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Color and light seminar 2012- 13 by Tanveer Alam

  1. LIGHT & COLOUR Group members: •Sushmita •Tahzeeb •Tanveer(G.L) •Tushar •Utkarsh
  2. Steps To Follow During The Presentation •As the slide changes try to change your mood according to it. •After Every slide Changes Please Write one word about what you felt while viewing the slide. •Be Patient and Attentive Towards What I Say. •Please do Not Sleep or Play With your Cell Phone While the Presentation Is in Progress. •Try To Amplify Your Feelings As much As possible And express it Freely On The Paper Provided.
  3. This Presentation Is Made to Make you All Realize The Physiology of colors and Light And there Inter- relation.
  4. Color & Light Theory Color and light shapes the way we see the world. We all have our own personal and emotional responses to color and light. They means different things to different people. They might be pleasant to some and at the same time unpleasant or irritating to other , so its totally about the personal choice of the Person(Clint).
  5. GREEN
  6. GREEN
  7. GREEN
  8. GREEN
  9. GREEN
  10. BLUE
  11. BLUE
  12. BLUE
  13. BLUE
  14. RED
  15. RED
  16. RED
  17. RED
  18. YELLO
  19. YELLO
  20. YELLO
  21. YELLO
  22. BLACK
  23. BLACK
  24. BLACK
  25. BLACK
  26. WHITE
  27. WHITE
  28. WHITE
  29. WHITE
  30. Inferences of the presentation Answer The Following: 1. What and How Do You Feel At Present ? 2. Why You Feel It? 3. What Did You Learned While Going Through The Presentation? (NOTE: write all the answers on paper provided, no where else. Also feel the color and texture of the paper provided.)
  31. Now To The Theoretical Aspects Of The Color And The Light.
  32. Light
  33. Introduction A GOOD LIGHTING DESIGN SHOULD •Look good! •Provide the proper amount of light in every room. •Be built and constructed within budget, code, and other constraints. •Be environmentally responsible. •Respond to the Architecture and Interior Design •Produce good color •Achieve the desired moods of each space •Be able to control the lights
  34. Light Sources •Day Light •Incandescent •Halogen •Fluorescent •Compact Fluorescent Lamps •LED’s •Fiber Optic Sources
  35. Day lighting's Challenges •Four generations of architects and engineers lost to cheap energy •Limited number of qualified architects, consultants and educators •No established methodology or dominant theory •Eighty years of bad habits •Lighting designers must learn to design day lighting
  36. Incandescent Lamps •Appealing •Warm, attractive color (2600- 2900K) •Dimmable •Wide variety •Not energy efficient Artificial lighting
  37. Halogen Lamps •Appealing •Crisp warm, attractive color (2800-3100K) •Dimmable •Wide variety •Longer life, slightly more energy efficient Halogène PAR 20, PAR 30 and PAR 38 lamps Halogen lamps for table lamps and chandeliers
  38. Linear Fluorescent •T-12 “fat tubes”no longer a good choice •Use T-8 lamps for most residential uses •Consider T-5 and T-2 lamps for under cabinet fixtures
  39. Compact Fluorescent •7,9, and 13 watt twin tubes (“PL” lamps) for step lights, low level lighting •Triple tube, Circu line and 2D lamps 18-58 watts for general lighting
  40. Ambient or general light - This kind of light provides the overall brightness for your room. It's essential for everyday life as it simply enables us to see. The most effective method of creating ambient light is to use frosted glass to softly diffuse the light. Task lighting These lights are used for a specific purpose, They should be positioned carefully to avoid casting shadows over a working area and to avoid causing glare. Accent or feature light This is used to create a focal point within a room by highlighting a particular item or feature, such as an object, a painting or a fireplace. These are lights like spotlights and picture lights. Layering light Lighting design is moving away from the tradition of a single pendant in the middle of a ceiling, towards designs that combine a number of lighting techniques to build up layers of light
  41. Lighting Types & Room Information We use different rooms in our home in different ways and lighting plays a key role. Get the lighting in a space right and it almost becomes unnoticeable, but if it's not quite right it can have a major impact on the feeling of a room. Bathrooms should look light and fresh and be lit for the practical tasks of washing and shaving, but also for times when we may want to relax with candle light and bubbles. Natural light in a bathroom is ideal, but not always available. If it is, we can make the most of it using frosted, etched or colored glass to diffuse the light and create patterns. A skylight is fantastic as it allows masses of light to flood in. Lighting a Bathroom
  42. Light for Bedrooms As with so many rooms in our homes, our bedrooms are often multi-functional. They can be used for sleeping, watching television in bed and for dressing and putting on makeup. This requires a mixture of ambient and task lighting. A combination of wall lights and table lamps can cater for all your needs, while avoiding the glare of a single central ceiling light seen while you’re lying in bed.
  43. Children's Rooms The lighting needed for a child’s bedroom change as a child gets older. In a baby’s room, a ceiling light controlled by a dimmer will provide a good general light and a small table lamp or nightlight will give enough light for late night feeds. Safety is the main consideration for a toddlers room. Lights should be positioned so that hot fittings, cables and switches can’t be reached. Fixed lights are a good option as they can be positioned out of the way and can’t be knocked over.
  44. Dining room serves many purposes - We need flexibility in our dining room lighting scheme in order to create the right setting for these countless occasions . i.e. bright and cheerful lighting for a relaxed family meal and intimate lighting for a romantic dinner for two. The focus of the dining room should be the table. If we have a long dining table, we could position a series of pendants along its length, which would both increase light levels and look stylish. Dinning room lightening
  45. Kitchens require high level ambient light and focused task lighting that is free from shadow and glare. Task lighting is essential for chopping and preparing foods, while ambient light is used for moving around the kitchen safely. To avoid working in our own shadow, task lights should be positioned so that light comes from the front or side of the body. Placing recessed down lights in the base of cupboards, provides a focused task light that is glare free. Kitchen Lighting
  46. Living Room Lighting Living rooms are often used in many different ways. They may be a space for children to play, a place for socializing or somewhere to switch off and relax. The lighting we choose should consider all of these needs and a combination of ambient, task and feature lighting will support such a wide range of activities.
  47. Ceiling Lights The fixed central light is the most common light fitting and traditionally has often provided the only source of light in a room. However, gone are the days of a simple ceiling rose pendant with a lampshade. Ceiling lights are available in a wide variety of styles and designs, including surface mounted ceiling fittings, recessed ceiling lights, track style lights with spots that can be adjusted and directed, single and multiple hanging pendant lights and chandeliers.
  48. Table lamps Table lamps produce a local light and are good for creating intimate pools of light. The majority of the light from a table lamp is directed downwards, although the spread of light produced is dependent upon the size and style of the shade. Table lights are available in a wide range of styles, sizes, colors, textures and materials, which means they can be easily incorporated into any interior design scheme.
  49. Uplighters Fittings direct light upwards to wash the ceiling with light and generate a good background light; they produce an indirect light that's glare free. Uplighters work best in rooms with relatively high ceilings and are a good choice for making a small room appear larger. Wall fixed varieties are good for hallways and staircases. They should be positioned at eye level to ensure the source of light is hidden from view and to prevent causing glare.
  50. Wall lights are simply lights that are mounted on a wall. They’re good for producing general background light. They can be directional, as with wall-mounted uplighters. Wall lights are available in a wide range of styles, designs and materials and often look good positioned in pairs, for example at either end of a sofa. Although, as a fixed light, you should consider positioning carefully before installing wall lights. It’s better to position lights around permanent features, rather than something you may want to replace or change in the future. Wall lights
  51. NEW ADVANCEMENTS IN LIGHTING TECHNOLOGY •Today in market there have come new technologies Of lighting. •Lighting bulbs have sophisticated lighting control systems and dimmers. •Lighting devices are now used to define the space. These technologies are more energy efficient.
  52. LED LED OR Light-emitting diode is a semiconductor light source. When led is switched on, electrons move and release energy in the form of photon LED is used in lighting, automotive lighting and traffic signals.
  53. LED STRIP •LED strips are the tubes that have LED fixing of lights. •These are placed in any shape to provide light. •LED stripes help to upscale the height of the roof. LED stripes provide luminance in every part of the room..
  54. LED panels LED panels are rectangular LED lighting fixture. They spread light used to show the volume the room. LED panels can be used in large numbers at certain intervals to define a path.
  55. 2 million color changing LED tape-will display virtually any color, to match mood and or surroundings. •Stairs illuminated with the ICELED cool fusion. •Low power LED’s used for illuminating furniture, create pools of light or a continuous glow depending upon the height of your furniture from the floors..
  56. Wide angle LED flood lights Narrow angle LED spot lights High power LED bulbs LED track lighting bulbs Decorative LED bulbs LED globes regular bulbs
  57. LED Lighting with colors LED bulbs are available in three different values: Soft white- it offers a warm and yellowish glow to a room, which helps give a very relaxing feel and mimics that candlelight glow to help built the ambiance. Bright white-it gives off a crisp, white light and gives more cooler feeling. Daylight-this type of LED bulb mimics natural sunlight and shows colors in their truest form.
  58. OPTICAL FIBRE LIGHTING An optical fiber is a flexible, transparent fiber made of glass or plastic. It functions as a wave guide or light pipe to transmit light between the two ends of the fiber. Bundle of optic fiber
  59. Side emitting light Whole cable of fiber optic emitters light.
  60. End emitting light Only the end portion of the fiber emitters light.
  61. COLOR
  62. COLOR COLOR is likely the most important element of design. It is one of the first things others notice about your design. COLOR sets the mood in a room and leaves a lasting impression with most people. COLOR can help you create certain moods in your home by communicating excitement, calmness, mystery, or other sensations and emotions.
  63. RED: Associated with power , danger, fire, strength and passion. It is bold ,aggressive ,exciting and warm. It demands attention ,can make you feel energetic but too much red in a room can be overpowering. THE PSYCHOLOGY OF COLOR Each color has certain psychological effects on people and can evoke certain feelings. Factors that can influence people’s reaction to color include age ,gender, culture, and life experience. Some of the effects for each of the following colors include:
  64.  ORANGE: Hopeful, cheerful, warm, and less aggressive than red. It expresses courage and hospitality and can make a room feel energetic and friendly.  YELLOW: Friendly , happy and warm, sympathy, prosperity, cowardice and wisdom and rooms are cheerful, light and airy. Pure yellow draws attention .
  65.  GREEN: Refreshing , friendly, cool peaceful, hope and envy.  BLUE: Cool, quiet , reserved, soothing, peaceful. But too much blue in a room can be depressing.
  66.  VIOLET: Royal, dignified and dramatic.  BLACK: Sophisticated, mysterious, wisdom, evil and death.  WHITE: Pure, innocence, faith, freshness, peaceful.
  67. DIFFERENT COLORS FOR DIFFERENT ROOMS Green ,blue and purple work best in areas where you wish to relax, such as bedroom, bathroom or home office. GREEN :Perfect for any room but especially for bedrooms and living room. It is very calming and has proven to reduce stress and in living room it add warmth, the more yellow in it the more warmer it becomes.
  68. RED : Because of its high energy it is said to encourage appetite and conversation, that’s why it is preferred for the dining room, living room and kitchen.
  69. Combination of yellow color and red colors in wooden works, walls and in ceilings creates a calm and soothing place .
  70. YELLOW: As it is a happy color and creates cheerfulness ,perfect for kitchen, dining rooms and bathrooms.
  71. BLUE: It makes a room feel more open and it is perfect for bedrooms and bathrooms, and in offices also.
  72. ORANGE: It is highly energetic perfect for exercise rooms. Rarely used in living areas or in offices but with the combinations of green or white.
  73. Violet: It is restful, calming and majestic and can be used in living room as well as in bed rooms.
  74. People feel most comfortable when colors reflect their personalities. EXAMPLE: Outgoing people might choose bright red or yellow for the main color in a room. Shy people might feel awkward in a red room instead they might prefer a room that features a soft blue or green.
  75. The combination of colors in the child’s room creates a cheerful space.
  76. By comparing these two living rooms, you can sense the warmth created by the use of RED and YELLOW and the feeling of coolness is generated by the use of GREEN and BLUE.
  77. The designer chose cool colors to decorate the room. These colors keep this room looking calm ,peaceful, light and airy.
  78. The cabinetry uses the green color, but the chair texture makes the room look darker.
  79. The combination of purple and red n cream colors gives a vibrant look to the living room.
  80. The use of primary and secondary colors in this child’s room give the room a feeling of fun and excitement.
  81. The color combination of this room imparts a feeling of coziness and warmth to the habitants.
  82. THE COLOR WHEEL • Yellow, red and blue are the primary colors. • Hue- it is the color name(color in its purest form). • Intensity- it refers to the brightness or dullness of a hue. • Black , white and grey are all neutrals.
  83. WARM AND COOL COLORS • Some areas may seem cooler or warmer due to use of certain colors in decorating. • Warm colors include yellow, orange, red and similar colors. They remind us of fire and sun. • Warm-colored objects appear closer to you, ex. A room painted orange appears smaller than its actual size. • Warm colors attract your attention, they can make you feel happy, energetic and full of excitement. • Warm colors in home makes members feel lively and cheerful, however overuse can make people nervous or tense.
  84. • Cool colors are opposite to warm colors, these include- blue, green and similar colors. They remind us of water, grass and trees. • They make a space seem larger than it actually is. • Cool colors are quiet and restful. Hospitals often use them to help patients relax and feel calm. • They are also popular in bedrooms, however overuse can result in people feeling depressed.
  86. COLOR HARMONIES • A color harmony is a pleasing combination of colors based on their positions in color wheel. • Types- • Monochromatic- • It uses single hue from • Color wheel. It has least contrast and is most restful.
  87. • Complementary color harmony- selecting two colors that are directly opposite to each-other on color wheel. It can make a room look bright and dramatic.
  88. • Split complementary color harmony- Using one hue with two hues adjacent to its complement. • Double complementary color harmony- Selecting two colors and their complement from color wheel.
  89. • Analogous color harmony- selecting related hues from color harmony- usually three to five. As they are related, they blend easily.
  90. • Triadic color harmony- using three equally distant colors from each-other in color wheel. • Used for strong visual contrast and harmonious look.
  91. • Neutral color harmony- using combinations of black, white and grey. • Add small amount of other colors to add interest.
  92. CHOOSING THE RIGHT COLOR • A well planned color scheme will use color harmonies to blend and unify the design of the house as we transition from one room to another. • Color chosen depends upon- • Moods and styles. • Lifestyles. • Function of the room. • Items in the room. • Location of the room.
  93. Colour is as exciting as life itself...Be real and authentic...Choose paint colours you love...The bottomline is it's up to you how you use--or don't use--colour.