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Civil War Battles 63 65

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Civil War Battles 63 65

  1. 1. THE AMERICAN CIVIL WAR 1863 to 1865
  2. 3. Fort Sumter Bull Run Ironclads Shiloh Antietam Fredericksburg Chancellorsville Gettysburg Vicksburg Chickamauga Sherman’s March Petersburg/Richmond Appomattox May 1863 THE BATTLES AND PLACES YOU NEED TO KNOW
  3. 4. CHANCELLORSVILLE
  4. 6. Chancellorsville IMPACT Confederacy continues to roll Lee will use the victories to move North Jackson is irreplaceable Change in Union generals
  5. 7. July 1863 Fort Sumter Bull Run Ironclads Shiloh Antietam Fredericksburg Chancellorsville Gettysburg Vicksburg Chickamauga Sherman’s March Petersburg/Richmond Appomattox THE BATTLES AND PLACES YOU NEED TO KNOW
  6. 8. GETTYSBURG <ul><li>THE TURNING POINT </li></ul>
  7. 9. The Road to Gettysburg
  8. 12. Animated Picketts Charge
  9. 13. THE IMPACT OF GETTYSBURG
  10. 14. The Impact of Gettysburg <ul><li>51,000 casualties - 23,000 Union, 28,000 Confederate (1/3 of their total number) </li></ul><ul><li>arrested the Confederates' second and last major invasion of the North , destroyed their offensive strategy and sent them back to Virginia </li></ul><ul><li>first time Union had beaten Lee decisively </li></ul><ul><li>forced the South to fight a defensive war in which the inadequacies of their manufacturing capacity and transportation facilities doomed them to defeat </li></ul><ul><li>by allowing Lee's survivors to leave, Meade actually extends the length of the war </li></ul><ul><li>manpower and resources of the North finally made a difference </li></ul><ul><li>tide was turning for the Union (especially after Vicksburg) </li></ul>
  11. 15. GETTYSBURG IMPACT Union finally beats Lee on the battlefield Confederate Army is devastated South will not get foreign support
  12. 16. July 1863 Fort Sumter Bull Run Ironclads Shiloh Antietam Fredericksburg Chancellorsville Gettysburg Vicksburg Chickamauga Sherman’s March Petersburg/Richmond Appomattox THE BATTLES AND PLACES YOU NEED TO KNOW
  13. 17. VICKSBURG <ul><li>THE MISSISSIPPI FALLS </li></ul>
  14. 20. VICKSBURG IMPACT Union gains control of Mississippi River The South is split The turning point, part 2
  15. 21. Sept 1863 Fort Sumter Bull Run Ironclads Shiloh Antietam Fredericksburg Chancellorsville Gettysburg Vicksburg Chickamauga Sherman’s March Petersburg/Richmond Appomattox THE BATTLES AND PLACES YOU NEED TO KNOW
  16. 22. CHICKAMAUGA <ul><li>LAST REBEL TRIUMPH </li></ul>
  17. 25. CHICKAMAUGA IMPACT Union ends offensive in Georgia, but will hold on in Tenessee Major casualties – one of top 5 Final Confederate victory in the West
  18. 26. GRANT TAKES COMMAND
  19. 28. Sept 1863 Fort Sumter Bull Run Ironclads Shiloh Antietam Fredericksburg Chancellorsville Gettysburg Vicksburg Chickamauga Overland Campaign Sherman’s March Petersburg/Richmond Appomattox THE BATTLES AND PLACES YOU NEED TO KNOW
  20. 29. THE OVERLAND CAMPAIGN
  21. 30. The Army of the Potomac and the Army of Northern Virginia met on many Virginia battlefields <ul><li>The Wilderness </li></ul><ul><li>Spotsylvania </li></ul><ul><li>North Anna </li></ul><ul><li>Cold Harbor </li></ul>
  22. 32. The casualties for both sides were tremendous <ul><li>Between May 4 to June 18 th </li></ul><ul><li>Grant lost 65,000 men </li></ul><ul><li>Lee lost 35,000 men </li></ul>The North could replace their men – the South couldn't
  23. 33. LINCOLN WINS RE-ELECTION
  24. 37. Lincoln won the electoral vote, the popular vote and the military vote
  25. 39. Fall 1864 THE BATTLES AND PLACES YOU NEED TO KNOW Fort Sumter Bull Run Ironclads Shiloh Antietam Fredericksburg Chancellorsville Gettysburg Vicksburg Chickamauga Overland Campaign Sherman’s March Petersburg/Richmond Appomattox
  26. 40. SHERMAN’S MARCH <ul><li>TOTAL WAR </li></ul>
  27. 46. SHERMAN’S MARCH IMPACT Confederate civilians are devastated South split again
  28. 49. Spring 1865 Fort Sumter Bull Run Ironclads Shiloh Antietam Fredericksburg Chancellorsville Gettysburg Vicksburg Chickamauga Sherman’s March Petersburg/Richmond Appomattox THE BATTLES AND PLACES YOU NEED TO KNOW
  29. 50. PETERSBURG / RICHMOND
  30. 53. THE RUINS OF RICHMOND
  31. 54. PETERSBURG / RICHMOND IMPACT Confederate capital and transportation fell Lee cut off from supplies and other troops
  32. 55. APRIL 1865 THE BATTLES AND PLACES YOU NEED TO KNOW Fort Sumter Bull Run Ironclads Shiloh Antietam Fredericksburg Chancellorsville Gettysburg Vicksburg Chickamauga Sherman’s March Petersburg/Richmond Appomattox
  33. 56. APPOMATTOX COURTHOUSE
  34. 59. IMPACT Organized fighting ends The nation looks toward reconstruction APPOMATTOX COURTHOUSE
  35. 62. THE BATTLES AND PLACES YOU NEED TO KNOW Fort Sumter Bull Run Ironclads Shiloh Antietam Fredericksburg Chancellorsville Gettysburg Vicksburg Chickamauga Overland Campaign Sherman’s March Petersburg/Richmond Appomattox

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