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Distance learning

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Distance learning

  1. 1. DISTANCE LEARNING EDUCATION FOR ADULT WOMEN ENTERPRENERSHIP by, Natasha Dokovska Journalists for Human Rights Zagreb, 1-3 October 2013
  2. 2. Illiterate of the 21st century will not be those who can not read and write, but those who can not learn, that they forget what they learned and will have to repeat tasks Alvin Toffler
  3. 3. What is distance learning? Distance learning according the English Wikipedia is defines as a method of learning that does not require students to be physically present at a particular place during the semester. This method opens up opportunities for lifelong learning to students from all countries and all times, and gives them a chance to get diplomas and certificates from almost any online universities in the world.
  4. 4. 5 generation in distance learning 1 generation Printed mater. 2 generation Audio technology 3 generation 4 generation 5 generation Video technology Middle of 20 sent IT technology distance learning _____________________________________________________________
  5. 5. What is distance learning? In the world today there are more than 130 million online students, and the annual growth rate of the number of participants was estimated to be around 20%. At the global level, the distance learning annually spend more than $ 23 billion. These fascinating data are changing every day, because the number of eLearning participants continually increased. eLearning as a way to acquire primary or new knowledge, education, training, retraining, monitoring trends in areas of interest or work, specifically adapted to man today.
  6. 6. Benefits of distance learning 1. Classes can be held via streaming, transfer of multimedia content that does not require that you first download the complete file, and then observe, but it can do so while the data transfer in progress 2. Classes may be available in the form of printed materials that are stored as files on the server educational workers. 3. Students can communicate among themselves and with the teacher via internet forums, imejla and troop. 4. Tasks can be placed in the drop-down menu, and tests and exams can be automated and are placed online. 5. Materials for the course are still available and can be easily updated. 6. Online formats offer flexibility and that you control the speed of work and progress.
  7. 7. Beginning of distance learning? Distance learning has deep roots in the practice (and theory) of adult education • • Reviewing the literature existed two schools on distance learning the first referred to as "self- study " and the second as "the study of distance " • First is the product of the North American experience with significant the influence of Great Britain, • The other occurred in mainland Europe, the influence of the ideas that emerged in France. from the studied literature shows that there are many variations , but the essence all the responsibility for the study was the student as an adult person.
  8. 8. Beginning of distance learning? External students are aided by the university since the late 19th century. Thus, the University of Chicago organized a corresponding programpart of the university program . Later the movement spread university extension. Universities offer loans for external students. The movement also evolved to the sixties of the 20th century , when the term " distance education " is replaced with the term " self-study "(see IEHE 1216 ) . In the 20th century created an extensive body of distance education , which describes the practice and made ​attempts theoretical generalization and systematization of such practices . correspondentthrough study and by celebrities, such as, for example , the Swedish statesman Olof Palme
  9. 9. The tools for distance learning Currently there are several different definitions of tools for e-learning ,but there is still no single definition. Some of the tools are : * Educational software: computer software designed for education. The expression is obtained by connecting the concepts course (the course) and software (software). * Software designed for educational purposes * A set of media, books, illustrations, tape and computer programs necessary for the provision of instructional modules. Name implies that there is a software component.
  10. 10. Web 2.0 The distance education component need Web 2.0 direction in the World Wide Web technology which is based on: social note that allows users to participate in creating content Web is an interactive two-way communication between the user and the computer and the user and other users by giving the user becomes from a passive to active participant.
  11. 11. Adventage of Web 2.0 Web 2.0 tools are a group of social software tools that allow consumers to interact and exchange data and disclosure and exchange of internet and other digital content where users create their own content It is free and available to everyone and can be a very good use of the school as a supplement to traditional instruction and all forms of extracurricular activities. In this way, learning is not only for "consuming" content is done through collaboration and create their own knowledge through a variety of resources and users. Prerequisite is "only" education teachers for their use and application.
  12. 12. Division of Web 2.0 The Web 2.0 is divided on : -Wiki - is a type of network station that allows users to add, remove, publishing content in a different way and change the most commonly used content, very quickly and easily. Sound and videopodcasting and on-line presentation; - A podcast is a digital file containing audio or audiovisual recording to be distributed over the internet using RSS technology, intended for viewing (or listening) to the computer, digital portable player such as an iPod or a TV with devices like Apple TV. The name podcast is compound word POD (Personal On Demand) and the English word broadcast. -YouTube - Sharing photos - Flickr, Zoto, Aviary, Splashup
  13. 13. Positive and negative sides of distance learning for adult * Open learning system; * The system includes two separate but essentially functional programs * System feature that allows students to participate in programs of teaching and learning without imposing traditional academic requirements and restrictions, and without seeking academic degrees and other certificates as exclusive prizes. * Open learning objectives are formulated in such a way that can serve as a basis for decisions about teaching program, including its evaluation. students are known learning tasks so that they can participate in making decisions that affect them. * The system makes it possible to serve a particular group students without increasing costs for such operation ;. * This characteristic refers to the methodology ( didactic methodological framework classes). This includes the possibility of the use of sound recordings, films, prints, and other types of communication.
  14. 14. Positive and negative sides of distance learning for adult * The system allows testing and evaluation to determine and analyzed the achievements of individuals in specific tasks learning, including Self-directedness than mentoring others. * Open learning is able to tolerate the distance between teachers, students and resources , to be taken as the distance positive element in the development of autonomy in students . * The system accepts a student in the middle of it as a center for teaching and directing efforts to enrich specific areas thatneeded to overcome the barriers of place and time . * Sistem open learning requires gaining and maintaining active cooperation with the local environment and the use of regional sources as important resources for learning, reducing.
  15. 15. The future of distance education Any future must be grounded in the present. it is applies to distance education. We can not avoid the wave technological innovations and their application in teaching and learning.