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Unit 2 vocabulary

europe vocab unit 2

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Unit 2 vocabulary

  1. 1. Concept 1 Post WWI
  2. 2. Russian Revolution A civil war that occurred in Russia during WWI which took their country out of the war
  3. 3. World War I A time period between 1914- 1918 during which world powers fought due to nationalism, ethnic and ideological conflicts, and rivalries
  4. 4. Treaty of Versailles • the treaty imposed on Germany by the Allied powers in 1920 after the end of World War I which demanded reparations from the Germans
  5. 5. Nazism The ideology and practice of the Nazi Party and of Nazi Germany German Fascist party controlling Germany from 1933-1945
  6. 6. Great depression a severe worldwide economic depression, after the 1929 stock market crash. It was before World War II and caused widespread unemployment
  7. 7. World War II A time period from 1939- 1945 during which world powers fought in part due to Germany and Japan’s desire to expand their empires.
  8. 8. Adolf Hitler • leader of Germany during WWII; started Nazism and the Holocaust
  9. 9. Concept 2 Post WWII
  10. 10. Holocaust Term used for the systematic destruction of the Jewish people of Eastern Europe by Hitler
  11. 11. ghetto An area of a city to which Jews were restricted and from which they were forbidden to leave
  12. 12. Concentration camps Work and death camps located in Germany and Poland to incarcerate and exterminate Jews and other “undesirables”
  13. 13. propaganda Information that is spread for the purpose of promoting some cause
  14. 14. Concept 3 Cold War
  15. 15. philosophies Ideas attributed to a particular group or culture
  16. 16. Superpowers The term used to describe the United States and the Soviet Union as they entered the Cold War
  17. 17. Cold War A struggle that erupted between the Soviet Union and its former allies over ideas about freedom, government, and economics. It is called this as there was no shooting.
  18. 18. Truman Doctrine A document which set a precedent for the principle of ‘collective security’– building up a network of allies and friendly states to which the US gave military aid free of charge– and NATO
  19. 19. Marshall Plan A plan devised by the US to reduce the hunger, homelessness, unemployment, sickness, and political restlessness in west Europe
  20. 20. Concept 4 Collapse of the Soviet Union and German Reunification
  21. 21. Berlin Wall •A wall separating East and West Berlin built by East Germany in 1961 to keep citizens from escaping to the West
  22. 22. German reunification The process in which East and West Germany reunited into one country
  23. 23. Developing nation General countries which have not achieved a significant degree of industrialization relative to their populations, and which have, in most cases a medium to low standard of living

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