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  1. What is refugee? -According to the United Nations Convention relating to the Status of Refugees • A refugee is a person who is outside their country of citizenship because they have well-founded grounds for fear of persecution because of their race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion, and is unable to obtain sanctuary from their home country or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail themselves of the protection of that country - According to Google • A person who has been forced to leave their country in order to escape war, persecution, or natural disaster. - According to Us • in simple way refugee means a person who is forced to leave his/her country to seek protection from harm.
  2. While there is no universally accepted definition of persecution(harassment), threats to life or freedom are always considered persecution when they occur because of a person’s: • Race • Religion • Nationality • Political opinion • Membership in a particular social group
  3. There are several conditions that may lead to people becoming refugees. They are as follow:  Warfare  Natural disasters such as Floods, Tsunamis,etc  Political instability  Religious persecution
  4. Which countries are hosting refugee? A host country is the one which adopts the refugees for permanent settlement. The countries provide arrangements for the refugees. countries hosting refugees are: 1. China Total refugee population: 301,052 > Total native population: 1.36 billion > Est. number of refugees admitted in 2014: N/A > Country of origin of most refugees: Vietnam 2.Uganda Total refugee population: 385,513 > Total native population: 36.8 million > Est. number of refugees admitted in 2014: 142,000 > Country of origin of most refugees: South Sudan 3.Chad > Total refugee population: 452,897 > Total native population: 11 million > Est. number of refugees admitted in 2014: 19,000 > Country of origin of most refugees: Central African Republic
  5. 4 Ethiopia > Total refugee population: 659,524 > Total native population: 88.9 million > Est. number of refugees admitted in 2014: 236,000 > Country of origin of most refugees: South Sudan 5.Islamic republican of Iran Total refugee population: 982,027 > Total native population: 77.0 million > Est. number of refugees admitted in 2014: 125,000 > Country of origin of most refugees: Afghanistan 6.Lebanon > Total refugee population: 1,154,040 > Total native population: 4.5 million > Est. number of refugees admitted in 2014: 400,000 > Country of origin of most refugees: Syria
  6. 7.Kenya > Total refugee population: 551,352 > Total native population: 41.8 million > Est. number of refugees admitted in 2014: 79,000 > Country of origin of most refugees: South Sudan 8.Jordan > Total refugee population: 654,141 > Total native population: 6.5 million > Est. number of refugees admitted in 2014: 119,000 > Country of origin of most refugees: Syria
  7. 9. Pakistan > Total refugee population: 1,505,525 > Total native population: 182.6 million > Est. number of refugees admitted in 2014: N/A > Country of origin of most refugees: Afghanistan 10. Turkey > Total refugee population: 1,587,374 > Total native population: 76 million > Est. number of refugees admitted in 2014: 1.2 million > Country of origin of most refugees: Syria
  8. Which country producing more refugees? S. No Country name Refugee Population 1 Afghanistan 2,556,556 2 Syrian Arab Republic 2,468,369 3 Somalia 1,121,738 4 Sudan 649,331 5 Congo, Dem. Rep. 499,541 6 Myanmar 479,608 7 Iraq 401,417 8 Colombia 396,635 9 Vietnam 314,105 10 Eritrea 308,022
  9. •Panic •Shock •Fear •Danger •Hunger •Fatigue •Separation •Fear of victimization •Fear of being detected or caught in the crossfire
  10. The average stay in a refugee camp is years. Many camps are heavily guarded, surrounded by barbed wire. Refugees are sometimes treated cruelly by guards. Most camps are operated by the United Nations and receive help from donor countries. The refugees await solutions to the problems in their homelands.
  11. • Boredom • Shock • Depression • Anger •Hope mingled with disappointment •Adjustment to new living conditions •Hopelessness • Fear of the unknown • Culture shock • Survivor’s guilt • Helplessness •Powerlessness •Self-doubt •Struggle to meet survival needs •Confusion
  12. Refugees in Nepal Nepal is home to 38,490 refugees officially recognized by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). Tibetan and Bhutanese refugees account for a large majority of Nepal’s refugee population. Refugees from Bhutan In the early 1990s, close to 106,000 Bhutanese refugees settled in seven ,supervised camps in eastern Nepal after being evicted from their homes in Bhutan when the government introduced a new law removing citizenship and civil rights due to ancestor. Without the right to work or own land in Nepal these refugees have been dependent on food aid from the United Nations . After several failed discussions aimed at repatriating the refugees to Bhutan or Nepal, the refugees are now beginning to be relocated to other international destinations with the help of the UNHCR and the International Organization for Migration. Since the start of its Bhutanese refugee resettlement initiative in 2007 the UNHCR has relocated over 20,000 refugees. The United States accommodated 17,612 of these refugees, with the rest moving to Australia, Canada, Norway, New Zealand, Denmark, and The Netherlands. The five Bhutanese refugee camps in Nepal are: O Beldangi O Goldhap O Khudunabari O Sanischare O Timai
  13. Refugees from Tibet In the years 1959, 1960, and 1961 following the 1959 Tibetan uprising and exile of the Dalai Lama, over 20,000 Tibetans migrated to Nepal. Since then many have emigrated to India or settled in refugee camps set up by the International Committee of the Red Cross, the Government of Nepal, the Swiss Government, Services for Technical Co-operation Switzerland, and Australian Refugees Committee. Those who arrived before 1989 were issued refugee ID cards and benefited from de facto economic integration; however, more recent arrivals have no legal status and cannot own property, businesses, vehicles, or be employed lawfully. Many of these recent arrivals transit through Nepal on their way to India. Currently there are twelve Tibetan Refugee camps in Nepal, each supervised by a representative appointed by the Central Tibetan Administration O Choejor (Chorten & Jorpati)Delekling, SolukhumbuDorpattan, BaglungJampaling, Lodrik, PokharaNamgyeling, Chirok, MustangPaljorling, Lodrik, PokharaPhakshing & GyalsaRasuwa, DuncheSamdupling, JawalakhelTashi Palkhiel, PokharaTashiling, PokharaWalung O Many of the recent arrivals have faced so many challenges and unjust at Nepal borders.
  14. Other refugees O Although Nepal is home to some 800,000 stateless residents, the exact number of refugees is uncertain because Nepal is not a signatory of the 1951 U.N.Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees that ensures the legal status and economic rights of refugees. Nepal’s National Unit for the Coordination of Refugee Affairs has requested that the UNHCR not recognize additional cases of urban refugees within its borders in an effort to prevent Nepal from becoming a safe haven for illegal immigrants. Among the 600 refugees already recognized are mostly Pakistanis and few Somalis, many of who belong to the Ahmadiya community that fled religious persecution in Pakistan, while the Somalis have been a victims of human trafficking.
  15. Organization working under solving refugee O United Nations High Commission for Refugees UNHCR has been working with NGOs since we first began helping the forcibly displaced in the early 1950s. As our work and size grew to cope with emerging refugee crises in the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s, especially in Africa, Asia and Central America, so did our ties with a wide range of newly formed humanitarian and refugee-related NGOs.
  16. O Immigrant and refugee commity organization IRCO's mission is to promote the integration of refugees, immigrants and the community at large into a self-sufficient, healthy and inclusive multi-ethnic society. Founded in 1976 by refugees for refugees, IRCO has nearly 40 years of history and experience working with Portland's refugee and immigrant communities. Following the 1970s political upheavals in Southeast Asia, Oregon and Washington were two of the first states to offer new opportunities and homes to refugees. A group of Vietnamese, Laotian and Cambodian refugees in Portland formed the Indochinese Cultural and Service Center (ICSC) to help newly arrived families adjust to American society and find jobs. By the mid-'80s, ICSC joined forces with another community-based organization, Southeast Asian Refugee Federation (SEARF). The newly formed International Refugee Center of Oregon (IRCO) became the sole service provider of employment services and job training for all newly arrived refugees, a role IRCO has retained ever since. We became the Immigrant and Refugee Community Organization in 2001. In 1994, IRCO founded the Asian Family Center, the first of our culturally and linguistically specific one stop service locations, followed by the establishment of Africa House in 2006.
  17. O Resettlement O Providing security and safety O Providing job O Stop trafficking and racism
  18. Contributions refugees can make: In 1999-2000 refugees made a net fiscal contribution of about £2.6 billion 18 refugees have become Nobel Laureates. 16 refugees have received knighthoods. Over 1000 refugees and asylum-seekers with medical backgrounds (in England) Over 900 refugees and asylum-seekers with teaching backgrounds (in England)
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  20.  Joyal Joshi  Ayushi Bhandari  Rajkumar Tamang  Smriti Khanal  Prashang Udas  Sagina Maharjan  Iven Shrestha Submitted to: Faculty Head of Social Studies (Mr. Khagendra Timilsina)
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