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Elements of design



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Elements of interior design
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Elements of design

  1. 1. ELEMENTS OF DESIGN Interior Designer Mrs.
  2. 2.  HISTORY OF INTERIOR DESIGN  In the past, interiors were put together instinctively as a part of the process of building.The profession of interior design has been a consequence of the development of society and the complex architecture that has resulted from the development of industrial processes. The pursuit of effective use of space, user well-being and functional design has contributed to the development of the contemporary interior design profession.  In ancient India, architects used to work as interior designers. This can be seen from the references of Vishwakarma the architect - one of the gods in Indian mythology. Additionally, the sculptures depicting ancient texts and events are seen in palaces built in 17th century India
  3. 3. HISTORICAL EXAMPLE Dining hall n prvious time Dining hall in now a days
  4. 4. 7 TYPES OF ELEMENTS OF DESIGN  Point  Line  Space  Colour  Texture  Pattern  Value
  5. 5. •POINT  Upon entering any space, there are areas of immediate interest that the science of interior design recognizes as focal points. Focal points include anything that immediately, and often unconsciously, captures the viewer's attention and is interesting enough to make them want to look further.
  6. 6. POINT
  7. 7.  LINES  “A dot that moves” or “continuous mark”  Describes a shape or outline.  It can be: straight, curved, vertical, horizontal, jagged, or dotted Different types of lines have different effects on design.
  8. 8. LINES  Long and narrow  Connects two points  Leads the eye from one point to another curved horizontal v e r t i c a l diagonal
  9. 9. •VERTICAL LINE  Lends dignity and formality  Creates feelings of aspiration and ascension  Vertical lines lead the eye up, adding height, formality, and strength to a design.  Can be seen in:  Tall furniture  Columns  Pillars  Striped wallpaper  Long narrow draperies
  10. 10. Vertical lines can make rooms seem more spacious than they actually are and ceilings appear higher.
  11. 11. •HORIZONTAL LINES  Horizontal lines lead the eye to the left or right, suggesting informality and restfulness Can be seen in:  Long, low roofs  Long, low furniture pieces such as sofas and chests
  12. 12. HORIZONTAL LINE  Restful  Relaxing  informal
  13. 13. •DIAGONAL LINES  Diagonal lines suggest action, movement and excitement Can be seen in:  Staircases  Cathedral ceilings  Gable Roofs
  14. 14. DIAGONAL LINE  Active  Suggests movement
  15. 15. •CURVED LINES  Too many curved lines create a busy look Can be seen in:  Doorway arches  Ruffled curtains  Curved furniture  Rounded accessories
  16. 16. CURVED LINE  Upward – lifts and inspires  Horizontal – relaxed, denotes gentleness and femininity  Downward – sadness and seriousness  Small - playful
  17. 17.  SPACE  The three dimensional expanse that a designer is working with
  18. 18. The first element of space refers to the actual building or room that the interior designer can work with. This is the basic structure of the room or building including the walls, floors, ceiling, doors and windows as well as the beams and columns that support the structure. Too little space can create a feeling of being exposed.
  19. 19. SPACE
  20. 20. TO HELP A SMALL AREA FEEL SPACIOUS  Allow for large open areas and empty space  Use mirrors  Use small prints, patterns, and textures  Use light, cool colors
  21. 21. •COLOR  Reflected light  Most important element  Creates the most impact  We’ll cover this in depth later in the semester!
  22. 22. COLOR Color is considered the most important element of design. Each color has three characteristics: hue, value, and intensity.
  23. 23. COLOR. Hue is the name of a color. Red, green and blue-violet are examples of hues. A color may be lightened or darkened, brightened or dulled, but the hue will remain the same.
  24. 24. COLOR Color schemes look best when one color dominates. Dominate color should cover about two-thirds of the room area. An equal split between areas of dominate and subordinate color is far less pleasing
  26. 26. •TEXTURE  Texture is a surface’s tactile quality.  Tactile refers to the perception of touch.
  27. 27. TEXTURE  The surface quality of an object or item  Tactile  How the object feels to the touch  Can feel the variation in the surface  Visual  An illusion - how the object appears to feel  Applied using line, color, & shading
  28. 28. TEXTURE  The surface quality  A rock may be rough and jagged. A piece of silk may be soft and smooth and your desk may feel hard and smooth. Texture also refers to the way a picture is made to look rough or smooth.  In design, texture appeals to sight as well as touch. ‘’Words used to describe textures’’  Ribbed  Crinkled  Rough  Smooth
  29. 29. TEXTURE - SMOOTH  Make colors appear lighter and brighter  Generally considered more formal
  30. 30. TEXTURE - ROUGH  Make color look darker and less intense  Generally less formal
  31. 31. TEXTURE
  32. 32. PATTERN  Repetition of line, shape, form, texture and/or color  Reflects the mood of the elements used  Can be formal, informal, calm, playful.....
  33. 33. oVALUE  Refers to the light and dark areas of a picture.  Value creates depth within a picture making an object look three dimensional (3D) with highlights and cast shadows.  Refers to the light and dark areas of an art work
  34. 34. CATEGORIES OF VALUE  Tint is adding white to create lighter values such as light blue or pink.  • Shade is adding black to create dark values such as dark blue or dark red.  • Value Scale is a scale that shows the gradual change in value from its lightest value, white to its darkest value black.