3. Topics to be covered
1. What is a crime?
2. Types of crimes commonly prevalent in
India against women
3. Social factors
4. Political factors
5. Economic factors
6. Administrative measures to protect women
7. Suggested Remedial Measures
9. References 3
4. WHAT IS A CRIME?
An act that is in breach of law and that can lead
a person liable to be tried in court of law.
The Indian Penal Code, 1860 uses the word
‘Offence’ in place of ‘Crime’. Section 40 of the
IPC defines Offence as an act punishable by
5. TYPES OF CRIMES COMMONLY
PREVALENT IN INDIA AGAINST
•Female foeticide and infanticide
•Child marriages/forced marriages
4. Forced prostitution
5. Forced prostitution 5
6. SOCIAL FACTORS
What are Social Factors?
Man is a social animal. Social structures, mores and
norms have profound impact on a person’s life. This
comes under social factors.
Patriarchal structure of society
• Feudal mindset
• Gender discrimination
• Subservient role of women
• Objectification of women
• Continuation of family name
• Khap panchayat
7. POLITICAL FACTORS
What are Political Factors?
An activity related to government policy and
its administrative practices that can have
its effect on people.
Some Major Factors
• Under representation of women in
• Gender discrimination in other elected bodies
• Low representation of women in law enforcing bodies
• Criminalization of politics 7
8. ECONOMIC FACTORS
What are Economic Factors?
Economic factors are those factors that affect
employment, standard of living, income
generation and income equality/inequality.
Some Major Factors:
•Non-inheritance of assets
•Economic dependence on men
•Siphoning off funds allocated to economically
•Stereotyping of vocations
•Large scale migration of men
9. ADMINISTRATIVE MEASURES
TO PROTECT WOMEN
‘Women Reservation Bill’ in Parliament (Pending)
•Reservation of 33%for women at each level of
legislative starting with the Lok Sabha, down to state
and local legislatures.
•If the Bill is passed, one-third of the total available
seats would be reserved for women in national, state
and local government.
•In continuation of the existing provisions already
mandating reservations for scheduled caste and
scheduled tribes, one-third of such SC and ST
candidates must be women.
•Women farmer reservation bill tabled by M.S.
Swaminathan as a private member bill in Rajya abha
10. SOME OF THE
JUSTICE J.S.VERMA COMMITTEE
SUBMITTED ON 23RD JAN, 2013
•Rape- 10 yrs to life imprisonment
•Gang rape- 20 yrs to life imprisonment
•Rape and murder- 20yrs to life imprisonment
•Rape of a minor- minimum 10 yrs to life
11. •Trafficking-7 to 10 yrs for trafficking a
person, atleast 10 yrs for more than 1
person, 10 yrs to life for trafficking a
minor, 14 yrs to life for more than 1 minor
•Acid attack- 10 yrs to life, pay compensation
to victim for atleast medical expenses
•No death penalty for crimes against women
•Juvenile age- Till 18 yrs
12. SOME OF THE POINTS OF THE
DECLARED ON 3RD FEB,2013
• Rape that leads to death of the victim or leave the
victim in vegetative state can attract death penalty.
• It has proposed enhanced punishment for other crimes
against women like stalking, voyeurism, acid
attacks, indecent gestures like words and
inappropriate touch and brings into its ambit 'marital
• It also proposes to replace the word ‘rape’ with
‘sexual assault’ to expand the definition of all types
of sexual crimes against women.
• If the acid attack victim kills the accused in the
process of self-defence, then she will be protected
under the ‘right to self defence’.
13. SUGGESTIONS TO REDUCE
CRIME AGAINST WOMEN
•Implementation of the laws is the key
•Need of fast track courts
•Introduction of new school curriculum
highlighting equality of women
•Reforming society by launching a strong
movement by social/political/spiritual leaders
Yes, we can trace the roots of crime against
women in socio-politico-economic
structures in Indian society.
If we want to change the society we have to
strike at the roots.
• Economic and political weekly- 16th Feb. 2013 vol. XLVIII NO.7
• The Economist
• My Feudal Lord By Tehmina Durrani Published in 1994
• Newspapers- The Times of India, Mumbai mirror
9. www.theindianeconomy.com, Sunday, February 3, 2013
16. “A woman brought you into this
world, so you don’t have any
right to disrespect one.”