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Wildfire Air Attack IR+GIS

IR+GIS enables aerial fire teams to work more effectively. Includes actual flight over wildfire in Yosemite National Park in 2009. Shows the use of multi-layer moving map GIS in the cockpit that is coupled with passive Infrared. Enables Air Attacks to fly more effectively over smoke and dark. Operational instructions at www.AerialFireTech.org. I want to help other countries of the world get this capability - contact me.

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Wildfire Air Attack IR+GIS

  1. 1. Air Attack IR+GIS Better than Easy 1 Interactive Moving-map GIS 2 IR & sensors turn on with plane 3 Intelligence to the ground By: Mark Zaller www.AerialFireTech.org
  2. 2. Paper fire maps Difficulties on Project Fires Fire Camp Incident Command Dispatch Headquarters Tanker Base Heli-base FM Voice No Data Air Attack Doesn’t do mapping Doesn’t always get paper maps Often can’t see ground due to smoke Smoke
  3. 3. Air Attack Transmit Spot Fire drawings IR+ GIS Moving-Map Instant Situational Awareness Low cost Changes Fire Camp Incident Command Dispatch Headquarters Tanker Base Heli-base Continuous operations over Smoke & Dark Improves Safety Offline Moving-Map with GIS FM Voice Satellite Data
  4. 4. Subliminal IR+GIS, just another Window <ul><li>IR and/or GIS: Intuitive 1 st look, Subliminal 2 nd time </li></ul><ul><li>Passive: No training nor interaction required </li></ul><ul><li>Instant situational awareness – Eyes spend more time outside </li></ul><ul><li>Overall improved efficiency. Continued operations over smoke & at night </li></ul><ul><li>Fresh details always: Fire lines - Road names - Place search - Routing, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Safety: Terrain & hazards recognition. Ground teams visible through smoke with IR </li></ul>
  5. 5. Moving-Map Topos <ul><li>Windows Tablet PC in Cockpit </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No Clam-shell laptops </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Detailed situational awareness </li></ul><ul><li>Road, Creeks & local names </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Xmap GIS (All US with GIS import) $260 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Topo 8 (Western US, no GIS import) $14 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MyTopo/TNG (1 State, no GIS import) $300 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Apple & Android SmartPhones/Pads </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Free software & offline topos </li></ul></ul>Asus T101MT 2.9 lbs mounted $548
  6. 6. <ul><li>GIS: Instant Situational Awareness </li></ul><ul><li>Initial Attack: Fire History, Powerlines, DPA, Topo details </li></ul><ul><li>Project Fires (Extended Attack): Daily Fire lines, hot spots, burn out, dozer & hand lines, division breaks, drop points, dip sites, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>3D or 2D, easy zoom if desired </li></ul><ul><li>DIY on AerialFireTech.org </li></ul>3D GIS Moving-map 90 missions in 2010, $1mil results
  7. 7. Click here for Youtube of this moving
  8. 8. I nfra R ed <ul><li>Fixed mount with clear view </li></ul><ul><li>Oriented to the Air Attack’s view </li></ul><ul><li>Easy installation & certification </li></ul><ul><li>Very effective with smoke/night </li></ul><ul><li>Hot Rocks Color </li></ul><ul><li>Passive, Intuitive, turns on/off with plane </li></ul><ul><li>No training or 3 rd person needed </li></ul><ul><li>Free on many CWN planes </li></ul>
  9. 10. “ IR equipped air attack aircraft reduced the need to withdraw firefighters from the fireline” “ crews costing many thousands of dollars per day, disengagement, and the resulting loss of productivity, can represent a significant cost.” -Large Fire Cost Review for FY2009  IR coupled with GIS has become a most powerful set of tools for the air attack platform, and without those capabilities I have almost forgotten how I did it any other way “ Tom Bagwell, ATGS ORCA Team
  10. 11. Target Drawing Transmitted over AFF Satellite <ul><li>Spot fires & Retardant targets </li></ul><ul><li>Acreage readouts for Initial Attack </li></ul><ul><li>Lines & Polygons on Google Earth </li></ul><ul><li>AFF Automatic Flight Following </li></ul><ul><li>Iridium Satellites slow but ubiquitous </li></ul><ul><li>2 Minute GPS position reports </li></ul><ul><li>Data sent in space between </li></ul><ul><li>Already installed hardware - free </li></ul><ul><li>Existing service contract – free </li></ul><ul><li>Airtime to transmit spot fire - $1 </li></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>1 st place at 2011 Silicon Valley Developer's contest & WhereCamp: </li></ul><ul><li>Delivered to ground firefighters on April 2011 Texas Fires </li></ul><ul><li>iPhone/iPad Offline (no ATT/Verizon) moving-map on detailed Topos </li></ul><ul><li>1 PDF Maps by Avenza (free) – existing Geo-PDFs from fire GIS team </li></ul><ul><ul><li>GIS overlays with correct symbols offline & moving-map </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Safety - Fire lines - Road names – Fire points –Division Breaks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drawing. GPX track import/export  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wifi daily updates from local fire camp server. No 3G needed </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2 Gaia ($20) – All US states topos offline, GPX import/export </li></ul><ul><li>Could lead to: Centralized GPS tracking of all People, Vehicles, Equipment, etc. </li></ul>Tactical GIS on SmartPhones & Pads For Air & Ground Firefighters in 2011 You are here
  12. 13. Available & unused Intervalometer & recorded HD Video <ul><li>Not Tactical enough </li></ul><ul><li>Photos : 15 MegaPixels </li></ul><ul><li>Photos sync’d to DeLorme </li></ul><ul><li>Zoom-in after flight </li></ul><ul><li>Video : 1080x1920 HD color </li></ul><ul><li>Sync’d to Google Earth </li></ul><ul><li>Easy post flight fire mapping </li></ul><ul><li>Archive retardant drops & fire history </li></ul>
  13. 14. This Fire Season: } Mapping GPS InfraRed SynViz Projection Mosaic GIS + + + + + + <ul><li>Roll out moving-map GIS on Tablet PCs to fire planes </li></ul><ul><li>Offer moving-map GIS on iPhone/iPad to ground teams </li></ul>Future Project Automatic Morph Auto-Transmit Tiny Vector Files over existing AFF
  14. 15. Here to make it happen in 2011 By: Mark Zaller AeiralFireTech.org [email_address]