Ted bundy

Ted bundy

Ted Bundy 
Murders 
No one knows exactly where and when Bundy began killing. Many Bundy 
experts, including Rule and former King County detective Robert D. 
Keppel, believe Bundy may have started killing as far back as his early 
teens. Ann Marie Burr, an eight-year-old girl from Tacoma, vanished from 
her home in 1961, when Bundy was 14 years old, though Bundy always 
denied killing her. The day before his execution, Bundy told his lawyer that 
he made his first attempt to kidnap a woman in 1969, and implied that he 
committed his first actual murder sometime in 1972. At one point in his 
death-row confessions with Keppel, Bundy said he committed his first 
murder in 1972. 
In 1973, one of Bundy's Republican Party friends saw a pair of handcuffs in 
the back of Bundy's Volkswagen. He was for many years a suspect in the 
December 1973 murder of Kathy Devine in Washington state, but DNA 
analysis led to another man's arrest and conviction for that crime in 2002. 
Bundy's earliest known, identified murders were committed in 1974, when 
he was 27. 
Shortly after midnight on January 4, 1974, Bundy entered the basement 
bedroom of 18-year-old "Joni Lenz" (pseudonym), a dancer and student at 
UW. Bundy bludgeoned her with a metal rod from her bed frame while she 
slept and sexually assaulted her with a speculum. Lenz was found the next 
morning by her roommates in a coma and lying in a pool of her own blood. 
She survived the attack but suffered permanent brain damage. 
Bundy's next victim was Lynda Ann Healy, another UW student (and his 
cousin's roommate). In the early morning hours of February 1, 1974, Bundy 
broke into Healy's room, knocked her unconscious, dressed her in jeans and 
a shirt, wrapped her in a bed sheet, and carried her away. 
Co-eds began disappearing at a rate of roughly one a month. On March 12, 
1974, in Olympia, Bundy kidnapped and murdered Donna Gail Manson, a 
19-year-old student at The Evergreen State College. 
On April 17, 1974, Susan Rancourt disappeared from the campus of Central 
Washington State College (CWSC) in Ellensburg. Later, two different 
CWSC co-eds would recount meeting a man with his arm in a cast—one that
night, one three nights earlier—who asked for their help to carry a load of 
books to his Volkswagen Beetle. 
Next was Kathy Parks, last seen on the campus of Oregon State University 
in Corvallis, Oregon, on May 6, 1974. Brenda Ball was never seen again 
after leaving The Flame Tavern in Burien on June 1, 1974. Bundy then 
murdered Georgeann Hawkins, a student at UW and a member of Kappa 
Alpha Theta, an on-campus sorority. In the early morning hours of June 11, 
1974, she walked through an alley from her boyfriend's dormitory residence 
to her sorority house. She was never seen again. Witnesses later reported 
seeing a man with a leg cast struggling to carry a briefcase in the area that 
night.[34] One co-ed reported that the man had asked for her help in 
carrying the briefcase to his car, a Beetle. 
Bundy's Washington killing spree culminated on July 14, 1974, with the 
daytime abduction of Janice Ott and Denise Naslund from Lake Sammamish 
State Park in Issaquah. That day, eight different people told the police about 
the handsome young man with his left arm in a sling who called himself 
"Ted". Five of them were women whom "Ted" asked for help unloading a 
sailboat from his Beetle. One of them went with "Ted" as far as his car, 
where there was no sailboat, before declining to accompany him any farther. 
Three more witnesses testified to seeing him approach Ott with the story 
about the sailboat and to seeing her walk away from the beach in his 
company. She was never seen alive again. Naslund disappeared without a 
trace four hours later. 
King County detectives now had a description both of the suspect and his 
car. Some witnesses told investigators that the "Ted" they encountered spoke 
with a clipped, British-like accent. Soon, fliers were up all over the Seattle 
area. After seeing the police sketch and description of the Lake Sammamish 
suspect in both of the local newspapers and on television news reports, 
Bundy's girlfriend, one of his psychology professors at UW, and former co-worker 
Ann Rule all reported him as a possible suspect. The police, 
receiving up to 200 tips per day, did not pay any special attention to a tip 
about a clean-cut law student. 
The fragmented remains of Ott and Naslund were discovered on September 
7, 1974, off Interstate 90 near Issaquah, one mile from the park. Found along 
with the women's remains was an extra femur bone and vertebrae, which 
Bundy would identify as that of Georgeann Hawkins shortly before his 
execution. 
Between March 1 and March 3, 1975, the skulls and jawbones of Healy,
Rancourt, Parks and Ball were found on Taylor Mountain just east of 
Issaquah. Years later, Bundy claimed that he had also dumped Donna 
Manson's body there, but no trace of her was ever found. 
Utah and Colorado 
Bundy smiles for the cameras and pleads "Not guilty" during a press 
conference announcing his indictment on first degree murder charges. 
That autumn, Bundy began attending the University of Utah law school in 
Salt Lake City, where he resumed killing in October. Nancy Wilcox 
disappeared from Holladay, Utah, on October 2, 1974. Wilcox was last seen 
riding in a Volkswagen Beetle. 
On October 18, 1974, Bundy murdered Melissa Smith, the 17-year-old 
daughter of Midvale police chief Louis Smith; Bundy raped, sodomized and 
strangled her. Her body was found nine days later. Next was Laura Aime, 
also 17, who disappeared when she left a Halloween party in Lehi, Utah, on 
October 31, 1974; her naked, beaten and strangled corpse was found nearly a 
month later by hikers on Thanksgiving Day, on the banks of a river in 
American Fork Canyon. 
In Murray, Utah, on November 8, 1974, Carol DaRonch narrowly escaped 
with her life. Claiming to be Officer Roseland of the Murray Police 
Department, Bundy approached her at the Fashion Place Mall, told her 
someone had tried to break into her car, and asked her to accompany him to 
the police station. She got into his car but refused his instruction to buckle 
her seat belt. They drove for a short period before Bundy suddenly pulled to 
the shoulder and attempted to slap a pair of handcuffs on her. In the struggle, 
he fastened both loops to the same wrist. Bundy whipped out his crowbar, 
but DaRonch caught it in the air just before it would have cracked her skull. 
She then got the door open and tumbled out onto the highway, thus escaping 
from her would-be killer. 
About an hour later, a strange man showed up at Viewmont High School in 
Bountiful, Utah, where the drama club was putting on a play. He approached 
the drama teacher and then a student, asking both to come out to the parking 
lot to identify a car. Both declined. The drama teacher saw him again shortly 
before the end of the play, this time breathing hard, with his hair mussed and 
his shirt untucked. Another student saw the man lurking in the rear of the 
auditorium. Debby Kent, a 17-year-old Viewmont High student, left the play 
at intermission to go and pick up her brother, and was never seen again. 
Later, investigators found a small key in the parking lot outside Viewmont 
High. It
unlocked the handcuffs taken off Carol DaRonch. 
In 1975, while still attending law school at the University of Utah, Bundy 
shifted his crimes to Colorado. On January 12, 1975, Caryn Campbell 
disappeared from the Wildwood Inn at Snowmass, Colorado, where she had 
been vacationing with her fiancé and his children. She vanished somewhere 
in a span of 50 feet between the elevator doors and her room. Her body was 
found on February 17, 1975. 
Next, Vail ski instructor Julie Cunningham disappeared on March 15, 1975, 
and Denise Oliverson in Grand Junction on April 6, 1975. While in prison, 
Bundy confessed to Colorado investigators that he used crutches to approach 
Cunningham, after asking her to help him carry some ski boots to his car. At 
the car, Bundy clubbed her with his crowbar and immobilized her with 
handcuffs, later strangling her in a crime highly similar to the Hawkins 
murder. 
Lynette Culver went missing in Pocatello, Idaho, on May 6, 1975, from the 
grounds of her junior high school. After his return to Utah, Susan Curtis 
vanished on June 28, 1975. (Bundy confessed to the Curtis murder minutes 
before his execution.) The bodies of Cunningham, Culver, Curtis and 
Oliverson have never been recovered. 
Meanwhile, back in Washington, investigators were attempting to prioritize 
their enormous list of suspects. They used computers to cross-check 
different likely lists of suspects (classmates of Lynda Healy, owners of 
Volkswagens, etc) against each other, and then identify suspects who turned 
up on more than one list. "Theodore Robert Bundy" was one of 25 people 
who turned up on four separate lists, and his case file was second on the "To 
Be Investigated" pile when the call came from Utah of an arrest. 
Arrest, first trial, and escapes 
Bundy was arrested on August 16, 1975, in Salt Lake City, for failure to stop 
for a police officer. A search of his car revealed a ski mask, a crowbar, 
handcuffs, trash bags, an icepick, and other items that were thought by the 
police to be burglary tools. Bundy remained calm during questioning, 
explaining that he needed the mask for skiing and had found the handcuffs in 
a dumpster. Utah detective Jerry Thompson connected Bundy and his 
Volkswagen to the DaRonch kidnapping and the missing girls, and searched 
his apartment. 
The search uncovered a brochure of Colorado ski resorts, with a check mark 
by the Wildwood Inn where Caryn Campbell had disappeared. After 
searching his apartment, the police brought Bundy in for a lineup before
DaRonch and the Bountiful witnesses. They identified him as "Officer 
Roseland" and as the man lurking about the night Debby Kent disappeared. 
Following a week-long trial, Bundy was convicted of DaRonch's kidnapping 
on March 1, 1976, and was sentenced to 15 years in Utah State Prison. 
Colorado authorities were pursuing murder charges, however, and Bundy 
was extradited there to stand trial. 
On June 7, 1977, in preparation for a hearing in the Caryn Campbell murder 
trial, Bundy was taken to the Pitkin County courthouse in Aspen. During a 
court recess, he was allowed to visit the courthouse's law library, where he 
jumped out of the building from a second-story window and escaped, but 
sprained his right ankle during the jump. In the minutes following his 
escape, Bundy at first ran and then strolled casually through the small town 
toward Aspen Mountain. 
He made it all the way to the top of Aspen Mountain without being detected, 
where he rested for two days in an abandoned hunting cabin. But afterwards, 
he lost his sense of direction and wandered around the mountain, missing 
two trails that led down off the mountain to his intended destination, the 
town of Crested Butte. At one point, he came face-to-face with a gun-toting 
citizen who was one of the searchers scouring Aspen Mountain for Ted 
Bundy, but talked his way out of danger. 
On June 13, 1977, Bundy stole a car he found on the mountain. He drove 
back into Aspen and could have gotten away, but two police deputies noticed 
the Cadillac with dimmed headlights weaving in and out of its lane and 
pulled Bundy over. They recognized him and took him back to jail. Bundy 
had been on the lam for six days. 
He was back in custody, but Bundy worked on a new escape plan. He was 
being held in the Glenwood Springs, Colorado, jail while he awaited trial. 
He had acquired a hacksaw blade and $500 in cash; he later claimed the 
blade came from another prison inmate. Over two weeks, he sawed through 
the welds fixing a small metal plate in the ceiling and, after dieting down 
still further, was able to fit through the hole and access the crawl space 
above. 
An informant in the prison told guards that he had heard Bundy moving 
around the ceiling during the nights before his escape, but the matter was not 
investigated. When Bundy's Aspen trial judge ruled on December 23, 1977, 
that the Caryn Campbell murder trial would start on January 9, 1978, and 
changed the venue to Colorado Springs, Bundy realized that he had to make 
his escape before he was transferred out of the Glenwood Springs jail.
On the night of December 30, 1977, Bundy dressed warmly and packed 
books and files under his blanket to make it look like he was sleeping. He 
wriggled through the hole and up into the crawlspace. Bundy crawled over 
to a spot directly above the jailer's linen closet — the jailer and his wife 
were out for the evening — dropped down into the jailer's apartment, and 
walked out the door. 
Bundy was free, but he was on foot in the middle of a bitterly cold, snowy 
Colorado night. He stole a broken-down MG, but it stalled out in the 
mountains. Bundy was stuck on the side of Interstate 70 in the middle of the 
night in a blizzard, but another driver gave him a ride into Vail. From there 
he caught a bus to Denver and boarded the TWA 8:55 a.m. flight to Chicago. 
The Glenwood Springs jail guards did not notice Bundy was gone until noon 
on December 31, 1977, 17 hours after his escape, by which time Bundy was 
already in Chicago. 
Florida 
Following his arrival in Chicago, Bundy then caught an Amtrak train to Ann 
Arbor, Michigan, where he got a room at the YMCA. On January 2, 1978, he 
went to an Ann Arbor bar and watched the University of Washington 
Huskies, the team of his alma mater, beat Michigan in the Rose Bowl. He 
later stole a car in Ann Arbor, which he abandoned in Atlanta, Georgia 
before boarding a bus for Tallahassee, Florida, where he arrived on January 
8, 1978. There, he rented a room at a boarding house under the alias of 
"Chris Hagen" and committed numerous petty crimes including shoplifting, 
purse snatching, and auto theft. He stole a student ID card that belonged to a 
Kenneth Misner and sent away for copies of Misner's Social Security card 
and birth certificate. He grew a mustache and drew a fake mole on his right 
cheek when he went out, but aside from that, he made no real attempt at a 
disguise. Bundy tried to find work at a construction site, but when the 
personnel officer asked Bundy for his driver's license for identification, 
Bundy walked away. This was his only attempt at job hunting. 
One week after Bundy's arrival in Tallahassee, in the early hours of Super 
Bowl Sunday on January 15, 1978, two and a half years of repressed 
homicidal violence erupted. Bundy entered the Florida State University Chi 
Omega sorority house at approximately 3 a.m. and killed two sleeping 
women, Lisa Levy and Margaret Bowman. Bundy bludgeoned and strangled 
Levy and Bowman; he also sexually assaulted Levy. He also bludgeoned 
two other Chi Omegas, Karen Chandler and Kathy Kleiner. The entire 
episode took no more than half an hour. After leaving the Chi Omega house, 
Bundy broke into another home a few blocks away, clubbing and severely
injuring Florida State University student Cheryl Thomas. 
On February 9, 1978, Bundy traveled to Lake City, Florida. While there, he 
abducted, raped, and murdered 12-year-old Kimberly Leach, throwing her 
body under a small pig shed. On February 12, 1978, Bundy stole yet another 
Volkswagen Beetle and left Tallahassee for good, heading west across the 
Florida panhandle. 
On February 15, 1978, shortly after 1 a.m., Bundy was stopped by Pensacola 
police officer David Lee. When the officer called in a check of the license 
plate, the vehicle came up as stolen. Bundy then scuffled with the officer 
before he was finally subdued. As Lee took the unknown suspect to jail, 
Bundy said "I wish you had killed me." At his booking Bundy gave the 
police the name Ken Misner (and presented stolen identification for Misner), 
but the Florida Department of Law Enforcement made a positive fingerprint 
identification early the next day. He was immediately transported to 
Tallahassee and subsequently charged with the Tallahassee and Lake City 
murders. He was later taken to Miami to stand trial for the Chi Omega 
murders. 
Conviction and execution 
Bite mark testimony at the Chi Omega trialBundy went to trial for the Chi 
Omega murders in June 1979, with Dade County Circuit Court Judge 
Edward D. Cowart presiding. Despite having five court-appointed lawyers, 
he insisted on acting as his own attorney and even cross-examined 
witnesses, including the police officer who had discovered Margaret 
Bowman's body. He was prosecuted by Assistant State Attorney Larry 
Simpson. 
Two pieces of evidence proved crucial. First, Chi Omega member Nita 
Neary, getting back to the house very late after a date, saw Bundy as he left, 
and identified him in court. Second, during his homicidal frenzy, Bundy bit 
Lisa Levy in her left buttock, leaving obvious bite marks. Police took plaster 
casts of Bundy's teeth and a forensics expert matched them to the 
photographs of Levy's wound. Bundy was convicted on all counts and 
sentenced to death. After confirming the sentence, Cowart gave him the 
verdict: 
It is ordered that you be put to death by a current of electricity, that current 
be passed through your body until you are dead. Take care of yourself, 
young man. I say that to you sincerely; take care of yourself, please. It is an 
utter tragedy for this court to see such a total waste of humanity as I've 
experienced in this courtroom. You're a bright young man. You'd have made
a good lawyer, and I would have loved to have you practice in front of me, 
but you went another way, partner. Take care of yourself. I don't feel any 
animosity toward you. I want you to know that. Once again, take care of 
yourself. 
Bundy was tried for the Kimberly Leach murder in 1980. He was again 
convicted on all counts, principally due to fibers found in his van that 
matched Leach's clothing and an eyewitness that saw him leading Leach 
away from the school, and sentenced to death. During the Kimberly Leach 
trial, Bundy married former coworker Carole Ann Boone in the courtroom 
while questioning her on the stand. Following numerous conjugal visits 
between Bundy and his new wife, Boone gave birth to a daughter in October 
1982. However, in 1986 Boone moved back to Washington and never 
returned to Florida. Her whereabouts and those of Bundy's daughter are 
unknown. 
While awaiting execution in Starke Prison, Bundy was housed in the cell 
next to fellow serial killer Ottis Toole, the murderer of Adam Walsh. FBI 
profiler Robert K. Ressler met with him there as part of his work 
interviewing serial killers, but found Bundy uncooperative and manipulative, 
willing to speak only in the third person, and only in hypothetical terms. 
Writing in 1992, Ressler spoke of his impression of Bundy in comparison to 
his reviews of other serial killers: "This guy was an animal, and it amazed 
me that the media seemed unable to understand that." 
However, during the same period, Bundy was often visited by Special Agent 
William Hagmaier of the Federal Bureau of Investigation's Behavioral 
Sciences Unit. Bundy would come to confide in Hagmaier, going so far as to 
call him his best friend. Eventually, Bundy confessed to Hagmaier many 
details of the murders that had until then been unknown or unconfirmed. 
In October 1984, Bundy contacted former King County homicide detective 
Bob Keppel and offered to assist in the ongoing search for the Green River 
Killer by providing his own insights and analysis. Keppel and Green River 
Task Force detective Dave Reichert traveled to Florida's death row to 
interview Bundy. Both detectives later stated that these interviews were of 
little actual help in the investigation; they provided far greater insight into 
Bundy's own mind, however, and were primarily pursued in the hope of 
learning the details of unsolved murders which Bundy was suspected of 
committing. 
Bundy mug shot, 1980, the day after he was sentenced to death for the 
murder of Kimberly LeachBundy contacted Keppel again in 1988. At that
point, his appeals were exhausted. Bundy had beaten previous death 
warrants for March 4, 1986, July 2, 1986, and November 18, 1986. With 
execution imminent, Bundy confessed to eight official unsolved murders in 
Washington State for which he was the prime suspect. Bundy told Keppel 
that there were actually five bodies left on Taylor Mountain, not four as they 
had originally thought. Bundy confessed in detail to the murder of 
Georgeann Hawkins, describing how he lured her to his car, clubbed her 
with a tire iron that he had stashed on the ground under his car, drove away 
with her in the car with him, and later raped and strangled her. 
After the interview, Keppel reported that he had been shocked in speaking 
with Bundy, and that he was the kind of man who was "born to kill." Keppel 
stated: 
He described the Issaquah crime scene (where Janice Ott, Denise Naslund, 
and Georgeann Hawkins had been left) and it was almost like he was just 
there. Like he was seeing everything. He was infatuated with the idea 
because he spent so much time there. He is just totally consumed with 
murder all the time. 
Bundy had hoped that he could use the revelations and partial confessions to 
get another stay of execution or possibly commute his sentence to life 
imprisonment. At one point, a legal advocate working for Bundy asked 
many of the families of the victims to fax letters to Florida Governor Robert 
Martinez and ask for mercy for Bundy in order to find out where the remains 
of their loved ones were. All of the families refused. Keppel and others 
reported that Bundy gave scant detail about his crimes during his 
confessions, and promised to reveal more and other body dump sites if he 
were given "more time." The ploy failed and Bundy was executed on 
schedule. 
The night before Bundy was executed, he gave a television interview to 
James Dobson, head of the evangelical Christian organization Focus on the 
Family. During the interview, Bundy made repeated claims as to the 
pornographic "roots" of his crimes. He stated that, while pornography did 
not cause him to commit murder, the consumption of violent pornography 
helped "shape and mold" his violence into "behavior too terrible to 
describe." He alleged that he felt that violence in the media, "particularly 
sexualized violence," sent boys "down the road to being Ted Bundys." In the 
same interview, Bundy stated: 
"You are going to kill me, and that will protect society from me. But out 
there are many, many more people who are addicted to pornography, and
you are doing nothing about that." 
According to Hagmaier, Bundy contemplated suicide in the days leading up 
to his execution, but eventually decided against it. 
At 7:06 a.m. local time on January 24, 1989, Ted Bundy was executed in the 
electric chair at Florida State Prison in Starke, Florida. His last words were, 
"I'd like you to give my love to my family and friends." Then, more than 
2,000 volts were applied across his body for less than two minutes. He was 
pronounced dead at 7:16 a.m. Several hundred people were gathered outside 
the prison and cheered when they saw the signal that Bundy had been 
declared dead. 
Modus operandi and victim profiles 
Bundy in custody, Leon County, FloridaBundy had a fairly consistent modus 
operandi. He would approach a potential victim in a public place, even in 
daylight or in a crowd, as when he abducted Ott and Naslund at Lake 
Sammamish or when he kidnapped Leach from her school. Bundy had 
various ways of gaining a victim's trust. Sometimes, he would feign injury, 
wearing his arm in a sling or wearing a fake cast, as in the murders of 
Hawkins, Rancourt, Ott, Naslund, and Cunningham. At other times Bundy 
would impersonate an authority figure; he pretended to be a policeman when 
approaching Carol DaRonch. The day before he killed Kimberly Leach, 
Bundy approached another young Florida girl pretending to be "Richard 
Burton, Fire Department", but left hurriedly after her older brother arrived. 
Bundy had a remarkable advantage in that his facial features were attractive, 
yet not especially memorable. In later years, he would often be described as 
chameleon-like, able to look totally different by making only minor 
adjustments to his appearance, e.g., growing a beard or changing his 
hairstyle. 
All of Bundy's victims were white females and most were of middle class 
background. Almost all were between the ages of 15 and 25. Many were 
college students. In her book, Rule notes that most of Bundy's victims had 
long straight hair parted in the middle—just like Stephanie Brooks, the 
woman to whom Bundy was engaged in 1973. Rule speculates that Bundy's 
resentment towards his first girlfriend was a motivating factor in his string of 
murders. However, in a 1980 interview, Bundy dismissed this hypothesis: 
"[t]hey...just fit the general criteria of being young and attractive...Too many 
people have bought this crap that all the girls were similar — hair about the 
same color, parted in the middle...but if you look at it, almost everything was 
dissimilar...physically, they were almost all different."
After luring a victim to his car, Bundy would hit her in the head with a 
crowbar he had placed underneath his Volkswagen or hidden inside it. Every 
recovered skull, except for that of Kimberly Leach, showed signs of blunt 
force trauma. Every recovered body, except for that of Leach, showed signs 
of strangulation. 
Many of Bundy's victims were transported a considerable distance from 
where they disappeared, as in the case of Kathy Parks, whom he drove more 
than 260 miles from Oregon to Washington. Bundy often would drink 
alcohol prior to finding a victim; Carol DaRonch testified to smelling 
alcohol on his breath. 
Hagmaier stated that Bundy considered himself to be an amateur and 
impulsive killer in his early years, and then moved into what he considered 
to be his "prime" or "predator" phase. Bundy stated that this phase began 
around the time of the Lynda Healy murder, when he began seeking victims 
he considered to be equal to his skill as a murderer. 
On death row, Bundy admitted to decapitating at least a dozen of his victims 
with a hacksaw. He kept the severed heads later found on Taylor Mountain 
(Rancourt, Parks, Ball, Healy) in his room or apartment for some time before 
finally disposing of them. He confessed to cremating Donna Manson's head 
in his girlfriend's fireplace. Some of the skulls of Bundy's victims were 
found with the front teeth broken out. Bundy also confessed to visiting his 
victims' bodies over and over again at the Taylor Mountain body dump site. 
He stated that he would lie with them for hours, applying makeup to their 
corpses and having sex with their decomposing bodies until putrefaction 
forced him to abandon the remains. Not long before his death, Bundy 
admitted to returning to the corpse of Georgeann Hawkins for purposes of 
necrophilia. 
Bundy confessed to keeping other souvenirs of his crimes. The Utah police 
who searched Bundy's apartment in 1975 missed a collection of photographs 
that Bundy had hidden in the utility room, photos that Bundy destroyed 
when he returned home after being released on bail. His girlfriend Elizabeth 
once found a bag in his room filled with women's clothing. 
When Bundy was confronted by law enforcement officers who stated that 
they believed the number of individuals he had murdered was 36, Bundy 
told them that they should "add one digit to that, and you'll have it." Rule 
speculated that this meant Bundy might have killed over 100 women. 
Speaking to his lawyer Polly Nelson in 1988, however, Bundy dismissed the 
100+ victims speculation and said that the more common estimate of
approximately 35 victims was accurate.

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Ted bundy

  • 1. Ted Bundy Murders No one knows exactly where and when Bundy began killing. Many Bundy experts, including Rule and former King County detective Robert D. Keppel, believe Bundy may have started killing as far back as his early teens. Ann Marie Burr, an eight-year-old girl from Tacoma, vanished from her home in 1961, when Bundy was 14 years old, though Bundy always denied killing her. The day before his execution, Bundy told his lawyer that he made his first attempt to kidnap a woman in 1969, and implied that he committed his first actual murder sometime in 1972. At one point in his death-row confessions with Keppel, Bundy said he committed his first murder in 1972. In 1973, one of Bundy's Republican Party friends saw a pair of handcuffs in the back of Bundy's Volkswagen. He was for many years a suspect in the December 1973 murder of Kathy Devine in Washington state, but DNA analysis led to another man's arrest and conviction for that crime in 2002. Bundy's earliest known, identified murders were committed in 1974, when he was 27. Shortly after midnight on January 4, 1974, Bundy entered the basement bedroom of 18-year-old "Joni Lenz" (pseudonym), a dancer and student at UW. Bundy bludgeoned her with a metal rod from her bed frame while she slept and sexually assaulted her with a speculum. Lenz was found the next morning by her roommates in a coma and lying in a pool of her own blood. She survived the attack but suffered permanent brain damage. Bundy's next victim was Lynda Ann Healy, another UW student (and his cousin's roommate). In the early morning hours of February 1, 1974, Bundy broke into Healy's room, knocked her unconscious, dressed her in jeans and a shirt, wrapped her in a bed sheet, and carried her away. Co-eds began disappearing at a rate of roughly one a month. On March 12, 1974, in Olympia, Bundy kidnapped and murdered Donna Gail Manson, a 19-year-old student at The Evergreen State College. On April 17, 1974, Susan Rancourt disappeared from the campus of Central Washington State College (CWSC) in Ellensburg. Later, two different CWSC co-eds would recount meeting a man with his arm in a cast—one that
  • 2. night, one three nights earlier—who asked for their help to carry a load of books to his Volkswagen Beetle. Next was Kathy Parks, last seen on the campus of Oregon State University in Corvallis, Oregon, on May 6, 1974. Brenda Ball was never seen again after leaving The Flame Tavern in Burien on June 1, 1974. Bundy then murdered Georgeann Hawkins, a student at UW and a member of Kappa Alpha Theta, an on-campus sorority. In the early morning hours of June 11, 1974, she walked through an alley from her boyfriend's dormitory residence to her sorority house. She was never seen again. Witnesses later reported seeing a man with a leg cast struggling to carry a briefcase in the area that night.[34] One co-ed reported that the man had asked for her help in carrying the briefcase to his car, a Beetle. Bundy's Washington killing spree culminated on July 14, 1974, with the daytime abduction of Janice Ott and Denise Naslund from Lake Sammamish State Park in Issaquah. That day, eight different people told the police about the handsome young man with his left arm in a sling who called himself "Ted". Five of them were women whom "Ted" asked for help unloading a sailboat from his Beetle. One of them went with "Ted" as far as his car, where there was no sailboat, before declining to accompany him any farther. Three more witnesses testified to seeing him approach Ott with the story about the sailboat and to seeing her walk away from the beach in his company. She was never seen alive again. Naslund disappeared without a trace four hours later. King County detectives now had a description both of the suspect and his car. Some witnesses told investigators that the "Ted" they encountered spoke with a clipped, British-like accent. Soon, fliers were up all over the Seattle area. After seeing the police sketch and description of the Lake Sammamish suspect in both of the local newspapers and on television news reports, Bundy's girlfriend, one of his psychology professors at UW, and former co-worker Ann Rule all reported him as a possible suspect. The police, receiving up to 200 tips per day, did not pay any special attention to a tip about a clean-cut law student. The fragmented remains of Ott and Naslund were discovered on September 7, 1974, off Interstate 90 near Issaquah, one mile from the park. Found along with the women's remains was an extra femur bone and vertebrae, which Bundy would identify as that of Georgeann Hawkins shortly before his execution. Between March 1 and March 3, 1975, the skulls and jawbones of Healy,
  • 3. Rancourt, Parks and Ball were found on Taylor Mountain just east of Issaquah. Years later, Bundy claimed that he had also dumped Donna Manson's body there, but no trace of her was ever found. Utah and Colorado Bundy smiles for the cameras and pleads "Not guilty" during a press conference announcing his indictment on first degree murder charges. That autumn, Bundy began attending the University of Utah law school in Salt Lake City, where he resumed killing in October. Nancy Wilcox disappeared from Holladay, Utah, on October 2, 1974. Wilcox was last seen riding in a Volkswagen Beetle. On October 18, 1974, Bundy murdered Melissa Smith, the 17-year-old daughter of Midvale police chief Louis Smith; Bundy raped, sodomized and strangled her. Her body was found nine days later. Next was Laura Aime, also 17, who disappeared when she left a Halloween party in Lehi, Utah, on October 31, 1974; her naked, beaten and strangled corpse was found nearly a month later by hikers on Thanksgiving Day, on the banks of a river in American Fork Canyon. In Murray, Utah, on November 8, 1974, Carol DaRonch narrowly escaped with her life. Claiming to be Officer Roseland of the Murray Police Department, Bundy approached her at the Fashion Place Mall, told her someone had tried to break into her car, and asked her to accompany him to the police station. She got into his car but refused his instruction to buckle her seat belt. They drove for a short period before Bundy suddenly pulled to the shoulder and attempted to slap a pair of handcuffs on her. In the struggle, he fastened both loops to the same wrist. Bundy whipped out his crowbar, but DaRonch caught it in the air just before it would have cracked her skull. She then got the door open and tumbled out onto the highway, thus escaping from her would-be killer. About an hour later, a strange man showed up at Viewmont High School in Bountiful, Utah, where the drama club was putting on a play. He approached the drama teacher and then a student, asking both to come out to the parking lot to identify a car. Both declined. The drama teacher saw him again shortly before the end of the play, this time breathing hard, with his hair mussed and his shirt untucked. Another student saw the man lurking in the rear of the auditorium. Debby Kent, a 17-year-old Viewmont High student, left the play at intermission to go and pick up her brother, and was never seen again. Later, investigators found a small key in the parking lot outside Viewmont High. It
  • 4. unlocked the handcuffs taken off Carol DaRonch. In 1975, while still attending law school at the University of Utah, Bundy shifted his crimes to Colorado. On January 12, 1975, Caryn Campbell disappeared from the Wildwood Inn at Snowmass, Colorado, where she had been vacationing with her fiancé and his children. She vanished somewhere in a span of 50 feet between the elevator doors and her room. Her body was found on February 17, 1975. Next, Vail ski instructor Julie Cunningham disappeared on March 15, 1975, and Denise Oliverson in Grand Junction on April 6, 1975. While in prison, Bundy confessed to Colorado investigators that he used crutches to approach Cunningham, after asking her to help him carry some ski boots to his car. At the car, Bundy clubbed her with his crowbar and immobilized her with handcuffs, later strangling her in a crime highly similar to the Hawkins murder. Lynette Culver went missing in Pocatello, Idaho, on May 6, 1975, from the grounds of her junior high school. After his return to Utah, Susan Curtis vanished on June 28, 1975. (Bundy confessed to the Curtis murder minutes before his execution.) The bodies of Cunningham, Culver, Curtis and Oliverson have never been recovered. Meanwhile, back in Washington, investigators were attempting to prioritize their enormous list of suspects. They used computers to cross-check different likely lists of suspects (classmates of Lynda Healy, owners of Volkswagens, etc) against each other, and then identify suspects who turned up on more than one list. "Theodore Robert Bundy" was one of 25 people who turned up on four separate lists, and his case file was second on the "To Be Investigated" pile when the call came from Utah of an arrest. Arrest, first trial, and escapes Bundy was arrested on August 16, 1975, in Salt Lake City, for failure to stop for a police officer. A search of his car revealed a ski mask, a crowbar, handcuffs, trash bags, an icepick, and other items that were thought by the police to be burglary tools. Bundy remained calm during questioning, explaining that he needed the mask for skiing and had found the handcuffs in a dumpster. Utah detective Jerry Thompson connected Bundy and his Volkswagen to the DaRonch kidnapping and the missing girls, and searched his apartment. The search uncovered a brochure of Colorado ski resorts, with a check mark by the Wildwood Inn where Caryn Campbell had disappeared. After searching his apartment, the police brought Bundy in for a lineup before
  • 5. DaRonch and the Bountiful witnesses. They identified him as "Officer Roseland" and as the man lurking about the night Debby Kent disappeared. Following a week-long trial, Bundy was convicted of DaRonch's kidnapping on March 1, 1976, and was sentenced to 15 years in Utah State Prison. Colorado authorities were pursuing murder charges, however, and Bundy was extradited there to stand trial. On June 7, 1977, in preparation for a hearing in the Caryn Campbell murder trial, Bundy was taken to the Pitkin County courthouse in Aspen. During a court recess, he was allowed to visit the courthouse's law library, where he jumped out of the building from a second-story window and escaped, but sprained his right ankle during the jump. In the minutes following his escape, Bundy at first ran and then strolled casually through the small town toward Aspen Mountain. He made it all the way to the top of Aspen Mountain without being detected, where he rested for two days in an abandoned hunting cabin. But afterwards, he lost his sense of direction and wandered around the mountain, missing two trails that led down off the mountain to his intended destination, the town of Crested Butte. At one point, he came face-to-face with a gun-toting citizen who was one of the searchers scouring Aspen Mountain for Ted Bundy, but talked his way out of danger. On June 13, 1977, Bundy stole a car he found on the mountain. He drove back into Aspen and could have gotten away, but two police deputies noticed the Cadillac with dimmed headlights weaving in and out of its lane and pulled Bundy over. They recognized him and took him back to jail. Bundy had been on the lam for six days. He was back in custody, but Bundy worked on a new escape plan. He was being held in the Glenwood Springs, Colorado, jail while he awaited trial. He had acquired a hacksaw blade and $500 in cash; he later claimed the blade came from another prison inmate. Over two weeks, he sawed through the welds fixing a small metal plate in the ceiling and, after dieting down still further, was able to fit through the hole and access the crawl space above. An informant in the prison told guards that he had heard Bundy moving around the ceiling during the nights before his escape, but the matter was not investigated. When Bundy's Aspen trial judge ruled on December 23, 1977, that the Caryn Campbell murder trial would start on January 9, 1978, and changed the venue to Colorado Springs, Bundy realized that he had to make his escape before he was transferred out of the Glenwood Springs jail.
  • 6. On the night of December 30, 1977, Bundy dressed warmly and packed books and files under his blanket to make it look like he was sleeping. He wriggled through the hole and up into the crawlspace. Bundy crawled over to a spot directly above the jailer's linen closet — the jailer and his wife were out for the evening — dropped down into the jailer's apartment, and walked out the door. Bundy was free, but he was on foot in the middle of a bitterly cold, snowy Colorado night. He stole a broken-down MG, but it stalled out in the mountains. Bundy was stuck on the side of Interstate 70 in the middle of the night in a blizzard, but another driver gave him a ride into Vail. From there he caught a bus to Denver and boarded the TWA 8:55 a.m. flight to Chicago. The Glenwood Springs jail guards did not notice Bundy was gone until noon on December 31, 1977, 17 hours after his escape, by which time Bundy was already in Chicago. Florida Following his arrival in Chicago, Bundy then caught an Amtrak train to Ann Arbor, Michigan, where he got a room at the YMCA. On January 2, 1978, he went to an Ann Arbor bar and watched the University of Washington Huskies, the team of his alma mater, beat Michigan in the Rose Bowl. He later stole a car in Ann Arbor, which he abandoned in Atlanta, Georgia before boarding a bus for Tallahassee, Florida, where he arrived on January 8, 1978. There, he rented a room at a boarding house under the alias of "Chris Hagen" and committed numerous petty crimes including shoplifting, purse snatching, and auto theft. He stole a student ID card that belonged to a Kenneth Misner and sent away for copies of Misner's Social Security card and birth certificate. He grew a mustache and drew a fake mole on his right cheek when he went out, but aside from that, he made no real attempt at a disguise. Bundy tried to find work at a construction site, but when the personnel officer asked Bundy for his driver's license for identification, Bundy walked away. This was his only attempt at job hunting. One week after Bundy's arrival in Tallahassee, in the early hours of Super Bowl Sunday on January 15, 1978, two and a half years of repressed homicidal violence erupted. Bundy entered the Florida State University Chi Omega sorority house at approximately 3 a.m. and killed two sleeping women, Lisa Levy and Margaret Bowman. Bundy bludgeoned and strangled Levy and Bowman; he also sexually assaulted Levy. He also bludgeoned two other Chi Omegas, Karen Chandler and Kathy Kleiner. The entire episode took no more than half an hour. After leaving the Chi Omega house, Bundy broke into another home a few blocks away, clubbing and severely
  • 7. injuring Florida State University student Cheryl Thomas. On February 9, 1978, Bundy traveled to Lake City, Florida. While there, he abducted, raped, and murdered 12-year-old Kimberly Leach, throwing her body under a small pig shed. On February 12, 1978, Bundy stole yet another Volkswagen Beetle and left Tallahassee for good, heading west across the Florida panhandle. On February 15, 1978, shortly after 1 a.m., Bundy was stopped by Pensacola police officer David Lee. When the officer called in a check of the license plate, the vehicle came up as stolen. Bundy then scuffled with the officer before he was finally subdued. As Lee took the unknown suspect to jail, Bundy said "I wish you had killed me." At his booking Bundy gave the police the name Ken Misner (and presented stolen identification for Misner), but the Florida Department of Law Enforcement made a positive fingerprint identification early the next day. He was immediately transported to Tallahassee and subsequently charged with the Tallahassee and Lake City murders. He was later taken to Miami to stand trial for the Chi Omega murders. Conviction and execution Bite mark testimony at the Chi Omega trialBundy went to trial for the Chi Omega murders in June 1979, with Dade County Circuit Court Judge Edward D. Cowart presiding. Despite having five court-appointed lawyers, he insisted on acting as his own attorney and even cross-examined witnesses, including the police officer who had discovered Margaret Bowman's body. He was prosecuted by Assistant State Attorney Larry Simpson. Two pieces of evidence proved crucial. First, Chi Omega member Nita Neary, getting back to the house very late after a date, saw Bundy as he left, and identified him in court. Second, during his homicidal frenzy, Bundy bit Lisa Levy in her left buttock, leaving obvious bite marks. Police took plaster casts of Bundy's teeth and a forensics expert matched them to the photographs of Levy's wound. Bundy was convicted on all counts and sentenced to death. After confirming the sentence, Cowart gave him the verdict: It is ordered that you be put to death by a current of electricity, that current be passed through your body until you are dead. Take care of yourself, young man. I say that to you sincerely; take care of yourself, please. It is an utter tragedy for this court to see such a total waste of humanity as I've experienced in this courtroom. You're a bright young man. You'd have made
  • 8. a good lawyer, and I would have loved to have you practice in front of me, but you went another way, partner. Take care of yourself. I don't feel any animosity toward you. I want you to know that. Once again, take care of yourself. Bundy was tried for the Kimberly Leach murder in 1980. He was again convicted on all counts, principally due to fibers found in his van that matched Leach's clothing and an eyewitness that saw him leading Leach away from the school, and sentenced to death. During the Kimberly Leach trial, Bundy married former coworker Carole Ann Boone in the courtroom while questioning her on the stand. Following numerous conjugal visits between Bundy and his new wife, Boone gave birth to a daughter in October 1982. However, in 1986 Boone moved back to Washington and never returned to Florida. Her whereabouts and those of Bundy's daughter are unknown. While awaiting execution in Starke Prison, Bundy was housed in the cell next to fellow serial killer Ottis Toole, the murderer of Adam Walsh. FBI profiler Robert K. Ressler met with him there as part of his work interviewing serial killers, but found Bundy uncooperative and manipulative, willing to speak only in the third person, and only in hypothetical terms. Writing in 1992, Ressler spoke of his impression of Bundy in comparison to his reviews of other serial killers: "This guy was an animal, and it amazed me that the media seemed unable to understand that." However, during the same period, Bundy was often visited by Special Agent William Hagmaier of the Federal Bureau of Investigation's Behavioral Sciences Unit. Bundy would come to confide in Hagmaier, going so far as to call him his best friend. Eventually, Bundy confessed to Hagmaier many details of the murders that had until then been unknown or unconfirmed. In October 1984, Bundy contacted former King County homicide detective Bob Keppel and offered to assist in the ongoing search for the Green River Killer by providing his own insights and analysis. Keppel and Green River Task Force detective Dave Reichert traveled to Florida's death row to interview Bundy. Both detectives later stated that these interviews were of little actual help in the investigation; they provided far greater insight into Bundy's own mind, however, and were primarily pursued in the hope of learning the details of unsolved murders which Bundy was suspected of committing. Bundy mug shot, 1980, the day after he was sentenced to death for the murder of Kimberly LeachBundy contacted Keppel again in 1988. At that
  • 9. point, his appeals were exhausted. Bundy had beaten previous death warrants for March 4, 1986, July 2, 1986, and November 18, 1986. With execution imminent, Bundy confessed to eight official unsolved murders in Washington State for which he was the prime suspect. Bundy told Keppel that there were actually five bodies left on Taylor Mountain, not four as they had originally thought. Bundy confessed in detail to the murder of Georgeann Hawkins, describing how he lured her to his car, clubbed her with a tire iron that he had stashed on the ground under his car, drove away with her in the car with him, and later raped and strangled her. After the interview, Keppel reported that he had been shocked in speaking with Bundy, and that he was the kind of man who was "born to kill." Keppel stated: He described the Issaquah crime scene (where Janice Ott, Denise Naslund, and Georgeann Hawkins had been left) and it was almost like he was just there. Like he was seeing everything. He was infatuated with the idea because he spent so much time there. He is just totally consumed with murder all the time. Bundy had hoped that he could use the revelations and partial confessions to get another stay of execution or possibly commute his sentence to life imprisonment. At one point, a legal advocate working for Bundy asked many of the families of the victims to fax letters to Florida Governor Robert Martinez and ask for mercy for Bundy in order to find out where the remains of their loved ones were. All of the families refused. Keppel and others reported that Bundy gave scant detail about his crimes during his confessions, and promised to reveal more and other body dump sites if he were given "more time." The ploy failed and Bundy was executed on schedule. The night before Bundy was executed, he gave a television interview to James Dobson, head of the evangelical Christian organization Focus on the Family. During the interview, Bundy made repeated claims as to the pornographic "roots" of his crimes. He stated that, while pornography did not cause him to commit murder, the consumption of violent pornography helped "shape and mold" his violence into "behavior too terrible to describe." He alleged that he felt that violence in the media, "particularly sexualized violence," sent boys "down the road to being Ted Bundys." In the same interview, Bundy stated: "You are going to kill me, and that will protect society from me. But out there are many, many more people who are addicted to pornography, and
  • 10. you are doing nothing about that." According to Hagmaier, Bundy contemplated suicide in the days leading up to his execution, but eventually decided against it. At 7:06 a.m. local time on January 24, 1989, Ted Bundy was executed in the electric chair at Florida State Prison in Starke, Florida. His last words were, "I'd like you to give my love to my family and friends." Then, more than 2,000 volts were applied across his body for less than two minutes. He was pronounced dead at 7:16 a.m. Several hundred people were gathered outside the prison and cheered when they saw the signal that Bundy had been declared dead. Modus operandi and victim profiles Bundy in custody, Leon County, FloridaBundy had a fairly consistent modus operandi. He would approach a potential victim in a public place, even in daylight or in a crowd, as when he abducted Ott and Naslund at Lake Sammamish or when he kidnapped Leach from her school. Bundy had various ways of gaining a victim's trust. Sometimes, he would feign injury, wearing his arm in a sling or wearing a fake cast, as in the murders of Hawkins, Rancourt, Ott, Naslund, and Cunningham. At other times Bundy would impersonate an authority figure; he pretended to be a policeman when approaching Carol DaRonch. The day before he killed Kimberly Leach, Bundy approached another young Florida girl pretending to be "Richard Burton, Fire Department", but left hurriedly after her older brother arrived. Bundy had a remarkable advantage in that his facial features were attractive, yet not especially memorable. In later years, he would often be described as chameleon-like, able to look totally different by making only minor adjustments to his appearance, e.g., growing a beard or changing his hairstyle. All of Bundy's victims were white females and most were of middle class background. Almost all were between the ages of 15 and 25. Many were college students. In her book, Rule notes that most of Bundy's victims had long straight hair parted in the middle—just like Stephanie Brooks, the woman to whom Bundy was engaged in 1973. Rule speculates that Bundy's resentment towards his first girlfriend was a motivating factor in his string of murders. However, in a 1980 interview, Bundy dismissed this hypothesis: "[t]hey...just fit the general criteria of being young and attractive...Too many people have bought this crap that all the girls were similar — hair about the same color, parted in the middle...but if you look at it, almost everything was dissimilar...physically, they were almost all different."
  • 11. After luring a victim to his car, Bundy would hit her in the head with a crowbar he had placed underneath his Volkswagen or hidden inside it. Every recovered skull, except for that of Kimberly Leach, showed signs of blunt force trauma. Every recovered body, except for that of Leach, showed signs of strangulation. Many of Bundy's victims were transported a considerable distance from where they disappeared, as in the case of Kathy Parks, whom he drove more than 260 miles from Oregon to Washington. Bundy often would drink alcohol prior to finding a victim; Carol DaRonch testified to smelling alcohol on his breath. Hagmaier stated that Bundy considered himself to be an amateur and impulsive killer in his early years, and then moved into what he considered to be his "prime" or "predator" phase. Bundy stated that this phase began around the time of the Lynda Healy murder, when he began seeking victims he considered to be equal to his skill as a murderer. On death row, Bundy admitted to decapitating at least a dozen of his victims with a hacksaw. He kept the severed heads later found on Taylor Mountain (Rancourt, Parks, Ball, Healy) in his room or apartment for some time before finally disposing of them. He confessed to cremating Donna Manson's head in his girlfriend's fireplace. Some of the skulls of Bundy's victims were found with the front teeth broken out. Bundy also confessed to visiting his victims' bodies over and over again at the Taylor Mountain body dump site. He stated that he would lie with them for hours, applying makeup to their corpses and having sex with their decomposing bodies until putrefaction forced him to abandon the remains. Not long before his death, Bundy admitted to returning to the corpse of Georgeann Hawkins for purposes of necrophilia. Bundy confessed to keeping other souvenirs of his crimes. The Utah police who searched Bundy's apartment in 1975 missed a collection of photographs that Bundy had hidden in the utility room, photos that Bundy destroyed when he returned home after being released on bail. His girlfriend Elizabeth once found a bag in his room filled with women's clothing. When Bundy was confronted by law enforcement officers who stated that they believed the number of individuals he had murdered was 36, Bundy told them that they should "add one digit to that, and you'll have it." Rule speculated that this meant Bundy might have killed over 100 women. Speaking to his lawyer Polly Nelson in 1988, however, Bundy dismissed the 100+ victims speculation and said that the more common estimate of
  • 12. approximately 35 victims was accurate.