Flores, rocafuerte, urbina

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Creole National Project, Ecuadorian History

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Flores, rocafuerte, urbina

  1. 1. ECUADOR AS REPUBLIC“ESTADO OLIGARQUICO TERRATENIENTE”
  2. 2. “CAUDILLISMO”O ROLE – FIGHTING WARS AND CONTROLLING REBELIONSO TRYING TO REACH AN AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE LIBERALS AND CONSERVATIVESO PUBLIC DUTY – IN HANDS OF CITY LEADERSO TAX SYSTEM - 63% ARMY – TRIBUTO DE INDIOS/ ESTANCOS/DIEZMOS/TRADING TAXESO INDEPENDENCE DEBT – ENGLAND – 21,5% - 1’424.529 POUNDS
  3. 3. MOST IMPORTANT PEOPLE O JUAN JOSE FLORES O VICENTE ROCAFUERTE O JOSE MARIA URBINA
  4. 4. JUAN JOSE FLORESO RIOBAMBA – AUGUST, 1830 – 1ST CONSTITUTION O FIRST PRESIDENT, JOSE JOAQUIN DE OLMEDO VICEPRESIDENT O RULED KEEPING AN ALLIANCE WITH THE LANDOWNERS AND SUPPORTED BY THE ARMY O PERMANENT WAR AGAINST COLOMBIA – PASTO O “QUITEÑO LIBRE,” FRANCIS HALL O “GUERRA DE LOS CHIHUAHUAS” – VICENTE ROCAFUERTE
  5. 5. VICENTE ROCAFUERTEO JUAN JOSE FLORES GOT AN AGREEMENT – BALANCE BETWEEN REGIONS – STABILITY TO BUILD A STATEO VICENTE ROCAFUERTE WAS 2ND PRESIDENT OF ECUADORO ECUADOR GOT A NEW CONSTITUTION – AMBATO – 1835O STARTED PUBLIC SERVICEO EDUCATION: COLEGIO MILITAR – ACADEMIA NAUTICA.O NO PITY FOR HIS POLITICAL ENEMIESO PARADOX: LIBERAL IDEALS BUT CONSEVATIVE METHODS “DESPOTISMO ILUSTRADO”
  6. 6. JUAN JOSE FLORES 1839O CARTA DE ESCLAVITUD – 3RD CONSTITUTIONO “SOCIEDAD FILOTECNICA” POLITICAL ENEMIESO CONFLICT BETWEEN ECUADOR AND COLOMBIAO “MARCH REVOLUTION” MARCH 6TH, 1845O JOSE JOAQUIN DE OLMEDO, VICENTE RAMON ROCA, DIEGO NOBOAO CIVIL GOVERNMENT “GOBIERNOS CIVILISTAS” O NO AGREEMENT BETWEEN REGIONSO JUAN JOSE FLORES WANTED TO COME BACK TO POWERO JOSE MARIA URBINA
  7. 7. JOSE MARIA URBINAO FOUGHT AGAINST JUAN JOSE FLORESO 1852 – PEDRO MONCAYO – CONGRESS MEETINGO JOSE MARIA URBINA IS CHOOSEN TO BE PRESIDENT O JESUITS WERE EXPELLED O ABOLISHED TAXES FOR BASIC PRODUCTS O INVESTED IN CACAO AND QUINA O ABOLISHED SLAVERY IN ECUADOR - TAURAS O NO MORE NATIVE TAX IN ADVANCE O GOVERNMENT SHOULD PROTECT THE PEOPLE
  8. 8. AFTER URBINAO FRANCISCO ROBLESO WE LOST A LARGE PORTION OF THE AMAZON REGIONO GARCIA MORENO – POLITICAL ENEMYO FOUR PRESIDENTS IN ECUADOR – QUITO, GUAYAQUIL, CUENCA AND LOJAO CAUSES: URBINA POLICIES HAVE ANGERED LANDOWNERSO GARCIA MORENO ASKED FRANCIA TO BE OUR PROTECTOR (FRENCH COLONY)O JUAN JOSE FLORES AGAIN AS GENERAL TO GAIN CONTROLO A NEW CONGRESS MEETING TO CHOOSE A PRESIDENT.
  9. 9. WHY CAN WE CONSIDER JUAN JOSE FLORES, VICENTEROCAFUERTE AND JOSE MARIA URBINA AS THE ONES WHOREPRESENT THIS ECUADORIAN PERIOD IN HISTORY?
  10. 10. GARCIA MORENOO GENERAL CONTEXT O ECONOMIC GROWTH BUT NO ROADS O GENERAL NEED OF A UNITED NATION O CONCERTAJE GETS STRONGER O FIRST BANKS GIVING MONEY TO TRADERS AND PRODUCERS – STATE O EACH BANK PRINTED ITS OWN BILLS O “BANCO CENTRAL DEL ECUADOR” 1867 – PAPER MONEY, STATE ACCOUNTING, TAXES, LENDING MONEY TO THE STATE O FORCE USE TO ACCOMPLISH PROGRESS
  11. 11. 1861 TO 1864O 7TH ASSEMBLY TO NAME GARCIA MORENO AS PRESIDENT O REPRESENTATIVES BY POPULAR VOTE O NO DEAD PENALTY FOR POLITIC ISSUES O UNIVERSAL VOTING SYSTEM O CITIZENS – NO LANDOWNERSO GARCIA MORENO DIDN’T FOLLOW THOSE REGULATIONSO JERONIMO CARRION 1864 TO 1869 O JUAN MONTALVO – EL COSMOPOLITA
  12. 12. 1869 TO 1875O GARCIA MORENO – RED MENACE – JANUARY 16TH, 1869O POLITICAL PROJECT “RESTORE MORAL AND ORDER BY FORCE AND RELIGION”O “CARTA NEGRA”O FOLLOWED A RULING SYSTEM PRACTICED BY FORCE – DEAD FOR POLITICAL ISSUES – 6 YEARS PRESIDENCYO CITIZEN – CATHOLICO GARCIA MORENO DIES IN AUGUST 6TH, 1875O GARCIA MORENO

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