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Independence movements


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Independence movements

  1. 1. Top of the Mornin! 3/17/15 EQ: How did Latin America gain their Independence? HW: NoneNone SPONGE #1. Update TOC and glue handout on to page 71 #2. What does Independence mean to you? Quietly discuss with a person sitting next to you. DateDate ## TitleTitle 3-17 71 LA Independence Leaders 3-17 72 LA Liberator Action Figure Project
  2. 2. Directions- PIG OUT Notes 1. Pair- Individual- Group (no more than 3) 2. Get BYOT/iPad- Go to mspardee.weebly.com (link on edmodo) OR use coachbook pgs 99-102 3. Complete your graphic organizer using technology 4. You will have 12 minutes and then we will go over it as a class *If you finish early, come get your project from the Blue tray on my desk.
  3. 3. Unit 7 Notes
  4. 4. • Spain is building an empire- Native Americans are the lowest class • Native Americans begin to die because of European diseases • Introduction of Slavery • New ethnicities- Mestizo, Mulatto, Criollo • More money from Triangle Trade = more slaves • Slaves are unhappy= more rebellions
  5. 5. Haiti
  6. 6. • former slave in Haitiformer slave in Haiti; freed in 1777 • Plantation owner allowed him to learn how to read and write • Read books about freedom and equality for all • 1789- French revolution occurs, and they free all blacks and mulattoes • This made plantation owners MAD- so France took it back • 1791: led a huge slave revolthuge slave revolt against the FrenchFrench in Hispanola
  7. 7. • 1793- French government abolishes slavery • 1801: L’Ouverture led a huge army into a Spanish colony & freed all slavesfreed all slaves there • Six months later, he became “governor general of Haiti for life.” • 1802: Napoleon sends Large French army lands in Haiti wanted to restore old French government & regain control of sugar trade • L’Ouverture was asked to attend a peace treaty in France • French tricked and arrested L’Ouverture and sent him to prisonprison in Francein France • L’Ouverture died in prisondied in prison
  8. 8. • L’Ouverture’s army was outraged; it took up arms again against France. • November 1803: defeated last of the French forces • 1804: declared Haiti independent of French rule • HaitiHaiti became the 1st country in Latin America1st country in Latin America to break freefree of European imperialism.
  9. 9. Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Bolivia
  10. 10. • wealthy Venezuelan criollocriollo who spent many years traveling Europe • While in Italy, he discovered his life’s purpose: to liberate his homeland from European control. • 1810: Bolivar’s army kicks Spanishkicks Spanish governor out of VenezuelaVenezuela • 1811: new constitution proclaimed Venezuela’s independent of Spanish rule • Soon after, Spanish royalists defeated the new country’s army & Bolivar was forced to flee to New Granada (Colombia).
  11. 11. • Bolivar organized a bigger armybigger army & marched back into Venezuela. • 1813: Bolivar’s army won & took controlwon & took control of Venezuela’s capital, Caracas • Bolivar was nicknamed El Libertador.El Libertador. • Over the next few years, Bolivar liberated New Granada (now Colombia),New Granada (now Colombia), Ecuador, Panama, Peru, & Upper PeruEcuador, Panama, Peru, & Upper Peru (now Bolivia).(now Bolivia).
  12. 12. Mexico
  13. 13. • Catholic priestCatholic priest in the town of Dolores • began the struggle for Mexico’sMexico’s independence in 1810 • September 16th, 1810September 16th, 1810: “Cry ofCry of DoloresDolores” was his call for revolution; rang church bells and shouted, “Long live our Lady of Guadalupe! Death to bad government! Death to the Spaniards!” • an army of mestizos & Nativemestizos & Native Americans rallied behind HidalgoAmericans rallied behind Hidalgo
  14. 14. • 80,000 people joined the fight, but the army was soon defeated by the SpanishSpanish. • Hidalgo was captured and executed in 1811Hidalgo was captured and executed in 1811 • Mexicans continued to fight for independence over the next decade. • 1821: Mexico gained independence1821: Mexico gained independence from Spain.from Spain. • Mexico celebrates September 16th as it’s Independence Day. • The president rings a bell in Mexico city and repeats Hidalgo’s “Cry of Dolores.”