Steps To Follow During The Presentation
•As the slide changes try to change your mood
according to it.
•After Every slide Changes Please Write one word
about what you felt while viewing the slide.
•Be Patient and Attentive Towards What I Say.
•Please do Not Sleep or Play With your Cell Phone
While the Presentation Is in Progress.
•Try To Amplify Your Feelings As much As possible
And express it Freely On The Paper Provided.
Color & Light Theory
Color and light shapes the way we see the world.
We all have our own personal and emotional responses to color and light. They
means different things to different people. They might be pleasant to some and at
the same time unpleasant or irritating to other , so its totally about the personal
choice of the Person(Clint).
Inferences of the presentation
Answer The Following:
1. What and How Do You Feel At Present ?
2. Why You Feel It?
3. What Did You Learned While Going Through The Presentation?
(NOTE: write all the answers on paper provided, no where else. Also feel the color and
texture of the paper provided.)
Now To The Theoretical Aspects Of
The Color And The Light.
A GOOD LIGHTING DESIGN SHOULD
•Provide the proper amount of light in
•Be built and constructed within budget,
code, and other constraints.
•Be environmentally responsible.
•Respond to the Architecture and Interior
•Produce good color
•Achieve the desired moods of each space
•Be able to control the lights
Day lighting's Challenges
•Four generations of architects and engineers lost to cheap energy
•Limited number of qualified architects, consultants and educators
•No established methodology or dominant theory
•Eighty years of bad habits
•Lighting designers must learn to design day lighting
•Crisp warm, attractive color
•Longer life, slightly more energy
Halogène PAR 20, PAR 30 and
PAR 38 lamps
Halogen lamps for table
lamps and chandeliers
•T-12 “fat tubes”no longer a good
•Use T-8 lamps for most residential
•Consider T-5 and T-2 lamps for
under cabinet fixtures
•7,9, and 13 watt twin tubes (“PL” lamps)
for step lights, low level lighting
•Triple tube, Circu line and 2D lamps 18-58
watts for general lighting
Ambient or general light -
This kind of light provides the overall brightness for your
room. It's essential for everyday life as it simply enables us
to see. The most effective method of creating ambient light
is to use frosted glass to softly diffuse the light.
These lights are used for a specific purpose, They should be
positioned carefully to avoid casting shadows over a working
area and to avoid causing glare.
Accent or feature light
This is used to create a focal point within a room by
highlighting a particular item or feature, such as an object, a
painting or a fireplace. These are lights like spotlights and
Lighting design is moving away from the tradition of a single
pendant in the middle of a ceiling, towards designs that
combine a number of lighting techniques to build up layers of
Lighting Types & Room Information
We use different rooms in our home in different ways and lighting
plays a key role. Get the lighting in a space right and it almost
becomes unnoticeable, but if it's not quite right it can have a major
impact on the feeling of a room.
Bathrooms should look light and fresh and be lit for the
practical tasks of washing and shaving, but also for times
when we may want to relax with candle light and bubbles.
Natural light in a bathroom is ideal, but not always available.
If it is, we can make the most of it using frosted, etched or
colored glass to diffuse the light and create patterns. A
skylight is fantastic as it allows masses of light to flood in.
Lighting a Bathroom
Light for Bedrooms
As with so many rooms in our homes, our bedrooms are
often multi-functional. They can be used for sleeping,
watching television in bed and for dressing and putting on
makeup. This requires a mixture of ambient and task lighting.
A combination of wall lights and table lamps can cater for all
your needs, while avoiding the glare of a single central ceiling
light seen while you’re lying in bed.
The lighting needed for a child’s bedroom change as a child gets
In a baby’s room, a ceiling light controlled by a dimmer will
provide a good general light and a small table lamp or nightlight
will give enough light for late night feeds.
Safety is the main consideration for a toddlers room. Lights
should be positioned so that hot fittings, cables and switches
can’t be reached. Fixed lights are a good option as they can be
positioned out of the way and can’t be knocked over.
Dining room serves many purposes - We need flexibility in
our dining room lighting scheme in order to create the right
setting for these countless occasions . i.e. bright and cheerful
lighting for a relaxed family meal and intimate lighting for a
romantic dinner for two.
The focus of the dining room should be the table. If we have
a long dining table, we could position a series of pendants
along its length, which would both increase light levels and
Dinning room lightening
Kitchens require high level ambient light and focused task lighting
that is free from shadow and glare. Task lighting is essential for
chopping and preparing foods, while ambient light is used for
moving around the kitchen safely.
To avoid working in our own shadow, task lights should be
positioned so that light comes from the front or side of the body.
Placing recessed down lights in the base of cupboards, provides a
focused task light that is glare free.
Living Room Lighting
Living rooms are often used in many different
ways. They may be a space for children to play, a
place for socializing or somewhere to switch off
and relax. The lighting we choose should consider
all of these needs and a combination of ambient,
task and feature lighting will support such a wide
range of activities.
The fixed central light is the most common light fitting and
traditionally has often provided the only source of light in a
room. However, gone are the days of a simple ceiling rose
pendant with a lampshade.
Ceiling lights are available in a wide variety of styles and
designs, including surface mounted ceiling fittings, recessed
ceiling lights, track style lights with spots that can be adjusted
and directed, single and multiple hanging pendant lights and
Table lamps produce a local light and are good for creating intimate
pools of light.
The majority of the light from a table lamp is directed downwards,
although the spread of light produced is dependent upon the size
and style of the shade.
Table lights are available in a wide range of styles, sizes, colors,
textures and materials, which means they can be easily incorporated
into any interior design scheme.
Fittings direct light upwards to wash the ceiling with light and generate a
good background light; they produce an indirect light that's glare free.
Uplighters work best in rooms with relatively high ceilings and are a good
choice for making a small room appear larger.
Wall fixed varieties are good for hallways and staircases. They should be
positioned at eye level to ensure the source of light is hidden from view and
to prevent causing glare.
Wall lights are simply lights that are mounted on a wall. They’re
good for producing general background light. They can be
directional, as with wall-mounted uplighters.
Wall lights are available in a wide range of styles, designs and
materials and often look good positioned in pairs, for example
at either end of a sofa. Although, as a fixed light, you should
consider positioning carefully before installing wall lights. It’s
better to position lights around permanent features, rather than
something you may want to replace or change in the future.
NEW ADVANCEMENTS IN LIGHTING
•Today in market there have come new
technologies Of lighting.
•Lighting bulbs have sophisticated lighting control
systems and dimmers.
•Lighting devices are now used to define the
These technologies are more
LED OR Light-emitting diode is a
semiconductor light source.
When led is switched on, electrons move
and release energy in the form of photon
LED is used in lighting, automotive lighting
and traffic signals.
•LED strips are the tubes that have LED
fixing of lights.
•These are placed in any shape to provide
•LED stripes help to upscale the height of
LED stripes provide luminance in
every part of the room..
LED panels are rectangular LED lighting fixture.
They spread light used to show the volume the room.
LED panels can be used in large numbers at certain
intervals to define a path.
2 million color changing LED tape-will display
virtually any color, to match mood and or
•Stairs illuminated with the ICELED
•Low power LED’s used for illuminating
furniture, create pools of light or a
continuous glow depending upon the height
of your furniture from the floors..
Wide angle LED flood lights Narrow angle LED spot
lights High power LED bulbs
LED track lighting bulbs Decorative LED bulbs LED globes regular bulbs
LED Lighting with colors
LED bulbs are available in three different values:
Soft white- it offers a warm and yellowish glow to a room, which helps give a
very relaxing feel and mimics that candlelight glow to help built the ambiance.
Bright white-it gives off a crisp, white light and gives more cooler feeling.
Daylight-this type of LED bulb mimics natural sunlight and shows colors in their
OPTICAL FIBRE LIGHTING
An optical fiber is a flexible, transparent
fiber made of glass or plastic.
It functions as a wave guide or light pipe to
transmit light between the two ends of the
Bundle of optic fiber
COLOR is likely the most
important element of design. It
is one of the first things others
notice about your design.
COLOR sets the mood in a
room and leaves a lasting
impression with most people.
COLOR can help you create
certain moods in your home by
calmness, mystery, or other
sensations and emotions.
RED: Associated with power ,
danger, fire, strength and passion.
It is bold ,aggressive ,exciting and
warm. It demands attention ,can
make you feel energetic but too
much red in a room can be
THE PSYCHOLOGY OF COLOR
Each color has certain psychological effects on people and can
evoke certain feelings. Factors that can influence people’s
reaction to color include age ,gender, culture, and life experience.
Some of the effects for each of the following colors include:
ORANGE: Hopeful, cheerful,
warm, and less aggressive
than red. It expresses
courage and hospitality and
can make a room feel
energetic and friendly.
YELLOW: Friendly , happy and
warm, sympathy, prosperity,
cowardice and wisdom and
rooms are cheerful, light and
airy. Pure yellow draws
GREEN: Refreshing ,
peaceful, hope and
BLUE: Cool, quiet ,
peaceful. But too
much blue in a room
can be depressing.
DIFFERENT COLORS FOR DIFFERENT ROOMS
Green ,blue and purple work
best in areas where you
wish to relax, such as
bedroom, bathroom or
GREEN :Perfect for any
room but especially for
bedrooms and living room.
It is very calming and has
proven to reduce stress and
in living room it add
warmth, the more yellow in
it the more warmer it
RED : Because of
its high energy it is
said to encourage
why it is preferred
for the dining room,
living room and
YELLOW: As it is a
happy color and
BLUE: It makes a
room feel more open
and it is perfect for
bathrooms, and in
ORANGE: It is
Rarely used in
living areas or in
offices but with
of green or white.
Violet: It is restful,
majestic and can be
used in living room
as well as in bed
People feel most comfortable when colors
reflect their personalities.
EXAMPLE: Outgoing people might choose bright red or yellow for the
main color in a room.
Shy people might feel awkward in a red room instead they might
prefer a room that features a soft blue or green.
THE COLOR WHEEL
• Yellow, red and blue are the
• Hue- it is the color name(color
in its purest form).
• Intensity- it refers to the
brightness or dullness of a hue.
• Black , white and grey are all
WARM AND COOL COLORS
• Some areas may seem cooler or warmer due to use of certain
colors in decorating.
• Warm colors include yellow, orange, red and similar colors.
They remind us of fire and sun.
• Warm-colored objects appear closer to you, ex. A room
painted orange appears smaller than its actual size.
• Warm colors attract your attention, they can make you feel
happy, energetic and full of excitement.
• Warm colors in home makes members feel lively and cheerful,
however overuse can make people nervous or tense.
• Cool colors are opposite to warm colors, these include- blue,
green and similar colors. They remind us of water, grass and
• They make a space seem larger than it actually is.
• Cool colors are quiet and restful. Hospitals often use them to
help patients relax and feel calm.
• They are also popular in bedrooms, however overuse can
result in people feeling depressed.
• A color harmony is a pleasing combination of colors based on
their positions in color wheel.
• It uses single hue from
• Color wheel. It has least contrast and is most restful.
• Complementary color harmony- selecting two colors that are
directly opposite to each-other on color wheel. It can make a room
look bright and dramatic.
• Split complementary
color harmony- Using
one hue with two hues
adjacent to its
• Double complementary
Selecting two colors and
their complement from
• Analogous color harmony- selecting related hues from color
harmony- usually three to five. As they are related, they blend easily.
• Triadic color harmony- using three equally distant colors from
each-other in color wheel.
• Used for strong visual contrast and harmonious look.
• Neutral color harmony- using combinations of black, white
• Add small amount of other colors to add interest.
CHOOSING THE RIGHT COLOR
• A well planned color scheme will use color harmonies to
blend and unify the design of the house as we transition from
one room to another.
• Color chosen depends upon-
• Moods and styles.
• Function of the room.
• Items in the room.
• Location of the room.
Colour is as exciting as life itself...Be real and
authentic...Choose paint colours you love...The
bottomline is it's up to you how you use--or don't