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Organizational Behavior : Group Behavior and Dyanamics

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GROUP BEHAVIOR AND GROUP
DYNAMICS
Dr. Kiran Kakade
Assistant Professor (HR) ,TIMSR Mumbai

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INDIVIDUAL LEVEL
Personality
Perception
Attitude
Value
Motivation

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GROUP LEVEL
Group Behavior
Group Dynamics
Group decision making
Group Vs Team
Team Effectiveness

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Organizational Behavior : Group Behavior and Dyanamics

  1. 1. GROUP BEHAVIOR AND GROUP DYNAMICS Dr. Kiran Kakade Assistant Professor (HR) ,TIMSR Mumbai
  2. 2. INDIVIDUAL LEVEL Personality Perception Attitude Value Motivation
  3. 3. GROUP LEVEL Group Behavior Group Dynamics Group decision making Group Vs Team Team Effectiveness
  4. 4. OUR PRIMITIVE LEARNING !
  5. 5. WISDOM OF GOOSE
  6. 6. DEFINING AND CLASSIFYING GROUPS  Group as two or more individuals, interacting and interdependent ,who have come together to achieve particular objectives.  Groups can be either formal or informal  Formal group define by the organization structure with designated work. In formal group the behavior team members should engage in are stipulated by and directed towards organizational goals.  Informal group is neither formally structured nor organizationally determined .Informal group are natural formation in the work environment that appear in need to for social contact
  7. 7. OTHER TYPES OF GROUPS  Interest group: The people may affiliate to attain a specific objective with each individual is concerned  Friendship Groups: Group often develop because individual member have one or more common characteristics.
  8. 8. KURT LEVIN WAS A SMART DUDE B = f(P,E) Behavior is a function of personal qualities and social environment
  9. 9. SOCIAL IDENTITY THEORY  Our tendency to take personal pride or offence for the accomplishment of a group in the territory of social identity theory.  Social identity theory proposes that people have emotional reactions to the failure or success of their group because their self esteem gets tied into the performance of the group.  Similarity  Distinctiveness  Status
  10. 10. STAGES OF GROUP DEVELOPMENT  Orientation: Forming  Conflict: Storming  Structure: Norming  Work: Performing
  11. 11. DISSOLUTION: ADJOURNING TASK
  12. 12. DISSOLUTION: ADJOURNING TASK
  13. 13. ALTERNATIVE MODEL FOR TEMPORARY GROUPS WITH DEADLINES  Punctuated Equilibrium model
  14. 14. PUNCTUATED EQUILIBRIUM MODEL  A set of phases that temporary groups go through that involves transition inertia and activity  Phase 1: The first meeting sets the group direction , and then a framework of behavioral patterns and assumption through which the group will approach its project emerges  Phase 2: The transition sets a revised direction phase 2 ,a new equilibrium or period of inertia in which the group executes plans created during the transition period.  The group last meeting is characterized by final burst of activity to finish its work.
  15. 15. GROUP PROPERTY 1 :ROLES  A set of expected behavior pattern attributed to someone occupying a given position in a social unit. Shakespeare said ,“All the world’s a stage, and all the men and women merely players.”  Role Perception : Our view of how we are supposed to act in a given situation is a role perception.  Role Expectations : Role expectations are the way others believe you should act in a given context.  Role Conflict :When compliance with one role requirement may make it difficult to comply with other, the result is role conflict.
  16. 16. GROUP PROPERTY 2: NORMS  Why employees don’t criticize their bosses in public? Why not?  “The group norms are acceptable standards of behavior shared by their members that express what they ought and ought not to do under certain circumstances.” 1. Hawthorne Studies 2. Conformity 3. Deviant Workplace Behavior
  17. 17. CONFORMITY  The adjustment of ones behavior to align with norms of the group
  18. 18. DEVIANT WORKPLACE BEHAVIOR  Voluntary behavior that violates significant organizational norms and, in so doing ,threatens the well being of the organization or its members.  It is also called as antisocial behavior or workplace incivility  A recent study suggests those working in a group were more likely to lie ,cheat and steal than individuals working alone.
  19. 19. GROUP PROPERTY 3: STATUS Status Characteristics Theory  A theory that states that difference in status characteristics create status hierarchies within groups  The power a person wield over others  A person ability to contribute to group goals  An individual person characteristics
  20. 20. GROUP PROPERTY 4: SIZE  Does the size of a group affects the group overall behavior?  Smaller groups are faster at completing tasks than larger one and thus individual perform better in smaller group than larger one.  Social Loafing  The tendency for individuals to expend less efforts when working collectively than when working individually
  21. 21. GROUP PROPERTY 5: COHESIVENESS  The degree to which group members are attracted to each other and are motivated to stay in the group
  22. 22. COHESIVENESS OUTCOMES  Want to remain members  Willing to share information  Strong interpersonal bonds  Want to support each other  Resolve conflict effectively  More satisfied and experience less stress Members of cohesive teams .
  23. 23. GROUP DECISION MAKING
  24. 24. CONCLUDING THOUGHT  "We've developed an incredibly talented team of people running our major businesses, and, perhaps more important, there's a healthy sense of collegiality, mutual trust, and respect for performance that pervades this organization.” Jack Welch, Former CEO of General Electric
  25. 25. THANK YOU

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