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Evolution to 5G happens Now

Use Cases, Architecture evolution, challenges including interconnect and roaming, and Steps towards 5G

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Evolution to 5G happens Now

  1. 1. Evolution to 5G happens NOW ! Marie-Paule Odini, HPE Distinguished Technologist
  2. 2. Transforming to address a changing landscape The world is Hybrid The Intelligent Edge has unleashed an IoT revolution Services are even more critical
  3. 3. 360 Video 3D HD Virtual Reality 5
  4. 4. Remote Surgery 6
  5. 5. Humanoid or Industrial Robots 7
  6. 6. 360 Video VR - Stadium 8
  7. 7. Autonomous Vehicle 9
  8. 8. Very High Speed Train 10
  9. 9. Satellite 11
  10. 10. Drones and Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) 12
  11. 11. Smart City 13
  12. 12. Smart Grid 14
  13. 13. Hologram Holus Estar Takee (3D) Leiainc & RED Star Wars
  14. 14. 5 Categories of Use Cases mMTC, uRLLC, eMBB, eV2X, Network Operations 16 74 service scenarios that should be enabled by 5G Example scenarios: • On-demand and dense capacity • Drone connectivity & control • Tactile internet • Low-delay speech/video coding • IoT device identification & initialization • Wide-area sensor networks • Factory automation control networks • Network slicing & network sharing • V2X • etc Source: 3GPP TR 22.891
  15. 15. High data rate and traffic density Scenarios Urban macro The general wide-area scenario in urban area Rural macro The general wide-area scenario in rural area Indoor hotspot The scenario for offices and homes, and residential deployments. Broadband access in a crowd The scenario for very dense crowds, for example, at stadiums or concerts. In addition to a very high connection density the users want to share what they see and hear, putting a higher requirement on the uplink than the downlink. Dense urban The scenario for pedestrian users, and users in urban vehicles, for example, in offices, city centres, shopping centres, and residential areas. The users in vehicles can be connected either directly or via an onboard base station to the network. Broadcast-like services The scenario for stationary users, pedestrian users, and users in vehicles, for example, in offices, city centres, shopping centres, residential areas, rural areas and in high speed trains. The passengers in vehicles can be connected either directly or via an onboard base station to the network. High-speed train The scenario for users in trains. The users can be connected either directly or via an onboard base station to the network. High-speed vehicle The scenario for users in road vehicles. The users can be connected either directly or via an onboard base station to the network. Airplanes connectivity The scenario for users in airplanes. The users can be connected either directly or via an onboard base station to the network. 17 Source: 3GPP TS 22.261 Rel 16
  16. 16. High data rate and traffic density Scenarios Performance Req. 18Source: 3GPP TS 22.261 Rel 16
  17. 17. Very low latency and very high Reliability Scenarios Motion control Conventional motion control is characterised by high requirements on the communications system regarding latency, reliability, and availability. Systems supporting motion control are usually deployed in geographically limited areas but may also be deployed in wider areas (e.g., city- or country-wide networks), access to them may be limited to authorised users, and they may be isolated from networks or network resources used by other cellular customers. Discrete automation Discrete automation is characterised by high requirements on the communications system regarding reliability and availability. Systems supporting discrete automation are usually deployed in geographically limited areas, access to them may be limited to authorised users, and they may be isolated from networks or network resources used by other cellular customers. Process automation Automation for (reactive) flows, e.g., refineries and water distribution networks. Process automation is characterized by high requirements on the communications system regarding communication service availability. Systems supporting process automation are usually deployed in geographically limited areas, access to them is usually limited to authorised users, and it will usually be served by private networks. Automation for electricity distribution (mainly medium and high voltage). Electricity distribution is characterized by high requirements on the communications service availability. In contrast to the above use cases, electricity distribution is deeply immersed into the public space. Since electricity distribution is an essential infrastructure, it will, as a rule, be served by private networks. Intelligent transport systems Automation solutions for the infrastructure supporting street-based traffic. This use case addresses the connection of the road-side infrastructure, e.g., road side units, with other infrastructure, e.g., a traffic guidance system. As is the case for automation electricity, the nodes are deeply immersed into the public space. Tactile interaction Tactile interaction is characterised by a human being interacting with the environment or people, or controlling a UE, and relying on tactile feedback. Remote control Remote control is characterised by a UE being operated remotely, either by a human or a computer. 19Source: 3GPP TS 22.261 Rel 16
  18. 18. Very low latency and very high Reliability Scenarios Performance Requirements 20Source: 3GPP TS 22.261 Rel 16
  19. 19. Different Spectrum to serve different needs 21 700MHz Coverage 3.4-3.8GHz 24-28 GHz Capacity < 6GHz WRC-15 > 6GHz WRC-19 (cm-mm Wave) MACRO SMALL CELL SMALL CELL (Ultra Dense)
  20. 20. • Authentication Server Function (AUSF) • Access and Mobility Management Function (AMF) • Network Exposure Function (NEF) • NF Repository Function (NRF) • Network Slice Selection Function (NSSF) • Non-3GPP Interworking Function (N3IWF) • Policy Control function (PCF) • Session Management Function (SMF) • Unified Data Management (UDM) • User plane Function (UPF) • User Data Repository (UDR) • Unstructured Data Storage Function (UDSF) • Network Data Analytics Function (NWDA) • Equipment Identity Register (EIR) • SMS Function (SMSF) • Binding Support Function (BSF) • Security Edge Protection Proxy (SEPP) + A new network : 5G Service Based Architecture 22 nUDR SBInUDSF SBI Control Plane Functions Shared Data Environment User Plane Functions 5G UE AF Naf SEPP N32 AMF Namf SMF Nsmf UPF gNodeB (NG-RAN) Data Network N3IWF N 3 N2N1 N4 N 6 N w u UDSF Nudsf UDR Nudr NWDAF Nnwdaf Element Management Slice Management Service Exposure Service Analytics MANO Enablement SMSF Nsmsf NEF Nnef NSSF Nnssf NRF Nnrf PCF Npcf BSF Nbsf AUSF Nausf UDM Nudm 5G-EIR N5g-eir Virtualization Orchestration Automation Security Identity Entitlement Microservices Containers API / SBI Feedback Rules Scripts Service Orchestration Methods Intentions Policies Discovery PredictionsBehavior Service Marketplace SaaS/XaaS PaaS IaaS DCN / SDN aaS Service Design, Development and Deployment Environment OSS CI-CD Agile Bimodal DevOps Service CI-CD 5G MEC
  21. 21. With more Flexibility and more Automation CNF CNF Manager Container Management Platform Container Based Infrastructure CNFCNF Slice Management and Orchestration Policies Analytics Closed Loop PaaS
  22. 22. 12 Deployment Options 24 TODAY TOMORROW
  23. 23. New Protocols 25 HTTP/2 – Subscribe/Notify – on Control Plane PFCP - between UPF and SMF GTP-U for User PlaneGTP-U for User Plane GTP-C and Diameter for Control Plane Service Based Architecture PFCP HTTP/2 GTP-U
  24. 24. 26 4G Operator #1 5G NR Operator #2 5G NR Operator #3 IoT Streaming Video HD Voice 3 slices Operator #1 – 5G Core (Subscriber of Operator #1)
  25. 25. Roaming Options 27 1 2 3 3a 4 4a 5 6 7 7a 8 8a UE 1 2 3 3a 4 4a 5 6 7 7a 8 8a Visited Home
  26. 26. Roaming Options a subset 28 3 3a 4 4a 7 7a 2 UE 3 EPC-EPC EPC-EPC EPC-NC EPC-NC EPC-NC EPC-NC EPC-NC DC 3a EPC-EPC EPC-EPC EPC-NC EPC-NC EPC-NC EPC-NC EPC-NC DC 4 NC-EPC NC-EPC NC-NC NC-NC NC-NC NC-NC NC-NC DC 4a NC-EPC NC-EPC NC-NC NC-NC NC-NC NC-NC NC-NC DC 7 NC-EPC NC-EPC NC-NC NC-NC NC-NC NC-NC NC-NC DC 7a NC-EPC NC-EPC NC-NC NC-NC NC-NC NC-NC NC-NC DC 2 NC-EPC NC-EPC NC-NC NC-NC NC-NC NC-NC NC-NC 5G Visited Home Case #1 Case #2 Case #3 Case #4
  27. 27. Roaming Scenario example UE vSEPP N32 AMF Namf Nsmf gNodeB (NG-RAN) N 3 N1 User Plane Functions SMF UPF N4 NEF Nnef NRF Nnrf PCF Npcf HSS S6a NSSF Nnssf Gwy VPLMN HPLMN User Plane Functions PGW-C PGW-U Data Network PFCP S GI N9 UDR N2 DEA PCRF DEA: Diameter Edge Agent IPX/GRX S9 GxOCS P-CSCF S-CSCF TAS S8 Gy (IMS/VoLTE) eNodeB (LTE-RAN) Option 4, 7 or 2 Option 3 Case #3
  28. 28. Roaming Scenario with Slicing ?? 5G UE AF Naf vSEPP N32 AMF Namf Nsmf gNodeB (NG-RAN) N 3 N1 User Plane Functions SMF UPF N4 NEF Nnef NRF Nnrf PCF Npcf AUSF Nausf UDM Nudm NSSF Nnssf NEF Nnef NRF Nnrf PCF Npcf hSEPP VPLMN HPLMN User Plane Functions SMF UPF Data Network N4 N 6 NSSF Nnssf N9 Shared Data Environment UDSF Nudsf UDR Nudr NWDAF Nnwdaf Nsmf N2 Option 4, 7 or 2 IPX/GRX Data NetworkN6 UPFUPF SMF SMF N4 AMF AMF UPF UPF SMF SMF N4
  29. 29. Industry3GPP5G timeline 31Confidential Pre-Study & Tests Standard & Trials Commercialization 3GPP Release 14 2017 2018 2019 5G Phase 1 5G Phase 2 5G Smart- phones Fixed Wireless Access Non-Standalone Standalone 3GPP Release 15 3GPP Release 16 Additional Features Trials Jun Dec
  30. 30. 5G use Cases Timeline ROI path has long tail 3GPP R15 3GPP R16 3GPP R17 + Evolutions Mission Critical Services Enhanced Mobile Broadband Enablers 2035202820202017 Industrial Automation Self-driving cars Oil & Gas, Agriculture & Mining Health Public Services Mgmt Tourism Security Retail Media & Entertainment Connected worker Drones Utility Core Network Upgrade Focus on Media Everywhere, Broadband Coverage, etc.) Private Driven R&D investments to adopt massively IoT Technology Regulatory driven adoption Regulations as a Barriers for Use Case Development Financial Sustainability as Barrier for Use Case Development Massive IoT Adoption Source: Gartner 2017
  31. 31. Multiple access technologies for the foreseeable future 3G, 4G and fixed wireless technologies will exist long into the introduction of 5G (mmWave) RATs •ROI on LTE, and LTE in un-licensed spaces yet to be fully realized Interoperability, mobility, load balancing and aggregation will be important to deliver the best user experience 5G, by design, is not a universal solution for every mobile connection problem 33 1G: Analog 2G: GSM 3G: UMTS 4G: LTE-X 5G: NR 1980 1990 2010 2020 2030 20402000 300 bps – 56k bps 9.6 Kbps – 171.2 Kbps 384 Kbps – 14.4 Mbps 75 Mbps – 300 Mbps 10 Gbps Need for Hetnet mgmt & control
  32. 32. High level Hetnet mgmt solution - cloud, core & edge 34 People & Things Gateways, EPC, etc… SP GW LTE eNB Wi-Fi AP mmWave BS SP GW Internet Apps Content Services Edgeprocessing Hetnet Cloud Controller Edge: • Passive measurement • QoS / QoE • Mobility management • Handover / Oscillation • GTP routing Core: • Switching • Slicing • Coordination • CUPS Hetnet management Cloud: • Edge device mgmt • Deployment / activation • Policy • Portals
  33. 33. InternalExternalDependanciesA Step Approach towards 5G 35 Develop 5G / MEC business model & value proposition Evolutionary approach to infrastructure investment Collaborate with government & regulators  Define focus use cases  Develop corresponding customer offers & business case  Build developer & app ecosystem  Develop infrastructure investment strategy  Leverage existing 4G 1. Build compute capabilties to process & store data 2. Ensure intelligent network connectivity for data flows 3. Collect & process data anywhere (fullfillment & aussurance) to impact customer experience  Develop spectrum strategy (increased complexity as it include licensed & unlicensed spectrum)  Secure access to fiber backhaul, prime cell tower locations & street furniture  Plan at micro-market level (consider 5G subventions)
  34. 34. HPE focus in 5G HW, SW and Services From Edge to Core, with Cloud & Management / Automation 36Installation, Integration, implementation & support Services Aruba WiFi Management Stack NFV, MEC & Slice Mgt Platform Closed Loop Automation/ZSM Telecom Core - 5G SBA* HW, NFV Infrastructure + 5G Core (VNF – ie HSS/UDM) SIM Management Intelligent Edge HPE Edgeline HW , Analytics (ML, DL) Partner Ecosystem Cloud 28 IoT MarketPlace, AI *SBA: Service Based Architecture HPE Labs
  35. 35. TIP Telecom Infra Project E2E-NS (End to End Network Slicing) 37 Kick Off January 2018 212+ members URL: TIP E2E NS Objective: End 2 End Network Slicing Multi Domain Leverage TIP Community Lab Use Cases Prototyping, POC White Paper - NEW Co-chairs Andy Petrie BT Marie-Paule Odini HPE Marie-Paule Odini – HPE | 5G Automotive Forum
  36. 36. Thank You

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