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MissionTRANSFORMING INDIAN SUB CONTINENT INTO A HEALTHY - WEALTHY & VIBRANT HABITAT
Murali H R, Namma Cycle , Ride A Cycle Foundation, Bangalore
Transforming India through the
NEETI AYOG – TRANSFORMING INDIA THROUGH CYCLING - INVISIBLE CYCLING TO VISIBLE CYCLING
Principles of Cycling
Philosophy of Cycling
Policy of Cycling by Govt of India
Goals and Objectives
Strategies & Implementation Guidelines
About Ride-A-Cycle Foundation
Ride-A-Cycle Foundation is a Non Profit NGO that wants to encourage cycling – as a form of recreation, sport and
as a means to commute to work.
Ride-A-Cycle Foundation will lobby for the rights of cyclists and for laws that offer protection to cyclists through
dedicated cycling lanes as well as through support for safety regulations. We hope to work with the government
administration to bring about change aimed at encouraging cycling in our cities.
Namma Cycle is a Bicycle Sharing Project being executed at IISc, Bangalore since last 3 years.
Principles of Cycling –
5 E’s – 2 H & 1 S
80,000 crore of
the long run
•Mental, Physical, S
piritual energy is
burnt in the traffic
Equity & Equality
•The poor people
have no mobility
highest in cities.
•The economics of
y is highly
expensive for the
car based mobility
and less energy in
•Air & Noise
•Cycle will reduce
noise and air
Mobility creates lot
of binding for the
soul as body is at
the center of
society frees the
soul and enables
Health & Happiness
leads to more
the health and
the safety of the
city in general
Can NITI AYOG TRANSFORM THE ENERGY MATRIX by reducing the
fuel consumed pro actively by enabling alternate mode of
Can we enable public transport for all Tier 2/3 cities
Can we enable cycling & walking
Nation consumes around 80,000 – 1 lakh crore of imported fuel.
Ecology and Environment
Human activities are responsible for the degrading environment
Ecological damage is irreversible and takes a long time to heal.
Many species have already vanished.
Cycle wheel is the wheel that will bring back life.
Equity and Equality
Modern automobile culture encroaches on the principles of
―Liberty, Fraternity and Equality “ – Enshrined in the Constitution of
No liberty - the poor with no motor vehicle have no liberty to move .
No Equality - The pedestrians are mowed down by reckless vehicle
and they have no respect on the roads.
India having the worlds largest diabetes population
Child Obesity Increasing in Urban Habitats
Average expenditure 10,000 Rs in India
Cyclists have not killed any one – then why kill the cycling culture
Indian Roads are the most dangerous roads for pedestrians
Road accident is the biggest killer and most of the killed are in the age group – 20 – 30.
ENABLING CYCLING significantly reduces the road accident, as it creates a more human and
Cost – Benefits of various mobility
CAR based mobility
has little benefits if
the car users
time is comparable
Source : https://www.sfmta.com/sites/default/files/BicycleStrategyFinal_0.pdf
Philosophy of cycling
• Namo brahmane namaste vaayo
Brahmaasi twaameva pratyaksham
• Prostrations to Thee, O Vayu! Thou
art the visible Brahman. I shall
proclaim Thee as the visible
Brahman. I shall call Thee the just
and the True. May He protect the
teacher and me! May he protect
the teacher! Om
peace, peace, peace!
• Vedic seers treated the “VAAYU” as
the supreme being. India being a
Hindu Nation should show the way
for venerating the life giving force -
• This can be done by enabling
cycling and reducing the pollution
• Buddha taught humanity to make
effort to reduce the sorrow and
suffering on one self and also the
• Societies which have promoted
active life style have more
happiness and less sorrow as they
have more opportunities to interact
and exchange stories and hence
• Less noise and clean air leads to a
• Cycling enables movement through
• Compassion is the highest form of
intelligence and wisdom.
• The Motor culture creates
tremendous amount of violence
and the children are denied the
freedom to move out in all towns
• The Motor culture kills and injures life
and violence is continuous.
• Most of the trees are removed from
the roads to make way for cars. This
removes the habitats for trees as well
• Cycling and walking leads to a
more accommodative and less
violent way of living.
National Urban Transport Policy -
road space -
focus on people
must be given
their due share
Have to address
Features such as
parking, shade, l
nking & resting
Every City is planning for cycling –
Global Bicycling Conditions
Amsterdam, Copenhaegan leading
China is also leading the world.
BUT INDIA IS A NON STARTER
Transform the Urban India into a Happy Habitat by enabling cycling
Public Transport sustainability to be a top focus area.
Integrated mobility design a important criteria.
NEETI AYOG TRANSFORMATION
1. Building Bicycle Eco System in India
2. Innovative Bicycles for the people at low cost
3. Innovative Bicycle Rickshaws Introduction
4. Bicycle and Women – enabling good cycles for women
5. Bicycle Infrastructure for towns and cities
6. Bicycle Promotion thro the PM’s office
India Bicycle Mission
Enable creation of
Planning for all the
Enable smart show
New Products and
Create a positive
vibe around the
cycle by creating
was done to
Mission Steps and Schedule
• Amsterdam /
• Beijing &
Shanghai & Tokyo
• Ask all Urban
Cities to give the
• Identify the low
hanging fruits ie
target cities which
• Support facilities
, Objectives &
Target for each
city / state to
meet the NMT
Bicycle cultures are constructed in relation to patterns of urban history
and spatial development; policies and infrastructure; cultural attitudes
toward mobility and urban space; and informal perceptions and
A focus on mobility systems and how people actually move around
cities demonstrates how urban spaces and their design can have
important impacts on social relations.
As the case studies of three cities demonstrates, changes in policy and
infrastructure can play a role in promoting bicycle use, but bicycle use
in cities is also highly sensitive to cultural attitudes, social relations, and
What is Urban “Bicycle Culture?”
The social and political-economic organization, shared
meanings, and actual skills, practices, and norms
involved in riding a bicycle through a city.
Variations in these dynamics from city to city are
related to the production of distinctive social
dynamics, norms, and experiences surrounding
Urban Form, Mobility Systems, and
Life in cities is bound up with getting to and from places, and people are
ever more mobile in their cities.
Patterns of urban development shape mobility dynamics as well as social
and economic relations.
In North America and Europe, many cities underwent redevelopment as
―mass transit‖ cities in the 19th century and then in the 20th underwent
intensive automobilization, transforming the physical character and social
dynamics of urban cores in often negative ways.
In the fast-growing ―megacities‖ of the Global South, rapid
growth, poverty, expensive and inefficient means of urban
transportation, and unplanned motorization have made intra-urban mobility
In these contexts—and because of
policy, infrastructural, and social conditions—bicycles have
Urban Form, Mobility Systems, and
Yet, increasing numbers of urban theorists, transportation planners, and
increasingly certain governments, assert that bicycles need to play a role
in addressing contemporary problems of urban development and mobility:
Population density and mixed land use make for congestion when cars are
in use. But they also make for short distances for bicycle travel.
Bicycles are flexible and take up little space; are efficient, inexpensive, and
non-polluting; offer health benefits; and infrastructure investments are
Bicycles can improve urban quality of life, though debates over
gentrification-by-bicycle have become intense in certain U.S. cities.
Studies show that infrastructural and policy changes can support bicycle
use…although these studies tend to be culturally uninformed.
The Case Studies: Four Cities
Amsterdam (Netherlands), Bogotá (Colombia), Sao Paulo (Brazil ) , Bangalore
(Central Business District.)
Why them? Each has self-consciously prioritized
bicycle use, yet in distinctive measures given distinct
histories and cultures.
What makes a city conducive to bicycle use?
What kinds of infrastructural, political-economic, and social qualities characterize
cycling in these cities?
Who rides, and what are the ordinary pleasures and perils, meanings, skills, and politics
of riding in them?
Amsterdam: “The Bicycle City”
Cycling as ―natural‖ and apolitical, not
done by ―cyclists‖
Extensive bike lanes, cycle tracks, and
parking, limitations on automobiles.
Cycling renaissance set against a
backdrop of decline in bikes, rise of
• Distinctive association between the bicycle and Dutch national character:
bicycles as ―modest‖ transportation.
• Actual riding through the city is ―organized chaos‖ based on subtle skills and
reading intentions of others, much of which has been learned since childhood.
• Bicycle culture still in formation: shifting meanings, new bicycle types, ongoing
reimagination of the city as ―hip‖ and ―sustainable‖ in which bicycles play a role.
Bogotá: The Right to the City
Cycling as protagonist in urban transformation based on idea
that all should have right to the city
Sunday Ciclovías since 1974 and Cicloruta built in 2000s, both
viewed as critical to quality of life.
Colombians identify with cycling. City streets and sidewalks had
been overrun with cars and buses.
Charismatic mayors, enabled by political changes giving more
autonomy to city, committed to developing bicycle
• Most riders on cicloruta are low-income men. Ciclovías more socially and
economically-diverse and large-scale.
• Perceptions of insecurity on the cicloruta are common, still requires
engagement with cars.
• Political momentum for bicycle infrastructure has stagnated. New civil
society groups have emerged to promote bicycle use.
Sao Paulo: The Right to the City
The initiative is part of a project
backed by the city's
mayor, Fernando Haddad.
Planned to expand Sao Paulo's
existing network of bike lanes from
64.7km (40 miles) to 400km in length
Bangalore : “Bike Friendliness” in
central business district
India’s ―Largest Bike Friendly Community.‖
―Share the road,‖ an idea and ideology
that’s been around for a long time, and it
forces cyclists to adapt to motor vehicle
Tender Sure project accommodates cycling
• Significant increase in the cycling population from the IT Sector.
• Support from Local Municipality and Government.
1: 3.5m Wide footpath
2: First lane of On street
3: Street Vendors
4: Second Lane of Parking
6: Single Traffic Lane available
35m Wide Road in Navi Mumbai, Image by : Avinash
Present Scenario in INDIA -
WHAT NEEDS TO BE DONE
Accommodate cycling in Road cross
2.0 10.5 2.0
FP P CW M
The Netherlands, Denmark and Germany have been among the most
successful countries at promoting cycling for daily travel. Since all three
countries are quite rich, their high levels of cycling are not due to an
inability to afford more expensive transport modes but due to the
deliberate option to follow the path of wisdom.
Transport and land-use policies in all these nations shifted drastically to
favor walking, cycling and public transport over the private car. The
policy reform was a reaction to the increasingly harmful
environmental, energy and safety impacts of rising car use.
These nations created the following infrastructure :
Extensive systems of separate cycling facilities including bicycle lanes
and bicycle tracks.
Mandate for Urban Cities
Create a Network Framework for citywide cycling
Prioritize – Evaluate- Fund long/short term cycle projects
Each city to publish the ―proposed target‖.
Bicycle Infrastructure for enabling
Bicycle sharing - Public Bicycle
bike-sharing.blogspot.com/ - China & Europe leading the way
options in the city
Reduce pressure on
Induce new cycle
ridership – non-
Put the spotlight on
friendliness of the
100 station / 2000 cycle system
Generates 4 million trips in 1 year
Saves 2 lakh litres of petrol
Reduces Carbon emissions by 500 tons
Models - PPP
Outdoor Advertisement Corporate Sponsored
- City grants rights to public hoarding spaces
- Needs tightly controlled city hoarding policy
- Outdoor Advertisement Companies often major
players in this market (Clear Channel, JCDecaux)
- City and Sponsor/s work closely together
- Reduces advertisement clutter in the city
- Large companies with strong city connections (Rio
Tinto, Barclays, Denver B-Cycle)
City/Scheme Start Date Stations Cycles Cycles/Station
Paris/Velib July 2007 1450 20,600 14
London/Barclays July 2010 400 6000 15
Montreal/Bixi May 2009 400 5000 12
Washington D.C/CapitalBikes Sept 2010 100 1100 11
Hangzhou Oct 2008 2200 60,000 27
Wuhan Aug 2009 740 21,000 28
• France has ~ 30 cities with such schemes
• ClearChannel and Cyclocity (JCDecaux) major systems in Europe
• B-Cycle and BIXI major systems in N. America
Simple 3-gear system
Aluminum frame - light, strong, durable
One-piece handlebar covers and protects all components
All cables and derailleur covered for better protection
Chain protector integrated into bike structure
Active lighting - front and back, always on
Front and rear internal brakes for greater safety
Adjustable seat positioning
Low center of gravity for greater stability
Tires – high quality, puncture resistant
5 year guarantee
Need for Institutional set-up within city – NMT Cell
Commitment to goals in line with NUTP – Comprehensive Mobility Plans
Cycling Policy – National / State / City
Bicycle Master Plan
Creating + Fixing Cycling Infrastructure
Expense Head Amount
Staff (attendants, supervisors, office) 2,00,000
Cycle Station (capital cost annualized
over 10 years)
Cycle Replacement 60,000
IT + O & M 30,000
Admin (6%) 24,000
TOTAL 4 lakhs
Public Bicycle Scheme
Cost per Station (annual)
(attendants, supervisors, offic
Cycle Station (capital cost
annualized over 10 years)
IT + O & M
Habitat Mission, 0.3
on first hour rate
City Category (population)
Large (2 million +) 5 500 2500 50,000
Medium (half million – 2
10 250 2500 50,000
Small (less than half million) 25 100 2500 50,000
TOTAL 40 7500 150,000
* 20 cycles per station
Estimated Budget Support
200 – 300 crores for operational subsidies (annual)
220 – 380 crores for cycles
5 crores for Capacity Building / Technical Assistance
2 crore for the IT System
Bicycle Industry Innovation
Indian Bicycle Industry needs support
from the government.
Ludhiana the hub of the cycle
industry is itself highly
polluted, compare it with Taipei
which is the hub of making quality
They promote the city as a cycling
city consciously and also make more
Can we Transform LUDHIANA with
the support of the industry into a
cycle city – so that it can act as a
Marketing and Selling
Provide Subsidy and award the best
bicycle designers and manufacturere
Make available good quality bicycles of
different type at low price.
Emulate Taiwanese Model to become the
world leader in Bicycle Manufacturing
Bicycle Part Manufacturing to be enabled
Design High Quality Easy to Ride Bicycles Design different bicycles
Action for Implementation
Creation of BICYCLE MASTER PLAN for Tier 2 cities and Tier 3 cities.
This will lead to Creation of a city-wide cycle track network and cycle-safe streets
A city-wide Public Bicycle Scheme
Bicycle to be de facto public transport vehicle.
Bicycle Parking Facilities
Enable safe- convenient bicycle parking at Parks/Malls/Hotels/Cinemas/Religious Locations/Bus
Integration with Public Transport
Adoption and use of Design Guidelines for planning and implementing cycle-friendly infrastructure
Institutional Mechanisms, Capacity-building and Financial Planning for implementing the plan
Skill Building Training the Urban Engineers about the need for NMT infrastructure.
Awareness and Education Campaigns
Reward for cities that have created the infra for cycling.
Public Involvement across cities
Key stakeholder interviews/training to be conducted
Media strategy / Media Partners for dissemination of information
Public meetings and stakeholder interactions should use audio/visual
materials, presentations, panel displays and other innovative methods.
Bilingual materials (English and Marathi) required
Social Media to be used effectively
All materials should be available on a website –
The plan summary, draft plan, final plan, maps, charts should be
available as print copies.
The plan summary should be easy to understand and be available in English
and Local Language.
Innovative Bicycles for the people
The bicycle industry abroad has
undergone a great revolution and
they have made lot of new
inventions in making bicycles for
different needs like cargo
carrying, carrying kids etc.
Bicycle Usage TransformationCurrent Usage in India Bicycle Usage
This is a Cargo cycle used in EUROPE.This can carry around 70Kgs
easilly and safely.
These type of cargo bikes
with Cargo can carry more
weight and help street
vendors take their products
This can carry kids and also cargo of around 100 Kgs easilly.
Ergonomic/Aerobic design enables easy ride.
Can be used to carry Cargo
and also kids for shorter trips.
Bicycle Technology Park – BTP on
lines similar to STP
Invite world’s biggest cycle
manufacturers and cycle related
accessories in set up Bicycle
Manufacturing under ―MAKE IN
Set up the park with TAX FREE
provisions similar to what was given
for the IT INDUSTRY – Software
Taiwan has created such parks and
has given a big boost to such parks.
Existing facilities in
LUDHIANA/CHENNAI/PUNE to be
upgraded to compete with world
Womens Mobility – Special Care
Special Bicycle for women
Both Urban and Rural women
have to face multiple mobility
They infact do more trips than the
Provide special bicycles for
women in rural areas.
Bicycle Rickshaw Upgrade
Current Indian Rickshaw
Pedicabs are very popular in Europe.
Indian Scientists tried to build a pedicab that runs on Solar Power.
But the project was not a success.
We need to introduce Pedicabs in Small Towns and Tier-2 Cities.
Need to Upgrade into a
more modern Pedicab
Bicycle Tourism along rivers
Build bicycle path along the rivers.
Conserve all lakes in urban areas by
constructing bicycle tracks.
Transform the area around following
rivers for walking and cycling
Sindhu – Jhelum and areas in Punjab
Upgrade Tourist Destination to support cycling
- Bicycle Paths with clear maps
India has high density tourist
destination like Ajanta, Ellora – we
should be creating good tracks for
tourists to enjoy the country side.
IDENTIFY top 10 tourist destinations
in India and enable cycling
National Bicycle Route Creation
We need to create a National Bicycle Route for tourists to enjoy cycling
the country like the way it is created in US and Europe.
Has huge revenue potential for tourism in billions.
EURO VELO – AN INSPIRATION FOR
promotes economically, environmentally and socially sustainable travel;
improves the quality of EuroVelo routes in all participating European countries;
promotes the uniform signing of EuroVelo routes in accordance with published standards;
provides Europe-wide information on EuroVelo routes and national cycle routes;
supports the development of national coordination centres for EuroVelo route and
national routes; and
fosters exchange of experience and best practice between European states and
regions, stimulating high quality cycle strategies and infrastructure.
The European Cyclists’ Federation (ECF) is coordinating the development of a network of high-quality cycling routes that connect the whole
continent. The routes can be used by long-distance cycle tourists, as well as by local people making daily journeys. EuroVelo currently comprises of
14 routes and it is envisaged that the network will be substantially complete by 2020.
ASIA VELO – ALONG THE SILK ROAD
India should take the lead in creating a cycle route for the entire asia so that people to
people contact increases in ASIA.
The current Asia resembles the Europe of the last century with each country fighting its
Honorable PM who is a cyclist himself should be the chairman of ASIA VELO – the
organization that will enable Asians to cycle in ASIA.
EACH ASIAN COUNTRY should create a network of routes for Asians to explore.
ASIA to connect EUROPE through a cycling route via AFGHANISTAN - IRAN.
ASIANS not in touch with each other for 500 years leading to colonization by Europe.
In 1453, however, the Ottomans took Constantinople & SILK ROAD was closed. ASIA –
EUROPE DISCONNECTED by LAND since 1400.
The ASIA VELO will enable Asians to come in touch with one another and be partners for
peace, progress and prosperity.
Creation of a National Bicycle
The route should have wide
stretches only for cycling and it
should have big trees planted for
providing shades and also
enhancing the environment for
These kind of routes (minimum
distance 10 Km ) should be
created in high density tourist
districts like –
OOTY, JAIPUR, MYSORE, DEHRADU
Cycling along the coast
India has a vast coastal area which has the
western and the eastern Ghats.
7,517 km of superb space for tourism.
GOA TO TRIVANDRUM – along the NH 17 –
UPGRADE TO SUPPORT CYCLING
CALCUTTA TO CHENNAI – NH 5 – upgrade to
A bicycle trail running along the entire coast will
make cycle tourism one of the biggest hits in the
Coastal cycling in following states can be
taken on priority basis
Bicycle Promotion from the PM’s
PM as the brand
ambassador of cycling
Bicycle is looked down in the
society due to various historical
The Image of the cycling as a eco
friendly, healthy mode of
commute requires a ambassador.
PM of India can be the best
ambassador to promote cycling.
Once in a MONTH – First Friday of every month declare
cycle day – cycle to work and cycle to school/college.
On that day Every one cycle’s to
office, schools, colleges and each institution publishes
the number of cyclists. Each City/Village to reward the
largest institution which could attract cyclists.
Bicycle promotion films to be screened in all movie
theatres for 15 – 20 s highlighting the benefits of cycling.
Bicycle Selfie to be promoted thro the PM riding a
"This is not a new concept. Denmark has been
encouraging its citizens to use cycles often by providing
tax incentives," Modi said.
"It will not require any budget allocation or file work." -
EURO BIKE the biggest
The Eurobike is the international
platform for the world’s biggest
innovations in cycling.
Everything related to bicycles and
bike accessories, fashion and a
wealth of specialist information
about bikes will be spread across
more than 100,000 square meters in
13 exhibition halls.
More than 1,300 exhibitors, 46,000
industry visitors from over 100
countries, 20,000 bike fans and
about 2,000 journalists are expected
at the 2015 Eurobike.
India should take the lead in
organizing the ASIA BIKE.
Consolidate all cycling activities
and share with everyone and
Invite all asian cycle federations.
Organize a cycle race in the
Tour De France – Inspiration
The Tour de France a
annual multiple stage bicycle
race primarily held in France while
also occasionally making passes
through nearby countries.
The modern editions of the Tour de
France consist of 21 day-long
segments (stages) over a 23-day
period and cover around 3,500
kilometres (2,200 mi)
The number of teams usually varies
between 20 and 22, with nine
riders in each.
INDIA RACES across the rivers and
India Bicycle Mission
1. Should organize Races across the
following 5 rivers of India -
1. Tour de Kaveri
2. Tour de Ganga
3. Tour de Godavari
4. Tour de Sindhu – from Srinagar to
5. Tour de Narmada.
Tour De Himalayas
Tour De Himalayas should enable
cycle race in the Himalayas
starting from Kashmir to Sikkim.
How does the Government win
Bicycle Tourism – Revenue
Potential - Europe: $57 Billion
Per Year from EuroVelo Bicycle
India can atleast target for $ 1
billion per year from the bicycle
Enabling cycling on a large scale
will produce atleast 10 lakh jobs
Revenue from Bicycle
Local Municipality can gain
significant revenue by enabling
Significant saving of the import .
Reduction in CO 2 emission.
Strong support from the PM will
send a message that the Gov is
committed for reducing co2
NEETI AYOG – TRANSFORMING INDIA - INVISIBLE TO VISIBLE CYCLING
The above picture shows the
support the PM received from the
And what better way to thank the
citizen than enabling cycling.
INVISIBLE TO VISIBLE CYCLING
Bibliography & Acknowledgments
Comprehensive Bicycle Plan for Pune – Ranjith - Parisar
Various cycling groups across India
Indian Bicycle Manufacturers
Commissioner & Traffic Engineering Cell - from Bangalore - BBMP.
Reference for further reading
London cycling vision.
Sanfrancisco cycling plan.
Copenhagen cycling vision