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History of Scouting.pptx

  1. 1. History of Scouting and biography of Lord Baden Powel Prepared by Dr. Pawan Agrwal RSL, Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam Governement College
  2. 2. What Is Scouting? स्काउट िंग क्या है?  A program of character building and citizenship based in the out-of-doors.  घर से बाहरी जीवन पर आधाररत चररत्र टनर्ााण एविं नागररकता का कार्ाक्रर्  Program is used world-wide, with programs geared to specific age and gender groups.  इस कार्ाक्रर् को टवश्व स्तर पर टवटिन्न आर्ु क े लोगो क े टलए बनार्ा गर्ा है.  It is based on a Scout Promise and Scout Law.  र्ह कार्ाक्रर् स्काउट िंग प्रटतज्ञा एविं टनर्र् पर आधाररत है|  Each country customizes it to their culture, but still adheres to fundamental principles.  प्रत्येक देश इसे अपने देश की सभ्यता अनुसार अनुक ू लित करती है परन्तु इसक े मुिभुत लसद्ाांतो का पािन करते है|
  3. 3. Fundamental Principles • The Scout Movement is: A voluntary non-political education movement for young people, open to all without distinction of origin, race, or creed, in accordance with the purpose, principles and method conceived by the Founder. -(World Organization of the Scout Movement)
  4. 4. र्ूलिूत टसद्ािंत • स्काउट आन्दोिन: नवयुवको क े लिए यह एक स्वयांसेवी, गैर सरकारी, शैटिक आन्दोलन है, जो मूि, जालत, और वांश क े भेदभाव से मुक्त एवां प्रत्येक व्यक्तक्त क े लिए खुिा है| यह १९०७ में सांस्थापक िार्ड बेर्ेन पॉवेि द्वारा सांकक्तित लकये गए िक्ष्य, लसद्ाांत एवां पद्लत क े अनुरूप है| -(World Organization of the Scout Movement)
  5. 5. Fundamental Principles • Purpose of the Scout Movement: To contribute to the development of young people in achieving their full physical, intellectual, social and spiritual potentials as individuals, as responsible citizens and as members of their local, national and international communities. -(World Organization of the Scout Movement)
  6. 6. र्ूलिूत टसद्ािंत • उद्देश्य: आन्दोिन का उद्देश्य नवयुवको क े लवकास में इस तरह योगदान करना है लजसमे उनकी पूर्ड शारीररक, बौक्तद्क, सामालजक एवां आध्याक्तिक अांतः शक्तक्तयोां की प्राक्ति हो एवां वह व्यक्तक्तगत रूप से लजम्मेदार नागररक क े रूप में तथा स्थानीय, राष्ट्र ीय व् अांतराडष्ट्र ीय समुदाय क े सदस्य क े रूप में तैयार हो सक े | -(World Organization of the Scout Movement)
  7. 7. Fundamental Principles • Principles of the Scout Movement: – “Duty to God” ईश्वर क े प्रलत कर्त्डव्य – “Duty to Others” दुसरो क े प्रलत कर्त्डव्य – “Duty to Self” स्वयां क े प्रलत कर्त्डव्य – Adherence to a Promise and Law प्रलतज्ञा एवां लनयम का पािन • All member groups must abide by this -(World Organization of the Scout Movement)
  8. 8. Fundamental Principles • Elements of the Scout Method: – A Promise and Law (प्रलतज्ञा एवां लनयम) – Learning by Doing (कर क े सीखना) – Patrol (or team) System (पेटरोि लसस्टम) – Different program (लवलवध कायडक्रम)
  9. 9. Methods of Scouting Scout Oath (or Promise) "On my honor I will do my best To do my duty to God and my country To help other people at all times; and to obey the Scout Law”
  10. 10. Methods of Scouting स्काउ प्रटतज्ञा “मैं मयाडदापूवडक प्रलतज्ञा करता हूँ लक मैं यथाशक्तक्त ईश्वर और देश क े प्रलत अपने कतडव्योां का पािन करू ूँ गा, दुसरो की सहायता करू ूँ गा और स्काउट लनयमो का पािन करू ूँ गा|”
  11. 11. Methods of Scouting Scout Law 1. A Scout is TRUSTWORTHY 2. A Scout is LOYAL 3. A Scout is a FRIEND TO ALL and a brother to every other Scout. 4. A Scout is COURTEOUS. 5. A Scout is a FRIEND TO ANIMALS and LOVES NATURE. 6. A Scout is DISCIPLINED and helps protect public property. 7. A Scout is COURAGEOUS. 8. A Scout is THRIFTY. 9. A Scout is PURE in thought, word and deed.
  12. 12. Methods of Scouting Scout Law 1. स्काउ / गाइड टवश्वसनीर् होता है। 2. स्काउ / गाइड टनष्ठावान होता है। 3. स्काउ / गाइड सिी का टर्त्र तथा अन्य स्काउ /गाइड्स का िाई अथवा बहन होता है। 4. स्काउ / गाइड टवनम्र होता है। 5. स्काउ / गाइड पशुओिं का टर्त्र तथा प्रक ृ टत-प्रेर्ी होता है। 6. स्काउ / गाइड टनडर होता है। 7. स्काउ / गाइड अनुशासनशील होता है एविं सावाजाटनक सम्पटत की रिा करने र्ें सहार्ता करता है। 8. स्काउ / गाइड टर्तव्यर्ी होता है। 9. स्काउ / गाइड अपने शब्ोिं एविं कार्ों से टवशुद् होता है।
  13. 13. Methods of Scouting SCOUT MOTTO Bunny and Tumtola (3-5y): Smile (र्ुस्क ु राओ) Cub and Bulbul(6-10y): Do your best (कोटशश करो) Scout and Guide(11-17y): Be prepared (तैर्ार रहो) Rover and Ranger(18-25y): Service (सेवा)
  14. 14. Methods of Scouting SCOUT SIGN The three fingers remind us of three promises The holding of little finger by thumb tells us that always a strong person should support weaker one.
  15. 15. Methods of Scouting LEFTHANDED SCOUT HANDSHAKE
  16. 16. Methods of Scouting SCOUT SALUTE
  17. 17. Robert S.S. Baden-Powell • Robert Stephenson Smyth Baden-Powell is considered the Founder of Scouting. • Born on 22nd February 1857 in Peddington, England. • Attended Charterhouse School. Was a poor student, but had good dramatic and artistic skills. Learned outdoor skills on his own and on trips with older brothers. • His father was a Church of England priest and professor at Oxford University. His father died when he was just three years old, and it was left to his mother, Henrietta Grace Smyth to bring up Baden- Powell and his siblings. • Entered military service in 1876 as a sub-lieutenant.
  18. 18. Baden-Powell • Served 8 years in India. • Assigned to Africa. Used his outdoor skills as a military scout during the Zulu uprising. • Assigned to Malta. Served as intelligence officer. • Started to write Aids to Scouting to teach others his scouting skills. Taught in small groups called ‘patrols’.
  19. 19. Baden-Powell • Baden-Powell’s “Scouting” program was very radical. – Men were in small groups under leadership of one of their own, not an officer. – Method of training was by games and activities, not drilling. – What was being taught was self-reliance and independence, and thinking on your own.
  20. 20. Baden-Powell • As a colonel during the Boer War in 1899, defended Mafeking during a 217 day siege. • His actions made him a hero to the British people and promotion to Major General. • Unknown to B-P, his Aids to Scouting became a popular book, and many used it to teach youth. • Remained in Africa to establish South African Constabulary.
  21. 21. Baden-Powell • After returning to England, was inspired to re-write military manual into something more suitable to youth. Used Seton and Beard’s work as inspiration. • Tried out his “scheme” in August, 1907 with weeklong camp at Brownsea Island with 22 boys from different backgrounds. • Success lead to publication of Scouting for Boys in 1908 in six parts.
  22. 22. Baden-Powell • Established Boy Scout Association in 1908. • Knighted in 1909 for his military service. • Retired from military service in 1910 as a lieutenant general to start his “second life”. • Baden-Powell would thus devote the remainder of his life to Scouting, both in the UK and world-wide.
  23. 23. Baden Powell • Established Girl Guide Association in 1910. • Would met and marry Olave Soames in 1912. • Proclaimed Chief Scout of the World, at first World Scout Jamboree in 1920. • In 1929, made a peer for establishing Scouting. First Baron of Gilwell, Gilwell being center of scout leader training (Wood Badge). • Died in 1941 in Africa.
  24. 24. Olave Baden-Powell • Olave Soames married B-P in 1912. • Became involved with Girl Guides, eventually becoming Chief Guide of Girl Guides, replacing B-P’s sister, Agnes, in 1918. • Appointed World Chief Guide in 1930. • Made Dame Grand Cross of BE, 1932. • Died in 1977.
  25. 25. Important dates • 1907: Beginning of Scouting/ First camp • 1908: Scouting for Boys Published • 1909: First Scout Rally at Crystal Palace in London, to which 11,000 Scouts and girls called themselves “girl scouts” participated. • 1910: Beginning of Guiding • 1911: Second scout Rally Windsor Palace, UK • 1912: Baden Powell marries to Olave Soames
  26. 26. Important dates • 1916: Beginning of Cubing/ World Cub Handbook Published. • 1919: Beginning of Rovering/ Aids to Scout Mastership Published • 1920: First World Scout Jamboree held at Olympia, London/ 135 countries participated. BP awarded World Scout Chief. • 1921: Baden Powel visited India as Scout chief. • 1922: Rovering to Success Published.
  27. 27. Scouting in India • 1909: Beginning for Scouting (Only for Anglo- Indian) • 1916: Dr. Annie Besant established Indian Boy Scout Association in Madras. • 1917: Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya and Pandit Hridayanath Kunzru assisted by Sri Ram Bajpai established the Seva Samiti Scout Association in Allahabad. • 1938: It merged and formed the Hindustan Scout Association
  28. 28. Scouting in India • 7th November 1950: Boys Scout Association in India and the Hindustan Scout association merged under the name of The Bharat Scouts and Guides. • 15th August 1951: The Girl Guide Association in India merged with the Bharat Scouts and Guides. • Though Girls and Boys wings are working together but Boys wing is affiliated with WOSM while girls wing is affiliated with WAGGGS.
  29. 29. History of Rovering • 1st August, 1918: terms Rover-Scout was used by Baden-Powell • 1919: Scheme for Rovering started • “Rovering for Success” Published in 1922. • 1st September, 1931: The 1st World Rover Moot was held in 1931 at Kendersteg, Switzerland and thereafter held almost every four years untill 1961. Last moot was held in Iceland in 2017 and next moot will held in Ireland in 2021.
  30. 30. Rovering in India • 1933: Rovering started in Mizoram. • 1959: First All India Rover Camp was held at Nizamuddin • 1960: First service camp for Rovers was held in the 3rd National Jamboree at Banglore. • 1967: First conference of Rover and Ranger Leaders was held at Western Railway Zonal Training School, Udaipur. • 1971: First President Rover/Ranger Award Rally was held at Nizamuddin
  31. 31. Flags • The National flag of India was adopted in its present from during a meeting of the constituent Assembly held on 22nd July 1947, 24 days before India’s independence from the British on 15th August 1947. • Designed by: Pingali venkayya. Tricolour “saffron” at the top, white in the middle, and green at the bottom. In the centre, there is a navy blue wheel with 24 spokes, know as the Ashoka Chakra. National Flag
  32. 32. Flags The world scout flag consists of the world scout badge in a white encircled by a white reef knot. It is set on purple back ground, the size of the flag will be in the ratio of 3:2. Purple is the international colour and stands for the service oriented nature of scouting. The knot is the symbol of the scout brotherhood. The flag was approved in 1951 at the 8 the world conference held in Lisbon. BSG Flag
  33. 33. Flags The Bharat scouts and Guides flag shall be in dark blue colour, the emblem in golden yellow shall be in the centre of the flag with Ashoka chakra in blue colour. Size of association Flag: 180 cm x 120 cm Size of troop Flag: 120 cm x 80 cm Size of emblem in Flag: 45 cm x 30 cm Ratio of the Flag: 3:2 World Scout Flag
  34. 34. Songs and Anthems • The Indian national anthem, composed by Rabindranath Tagore, it was first sung at Calcutta session of Indian national congress on 27thDecember 1911. • Jana gana mana was officially adopted by the constituent Assembly as the Indian national anthem on January 24th, 1950. Timing: 52 sec National Anthem
  35. 35. National Anthem of India
  36. 36. Scout Prayer Written by : Veer Deva Veer LT/s former soc, Haryana, one of the freedom fighter.
  37. 37. Scout Prayer Author : Dayashankar Bhatt Duration : 40-45 second