Famous and control
What is Drug?
A drug is something that affects
our body; drugs pass through the
body and interfere with brain’s
Drugs have been part of our
culture since the middle of the last
Classification of drugs
Pharmaceutical drugs e.g.
Aspirin, Paracetamol, and
Recreational drugs e.g.
Alcohol, nicotine and
Drug abuse is the non-permissive
consumption of certain substance
that may lead to physical and
Popularized in 1960 by music and
mass media they invade all
aspects of society.
Commonly abused drugs
Inhalant and solvent
Sometime sedatives, coffee and cigarettes
can be used to harmful excess.
An estimated 208 million people
internationally consume Illegal drugs.
The most commonly used illegal drug is
According to united nations 2008 world
drug report about 3.9 % of the world
population between the ages of 15 and 64
Why do people use drug?
Fit in rejection
In accurate information about
5 C, s of addition about drug effects
Loss of control
Use despite negative
Risk factors Your genes
Family and social environment misbalanced
Effect on the brain
The abused drug causes a surge in the level of
dopamine in the brain, which triggers feelings of
Changes in the brain interfere with your
Ability to think clearly exercise good judgment
Control your behavior
Feel normal without drugs
Signs of drug abuse
Pupils larger or smaller than usual
Changes in the appetite or sleep pattern
Deterioration of physical appearance
Unusual smells on breath
Signs of drug abuse
Decline in performance
Sudden change in friends and associates
Accident and trouble prone
Lack of motivation and with drawn
Effects of drug abuse
Drug abuse leads to
Loss of coordination
Illegal drug usage all over the world
230 million people have used an
illegal drug in all over the world
Cocaine-dependent people number
about 27 million
0,6 % of the world population
Global illegal drug use is expected to
the rise by 25% over the next few
Age based statistics
Almost 5.8% of the
Nearly 25% of the
Famous names from the history
Barrack Obama- smoke marijuana and
cocaine during high school and college days.
Bill Clinton- marijuana while completing his
Rhodes scholarship at Oxford.
Steve jobs- apple co-founder
Richard Branson- virgin group chairman
Michael Bloomberg New York city major
Hugh Hefrier- playboy founder
George Soros- billionaire investor
Naomi Campbell- super model
Prevention and control
“Prevention is better than cure”
Avoid undue peer pressure
A child should not be pressed unduly to do beyond
his/her capacities, be it studies, sports etc.
Education and counseling
Organizing youth centers
Drug addiction may be caused due to the feelings of
isolation, loneliness, anxiety etc. hence social service
organizations and NGOs should establish youth centers
to overcome such feeling.
Send such addicts to a rehabilitation
A humanistic form of treatment is said
to be the most widely need and
effective of all forms of treatment.
Awareness and prevention
The role of government
Reduce the scale of
Taking up drugs in the first place
and tends to get serious when
not taken care
Drug cartels should be taken
down and removed altogether.
Treatment for drug addiction
Change in addict’s social
Conclusion Drug abuse is a complex problem thought to result
from a combination of psychological and
environmental factors. Infants of abuses may suffer
from neglect or the effect of parental drug use as they
grow into childhood, they may demonstrate antisocial
behavior and sign of malnutrition, poor self- esteem,
and depression, or attention, deficit disorder
identification of drug abuse is a difficult first step on the
road to recovery because of the methods many
abuses use to hide their addition, the inability of family
members to recognize or accept the problem and the
relatives’ enabling behavior.
Komal A True Story Komal studies in class VII of a government school. She is very careless about her studies. She bunks
classes and as well as school frequently. One day she left the school premises without permission and
left her school bag inside the class. Physical Education teacher Ms. Rita kept her school bag in
Principal’s office. After the school was over Komal came to Principal office and demanded her bag.
Principal asked her to come along her either of the parents in the morning and collect her bag but could
not be convinced by anyone and Principal Madam handed over her bag to her. After she received her
bag, she started shouting at Ms. Rita and Principal that both of them have stolen her 1000 rupees from
her bag and asked them that if they do not return her money then she is going to police station. Both of
them tried to convince her that we will talk on this issue tomorrow when her parents will be there but
Komal was not convinced. After a lot of patients and Torrance, Principal Madam had to call the police to
solve the issue. At last lady police counseled her and sent her to home.
Next day the discussion started in front of her parents and she blamed on her classmate for the whole
episode. Komal class teacher Savita Madam also asked Komal many times to change her behavior. But
her parents being a daily wages labor expressed their inability to do something in this matter and left the
Now I started observing her behavior on daily basis. She has become more confident in her non-sense
behaviors. She used to jump over the boundary wall and meet with the boys who used to supply her
After that her behavior used to be more aggressive and used to jump on the sheds and call the names
of her friends to join her.
The case was discussed in Monthly School Management committee by the teachers and principal.
Since very few days were left for the Common Annual School Exams. Members decided that Komal
should stay at home with her parents. She will come to school to appear her exams only.
Let’s have a look on the case
Q1. Why teenagers do start down this
type of potentially dangerous path?
Q2. What kind of harm can be caused to
Komal, her family and school
environment according to this case
Q3.How behavior of Komal Can be
rectified? (Give suggestions)
In a college among students
Teena: Heena! Tomorrow we are going to enjoy the birthday treat by Rummy at bypass Dabha. Can you
please bring the vehicle because the place is very far from here?
Heena: I need to ask my parents as it their vehicle and take lift.
Parents: it is an official vehicle; we would not be able to spare it for you independently. What is the need
to go at far off places for treat, better make arrangement nearby?
Heena conveyed her parents view to her friends. All insisted to go bypass Dabha only.
Ankur: That is the only happening place nearby. Varity of food items, soft drinks, hard drinks and long
drive thrilling experiences “Yaar”.
Isshi: Very true Ankur, Next year we all will not be together as it is last year of our B.Tech. Course.
Heena: Sorry friends! I would not be able to join you as I have to go with my family on an important
Isshi: Heena! You are a foolish girl “Yaar” enjoy the life with us you are still in the lapse of your parents,
leave them, be independent come with us, do not tell them that you are on the party. There are boys with
us who can arrange drinks only vehicle is required and it will be a lifetime experience. 2pm to 4pm are
happy hours we will get concessions on the alcohols; we can have such experiences with our friend’s
only. Is it needed to tell about it to our parents?
Heena; many of us are below 21 years of age so it is illegal to have Alcohol in the Bar.
Isshi: boys who are above 21 years of age will make arrangements for others.
Heena: my parents would not allow me, so sorry friends I would not be able to make it.
In a college among students Second
Arpit: Heena! You cheated us but we could
manage Tann’s vehicle and went there we all
enjoyed the day. It was a memorable
Isshi: since Heena did not cooperated
yesterday so now onward she will not be part
of our group Guys! Do not share your
practical files, notes with her, it is an open
announcement for the whole group, isolate
Q1. Peer pressure in context of
the given conversation.
(What, How, when)
Q2.Do you think Parental care
required to the children at this
age? (What, How, when)
Think Smart and Act Smart
A group of students of class XI of certain school was
assigned a project work. Following are the main points and
findings recorded in the project report.
The targeted group was teenagers of age group 12 to 18.
Data derived from the surveys and activities conducted in
9th, 10th and 11th classes of 14 schools.
Visits of rehabilitation centers to know about medication
and treatment involved.
Students filled up the questionnaire
5 questions and their findings are given below.
Large number of students’ answers was:
1. Friends who have tried drugs?
2. Types of drugs
Answer: smoking and drinking (cocaine, charus, fluids etc.)
First experience at what age?
Answer: 14years - 16years.
If not tried then would you like to try once? (age group
12- 14 years)
Answer: May be
If not tried then would you like to try once?
Students also visited the de-addiction
center and interviewed the manager of the
center. Programs like SMART RECOVERY
are being run by the center. He also
explained that addiction is seen as
behavior rather than disease and
subsequently curable. After 6 months
treatment maximum of them relapse when
back to real world.
A true Story
From the age of 13 to 18, Alby! Finding got high
several times a day to help him cope. He went
to school high and eventually dropped out. “I
was losing focus my attention went from 100 to
zero. I was depressed,” he says now, after
getting substance abuse treatment, Alby has
been able to face his problems by taking them
out with counselors and making new friends he
describes as :positive” as he puts it “ I feel a lot
better myself, I feel a lot sharper, I do not feel
lazy any more”.
1. What are the behavior symptoms of Alby?
2. What made him to make new friends?
3. Explain few reasons from your experience
“Why Alby got high several times a day?”
4. What made Alby to think smart and act
5. Why the target group is teens?
Discussion - 2 We believe that our value system is so strong then what do
you think about the following results/findings in the project
Large number of students filled occasionally in response to
the question “Friends who have tried drugs?
Large number of students filled all (cocaine, chorus, fluid etc.
in response to the question” what types of drugs you have
Large number of students filled 14 to 16 in response to the
question” At what age you tried first time?”
Large number of students filled May be in response to the
question” If not tried then would you like to try once (age
group 12 to 14)?”
Large number of students filled yes in response to the
question “if not tried then would you like to try once (age
group 14 to 16)?
Discussion - 3
Your suggestions about the de-
addiction center at this point of
time when large number of our
teenagers are inclined to drugs.
Role of family, school and
society in the life of teenagers.
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