3. From the mountainous landscapes in the Carpathians, to the shores of the Black Sea, and to the picturesque villages that capture life from another time, Romania has a rich cultural and natural diversity. Tourist Attractions – What You Should See During Your Stay
17. Both the Brukenthal Museum and the Astra National Museum display some of Romania's greatest art collections.
18. You may also choose to go hiking or trekking in the Fagaras Mountains.
24. Hungarian and German are also spoken in some towns and villages. The Székely Land, or Secui, located in the center of Romania and comprising two counties, is inhabited by a majority of ethnic Hungarians. This group has been advocating for autonomy in the past years—yet to no avail.
28. 1 RON = 10 000 (old) lei – Please be aware that many people still use the value of the old currency (lei). Don't be surprised if you hear about millions since 500 RON now was 5 million lei a few years ago (~120 euro).
29. Historical Background 2 nd Century A.D.―Transylvania, the core of the Dacian Empire, becomes part of the Roman Empire and the Romanian national culture results from the mixing of Dacian and Roman cultures 1690-1867―Austro-Hungarian Rule of Transylvania and Ottoman suzerainty of Wallachia and Moldova (Romanians as second-class citizens although they represent the majority of the population) 1878―Kingdom of Romania is founded without Transylvania 1867―World War I―a true “magyarization” of ethnic minorities in Transylvania takes place 1920 Treaty of Trianon―Romania gains Transylvania, Banat, Crisana, and Maramures 1940-1947―Hungary obtains Transylvania by Italo-German arbitration in the Treaty of Vienna 1927-World War II―Iron Guard under Corneliu Codreanu (ultra-nationalist) 1940-44―Romania loses Bessarabia to the USSR and the Socialist Republic of Moldova is established 1947-1989―Communism (Ceausescu becomes head of state in 1967) Mid 1970s ―“Romanianization” campaign starts and development of the “national (read: Romanian) way to socialism” is announced Revolution of December 1989 overthrowing communism 2007 Entered the European Union
32. Although the younger generation has stopped adhering to past traditions, such as listening to folkloric music and wearing the national costumes, older generations still enjoy festivals featuring brightly ornamented costumes and traditional dancing.
49. Before 1990 the economy of Romania was almost completely under state control and was centrally planned. The nationalization of industry, mining, transportation, banking, and insurance, accompanied the government's policy of agricultural collectivization. In order to repay the national debt, Ceausescu curtailed imports drastically while exporting as much as possible. Rationing of basic foodstuffs, gasoline, electricity, and other consumer products brought the Romanian people one of the lowest standards of living in Europe.
50. Economic growth picked up in the early 2000s, as the private sector accounted for most of the GDP and as foreign direct investment grew dramatically. Inflation has always been a problem, however.
51. In 2008 Romania was named the“Tiger”of the East, witnessing the highest increase in GDP among EU members of Central and Eastern Europe.