the web are copyrighted </li></ul>Pic: Paul Boutin(2007)
  14. 25. Open culture <ul><li>An open system </li></ul><ul><li>Funding/different models of supporting OER </li></ul><ul><li>More surstainable resources... </li></ul>
  15. 26. issues <ul><li>Usability </li></ul><ul><ul><li>UI </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>content completeness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>content-specific usability </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Durability </li></ul><ul><li>Accessibility </li></ul><ul><ul><li>language/culture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>technical/economic </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Effectiveness </li></ul><ul><ul><li>feedback/interactivity </li></ul></ul>Downes(2009)
  16. 27. who cares? <ul><li>Monopoly of education is breaking down </li></ul><ul><ul><li>content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>support services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>social life </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>degrees </li></ul></ul>Wiley(2009)
  17. 28. the world is open <ul><li>Content could reach wider community (the world!) </li></ul><ul><li>High quality courses is no longer constrained by time/space/resources </li></ul><ul><li>More courses would accumulate online over time, providing more choices </li></ul><ul><li>Free! </li></ul>
  18. 29. change is coming...
  19. 30. challenges Strengths Weaknesses Opportunities Threats
  20. 31. In the end, It’s all personal <ul><li>Empowered </li></ul><ul><li>Emotional </li></ul><ul><li>Personalized </li></ul><ul><li>Unconstrained </li></ul>Alan Levine(2009)
  21. 32. resources <ul><li>“ Connexions - Sharing Knowledge and Building Communities.” http://cnx.org / </li></ul><ul><li>“ Curriki - WebHome.” http://www.curriki.org/xwiki/bin/view/Main/WebHome </li></ul><ul><li>“ Directory of open access journals.” http://www.doaj.org / </li></ul><ul><li>“ Internet Archive.” http://www.archive.org/index.php </li></ul><ul><li>“ Intute - Home.” http://intute.ac.uk / </li></ul><ul><li>“ Online Video Lectures and Course Materials — Open Yale Courses.” http://oyc.yale.edu / </li></ul><ul><li>“ Welcome | Flat World Knowledge.” http://www.flatworldknowledge.com / </li></ul><ul><li>“ Wikiversity.” http://www.wikiversity.org / </li></ul><ul><li>“ Connectivism & Connective Knowledge » Connectivism and Connective Knowledge 2009.” http://ltc.umanitoba.ca/connectivism/?p=189 </li></ul><ul><li>“ IPT 692R (Wiley).” http://open.byu.edu/ipt692r-wiley/ </li></ul>
  22. 33. reference <ul><li>The Cape Town Open Education Declaration, 2007. Available from: http://www.capetowndeclaration.org / [Retrieved Nov. 2009] </li></ul><ul><li>Downes, Stephen, 2009. Open Education: Projects and Potential, Available from: http://www.slideshare.net/Downes/speaking-in-lolcats-what-literacy-means-in-teh-digital-era [Retrieved Nov. 2009] </li></ul><ul><li>Alan Levine, 2009. Amazing Stories of Openness Available from: http://cogdogblog.com/stuff/opened09/ [Retrieved Nov. 2009] </li></ul><ul><li>Paul Boutin , Picture available from: http://valleywag.gawker.com/334726/creative-commons-propaganda--the-1+slide-version [Retrieved Nov. 2009] </li></ul>