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Drugs and substance abuse

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Substance Abuse Prevention
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Drugs and substance abuse

  1. 1. By Dr. Sushma Singh
  2. 2. Drug Abuse (Session Details)  Introduction  Causes  Risk factors  Symptoms  Effects  Famous and control  Treatment  Conclusion
  3. 3. What is Drug? A drug is something that affects our body; drugs pass through the body and interfere with brain’s neurotransmitters. Drugs have been part of our culture since the middle of the last century.
  4. 4. Classification of drugs Pharmaceutical drugs e.g. Aspirin, Paracetamol, and Brufine etc. Recreational drugs e.g. Alcohol, nicotine and caffeine etc.
  5. 5. Drug Abuse Drug abuse is the non-permissive consumption of certain substance that may lead to physical and psychological dependence. Popularized in 1960 by music and mass media they invade all aspects of society.
  6. 6. Commonly abused drugs  Marijuana  Cocaine  Heroine  Alcohol  Prescription drugs  Inhalant and solvent  Sometime sedatives, coffee and cigarettes can be used to harmful excess.
  7. 7. Statistics  An estimated 208 million people internationally consume Illegal drugs.  The most commonly used illegal drug is marijuana.  According to united nations 2008 world drug report about 3.9 % of the world population between the ages of 15 and 64 abuse marijuana.
  8. 8. Why do people use drug? Stress Poor self-image Anger curiosity Fit in rejection In accurate information about drug effects.
  9. 9. 5 C, s of addition about drug effects Chronic Loss of control Compulsion Use despite negative consequences Cravings
  10. 10. Risk factors Your genes  Mental health  Family and social environment misbalanced  Effect on the brain  The abused drug causes a surge in the level of dopamine in the brain, which triggers feelings of pleasure.  Changes in the brain interfere with your  Ability to think clearly exercise good judgment  Control your behavior  Feel normal without drugs
  11. 11. Signs of drug abuse Physical warning  Bloodshot eyes  Pupils larger or smaller than usual  Changes in the appetite or sleep pattern  Deterioration of physical appearance  Unusual smells on breath  Impaired coordination
  12. 12. Signs of drug abuse Behavioral warnings  Poor work  Decline in performance  Financial problems  Secretive behavior  Sudden change in friends and associates  Accident and trouble prone  Lack of motivation and with drawn  Unexplained anxiety.
  13. 13. Effects of drug abuse  Drug abuse leads to  Loss of coordination  Poor judgment  Slowed reflexes  Distorted vision  Memory loss  Blackout
  14. 14. Illegal drug usage all over the world  230 million people have used an illegal drug in all over the world  Cocaine-dependent people number about 27 million  0,6 % of the world population  Global illegal drug use is expected to the rise by 25% over the next few decades
  15. 15. Age based statistics Almost 5.8% of the adult population. Nearly 25% of the youth population
  16. 16. Famous names from the history  Barrack Obama- smoke marijuana and cocaine during high school and college days.  Bill Clinton- marijuana while completing his Rhodes scholarship at Oxford.  Steve jobs- apple co-founder  Richard Branson- virgin group chairman  Michael Bloomberg New York city major  Hugh Hefrier- playboy founder  George Soros- billionaire investor  Naomi Campbell- super model
  17. 17. Prevention and control  “Prevention is better than cure”  Avoid undue peer pressure  A child should not be pressed unduly to do beyond his/her capacities, be it studies, sports etc.  Education and counseling  Organizing youth centers  Drug addiction may be caused due to the feelings of isolation, loneliness, anxiety etc. hence social service organizations and NGOs should establish youth centers to overcome such feeling.
  18. 18. Remedial measures  Individual steps  Send such addicts to a rehabilitation facility.  A humanistic form of treatment is said to be the most widely need and effective of all forms of treatment.  Awareness and prevention
  19. 19. The role of government Reduce the scale of unemployment Taking up drugs in the first place and tends to get serious when not taken care Drug cartels should be taken down and removed altogether.
  20. 20. Treatment for drug addiction Hospitalization Behavioral therapies Occupational therapies Change in addict’s social environment.
  21. 21. Conclusion Drug abuse is a complex problem thought to result from a combination of psychological and environmental factors. Infants of abuses may suffer from neglect or the effect of parental drug use as they grow into childhood, they may demonstrate antisocial behavior and sign of malnutrition, poor self- esteem, and depression, or attention, deficit disorder identification of drug abuse is a difficult first step on the road to recovery because of the methods many abuses use to hide their addition, the inability of family members to recognize or accept the problem and the relatives’ enabling behavior.
  22. 22. Primary school Komal A True Story Komal studies in class VII of a government school. She is very careless about her studies. She bunks classes and as well as school frequently. One day she left the school premises without permission and left her school bag inside the class. Physical Education teacher Ms. Rita kept her school bag in Principal’s office. After the school was over Komal came to Principal office and demanded her bag. Principal asked her to come along her either of the parents in the morning and collect her bag but could not be convinced by anyone and Principal Madam handed over her bag to her. After she received her bag, she started shouting at Ms. Rita and Principal that both of them have stolen her 1000 rupees from her bag and asked them that if they do not return her money then she is going to police station. Both of them tried to convince her that we will talk on this issue tomorrow when her parents will be there but Komal was not convinced. After a lot of patients and Torrance, Principal Madam had to call the police to solve the issue. At last lady police counseled her and sent her to home.  Next day the discussion started in front of her parents and she blamed on her classmate for the whole episode. Komal class teacher Savita Madam also asked Komal many times to change her behavior. But her parents being a daily wages labor expressed their inability to do something in this matter and left the school.  Now I started observing her behavior on daily basis. She has become more confident in her non-sense behaviors. She used to jump over the boundary wall and meet with the boys who used to supply her drugs.  After that her behavior used to be more aggressive and used to jump on the sheds and call the names of her friends to join her.  The case was discussed in Monthly School Management committee by the teachers and principal. Since very few days were left for the Common Annual School Exams. Members decided that Komal should stay at home with her parents. She will come to school to appear her exams only.
  23. 23. Let’s have a look on the case Q1. Why teenagers do start down this type of potentially dangerous path? Q2. What kind of harm can be caused to Komal, her family and school environment according to this case study? Q3.How behavior of Komal Can be rectified? (Give suggestions)
  24. 24. Conversation In a college among students (First day)  Teena: Heena! Tomorrow we are going to enjoy the birthday treat by Rummy at bypass Dabha. Can you please bring the vehicle because the place is very far from here?  Heena: I need to ask my parents as it their vehicle and take lift.  Parents: it is an official vehicle; we would not be able to spare it for you independently. What is the need to go at far off places for treat, better make arrangement nearby?  Heena conveyed her parents view to her friends. All insisted to go bypass Dabha only.  Ankur: That is the only happening place nearby. Varity of food items, soft drinks, hard drinks and long drive thrilling experiences “Yaar”.  Isshi: Very true Ankur, Next year we all will not be together as it is last year of our B.Tech. Course.  Heena: Sorry friends! I would not be able to join you as I have to go with my family on an important assignment.  Isshi: Heena! You are a foolish girl “Yaar” enjoy the life with us you are still in the lapse of your parents, leave them, be independent come with us, do not tell them that you are on the party. There are boys with us who can arrange drinks only vehicle is required and it will be a lifetime experience. 2pm to 4pm are happy hours we will get concessions on the alcohols; we can have such experiences with our friend’s only. Is it needed to tell about it to our parents?  Heena; many of us are below 21 years of age so it is illegal to have Alcohol in the Bar.  Isshi: boys who are above 21 years of age will make arrangements for others.  Heena: my parents would not allow me, so sorry friends I would not be able to make it.
  25. 25. Conversation In a college among students Second Day  Arpit: Heena! You cheated us but we could manage Tann’s vehicle and went there we all enjoyed the day. It was a memorable evening.  Isshi: since Heena did not cooperated yesterday so now onward she will not be part of our group Guys! Do not share your practical files, notes with her, it is an open announcement for the whole group, isolate her.
  26. 26. Discuss Q1. Peer pressure in context of the given conversation. (What, How, when) Q2.Do you think Parental care required to the children at this age? (What, How, when)
  27. 27. Project Report Think Smart and Act Smart  A group of students of class XI of certain school was assigned a project work. Following are the main points and findings recorded in the project report.  The targeted group was teenagers of age group 12 to 18.  Data derived from the surveys and activities conducted in 9th, 10th and 11th classes of 14 schools.  Visits of rehabilitation centers to know about medication and treatment involved.  Students filled up the questionnaire  5 questions and their findings are given below.  Large number of students’ answers was:
  28. 28. Questionnaire 1. Friends who have tried drugs? Answer: occasionally. 2. Types of drugs Answer: smoking and drinking (cocaine, charus, fluids etc.) First experience at what age? Answer: 14years - 16years. If not tried then would you like to try once? (age group 12- 14 years) Answer: May be If not tried then would you like to try once? Answer: yes
  29. 29. De- addiction  Students also visited the de-addiction center and interviewed the manager of the center. Programs like SMART RECOVERY are being run by the center. He also explained that addiction is seen as behavior rather than disease and subsequently curable. After 6 months treatment maximum of them relapse when back to real world.
  30. 30. A true Story  From the age of 13 to 18, Alby! Finding got high several times a day to help him cope. He went to school high and eventually dropped out. “I was losing focus my attention went from 100 to zero. I was depressed,” he says now, after getting substance abuse treatment, Alby has been able to face his problems by taking them out with counselors and making new friends he describes as :positive” as he puts it “ I feel a lot better myself, I feel a lot sharper, I do not feel lazy any more”.
  31. 31. Discussion -1 1. What are the behavior symptoms of Alby? 2. What made him to make new friends? 3. Explain few reasons from your experience “Why Alby got high several times a day?” 4. What made Alby to think smart and act smart? 5. Why the target group is teens?
  32. 32. Discussion - 2 We believe that our value system is so strong then what do you think about the following results/findings in the project report?  Large number of students filled occasionally in response to the question “Friends who have tried drugs?  Large number of students filled all (cocaine, chorus, fluid etc. in response to the question” what types of drugs you have tried?”  Large number of students filled 14 to 16 in response to the question” At what age you tried first time?”  Large number of students filled May be in response to the question” If not tried then would you like to try once (age group 12 to 14)?”  Large number of students filled yes in response to the question “if not tried then would you like to try once (age group 14 to 16)?
  33. 33. Discussion - 3 Your suggestions about the de- addiction center at this point of time when large number of our teenagers are inclined to drugs.  Role of family, school and society in the life of teenagers.
  34. 34. Thank You for Your Attention

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