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A New Route for Submarine Cables

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A New Route for Submarine Cables by Tan Tze Meng

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A New Route for Submarine Cables

  1. 1. “Malaysia: A New Route for Submarine Cables” Submarine Cable crossing between the Indian Ocean and South China Sea V1.0 JULY 2019
  2. 2. ASEAN (shipmap.org) The Straits of Melaka is a extremely strategic waterway in South East Asia. It is the main route for shipping between the Indian Ocean and South China Sea and beyond
  3. 3. The Straits of Melaka is ALSO the main route for submarine cables between the Indian Ocean and South China Sea and beyond. So both ships and submarine cables squeeze down the narrow and shallow Straits of Melaka – a less than ideal situation
  4. 4. Singapore is an Entrepôt in both container cargo and communications cables. Currently estimated to have about 400 Tbps of sub sea capacity (lit and unlit) with about 15-20 Tbps (5%) supplying the island. Concentration Risk?
  5. 5. The Isthmus of Kra, Thailand Talks of a canal (like Panama and Suez) for shipping have been on and off since 1677. Potentially saving 1200 km. In 1996 the FLAG (Fiber-Optic Link Around the Globe) Europe Asia cable built 2 diverse paths across here. <This Space Intentionally Left Blank> In 2018 AAE-1 (Asia Africa Europe 1) crossed here.
  6. 6. We have many SCLC’s in Malaysia but they are all termination points for subsea cables: no subsea cables transit Malaysia currently. Cables only land in Malaysia to supply demand IN Malaysia.
  7. 7. The only major transit business in Malaysia appears to be taking traffic down to Singapore. This is a growing business, new north south fiberization projects are being planned. They may benefit Malaysia but these also strengthen Singapore’s role as a hub.
  8. 8. It is time for Malaysia to play greater role in providing a new subsea cable route for South East Asia.
  9. 9. You may rightly ask, is there demand for such a route ?You may rightly ask, is there demand for such a route ? Instead, ask this question: Do you think anyone will want an alternative route from the Straits of Melaka with potentially lower latency, lower risk and maybe even lower cost?
  10. 10. Lets say, hypothetically, if there are people who want to land cables in Malaysia, what would they want? [1] Regulatory and Licensing Clarity (Not in the scope of this paper) [2] Competitive cost based on Fibre Pairs, not bandwidth [3] Open Carrier Neutral Cable Landing Station / Data Centre [4] Extension of the Front-Haul from BMH inland to terminate at SLTE in a City PoP / Data Centre
  11. 11. DC DC BMH SLTE TLTE TLTE BMH SLTE Terrestrial Back-HaulFront-Haul Front-Haul Conventional CLS vs City PoP BMH SLTE TLTE DC Beach Man-Hole Submarine Line Terminal Equipment Terrestrial Line Terminal Equipment Data Centre Cable Landing Station Image by Pexels from Pixabay
  12. 12. KV onventional CLS Backhaul Architecture most Everything is dragged back to Klang Valley hile it is true that the greatest demand is there, it means LATENCY to everywhere else is a problem
  13. 13. Carrier Hotel Centralised International Gateway BMH SLTE TLTE Terrestrial Back-HaulFront-Haul Conventional CLS and Centralised Architecture Cable Landing Station TLTE IP Border Router IX Distribution IP Network Core IP Network
  14. 14. Neutral City PoP BMH SLTE Front-Haul Crazy Idea = Optical Internet Exchange Image by Pexels from Pixabay AS 1 SLTE ROADM – Reconfigurable Optical Add/Drop Multiplexer AS 2 AS 3 IP Border Router
  15. 15. City PoP/DC + Optical Internet ExchangeOIX OIX OIX OIX OIX istributed National IP Architecture etter Latency and Performance for the rest of Malaysia
  16. 16. “Malaysia: A New Route for Submarine Cables” Thank You Contact me if you want to play a part in making this happen V1.0 JULY 2019

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